Are service dogs potty trained?

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The ADA does not require service dogs to be professionally trained. Individuals with disabilities have the right to train a service dog themselves and are not required to use a professional service dog trainer or training program.
FAQ
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It typically takes 4-6 months for a puppy to be fully house trained, but some puppies may take up to a year. Size can be a predictor. For instance, smaller breeds have smaller bladders and higher metabolisms and require more frequent trips outside. Your puppy's previous living conditions are another predictor.
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Under the ADA, a service animal is defined as a dog that has been individually trained to do work or perform tasks for an individual with a disability.
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Many adult dogs adopted from animal shelters were housetrained in their previous homes… Therefore, for the first few weeks after you bring him home, you should assume your new dog isn't housetrained and start from scratch. If he was housetrained in his previous home, the re-training process should progress quickly.
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Dogs also naturally develop habits of where they would like to eliminate. For example, dogs that have a habit of eliminating on grass or dirt would rather not eliminate on concrete or gravel. You can use these natural tendencies for rapid and successful house training.
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While some dogs develop good potty habits in days or weeks, some seem to take months until they “get it”. It's not uncommon for some dogs to have accidents throughout their life. But it doesn't have to be that way. Barring medical incontinence, any dog can be fully potty trained.
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Many adult rescue dogs come with imperfect housetraining skills – or none at all – and even dogs who were potty trained in their previous homes sometimes need a refresher course if they didn't get regular walks at the shelter… The key to rock-solid potty training is to start the day your dog comes home.
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Most rescues will spay or neuter before sending a dog off to a new home, but not always.

The good news is that house training an adult dog is pretty much the same as house training a puppy.

Take your dog out on a regular schedule, especially after he or she eats, drinks, or wakes up.

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