A “cairn” is a mound of rough stones built as a monument or landmark, and cairns are common in the Scottish countryside. Just ask Dorothy from The Wizard of Oz: Toto was a Cairn Terrier! Visit them and the other Scottish breeds at the Scottish Dog Breed Exhibit.
Cairn terriers shed very little, but should always be hand stripped. Using scissors or shears can ruin the dog's rugged outer coat after one grooming. Hand stripping involves pulling the old dead hair out by the roots. This new growth helps protect the dog from water and dirt.
How much exercise does a Cairn Terrier need? Cairn Terriers are known for being energetic little characters, they like to constantly be stimulated. They require up to an hour of exercise each day.
It is recommended that you brush a Cairn Terrier at least once a week, if not more frequently, with an appropriate brush to help tackle and prevent mats from forming. Because it's not recommended to wash your Cairn Terrier too frequently, brushing becomes even more important.
It's difficult to tell the difference between a Cairn Terrier and a Norwich Terrier. Both breeds are tiny, weighing an average of only 13 pounds. They also both have coarse, short hair and pointy ears. A Norwich Terrier has shorter legs and a mostly tan coat with hints of black.
If left outdoors alone, they may dig, bark, or roam. The Cairn Terrier is not a breed suited to living outdoors.
To do this, you must brush his coarse, hard outer coat and his dense, but ultra-soft undercoat. Brush your Cair terrier's entire coat with a pin brush. Start at his rear and work frontward so you brush his chest and head last. This first brushing removes major tangles and dead hair from the outer coat.
The full name of the breed is West Highland White Terrier, not West Highland Black Terrier or West Highland Purple Terrier. So, when you see a black or brown terrier, don't mistake them for a Westie. Instead, they're probably a Scottie dog (black) or a Cairn terrier (brown). But that doesn't mean they're not related.
So, can a Westie come in black? Nope – a black terrier will always be a Scottie dog, and a brown terrier is probably a Cairn. Don't be tricked by the cut job – a Westie can't be black. Regardless of build or breed standard, white or wheaten fur, west highland white terriers can make the greatest companions.
Watching the news, a family in Wales saw a story saying the oldest dog in the world had died at the age of 20. Then they looked down at their dog and realized she was 21! The O'Brian family rang up Guinness World Records and soon it'll be official: the world's oldest dog is a Cairn Terrier mix named Gracie.
The cost to adopt an Cairn Terrier is around $300 in order to cover the expenses of caring for the dog before adoption. In contrast, buying Cairn Terrier from breeders can be prohibitively expensive. Depending on their breeding, they usually cost anywhere from $700-$1,000.
Make a schedule and stick to it. Take your cairn terrier out first thing in the morning and before bed at night as well as after each meal. Take her to the designated training spot whenever possible. Using a familiar place and consistent house training times will help your cairn terrier catch on quickly.
The film character Toto is characteristically Cairn: a small, sturdy, shaggy-coated terrier who's highly intelligent and confident. The breed is alert and always ready for action. Kind, positive training is the best method for teaching the Cairn. There is little this smart dog can't learn.
Bathe your cairn terrier only when absolutely necessary. Excessive bathing dries out the coat, which leads to breakage and dry skin. Lather the dog with a shampoo specifically designed for hard-coated dogs, and rinse thoroughly to remove all traces of suds from the dog's thick undercoat.
Cairn terriers are considered intelligent, loyal family pets that adapt to most environments. They are true terriers, however, and consequently extremely active dogs. This is not a dog for someone who wants a quiet lap dog. They can be feisty with other dogs, and deadly with small pets and errant rodents.
Feed your adult Cairn terrier twice a day. He should eat between 1/2 and 2/3 cup for the whole day. Avoid feeding him once a day.
A Cairn Terrier puppy can be spayed or neutered any time after they are 8 weeks of age. This is not a common practice however, and most veterinarians prefer to wait until the puppy is four to six months old.