How long do newborn puppies need a heat lamp?
During the first four days of life, the environmental temperature where the puppies are kept should be maintained at 85 -90°F (29.5-32°C).
The temperature may then be gradually decreased to approximately 80°F (26.7°C) by the seventh to tenth day and to about 72°F (22.2°C) by the end of the fourth week.
These will include the core vaccines, which are administered in a series of three: at 6-, 12-, and 16 weeks old.
The core vaccines include the DHLPP (distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvo, and parainfluenza).
Your pup will also need a rabies vaccination, which is usually around $15—20.
Puppies under six months of age shouldn't stay in a crate for more than three or four hours at a time.
They can't control their bladders and bowels for that long.
The same goes for adult dogs being housetrained.
Physically, an older dog can hold it, but they don't know they're supposed to.
Although six months old is the average age of a dog's first heat, this can vary widely.
Some dogs can go into heat as young as four months, while larger breeds may be as old as two years before their first heat.
Responsible breeders never breed a dog on her first or even her second heat.
The estrus cycle has four stages.
The first stage is called proestrus.
This lasts approximately 10 days and it is during this stage that your dog will bleed from the vaginal area.
This is your dog's preparation for pregnancy phase, but she will not want to mate with a male during this time.
A good rule of thumb is a ratio of five minutes exercise per month of age (up to twice a day) until the puppy is fully grown, i.e.
15 minutes (up to twice a day) when three months old, 20 minutes when four months old etc.
Once they are fully grown, they can go out for much longer.
Most animals need only what are known as core vaccines: those that protect against the most common and most serious diseases.
In dogs, the core vaccines are distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis and rabies.
In cats, they are panleukopenia, calicivirus, rhinotracheitis (herpesvirus), and rabies as required by law.