Are hookworms dangerous?

Deadly Roundworm - Monsters Inside Me Ep6

Best Answer

Hookworms in humans can be dangerous.

The migrating larvae can penetrate and damage internal organs and eyes, causing blindness and complications.

Luckily, these conditions are rare and can be avoided by preventing contact between skin and moist, hookworm-infected soil.

A Deadly Roundworm Parasite Is Causing This Woman's Painful Rashes

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Are hookworms deadly?

Hookworms in humans can be dangerous. The migrating larvae can penetrate and damage internal organs and eyes, causing blindness and complications. Luckily, these conditions are rare and can be avoided by preventing contact between skin and moist, hookworm-infected soil.

Are hookworms contagious?

Hookworm eggs are passed in the feces of an infected person. Hookworm infection is transmitted primarily by walking barefoot on contaminated soil. One kind of hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale)can also be transmitted through the ingestion of larvae.

How common are hookworms?

Worldwide, between 576 and 740 million people are infected with hookworms, which are intestinal roundworms. The infection is most common in tropical areas where sanitation is poor. Two species of hookworm cause infection in people: Ancylostoma duodenale.

Pinworm Dangers

Are hookworms visible?

They are only about 1/8" (2-3 mm) long and so small in diameter that they are barely visible to the naked eye. Hookworms feed on the tissue fluids and blood of their host. Occasionally, cats will also become infected with the dog hookworm, Ancylostoma caninum.

Where are hookworms most common?

Introduction. Hookworm is an intestinal parasite most commonly found in tropical and subtropical climates worldwide, particularly in Africa, South East Asia, the Western Pacific, Latin America and the Mediterranean.

What phylum are hookworms in?

Fadenwürmer Häutungstiere

Are hookworms in dogs fatal?

Hookworms are intestinal parasites that are common in dogs, and while most infections are not life-threatening, one species that can cause fatal blood loss in puppies. There are three hookworm species that affect dogs, and some can also affect humans by migrating through the skin.

Are hookworms deadly to humans?

However, they occur in many locations around the world, including the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), between 576 and 740 million people worldwide have hookworm infections. The ones that infect humans include the Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus.

What is a Tapeworm Infection? (Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention)

Are puppies born with hookworms?

Roundworms are transmitted when dogs eat dirt or feces contaminated with roundworm eggs. Nearly all puppies are born with roundworm–most mothers have dormant larvae in their tissue. Hookworms are the most common parasite in the U.S., at least among dogs. About one dog in five has them right now.

Are hookworms visible to the eye?

They are only about 1/8" (two to three mm) long and so small in diameter that they are barely visible to the naked eye. Hookworms feed on the tissue fluids and blood of their host. The scientific names for the most common feline hookworms are Ancylostoma tubaeforme and Ancylostoma braziliense.

How many types of hookworms are there?

Hookworms are intestinal, blood-feeding, parasitic roundworms that cause types of infection known as helminthiases. In humans, hookworm infections are caused by two main species of roundworm belonging to the genera Ancylostoma, and Necator. In other animals the main parasites are species of Ancylostoma.

How many species of hookworms are there?

Hookworms are intestinal, blood-feeding, parasitic roundworms that cause types of infection known as helminthiases. In humans, hookworm infections are caused by two main species of roundworm belonging to the genera Ancylostoma, and Necator. In other animals the main parasites are species of Ancylostoma.

Are hookworms contagious to other dogs?

Female hookworms pass hundreds of microscopic eggs in the feces of infected dogs, where they contaminate the environment. A dog may become infected when it inadvertently swallows hookworm larvae, often by grooming its feet, or from sniffing feces or contaminated soil.

Lifecycle of Hookworm

How are hookworms transmitted in dogs?

Larvae hatch from the eggs and can remain infective in the soil for weeks or months. A dog may become infected when it inadvertently swallows hookworm larvae, often by grooming its feet, or from sniffing feces or contaminated soil.

Where are hookworms found in the US?

The worm flourishes in warm, moist climates typically found in regions such as South America, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. “Hookworm was rampant in the United States more than 100 years ago.

What are the symptoms of hookworm?

What are the symptoms of a hookworm infection? abdominal pain. colic, or cramping and excessive crying in infants. intestinal cramps. nausea. a fever. blood in your stool. a loss of appetite. itchy rash.

Are e collars dangerous?

Actually, e-collars are being used regularly (for even mild and teeny dogs) as an invisible leash in the house and outside, so owners and dogs can enjoy more freedom, less stress, and more reliability. E-collars are only for aggressive dogs, and should NEVER be used on a nervous or fearful dog.

What are the symptoms of hookworms in dogs?

Symptoms of Hookworms in Dogs Failure to gain weight or weight loss. Loss of appetite. Diarrhea. Anemia (pale gums, weakness), which is life-threatening for puppies. Bloody or tarry stools. Coughing, due to the larval migration through the lungs (with very heavy infections)

What are the signs of hookworms in humans?

What are the symptoms of a hookworm infection? abdominal pain. colic, or cramping and excessive crying in infants. intestinal cramps. nausea. a fever. blood in your stool. a loss of appetite. itchy rash.

Do hookworms hurt dogs?

Hookworm larvae can even burrow into your dog's paws as it walks around, causing inflamed and sore skin between the toes. Adult dogs can become infected with hookworms, but the parasite can be much more serious in puppies.

Do humans get hookworms?

The larvae and adult worms live in the small intestine can cause intestinal disease. The two main species of hookworm infecting humans are Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus.

Will Frost kill hookworms?

Freezing temperatures will kill Ancylostoma species eggs but Uncinaria species eggs are hardier and can survive in lower temperatures. Hookworm larvae cannot persist in the environment long term like other intestinal parasites can. Under ideal conditions they can survive in the soil for a few months.

Does De kill hookworms?

Diatomaceous Earth can eliminate roundworms, whipworms, pinworms, and hookworms within seven days of being fed daily. To be most effective, Diatomaceous Earth should be fed for at least 30 days, to catch all newly hatching eggs or the cycling of the worms through the lungs and back to the stomach.

Does drontal kill hookworms?

Drontal Allwormer Tablets kill every important common type of intestinal worm found in Australian dogs, including roundworm, hookworm, whipworm and tapeworm. Drontal not only protects your dog from worms, it also provides protection for the whole family from gastrointestinal parasites.

Will ivomec kill hookworms?

Albendazole, a known anti-hookworm agent, even in a dose of 400 mg, eliminated only 21-65% of the worms harbored by the infected animals. of ivermectin in experimental hookworm infections of Ancylostoma caninum in dogs and its detrimental effects in vitro on living adult worms, eggs, and infective larvae.

Does Trifexis kill hookworms?

Trifexis kills fleas and prevents flea infestations, treats and controls hookworms, whipworms and roundworms, and prevents heartworm disease. Trifexis is for use in dogs and puppies 8 weeks of age or older and 5 pounds of body weight or greater.

What is hookworm disease?

Hookworm infection is an infection by a type of intestinal parasite known as a hookworm. Initially, itching and a rash may occur at the site of infection. Two common hookworm infections in humans are ancylostomiasis and necatoriasis, caused by the species Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus respectively.

Does interceptor kill hookworms?

Interceptor Plus is indicated to treat and control intestinal parasite infections of adult hookworms, roundworms, whipworms and tapeworms.* In occasional cases, it is possible that the action of Interceptor Plus in killing the intestinal worms will lead to the dog expelling them in stool.

Can hookworm kill you?

Deworming medication has to be administered to kill the hookworms and may need several rounds to work. Humans: Human infection can be treated with medicine if it's detected early. If it's not detected early, serious medical complications can develop.

Can hookworms survive winter?

These larvae live for several months in the environment. Keep your dog on a monthly parasite preventative, even in the winter. The hookworm species Uncinaria is considered a “cold weather hookworm” meaning that the eggs and larvae can survive freezing temperatures.

Will panacur kill hookworms?

Panacur is the brand name of an oral deworming medication with the active ingredient fenbendazole. In dogs, Panacur is most often used to treat hookworm, roundworm, tapeworm (Taenia), and whipworm infections, although it is important to note that Panacur is not effective against Dipylidium tapeworms.

Does cold kill hookworms?

Freezing temperatures will kill Ancylostoma species eggs but Uncinaria species eggs are hardier and can survive in lower temperatures. Hookworm larvae cannot persist in the environment long term like other intestinal parasites can. Under ideal conditions they can survive in the soil for a few months.

Does praziquantel kill hookworms?

Most medications that eliminate hookworms and roundworms won't get rid of tapeworms. Praziquantel is one of the drugs that kills tapeworms in cats. Many times, praziquantel is combined with pyrantel pamoate in broad-spectrum dewormers to kill roundworms and hookworms as well.

Does Heartgard kill hookworms?

HEARTGARD Plus not only prevents heartworm disease but also treats and controls the most common intestinal parasites, hookworms and roundworms. It contains 2 medications: ivermectin and pyrantel pamoate. Pyrantel pamoate kills roundworms and hookworms living in your dog's intestines.

What will kill hookworms?

Sunlight kills hookworm larvae, so encourage animals to use a sunny location. Do not permit people to defecate outside and do not use human or pet waste as fertilizer. Salt brine, borax or diluted bleach will kill hookworm larvae on gravel or concrete, but these chemicals will kill grass and plants.

Will bleach kill hookworms?

Sunlight kills hookworm larvae, so encourage animals to use a sunny location. Salt brine, borax or diluted bleach will kill hookworm larvae on gravel or concrete, but these chemicals will kill grass and plants.

Can hookworms kill dogs?

Dogs: A veterinarian can help deworm an infected dog. Deworming medication has to be administered to kill the hookworms and may need several rounds to work. Humans: Human infection can be treated with medicine if it's detected early. If it's not detected early, serious medical complications can develop.

Is hookworm treatable?

The most serious effects of hookworm infection are blood loss leading to anemia, in addition to protein loss. Hookworm infections are treatable with medication prescribed by your health care provider.

What wormer kills hookworms?

Most of the wormers that kill roundworms will also kill hookworms (piperazine is one exception). Most wormers only kill the adult worms in the intestine, but not the larvae. That is why two or more treatments are generally recommended.

Does winter kill hookworms?

Hookworm eggs range in size from 55 to 90 nanometers depending on the species. Freezing temperatures will kill Ancylostoma species eggs but Uncinaria species eggs are hardier and can survive in lower temperatures. Hookworm larvae cannot persist in the environment long term like other intestinal parasites can.

Will ivermectin kill hookworms?

Injectable anti-parasite medications: Ivermectin (Ivomec®) – This medication is formulated for cattle, but can be used in dogs and cats. This formulation of ivermectin provides a dose many times higher than that found in heartworm preventatives. Effective against roundworms and hookworms.

Are Pomskies dangerous?

Some say that this is true because mixed breed dogs have a larger gene pool to draw from. The Pomsky has an average lifespan between 13 and 15 years which is standard for dogs of its size. The Siberian Husky is generally a very healthy breed, as is the Pomeranian, but they are both prone to certain health problems.

Are Lions dangerous?

Most reported cases of man-eaters have involved lions, tigers, leopards, and crocodilians. However, they are by no means the only predators that will attack humans if given the chance; a wide variety of species have also been known to adopt humans as usual prey, including bears, Komodo dragons and hyenas.

Are hiccups dangerous?

Hiccups—sometimes called hiccoughs—are not dangerous themselves, and are rarely a sign of a health problem. However, if hiccups persist for more than 48 hours, you should see a doctor. Hiccups can be a sign of kidney failure, pneumonia, lung tumors, digestion problems and heart attack.

How dangerous are bears?

Bear danger is the risk encountered by humans and their pets or livestock when interacting with bears. Although most bears are alpha predators in their own habitat, most do not, under normal circumstances, hunt and feed on humans.

Are staffs dangerous?

[At one time] it was Dobermans, because they're big and powerful dogs and that makes a statement." Staffordshire bull terriers are not banned under the Dangerous Dogs Act, but are often confused with banned breeds like pit bulls, Ms Meucci added. That being said, Staffies have made headlines for aggressive acts.

Are lurchers dangerous dogs?

Other owners, however, have the dog humanely destroyed or simply abandon the dog once he can no longer earn his keep. Lurchers are a 'type' rather than a breed of dog. A Lurcher is usually one of the sighthound breeds (Greyhound, Whippet, Saluki, for example) crossed with a collie or a terrier.

Are chow chows dangerous?

The Chow is one of the most primitive dog breeds on earth. This is the most dangerous of all dog temperaments, and it is widely common in the Chow Chow. This dog is protective over his territory and his family, and won't willingly allow people into his home and yard.

Are Rottweiler dangerous?

The Rottweiler is territorial and it is an extremely jealous animal. In its quest to protect its owner, it may inflict damage to other people. As a conclusion, it would be safe to say that this dog breed is not inherently destructive but they have a tendency to become dangerous beasts in the wrong hands.

Are dog fleas dangerous?

Flea infestations can be not only annoying for both dogs and cats and humans, but also very dangerous. Problems caused by fleas may range from mild to severe itching and discomfort to skin problems and infections. Anemia may also result from flea bites in extreme circumstances.

Are Bully Kutta dangerous?

Bully kutta is extremely agreessive mastiff dog. They are dangerous for both owners and strangers. These dogs are used foe guarding and dog fighting(whereever it is legal). They are not kid friendly and aggressive by instinct.

Are Great Pyrenees dangerous?

Many Great Pyrenees are dominant or aggressive toward dogs they don't know. Some Great Pyrenees are not safe with cats.

Are mouse bites dangerous?

The reason mice and a mouse infestation the home is so dangerous mostly stem from the diseases they carry. Mice do not generally bite (unless handled), so that is not the risk, the biggest problem that turns them from nuisance to danger is the health risks they bring with them from diseases and parasites.

Are border collies dangerous?

And like all nuclear power, it can be quite dangerous if it is not controlled. If Border Collies are so smart, then why aren't they easy to train? If you are not a precise sort of trainer (most people aren't), then trying to train an intelligent Border Collie can be a frustrating task.

Are styes dangerous?

While styes are not necessarily dangerous, they have the potential of becoming a serious problem. A stye, also referred to as a “hordeolum” by eye care providers, is a bump that can form on the eyelid.

Are security forces dangerous?

There are always some danger to certain divisions with any military security force. But, in general, Air Force bases where most of their security is needed, are normally isolated from the immediate front line fighting.

Are polar bears dangerous?

Bear danger is the risk encountered by humans and their pets or livestock when interacting with bears. Although most bears are alpha predators in their own habitat, most do not, under normal circumstances, hunt and feed on humans.

Are tiny ticks dangerous?

Nymph ticks are actually the most likely to transmit Lyme disease or another tick-borne infection to humans than ticks at other stages, according to the CDC. Less than two millimeters in size, nymphs can bite people and remain virtually undetected. They also burrow into your or your pet's skin.

Are pet chimps dangerous?

Human interactions with chimpanzees may be especially dangerous if the chimpanzees perceive humans as potential rivals. At least six cases of chimpanzees snatching and eating human babies are documented. A chimpanzee's strength and sharp teeth mean that attacks, even on adult humans, can cause severe injuries.

Are Rottweiler dogs dangerous?

The Rottweiler is territorial and it is an extremely jealous animal. In its quest to protect its owner, it may inflict damage to other people. As a conclusion, it would be safe to say that this dog breed is not inherently destructive but they have a tendency to become dangerous beasts in the wrong hands.

Are Huskies dangerous pets?

Huskies among most dangerous dogs, study shows. Adorable balls of fluff as puppies, it is easy to see why many people choose huskies as a family pet. But an extensive study shows they are among the most likely breed of dog to cause death or serious injury to humans.

Are dogs dangerous?

The Dangerous Dogs Act outlaws breeds which are considered aggressive, like pit bull terriers. The RSPCA says there's no proper evidence that one breed is more aggressive than another. But the argument around dangerous dogs isn't a new one.

Are pet rats dangerous?

Rat bite fever is thought to be rare in the U.S. Persons who handle rats as part of their work or children who live in rat infested areas are at higher risk of this disease. Leptospirosis is a disease caused by bacteria called Leptospira that infects both humans and a wide range of animals.

Are stray dogs dangerous?

When stray pets roam our neighborhoods, it's not only dangerous for the pets but for the people who live there, too. People living in those neighborhoods also are exposed to more encounters with dogs, which can lead to more dog bites or attacks.

Are dog ticks dangerous?

Although rare, ticks can consume enough of your dog's blood to cause a deficiency called anemia. Certain female ticks can also cause a rare paralysis in dogs as a result of a toxin they produce while feeding. More important, ticks are capable of causing many diseases in your pet.

Are rats dangerous?

Chewing: Since their front teeth grow all their lives rats, chew on things to keep them worn down. This can be dangerous when they gnaw on electrical wiring. Public Health: Rats can carry many diseases that are harmful to people.

How dangerous are seals?

No, seals should never be offered food. Not only is it illegal, but it is also dangerous for both you and the seal. Seals may become ill from the food or may become dependant on humans for food. Seals are wild animals that can be aggressive and bite, causing major wounds and possibly infections to humans.

Are Martingale collars dangerous?

Martingale collars are ideal for training and control. But they can pose a danger to your dog if not used properly.

Are pet tarantulas dangerous?

The tarantula does have a venomous bite, but its venom is designed to take down prey smaller than itself. The bite of a pet tarantula is similar to that of a bee sting. If you are bitten by your spider clean the wound and use antiseptic to prevent any infections that may occur.

Are staffy cross dangerous?

Staffordshire bull terriers are not banned under the Dangerous Dogs Act, but are often confused with banned breeds like pit bulls, Ms Meucci added. That being said, Staffies have made headlines for aggressive acts. The statistics perhaps fly in the face of concerns that Staffies should be given a wide berth.

Are Boerboels dangerous dogs?

The Boerboel is considered to be the most agile of the Mastiff type dogs. Socialization is necessary for Boerboels, as they can be aggressive toward other dogs, especially those of the same sex and breed.

Are bleeding hemorrhoids dangerous?

By age 50, about half the population has experienced one or more of the classic symptoms, which include rectal pain, itching, bleeding, and possibly prolapse (hemorrhoids that protrude through the anal canal). Although hemorrhoids are rarely dangerous, they can be a recurrent and painful intrusion.

Are poodles dangerous?

Most Standard Poodles make great watchdogs and some even have mild (and sensible) protective instincts, but this is not an aggressive breed.

Are koalas dangerous?

"It should also be remembered that koalas are capable of defending themselves. They have sharp teeth and claws capable of causing deep wounds and any dog that attacks a koala may risk serious injury," the Department of Environment and Heritage Protection states on its website.

Are steers dangerous?

However, steers and heifers can be safely penned alone. Understanding cow and bull behavior will help to reduce accidents. There is no way that cattle can be made perfectly safe, but the use of behavioral principles will reduce the risk. Dairy bulls are often more dangerous than beef breeds.

Are heart murmurs dangerous?

Innocent heart murmurs aren't dangerous and generally require no medical intervention. They can be caused by anemia, fever or hyperthyroidism, among other reasons. Chances are pretty good someone you know has or has had an innocent heart murmur.

Are sloths dangerous?

And finally, it's hard to overstate just how dangerous it is for sloths to leave the tree canopy: It is the No. 1 most dangerous thing a sloth can do. Over half of all sloth fatalities happen while they're skipping to the loo.

Are Jackals dangerous?

Some species of jackal have even been known to eat poisonous snakes. Jackals are carnivorous mammals and jackals will often scavenge the remains of kills made by other larger predators. The jackal is a nocturnal mammal that can easily maintain speeds of 16km an hour for long periods of time.

Are magnetic fields dangerous?

Scientific studies suggest that electric and magnetic fields are unlikely to be harmful at the levels normally found in homes, although there is some uncertainty regarding certain health effects.

Are Staffies dangerous?

Why are Staffies still considered aggressive or dangerous dogs? Staffordshire Bull Terriers are often thought of as dangerous dogs, but one animal charity is on a mission to change the public's perception.

What smells are dangerous?

The smell of rotten eggs is a tell-tale sign that you have a gas leak or a problem with your plumbing. The other, more dangerous, cause of a rotten egg smell in the home is a gas leak. Manufacturers add a chemical to natural gas and propane to give it a distinctive odor, as they are naturally colorless and odorless.

Are Kong toys dangerous?

Kong brand chew toys have a hole on both ends so suction should not be a problem. Really agressive chewers might actually chew up the toy and swallow pieces. That could be dangerous. The black Super Kongs are much harder and a better choice for these dogs.

Are zebra dangerous?

Zebras also have very different temperaments to horses. They're far more aggressive and a lot more dangerous. Zebras have been known to kick each other to death, they will viciously bite any human that comes too close, and there are even many accounts of zebras killing lions.

Are house lizards dangerous?

These small geckos are non-venomous and not deadly to humans. Medium to large geckos may bite if distressed; however, their bite is gentle and will not pierce skin. A tropical gecko, Hemidactylus frenatus thrives in warm, humid areas where it can crawl around on rotting wood in search of the insects it eats.

Are bully breeds dangerous?

And the simple fact is that dogs of any breed can become dangerous when they're intentionally or unintentionally raised to be aggressive.” All dogs, including pit bulls, are individuals.

Are Great Dane dangerous?

Great Danes can be gentle giants if properly trained and cared for as they already belong among the very emotional and sensitive group of dogs! But, if not trained and socialized from an early age, they can become quite dangerous and aggressive!

Are Ridgebacks dangerous?

Although small dogs can be more aggressive and some seem to enjoy biting ankles, these larger breeds can do a lot more damage if they attack. Rhodesian Ridgeback: This African breed was bred to guard property and fight massive animals such as lions.

How dangerous are dingos?

While dingoes have the potential to be dangerous to humans, in reality the incidence of attacks on humans is relatively rare. The risk of dangerous behaviour is greatly increased in dingoes that have become habituated to humans through feeding or other encouragement.

Are enemas dangerous?

If you need to use an enema, you may be wondering if it can be harmful, and how often you can use them. Enemas are not recommended for routine use to have a bowel movement, because they can lead to more serious problems with constipation. In some cases, they can cause complications.

Are hellbenders dangerous?

Appearances aside, though, the hellbender is very well adapted to its particular ecological niche and is entirely harmless. Despite rumors and assumptions to the contrary, hellbenders are not poisonous, do not bite aggressively, and are beneficial contributors to their ecosystems.

Are Carolina dogs dangerous?

The Carolina is a pack dog, so they adapt well in a social group with dogs and humans. They do possess a prey-drive, but they're not aggressive dogs. They bond and play well with children, and they're clean and intelligent. They also lack most of the genetic health problems that many specialized breeds experience.

Are whippet dogs dangerous?

Whippets are sensitive, docile animals who need to be treated gently at all times. They are hardly ever aggressive, and tend to freeze up when another dog postures towards them. Treating a Whippet harshly can cause them psychological harm, as they are incredibly sensitive dogs.

Are house geckos dangerous?

These small geckos are non-venomous and not deadly to humans. Medium to large geckos may bite if distressed; however, their bite is gentle and will not pierce skin. A tropical gecko, Hemidactylus frenatus thrives in warm, humid areas where it can crawl around on rotting wood in search of the insects it eats.

Are Labrabulls dangerous?

Labrabulls can develop many dangerous and destructive behavioral problems if they can't let out all their energy. I love that the Labrabull isn't an excessive barker!

Are Blue Heelers dangerous?

Aggressive Dogs. Blue Heelers have one of the worst reputations among any breed for biting people. In particular, it is well known that a Blue Heeler will let anyone into a house, yet not let him or her out. They will attack the person's heel, true to the name "heeler."

Are magnets dangerous?

What Makes These Magnets So Dangerous? High–powered magnet sets are made of tiny and very powerful magnet balls or cubes, often with 100 or more magnets to a set. If swallowed, they can pull together with enough force to cause serious and life-threatening damage to the digestive system.

Are fish bones dangerous?

If the fish bone is stuck in your esophagus or elsewhere in your digestive tract, it can pose real danger. It can cause a tear in your esophagus, an abscess, and on rare occasions, life-threatening complications. Consult your doctor if your pain is severe or doesn't go away after a few days.

Are weighted blankets dangerous?

Weighted blankets are not the answer. Good news– there are lots of safe tricks to help babies sleep well. But they are not meant for infants, who are at risk for SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome).

Are cats dangerous?

Many cat bites will become infected, sometimes with serious consequences such as cat-scratch disease, or, more rarely, rabies. Cats may also pose a danger to pregnant women and immunosuppressed individuals, since their feces can transmit toxoplasmosis.

How dangerous are mothballs?

Moth balls contain a toxic chemical, either naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene. Both become a gas when exposed to air and cause that pungent moth ball smell. These gases are irritating to the eyes and lungs and may cause headache, dizziness and nausea. They are both suspected of causing cancer.