Are inbred dogs less intelligent?

Best Answer

Inbred dogs also often have much lower intelligence than less-inbred members of the same breed.

These dogs can be difficult to train, due to their lowered intelligence, which -- added to their natural tendency toward aggressiveness -- can make them undesirable as pets.

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Are smaller dogs less intelligent?

All larger dogs appear to be better at following pointing cues from humans than smaller dogs, which makes them appear smarter. It's possible that bigger dogs appear smarter not just because they are bred for taking orders, but because their wider set eyes give them better depth perception.

Are small dogs less intelligent?

All larger dogs appear to be better at following pointing cues from humans than smaller dogs, which makes them appear smarter. It's possible that bigger dogs appear smarter not just because they are bred for taking orders, but because their wider set eyes give them better depth perception.

Are chocolate labs less intelligent?

The more serious nature of the American chocolate Lab doesn't necessarily mean that field bred labs are more clever. However, they may less distractible, more focused and therefore easier to train. This can certainly give the impression of a dog that is pretty smart. These dogs may also be more likely to be black.

Are dogs less intelligent than wolves?

"If you assume an animal has to survive without human presence, then wolves are smarter. But if you are thinking that dogs have to survive in a human environment where it's very important to follow the communications of humans, then in this aspect, dogs are smarter."

Are cats less intelligent than dogs?

Dogs, it turns out, have about twice the number of neurons in their cerebral cortexes than what cats have, which suggests they could be about twice as intelligent.

Are inbred dogs bad?

The coefficient of inbreeding is a really useful tool for anyone breeding dogs. Because scientists have now discovered that dogs with higher COIs are more likely to get sick. Specifically, they have shown that when the COI of any mating exceeds 5%, puppies are at increased risk from the adverse effects of inbreeding.

Are dogs inbred wolves?

Wolves are a very genetically diverse species, so dogs, as a population, really do have a lot of genetic diversity for a domestic animal. Further, there is no evidence that these specialized dogs were created through inbreeding. All they selected for was for dogs that would carry things in their mouths.

Are all dogs inbred?

However, dogs who are registered with a breed club are usually referred to as "registered". In order to enhance specific characteristics, most modern purebred dogs registered with closed stud books are highly inbred, increasing the possibility of genetic-based disease.

Are inbred dogs unhealthy?

The coefficient of inbreeding is a really useful tool for anyone breeding dogs. Because scientists have now discovered that dogs with higher COIs are more likely to get sick. Specifically, they have shown that when the COI of any mating exceeds 5%, puppies are at increased risk from the adverse effects of inbreeding.

Are purebred dogs inbred?

A dog that is purebred cannot be interpreted to mean it is high-quality dog. In order to enhance specific characteristics, most modern purebred dogs registered with closed stud books are highly inbred, increasing the possibility of genetic-based disease.

Are pedigree dogs inbred?

Pedigree dogs don't have to be inbred dogs. But there is a cost to making more inbred dogs. And we need to consider it! Many pedigree breeds of dog have some serious health problems that affect a significant proportion of the population.

What are inbred dogs?

The term 'inbreeding' refers to the mating of two dogs that are closely related to each other genetically, such as a mating of siblings or cousins, and selective deliberate inbreeding is something that has occurred for many decades in the pedigree dog world in order to maintain the purity of bloodlines and increase the

Are inbred dogs aggressive?

Dogs that are inbred are sometimes much more aggressive than their mixed breed counterparts. This can result in behavioral problems including biting, chasing cars and other animals, escaping and playing too roughly, among many others.

Are inbred dogs illegal?

Is inbreeding dogs illegal. No it isn't its just not always a wise way to go when breeding animals. While potentially it may put all good characteristics doubled up into one puppy it also could line up negative characteristics from hidden recessive genes leading to smaller litter size and unhealthy puppies.

Are inbred dogs more aggressive?

Dogs that are inbred are sometimes much more aggressive than their mixed breed counterparts. This can result in behavioral problems including biting, chasing cars and other animals, escaping and playing too roughly, among many others.

Are bull terriers inbred?

About half of all dog breeds have an inbreeding coefficient above 25 percent. And bull terriers? They're the second-most inbred dog of all. Bull terriers are also prone to breathing problems, heart and kidney disease, deafness, and knee issues.

Are Dalmations inbred?

Like other breeds, Dalmatians display a propensity towards certain health problems specific to their breed, such as deafness, allergies and urinary stones. Reputable breeders have their puppies BAER (Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response) tested to ensure the status of the hearing on their pups.

Are German shepherds inbred?

The German Shepherd is a relatively new breed of dog, with their origin dating to 1899. German Shepherd. German Shepherd, female, medium-sized, shorthair, working type, dam.Other namesAlsatian wolf dog Berger Allemand Deutscher Schäferhund SchäferhundOriginGermany4 autres lignes

Are chocolate labs inbred?

Brown Labs seem to be more inbred than their black or yellow cousins, which might explain it. A new study has concluded that chocolate Labs die much sooner than Labrador retrievers of other colours. Breeders must therefore breed two chocolate labs together to ensure a chocolate puppy.

What happens if dogs are inbred?

If these two dogs mate, then there is a risk that the puppies will inherit a copy of the faulty genes from both parents and will therefore be affected. This risk of producing dogs affected by inherited health conditions therefore increases with the degree of inbreeding.

What are the most inbred dogs?

Top 10 Most Over-Bred Dogs Labrador Retriever. Hip dysplasia—a hip disease that can lead to crippling, lameness, or painful arthritis. Yorkshire Terrier. Bronchitis. German Shepherd. Hip dysplasia. Golden Retriever. Heart problems. Beagle. Hypothyroidism. Boxer. Dachshund. Poodle.

Are purebreds inbred?

A dog that is purebred cannot be interpreted to mean it is high-quality dog. In order to enhance specific characteristics, most modern purebred dogs registered with closed stud books are highly inbred, increasing the possibility of genetic-based disease.

Are Chihuahuas intelligent dogs?

Besides being affectionate housemates, Chihuahuas are intelligent and fast learners. They can compete in agility and obedience trials with just as much enthusiasm and success as larger dogs. That said, they're willful little dogs.

How are dogs intelligent?

Dogs are as intelligent as the average two-year-old child, according to research by animal psychologists. Researchers have found that dogs are capable of understanding up to 250 words and gestures, can count up to five and can perform simple mathematical calculations.

Are Havanese intelligent dogs?

Havanese are affectionate and happy dogs. They do not make good kennel dogs and prefer being with their owners. They are active dogs and enjoy learning tricks and playing games with their owners. Havanese are intelligent and trainable.

Are the royal family inbred?

Royal incest occurs mainly in societies where rulers have tremendous power and no peers, except the gods. Since gods marry each other, so should royals. Incest also protects royal assets. Marrying family members ensures that a king will share riches, privilege, and power only with people already his relatives.

Are boxer dogs intelligent?

Boxers are intelligent, high-energy, playful dogs that like to stay busy. Their temperament reflects their breeding. They prefer to be in the company of their owners and are loyal pets that will fiercely guard their family and home against strangers. If a boxer barks, chances are there is a good reason.

Are dogs intelligent animals?

A new study has found that a host of similar animals match, or even exceed dogs' intellectual abilities. Dog lovers will often extol the intelligence of their canine counterparts, and not without reason—dogs are indeed pretty smart.

Are Yorkies intelligent dogs?

Very intelligent, actually, according to the Official Yorkie Guide. Tracy Barr and Peter F. Veling agree in "Yorkshire Terriers for Dummies," saying that while they're not up there with the smartest of the smart dogs like border collies and poodles, Yorkies' intelligence is above average.

Are Maltese dogs intelligent?

The Maltese is one of a handful of similar breeds whose job has always been that of “companion.” They are specifically designed to love and be loved. If you want a smart little dog to run you and your home, then this is your breed. Most pet Maltese are kept clipped short, which means frequent professional grooming.

Are Beagles intelligent dogs?

Beagles are intelligent but, as a result of being bred for the long chase, are single-minded and determined, which can make them hard to train. They can be difficult to recall once they have picked up a scent, and are easily distracted by smells around them.

Does it matter if dogs are inbred?

The coefficient of inbreeding is a really useful tool for anyone breeding dogs. Because scientists have now discovered that dogs with higher COIs are more likely to get sick. Specifically, they have shown that when the COI of any mating exceeds 5%, puppies are at increased risk from the adverse effects of inbreeding.

Are neutered dogs less aggressive?

"Spaying and neutering makes pets better, more affectionate companions." "Your dog should be spayed or neutered because sex hormones lead to unnecessary stress and aggression among dogs." "Unsterilized animals often exhibit more behavior and temperament problems than do those who have been spayed or neutered."

Are dogs emotionally intelligent?

Studies have shown that living with dogs improves our emotional intelligence as humans significantly - but what about the EQ of our dogs? Emotional intelligence is defined, very basically, as the ability to recognize emotions; in yourself and in others.

Are large dogs more intelligent?

Are Big Dogs Smarter Than Small Ones? Scientists Finally Have an Answer. Bigger dogs, with larger brains, perform better than smaller pups on certain measures of intelligence, new research shows.

Are Jack Russell's intelligent dogs?

Personality: Loves To Work (And Lives To Play) Jack Russell Terriers are hunting dogs by nature, so they enjoy running and chasing. This smart little dog is not afraid to nip or bite back when it feels it is threatened. Otherwise, they're a happy breed and thrive when respected.

Are small dogs less expensive?

More popular. According to the American Kennel Club, small breeds are more popular than large breeds because most of the breeds registered each year are small breeds. They can cost less. Caring for small dogs generally costs less as far as food and some veterinary costs go.

Is it inbred or inbred?

Inbreeding is the production of offspring from the mating or breeding of individuals or organisms that are closely related genetically. An individual who inherits such deleterious traits is colloquially referred to as inbred.

Can dogs inbred?

The coefficient of inbreeding is a really useful tool for anyone breeding dogs. Because scientists have now discovered that dogs with higher COIs are more likely to get sick. Specifically, they have shown that when the COI of any mating exceeds 5%, puppies are at increased risk from the adverse effects of inbreeding.

Are Labs intelligent dogs?

The steady temperament of Labradors and their ability to learn make them an ideal breed for search and rescue, detection, and therapy work. They are a very intelligent breed. They are ranked No. 7 in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs. The AKC describes the breed as an ideal family and sporting dog.

Are dogs intelligent?

Dogs are as intelligent as the average two-year-old child, according to research by animal psychologists. Researchers have found that dogs are capable of understanding up to 250 words and gestures, can count up to five and can perform simple mathematical calculations.

Are Newfoundland dogs intelligent?

The Newfoundland's gentle and intelligent expression reflects it amiability and friendliness toward humans. It is regarded as one of the most intelligent dog breeds; as such, it is easily trained and enjoys the process of working with humans. As family dogs go, the Newfoundland breed is at the top.

Are pug dogs intelligent?

Personality-wise, Pugs are happy and affectionate, loyal and charming, playful and mischievous. They are very intelligent, however, they can be willful, which makes training challenging. While Pugs can be good watchdogs, they aren't inclined to be "yappy," something your neighbors will appreciate.

Are Chihuahua dogs intelligent?

Besides being affectionate housemates, Chihuahuas are intelligent and fast learners. They can compete in agility and obedience trials with just as much enthusiasm and success as larger dogs. That said, they're willful little dogs. Chihuahuas are curious and bold explorers.

Are puppies less affectionate?

How to Make Your Puppy Affectionate. The trick is to show him that human contact has positive consequences. However, some puppies are more affectionate than others. Luckily, you can teach affectionate behavior in aloof dogs.

Are female dogs less aggressive?

Some believe that the male dog is more affectionate and easier to train, while the female dog is more aggressive and protective of its owners and puppies. Well, the truth is that when it comes to dogs and puppies there is no superior sex. The qualities cited above are just the anecdotal observations of many dog owners.

Is my dog inbred?

Physical Signs. Inbred dogs usually don't grow as large as noninbred dogs of the same type or breed. Some inbred dogs are identifiable by asymmetrical features, such as one eye lower than the other.

What happens dog inbred?

If these two dogs mate, then there is a risk that the puppies will inherit a copy of the faulty genes from both parents and will therefore be affected. This risk of producing dogs affected by inherited health conditions therefore increases with the degree of inbreeding.

Which dogs are most intelligent?

Border collie. The Border collie is energetic, affectionate, and — of course — smart. Poodle. The poodle is the seventh most popular dog breed and for good reason. German shepherd. Golden retriever. Doberman pinscher. Shetland sheepdog. Labrador retriever. Papillon.

Are cats intelligent than dogs?

One of our most contentious debates may now have an answer. Dogs, it turns out, have about twice the number of neurons in their cerebral cortexes than what cats have, which suggests they could be about twice as intelligent.

Are Staffies intelligent?

Staffords are highly intelligent, but they are also freethinkers who like to do things their own way. They need firm, patient, consistent training. Staffordshire Bull Terriers are energetic dogs who need a vigorous walk or play session daily. Like all terriers, Staffords are diggers.

Are Cavachons intelligent?

Cavachon Temperament. Cavachons are gentle, friendly dogs who make great family pets. They are likely to bark at strangers but because of their size cannot be regarded as good guard dogs. They are intelligent dogs and even a first-time owner will find it easy to train them because they tend to be eager to please.

Are Jack Russells intelligent?

Personality: Loves To Work (And Lives To Play) Jack Russell Terriers are hunting dogs by nature, so they enjoy running and chasing. This smart little dog is not afraid to nip or bite back when it feels it is threatened. Otherwise, they're a happy breed and thrive when respected.

Are Boston Terriers intelligent?

Known as the American Gentleman, the Boston Terrier is lively, smart, and affectionate with a gentle, even temperament. They can, however, be stubborn, so persistence and consistency are definite musts when training.

How intelligent are hedgehogs?

Personality and Intelligence. Our best comparison of hedgehog intelligence is to that of a hamster. Hedgehogs do not typically come when called or actively seek out human interaction. Hedgehogs may learn certain behaviors through positive reinforcement or conditioning but only at a very basic level.

Are Chihuahuas intelligent?

Besides being affectionate housemates, Chihuahuas are intelligent and fast learners. They can compete in agility and obedience trials with just as much enthusiasm and success as larger dogs. That said, they're willful little dogs. Chihuahuas are curious and bold explorers.

Are koalas intelligent?

Koalas - smarter than your average bear. Koalas are very cute and sleepy animals that can certainly draw a crowd at any zoo. They are also quite smart, according to a new study that has tracked the movements of the Australian animal in suburban Brisbane.

Are cats intelligent animals?

It turns out that cats have a brain structure that's similar to other intelligent animals, including humans. Not only that, but cats also possess more nerve cells in the visual areas of their brain than humans and most other mammals.

Are chameleons intelligent?

Chameleon Behavior. The Chameleon tends to be a timid type of Lizard and they will retreat rather than fight when they can. They are believed to be a very intelligent species of Lizard.

Are guinea pigs intelligent?

Intelligent guinea pigs. They're so small – and yet so smart! Guinea pigs are intelligent rodents that can be taught many things. Guinea pigs best learn a lot later than cats and dogs – while dogs are best trained when they are only a few weeks old, the time is right for guinea pigs when they are nine to ten months old

Are collies intelligent?

As part of the herding classification, the rough collie personality is known to most as smart, quick to learn, and very in tune to people. Many collies make great therapy dogs as well, due to their calmness indoors and medium height. Rough collies, like the one featured in Lassie, can at times be very vocal.

Are Samoyeds intelligent?

That said, to the owner who can handle the responsibility, a well-groomed Samoyed is a sight for sore eyes. As friendly and smart as this breed is, the Samoyed is challenging to own. He can be a talkative dog, voicing his likes and dislikes with bellows, howls, or barks.

Are miniature schnauzers intelligent?

Miniature Schnauzers have a lot of energy, are fast, and because they are a terrier breed, they can be pretty determined when it comes to backyard games like tug-of-war. As very smart dogs, they tend to excel in obedience training classes.

Are fish intelligent?

According to Culum Brown from Macquarie University, "Fish are more intelligent than they appear. In many areas, such as memory, their cognitive powers match or exceed those of 'higher' vertebrates including non-human primates." Fish hold records for the relative brain weights of vertebrates.

Are goldendoodles intelligent?

The Goldendoodle is a cross between a Golden Retriever and a Poodle (usually a Standard or Miniature). At their best, they are intelligent, friendly, and affectionate. Both of the breeds used to create Goldendoodles tend to be smart and learn quickly.

Are cairn terriers intelligent?

Personality: Cairn terriers are considered intelligent, loyal family pets that adapt to most environments. They are true terriers, however, and consequently extremely active dogs.

Are cats very intelligent?

Cats' impressive individuality makes it hard to study their smarts. Yes, your cat is very special, and your dog is very cute. Millions of years of evolution, however—tens of thousands in the company of humans—have instilled cats and dogs with some particular traits and mental skills.

Are dolphins intelligent?

Dolphins may be able to discriminate between numbers. Several researchers observing animals' ability to learn set formation tend to rank dolphins at about the level of elephants in intelligence, and show that dolphins do not surpass other highly intelligent animals in problem solving.

Are Bedlington terriers intelligent?

Bedlington Terriers are a hardy breed with moderate activity levels. They are capable of running at high speeds, so a safely fenced area is important. They are not suited to living outdoors. The Bedlington is intelligent, and that intelligence makes him only moderately easy to train.

Are Magpies intelligent?

Intelligence. The Eurasian magpie is believed not only to be among the most intelligent of birds but among the most intelligent of all animals. Mirror self-recognition has been demonstrated in European magpies, making them one of only a few species to possess this capability.

Are skunks intelligent?

Skunks are intelligent and usually good natured. Despite their gentle manner, skunks can be deadly simply because they are often carriers of rabies.

Are alligators intelligent?

Alligators are smarter than you think, wranglers say. Alligators aren't the most intelligent creatures, but they are smarter than they appear, Beaufort County animal catchers say. For one, the gators appear to be able to find their way back to home ponds and swamps from nearly 30 miles away, he said.

Are pugs intelligent?

Personality-wise, Pugs are happy and affectionate, loyal and charming, playful and mischievous. They are very intelligent, however, they can be willful, which makes training challenging. While Pugs can be good watchdogs, they aren't inclined to be "yappy," something your neighbors will appreciate.

Are Robins intelligent?

Rachael tests the ability of the robins to remember which holes contain food as a means of understanding how good robins are when it comes to spatial memory. While her research has shown that some robins seem to be smarter than others, no one knows yet whether more intelligent birds do better when it comes to breeding.

Are llamas intelligent?

They are very social animals and live with other llamas as a herd. The wool produced by a llama is very soft and lanolin-free. Llamas are intelligent and can learn simple tasks after a few repetitions. When using a pack, they can carry about 25 to 30% of their body weight for 8 to 13 km (5–8 miles).

Are lurchers intelligent?

Lurchers as Pets. As a general rule lurchers needs more excercise than the greyhound and are not so good at being left, if you work. They also need a fully secure garden. The hairy or rough coated lurchers are often croseed with a terrier or a collie and are therefore often more active and intelligent.

Are Siberian huskies intelligent?

Siberian Husky Temperament and Personality. The Siberian Husky is not a one-person dog. The Siberian is a friendly and gentle dog who is not overly suspicious of strangers or aggressive toward other dogs. Among the qualities that make him a wonderful companion are his intelligence, eagerness, and sense of humor.

Are turtles intelligent?

It does vary by species. It's an interesting question, because reptiles have traditionally been considered to be quite limited in their intelligence, but in tests, some reptiles, particularly some turtles, do respectably well. The wood turtle is widely believed to be one of the most intelligent turtles.

Are seals intelligent?

Seals are highly intelligent animals and they have been used in a variety of conservation programs such as those at Sea World. However, it is very important to understand they are still wild animals. They have been known to bite and to attack humans that get too close to them.

Are ferrets intelligent?

Actually, ferrets are quite smart. However, if you consider memory to be intelligence (few animal behaviorists do), then ferrets rank lower than dogs but above cats. Some people equate intelligence with communication.

Are apes intelligent?

Apes are considered to be more intelligent than monkeys, which are considered to have more primitive brains.

Are Malamutes intelligent?

Alaskan Malamute Temperament. When properly trained, Alaskan Malamutes are intelligent, strong, and playful dogs that enjoy companionship and make great exercise partners. When socialized properly, Alaskan Malamutes can be great around children and other pets.

Are babies intelligent?

This may create evolutionary incentives for babies that are born at an even earlier developmental stage, which require more intelligence to raise. This creates the dynamic: over time, helpless babies make parents more intelligent, which makes babies more helpless, which makes their parents more intelligent, and so on.

Are hedgehogs intelligent?

Personality and Intelligence. Our best comparison of hedgehog intelligence is to that of a hamster. Hedgehogs do not typically come when called or actively seek out human interaction. Hedgehogs may learn certain behaviors through positive reinforcement or conditioning but only at a very basic level.

Are bigger dogs more intelligent?

Larger dogs with larger brains are indeed smarter than smaller breeds, according to a new study into canine intelligence - at least in some ways. The research from the University of Arizona found that dogs with larger brains do better than dogs with smaller brains in a particular set of tests.

Are dogs getting more intelligent?

Your dog may be a good boy—but he's not as smart as you think, a new research article suggests. Dogs have a unique set of cognitive abilities, but they're not inherently smarter than other animals, says the new paper, which was published in the journal Learning & Behavior.

Are Shih Tzu dogs intelligent?

Intelligent dogs, Shih Tzu like learning. They are good in obedience classes and can do great at agility and obedience competitions. The Shih Tzu is too small, too human oriented, and too heat sensitive to live outdoors. He may not need a palace, but he definitely needs a home.

Can inbred dogs be aggressive?

Dogs that are inbred are sometimes much more aggressive than their mixed breed counterparts. This can result in behavioral problems including biting, chasing cars and other animals, escaping and playing too roughly, among many others.

What does inbred dog mean?

Inbreeding occurs when animals that are related breed. Many people automatically associate inbreeding with close (or incestuous) matings, such as a father to daughter mating (which are banned by the Kennel Club), but this could also include the mating of more distant relatives.

Are fish less sentient?

fish are sentient. As stated on the animal sentience website: “A sentient animal is one for whom feelings matter”. Sentience is about the inner life of an animal, and a sentient animal has capacity to suffer fear, pain or distress as well as a sense of well-being.

Are mastiffs intelligent?

8. Training and socialization are essential with a dog that will be so large when fully grown. Mastiffs are intelligent and want to please their people, but they can also be quite stubborn. They are wonderful at simply being a member of the family, but also make good watchdogs and therapy dogs.

Are tortoises intelligent?

Reptiles are clearly far smarter than we thought. Wilkinson has one explanation – at least for Moses and his ilk. Tortoises receive no care after they hatch, so they have to learn on their own, she points out. And with a very high attrition rate, there is strong natural selection for intelligence.

Are Maltipoos intelligent?

Poodles as a whole are also among the more intelligent dog breeds, so your Maltipoo puppy will share the intelligence, inquisitive nature and alert temperament of the Poodle breed! They are good at problem solving, bright and into everything, and require plenty of stimulation, both physical and mental.

Are Rottweilers intelligent?

Rottweilers walk a fine line between protectiveness and aggressiveness. If they aren't carefully bred for a calm, intelligent temperament and properly socialized and trained, they can become overly protective. As wonderful as Rottweilers can be, they aren't the dog for everyone.

Are Labradors intelligent?

The steady temperament of Labradors and their ability to learn make them an ideal breed for search and rescue, detection, and therapy work. They are a very intelligent breed. They are ranked No. 7 in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs. The AKC describes the breed as an ideal family and sporting dog.

Are capybaras intelligent?

Capybaras are intensely social, herd animals. They are very complex and sophisticated emotionally. They are also highly intelligent, at least as intelligent as the most intelligent dogs. Not many people have the time and commitment needed to have a pet capybara.

Are slime molds intelligent?

It's usually because a scientist figured out that a slime mold could solve a maze in a seemingly intentional way, or that it can grow through a space in an efficient enough pattern to make mathematicians sit up and notice. The implication is usually the same: Slime molds have intelligence.

Are Cavapoos intelligent?

Some Cavapoos can be sensitive, so it is important to give them lots of different experiences and chances to socialise so that they grow into a calm, well behaved adult. They are an attractive dog who is intelligent and has a gentle temperament making it ideal for families as it thrives on human companionship.

Are rat terriers intelligent?

Rat terriers are small-to-medium-size dogs who are playful, active and loyal, and who desire the companionship of humans. If you are looking for a dedicated, energetic, intelligent and somewhat vocal dog who enjoys both playtime and snuggling, the rat terrier may be the perfect companion dog for you.

Are border terriers intelligent?

He's intelligent, loyal, fearless, loving, and determined, and about as aggravating as any dog can be. But for the right people, Border Terriers are wonderful dogs who play hard and love harder.