Can a human outrun a hippo?

Here are all the animals Usain Bolt can outrun

Best Answer

Hippopotamuses are adorably pudgy, strict herbivores and kill more humans than any other African animal.

You cannot outrun them; they've been clocked at 30-40km/h (19-25mph).

You cannot outswim them; on average, hippos can swim 8 km/h (5 mph).

Hippo chasing boat! Scary! (ORIGINAL VIDEO)

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Can I outrun a hippo?

Hippopotamuses are adorably pudgy, strict herbivores and kill more humans than any other African animal. You cannot outrun them; they've been clocked at 30-40km/h (19-25mph). You cannot outswim them; on average, hippos can swim 8 km/h (5 mph).

Can a human outrun a dog?

Elite human runners, however, can sustain speeds up to 6.5 meters per second. Even run-of-the-mill joggers typically do between 3.2 and 4.2 meters per second, which means they can outrun dogs at distances greater than two kilometers. Our “sustainable distance” is also hard to beat.

Can a human outrun a wolf?

Most mammals can sprint faster than humans — having four legs gives them the advantage. But when it comes to long distances, humans can outrun almost any animal. On a hot day, the two scientists wrote, a human could even outrun a horse in a 26.2-mile marathon.

When Hippos Attack

Can a human outrun a cow?

The dog will outrun the cows and it will outrun you." "Cows are quite docile animals, but can get nervous," says Ms Woods. And at five feet tall and weighing at least 1,000 pounds (450kg), it wouldn't do to make a cow too nervous.

Can a human outrun a bear?

Do Not Run. You can't outrun a bear so don't even try. Despite rumours to the contrary, black and grizzly bears can outrun a human on ANY terrain, uphill or down. People will tell you that you should run downhill when chased by a grizzly.

Can a human outrun a deer?

Surprisingly, it turns out that your average fit human can outrun a deer. In fact, a theory claims that we humans evolved the ability to be good endurance runners, so we could chase animals for hours, run them to a standstill, and kill them. The deer is more of a sprinter, than a marathon runner.

What animals can outrun a human?

Outrun the World's Most Dangerous Animals Rhinoceros. Top Speed: 35 miles per hour. Killer Bees. Top Speed: 12 miles per hour. Chimpanzee. Top Speed: 25 miles per hour. Elephant. Top Speed: 20 miles per hour. Lion. Top Speed: 30 miles per hour. Tiger. Top Speed: 35 miles per hour. Alligator. Top Speed: 11 miles per hour. Rattlesnake. Top Speed: 3 miles per hour.

Can a dog outrun a human?

For most humans up against a dog, this happens. Your dog will typically outrun you. Some dog breeds are slower than others and humans might be able to keep up, but aside from athletes, it's more likely that they can't keep up with their four-legged friend.

MAN CHASED BY HIPPO

Can a human outrun a house cat?

Even a house cat that isn't used to exerting herself could outrun the fastest human, Usain Bolt, in a sprinting race. The Cheetah is the fastest land animal with a top speed of around 75 mph, but it can only hit that speed in a short spurt. Like dogs, cats are digitigrade mammals (they walk and run on their toes).

What animal can outrun a human?

Most mammals can sprint faster than humans — having four legs gives them the advantage. But when it comes to long distances, humans can outrun almost any animal.

Would a hippo eat a human?

Although they primarily only eat plants—munching on about 80 pounds of grass each day—hippos are one of the most aggressive animals on Earth. They can snap a canoe in half with their powerful jaws, and they kill about 500 people in Africa each year. But this species is vulnerable and their numbers are decreasing.

Do hippos eat humans?

Attacks on humans. The hippopotamus is considered to be very aggressive and has frequently been reported as charging and attacking boats. Small boats can be capsized by hippos and passengers can be injured or killed by the animals or drown. In one case in Niger, a boat was capsized by a hippo and 13 people were killed.

Can you outrun a snake?

snakes can't move between points nearly as fast as is commonly believed humans can easily outrun a snake. but even better we'll never have to however their striking speed should not be underestimated. snakes are not aggressive in the true sense of the word.

Don't even try to run away! Hippo running at full speed!

Can you domesticate a hippo?

Hippo's are one of natures most efficient food > weight animals, making them perfect for food. Additionally they are arguably the most dangerous land mammal, meaning they are hard to domesticate, very very hard. This, more so than other reason, is why they have never been successfully domesticated.

Can you outrun a bear?

Fact: Bears can run more than 60 kilometers an hour, and they can do it up hills, down hills or along a slope. To put that in perspective, that's 15 m/sec or 50 ft/sec – more than twice as fast as we can run. In fact, a bear can outrun a racehorse over short distances but has little endurance.

Can I outrun a bear?

Fact: Bears can run more than 60 kilometers an hour, and they can do it up hills, down hills or along a slope. To put that in perspective, that's 15 m/sec or 50 ft/sec – more than twice as fast as we can run. In fact, a bear can outrun a racehorse over short distances but has little endurance.

Can a hippo drown?

Hippos can even sleep underwater, using a reflex that allows them to bob up, take a breath, and sink back down without waking up. Yet despite all these adaptations for life in the water, hippos can't swim—they can't even float!

Can you outrun a dog?

Horses' average distance-running speed is 5.8 meters per second—a canter. Elite human runners, however, can sustain speeds up to 6.5 meters per second. Even run-of-the-mill joggers typically do between 3.2 and 4.2 meters per second, which means they can outrun dogs at distances greater than two kilometers.

Can you outrun a gator?

It's very rare for an alligator to chase a human on dry land. And the average human could easily outrun an alligator, zigzagging or not -- it tops out at a speed of around 11 miles per hour (18 kph), and it can't maintain that speed for very long [source: San Diego Zoo].

How fast can a hippo swim?

Unlike people, hippos can hold their breath for minutes at a time. Far from the lumbering giants they seem to be, hippos can trot, jog and run at speeds of up to 15 miles per hour, with spurts as fast as 30 miles per hour.

Can you outrun a lion?

The first thing to know about surviving a lion attack is to not run. It should not surprise you that a lion is way faster than you, but in case you need numbers: the fastest human to ever live, Usain Bolt, can run 27.79 miles per hour. A lion can run 50 miles per hour.

Can I outrun a dog?

For most humans up against a dog, this happens. Your dog will typically outrun you. Some dog breeds are slower than others and humans might be able to keep up, but aside from athletes, it's more likely that they can't keep up with their four-legged friend.

Can a cat outrun a dog?

50 kilometres per hour! That is a lot faster than dogs which can run at about 32 kph. Of course, these are averages: Greyhounds are a lot faster than the average dog, twice as fast to be exact, while toy breeds such as pugs can run at about 15 kph, top. But on average, a cat can outrun a dog.

Can a person outrun a dog?

Horses' average distance-running speed is 5.8 meters per second—a canter. Elite human runners, however, can sustain speeds up to 6.5 meters per second. Even run-of-the-mill joggers typically do between 3.2 and 4.2 meters per second, which means they can outrun dogs at distances greater than two kilometers.

Can a Greyhound outrun a horse?

When the thoroughbred race horse, Secretariat set the Kentucky Derby speed record in 1973 he ran it at 38 mph (61 kph) over a distance 1.5 miles (2.4 km). However humans have changed dogs so that some dogs can run much faster than most other animals. The fastest of these dogs is the greyhound.

Can a dog outrun a bear?

Fact: Bears can run more than 60 kilometers an hour, and they can do it up hills, down hills or along a slope. To put that in perspective, that's 15 m/sec or 50 ft/sec – more than twice as fast as we can run. In fact, a bear can outrun a racehorse over short distances but has little endurance.

Can a dog outrun a cat?

50 kilometres per hour! That is a lot faster than dogs which can run at about 32 kph. Of course, these are averages: Greyhounds are a lot faster than the average dog, twice as fast to be exact, while toy breeds such as pugs can run at about 15 kph, top. But on average, a cat can outrun a dog.

Can a man outrun a dog?

Elite human runners, however, can sustain speeds up to 6.5 meters per second. Even run-of-the-mill joggers typically do between 3.2 and 4.2 meters per second, which means they can outrun dogs at distances greater than two kilometers. Our “sustainable distance” is also hard to beat.

Can a coyote outrun a dog?

(Coyotes can run up to 40 mph over short distances… you won't outrun them.) Put your dog on a leash, if they aren't already. Do NOT turn your dog loose to go after the coyote.

Can a cat outrun a coyote?

It's long been known that coyotes attack pets, but there's also a sense that cats can scamper up a tree if they sense danger, says Harris. That vastly understates the danger, she says. “A coyote can jump a six-foot fence and take a small dog or cat and be back in a flash – do it right in front of you.”

Can a dog outrun a coyote?

(Coyotes can run up to 40 mph over short distances… you won't outrun them.) Put your dog on a leash, if they aren't already. Do NOT turn your dog loose to go after the coyote.

Can a person outrun a bear?

Fact: Bears can run more than 60 kilometers an hour, and they can do it up hills, down hills or along a slope. To put that in perspective, that's 15 m/sec or 50 ft/sec – more than twice as fast as we can run. In fact, a bear can outrun a racehorse over short distances but has little endurance.

How dangerous is a hippo?

While hippopotamuses rest near each other in the water, grazing is a solitary activity and hippos are not territorial on land. The hippopotamus is among the most dangerous animals in the world as it is highly aggressive and unpredictable.

Can you outrun an alligator?

It's very rare for an alligator to chase a human on dry land. And the average human could easily outrun an alligator, zigzagging or not -- it tops out at a speed of around 11 miles per hour (18 kph), and it can't maintain that speed for very long [source: San Diego Zoo].

Can cats outrun dogs?

50 kilometres per hour! That is a lot faster than dogs which can run at about 32 kph. Of course, these are averages: Greyhounds are a lot faster than the average dog, twice as fast to be exact, while toy breeds such as pugs can run at about 15 kph, top. But on average, a cat can outrun a dog.

Can you outrun a dog on a bike?

Once you leave "their" territory, they will usually lose interest. However, if a dog does chase you, here are some options. If you can't completely outrun it, the dog may catch your wheel and knock you down. While on the bike, don't try anything beyond your bike-handling skills.

Do hippos have predators?

Hippopotamus coexist with a variety of formidable predators. Nile crocodiles, lions and spotted hyenas are known to prey on young hippos. However, due to their aggression and size, adult hippopotamus are not usually preyed upon by other animals.

Are hippos vegetarians?

They emerge at dusk to graze on grasses. While hippopotamuses rest near each other in the water, grazing is a solitary activity and hippos are not territorial on land. The hippopotamus is among the most dangerous animals in the world as it is highly aggressive and unpredictable.

Is a hippo aggressive?

While hippopotamuses rest near each other in the water, grazing is a solitary activity and hippos are not territorial on land. The hippopotamus is among the most dangerous animals in the world as it is highly aggressive and unpredictable.

Will crocodiles attack hippos?

The pairing is unusual because normally, crocodiles eat hippo calves, and hippos will usually only play within their species. The unlikely match doesn't last too long. The croc gets its way when a herd of elephants come along and chase the hippo away.

How much does a hippo weigh?

Männlich: 1.500 – 1.800 kg Erwachsener Weiblich: 1.300 – 1.500 kg Erwachsener

Is it possible to outrun a dog?

For most humans up against a dog, this happens. Your dog will typically outrun you. Some dog breeds are slower than others and humans might be able to keep up, but aside from athletes, it's more likely that they can't keep up with their four-legged friend.

Are hippos aggressive?

While hippopotamuses rest near each other in the water, grazing is a solitary activity and hippos are not territorial on land. The hippopotamus is among the most dangerous animals in the world as it is highly aggressive and unpredictable.

Is there a hippo Pokemon?

Hippopotas is a Ground type Pokémon introduced in Generation 4. It is known as the Hippo Pokémon .

Would a lion kill a hippo?

That survey identified 46,181 kills by carnivores—only 6 of which were hippos killed by lions. And four of those had occurred during a severe drought, when the hippos were in poor shape, he said. The lions—now joined by a third male—attempt to flip over the hippo.

Why are hippos so deadly?

The hippopotamus is among the most dangerous animals in the world as it is highly aggressive and unpredictable. They are threatened by habitat loss and poaching for their meat and ivory canine teeth.

Do hippos make good pets?

Wild animals do not make good pets, and that includes hippos! But hippos may have a bad rap when it comes to their reputation as dangerous killing machines that attack humans for no reason.

What do you call a baby hippo?

A male hippopotamus is known as a bull. A female hippopotamus is called a cow, and a baby hippo is called a calf. The species is also known as the common hippopotamus or the Nile hippopotamus.

Are hippos predators?

A hippo closes its nostrils when it submerges into the water. Hippopotamus coexist with a variety of formidable predators. Nile crocodiles, lions and spotted hyenas are known to prey on young hippos. However, due to their aggression and size, adult hippopotamus are not usually preyed upon by other animals.

Do hippos eat poop?

The young of elephants, giant pandas, koalas and hippos eat the feces of their mothers or other animals in the herd, in order to obtain the bacteria required to properly digest vegetation found in their ecosystems. When such animals are born, their intestines are sterile and do not contain these bacteria.

Why are hippos dangerous?

While hippopotamuses rest near each other in the water, grazing is a solitary activity and hippos are not territorial on land. The hippopotamus is among the most dangerous animals in the world as it is highly aggressive and unpredictable.

What happened to Humphrey the hippo?

hippo as a pet on his farm, was killed after Humphrey reportedly dragged him into a river after mauling him. The 40-year-old farmer raised Humphrey from the age of five months, after the young hippo was stranded during a flood. Currently six years old, the hippo lives in a specially-built dam on the farm.

Why do hippos always look wet?

Hippos have unique skin that needs to be kept wet for a good part of the day. Staying out of the water for too long can lead to dehydration, so hippos try to remain in water during the day. The blood sweat creates a layer of mucous that protects hippo skin from sunburn and keeps it moist.

Can a human explode?

For well over a century, some have claimed that people can suddenly and inexplicably explode into a ball of fire. The phenomenon is called spontaneous human combustion (SHC), and it has been described in many popular books on mysteries and the unexplained.

Can a human survive rabies?

In unvaccinated humans, rabies is almost always fatal after neurological symptoms have developed. Vaccination after exposure, PEP, is highly successful in preventing the disease if administered promptly, in general within 6 days of infection. Begun with little or no delay, PEP is 100% effective against rabies.

Can a human get parvo?

Since parvovirus B19 only infects humans, a person cannot get the virus from a dog or cat. Also, dogs and cats cannot get parvovirus B19 from an infected person. Pet dogs and cats can get infected with other parvoviruses that do not infect humans. Pets can be vaccinated to protect them from parvovirus infection.

Can fleas kill a human?

Fleas are known to transmit tapeworm larvae and, uncommonly, the disease murine typhus. They are most notorious for transmitting bubonic plague from wild rodents to humans in certain parts of the world (not Australia). The three main species of flea that infest humans are: cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis)

Can tapeworms kill a human?

Tapeworms cause health problems around the world and can even kill since they rob us of nutrients, block our intestines, and take up space in organs that stop them from functioning normally. A tapeworm cyst can settle in the brain, eye, liver, and elsewhere.

Can a dog eat human?

Yes. Dogs are perfectly willing to eat human corpses, and there's no evidence that they treat their masters differently than any other dead body. Many cultures consider dogs unclean precisely because of their tendency to scavenge our remains. In The Iliad, Homer makes nine references to dogs eating dead bodies.

Can roundworms kill a human?

Roundworm eggs live in soil that is contaminated by feces. The eggs can get into the body through the mouth. The infection can then spread from person to person via infected feces. In most cases, roundworms can be easily treated by taking a medicine that kills the worms in about 3 days.

Can rabies kill a human?

In unvaccinated humans, rabies is almost always fatal after neurological symptoms have developed. Vaccination after exposure, PEP, is highly successful in preventing the disease if administered promptly, in general within 6 days of infection. Begun with little or no delay, PEP is 100% effective against rabies.

Can hookworms kill a human?

Adult hookworms do not infect humans; however, the larvae can burrow into human skin. This causes itching, commonly called "ground itch", but the worms do not mature into adults. More dangerous is the condition in which hookworm larvae migrate throughout the body, damaging the eyes and internal organs.

Can pinworms kill a human?

It's possible to get pinworms by inhaling airborne eggs, but this is rare. It's also rare to get pinworms from a swimming pool. Pinworms are spread from person to person. Pets don't get pinworms and can't spread them to humans.

Can a python kill a human?

It does not attack humans by nature, but will bite and possibly constrict if it feels threatened, or mistakes a hand for food. While not venomous, large pythons can inflict serious injuries, sometimes requiring stitches.

Can a human doctor become a vet?

There are specific colleges for becoming doctors of veterinary medicine. It's very different from being a human medical doctor. A vet is a Dr they are animal Drs. They go to school and train as long as a human Dr. What I think you meant was can you be a DVM and a MD or DO both.

Can a flea live on a human?

In natural settings, cat fleas occasionally bite humans. However, they don't breed on them. The fleas take a blood meal and then leave. Flea bites on humans are incidental, usually only occurring when a flea-infested pet lives in the person's habitat.

Can a human eat a Milk Bone?

Would I get sick from eating my dog's milk bones? For the short answer, while it certainly doesn't look appetizing, nor (probably) taste any good, the answer is, for the most part, yes- humans can safely eat their pets' food… but there are some important caveats which we'll get into.

Can a human live without a head?

Moreover, the human body cannot eat without the head, ensuring a swift death from starvation should it survive the other ill effects of head loss. But cockroaches do not have blood pressure the way people do.

Can a ball python kill a human?

It is among the three heaviest snakes. Like all pythons, it is a nonvenomous constrictor. There have been people who have been killed (and in at least two reported cases, eaten) by reticulated pythons.

Can a human breastfeed a puppy?

The practice of breastfeeding or suckling between humans and other species has gone in both directions: human females sometimes breastfeed young animals, and animals are used to suckle babies and children. A wide variety of animals have been used for this purpose, including puppies, kittens, piglets and monkeys.

Can a cheetah kill a human?

Generally, only groups of cheetahs will attempt to kill large animals such as hartebeest, although mothers with young cubs will attempt to secure a large prey all by themselves. There are no records of cheetah killing human beings.

Can a 1080 kill a human?

There have been no recorded cases of 1080 operations causing harm to human health, although one hunter reportedly died at home in the 1960s from eating jam containing 1080.

Can a human breastfeed a dog?

The practice of breastfeeding or suckling between humans and other species has gone in both directions: human females sometimes breastfeed young animals, and animals are used to suckle babies and children.

Can a dog get a human sick?

This virus can affect humans of all ages. The virus can be found in the gastrointestinal tract and consequently in the feces or diarrhea of the infected dogs. It can be transmitted from contaminated food or water to humans and the infection can rapidly spread in the human population by fecal oral rate.

Can a vet become a human doctor?

Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. After undergraduate study, individuals must attend veterinary medical school where they can graduate with a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree. Veterinary medical schools must be accredited by the Council on Education of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA).

Can a human give a dog distemper?

The canine distemper virus (CDV) causes the disease. It is highly contagious, and is often fatal. Humans can contract an asymptomatic CDV infection, but if they have been immunized against measles, they are protected from CDV as well.

Can a tarantula kill a human?

The other myth that needs to be laid to rest is they can kill you with a poisonous bite. “No tarantulas have ever been known to kill anybody,” he says. Some of them will bite if provoked, even the native species of the Southwest, but the wound generally feels like a bee sting and causes no lasting injury.

Can a bird kill a human?

This would make it the only living bird known to prey on humans, although other birds such as ostriches and cassowaries have killed humans in self-defense and a lammergeier might have killed Aeschylus by accident.

Can a Rottweiler kill a human?

Rottweilers have passed pit bulls as America's deadliest dog breed, according to a study released today. The large dogs were involved in 33 fatal attacks on humans between 1991 and 1998, the American Veterinary Medical Association said.

Can a scorpion kill a human?

All scorpions have a venomous sting, but the vast majority of the species do not represent a serious threat to humans and in most cases healthy adults do not need any medical treatment after being stung. Only about 25 species are known to have venom capable of killing a human.

Can a jellyfish kill a human?

Box jellyfish (class Cubozoa) are cnidarian invertebrates distinguished by their cube-shaped medusae. Some species of box jellyfish produce extremely potent venom: Chironex fleckeri, Carukia barnesi and Malo kingi. Stings from these and a few other species in the class are extremely painful and can be fatal to humans.

Can a human live without a spleen?

Technically, people can live with no kidneys, but require dialysis. Spleen: The spleen filters blood and helps the body fight infections, but it's not essential for survival. The spleen can be removed if, for instance, it's damaged. However, people without a spleen are more prone to infections.

Can a human and a dog reproduce?

Very closely related species – like horses and donkeys – can mate and reproduce. But even then, their babies are sterile. The offspring of horses and donkeys are called mules, and mules can't reproduce. But humans and dogs are very different species.

Can a cat kill a human?

Because of their small size, domesticated house cats pose little physical danger to adult humans. However, in the USA cats inflict about 400,000 bites per year.

Can a stingray kill a human?

Although the venom embedded in the tail spines of stingrays can kill small creatures and cause acute pain to humans, it is extremely rare for the shy fish to kill humans.

Can a human survive without a brain?

Since it controls vital functions such as breathing, swallowing, digestion, eye movement and heartbeat, there can be no life without it. But the rest of the brain is obviously capable of some remarkable feats, with one part able to compensate for deficiencies in another.

Can a human give a dog herpes?

Adult dogs infected with canine herpes will often have infected discharge leak from their genital area, creating the potential for the virus to be spread via sexual contact with other animals as well. In humans, the appearance of sores around the genitalia is a distinctive symptom of HSV-2.

Can a dog and a human mate?

Humans cannot mate with a member that is not a member of their own species and produce viable fertile offspring. If the human gets caught, they may face prison time and have the dog or other species taken away. Conception doesn't take place because there are genetic differences between humans and other species.

Can a human eat a dog treat?

If you just eat a little bit of dog food, probably nothing will happen. But you don't really know that for sure because dog food is not subjected to the same health and safety regulations that human food is required to have. The best advice is to keep dog food for dogs and human food for humans!

Can a golden eagle kill a human?

It is possible for up to 30 to 50 foxes to be caught by a single eagle during this season. Full-grown wolves are not believed to be viable prey for wild golden eagles; they are too dangerous due to their large size and large, powerful bite.

Can a dog use a human treadmill?

Human treadmills generally have a shorter track surface since we humans have a shorter gait. This may be fine for small dogs but not for larger ones. Dog specific treadmills will have a running belt that is long enough to handle a dog's longest stride and natural gait and to give dogs room to “fall behind.”

Can a human nurse a puppy?

Human–animal breastfeeding has been practiced in many different cultures in many time periods. The practice of breastfeeding or suckling between humans and other species has gone in both directions: human females sometimes breastfeed young animals, and animals are used to suckle babies and children.

Can a snow leopard kill a human?

The snow leopard has not been reported to attack humans, and appears to be the least aggressive to humans of all big cats. As a result, they are easily driven away from livestock; they readily abandon their kills when threatened, and may not even defend themselves when attacked.

Can a domestic cat kill a human?

Because of their small size, domesticated house cats pose little physical danger to adult humans. However, in the USA cats inflict about 400,000 bites per year.

Can a human get a dog sick?

Although both humans and dogs can catch cold, the viruses that cause the colds are quite different. As a result, the human cold virus can't survive in a dog's body and vice-versa. So let your nurse dog give you all the attention and love she wants: she's not going to get sick from being around you.

Can a human and a dog breed?

The further apart two animals are in genetic terms, the less likely they are to produce viable offspring. At this point, humans seem to have been separate from other animals for far too long to interbreed. Attempts both to inseminate women with monkey sperm and impregnate female chimpanzees with human sperm failed.

Can a python eat a human?

Considering the known maximum prey size, it is possible for a full-grown reticulated python to open its jaws wide enough to swallow a human, but the width of the shoulders of some adult Homo sapiens can pose a problem for even a snake with sufficient size.

Can a human get a puppy sick?

Although both humans and dogs can catch cold, the viruses that cause the colds are quite different. As a result, the human cold virus can't survive in a dog's body and vice-versa. So let your nurse dog give you all the attention and love she wants: she's not going to get sick from being around you.

Can a bobcat kill a human?

The adult bobcat has relatively few predators other than humans. However seldomly, it may be killed in interspecific conflict by several larger predators or fall prey to them. Cougars and gray wolves can kill adult bobcats, a behavior repeatedly observed in Yellowstone National Park as well as elsewhere.

Can a rattlesnake kill a human?

Rattlesnake bites can be dangerous but are very rarely fatal to humans. With proper medical treatment, including antivenin, bites are usually not serious. Their venom is extremely potent. “The venom of most rattlesnake species is composed mainly of hemotoxins,” Viernum said.