How long after neutering is dog calm?

Will Neutering, Spaying or Getting My Dog Fixed, Stop Bad Behavior & Calm My Dog Down?

Best Answer

There are 12 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

After your dog gets neutered, he needs to stay calm and relatively inactive for around 2 weeks.

This helps him heal and prevents the incision from tearing open.

LIVE: Surprise baby kittens from Stanley's feral colony! TinyKittens.com

Previous QuestionCan I give my dog Benadryl for bee sting?
Next QuestionDo newborn puppies drink milk right away?

Related Questions

How long after being neutered does a dog calm down?

Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

How long after a dog is neutered does he calm down?

Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

Will my dog calm down after neutering?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Otis German Shepherd Day after Neuter

Do dogs calm down after being neutered?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Do dogs calm down after neutering?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Do male dogs calm down after neutering?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Did your dog calm down after neutering?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

How long does it take for a dog to calm down after being neutered?

Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

Post-Spay/Neuter Surgery Information

How can I calm my dog down after being neutered?

To keep your dog calm after neutering, put it in a quiet room with few distractions to discourage it from moving around too much. In order to occupy its mind, provide it with a chew toy or food toy you can stuff treats into. You should also take your dog for short, regular walks to release pent-up energy.

How long do you have to keep a dog calm after neutering?

Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

How long does it take for a male dog to calm down after being neutered?

Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

Do Puppies calm down after neutering?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Will my kitten calm down after neutering?

Post-Neutering. Once a male cat is neutered, he can finally calm down and relax. Though in some instances tomcats repeat hormonal behaviors out of learned habit, those cases are rare. If you want a cuddly, comforting and serene boy cat to snuggle up with on your sofa, neutering is almost definitely the way to go.

Before and after dog being Neutered

Will my puppy calm down after neutering?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Will puppy calm down after neutering?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

How long are dogs fertile after neutering?

Sperm will also no longer be produced, so your dog will not be able to father any unwanted litters, but be careful as dogs can remain fertile for up to 6 weeks after the operation! What is castration and why is it performed?

How long after neuter does dog change?

How Long Does It Take for Hormones to Leave a Dog After Neutering? Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

Do Puppies calm down after being neutered?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Do Yorkies calm down after neutering?

Neutering can help to calm certain behaviors in high-energy Yorkies. Many intact dogs are sexually frustrated and become preoccupied with roaming or getting out to find a mate, which can lead to anxiety and unwanted, neurotic behaviors. By neutering your Yorkie, you will alleviate this stress, which will calm him down.

How long after neutering is a dog fertile?

Sperm will also no longer be produced, so your dog will not be able to father any unwanted litters, but be careful as dogs can remain fertile for up to 6 weeks after the operation! What is castration and why is it performed?

How long after neutering is testosterone gone in dogs?

How Long Does It Take for Hormones to Leave a Dog After Neutering? Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

How do I keep my puppy calm after being neutered?

To keep your dog calm after neutering, put it in a quiet room with few distractions to discourage it from moving around too much. In order to occupy its mind, provide it with a chew toy or food toy you can stuff treats into. You should also take your dog for short, regular walks to release pent-up energy.

How long keep rabbits separated after neutering?

Females must be kept away from males for about 14 days after being spayed. It's best to keep them separate (but in adjacent cages) except when you can supervise them very closely.

How long keep rabbits apart after neutering?

Females must be kept away from males for about 14 days after being spayed. It's best to keep them separate (but in adjacent cages) except when you can supervise them very closely. Every bunny needs a friend.

Will my dog calm down after getting neutered?

We expect normal, age-appropriate, behavioral development for dogs after spay or neuter surgery. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Will my dog calm down after being neutered?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

How long is a male rabbit fertile after neutering?

Male rabbits remain fertile for up to 4 weeks after castration. Females must be kept away from males for about 14 days after being spayed.

Do dogs calm down after they are neutered?

Dogs that are neutered will still usually lift their leg when they go, but it reduces their marking behavior, and in some cases even eliminates it. The instinct of aggression is also related to male hormones, so when a dog is neutered that trigger is removed.

Will my rabbit calm down after being neutered?

Once a male rabbit is neutered, the hormones will die down over a couple of weeks and these behaviors usually go away. Your rabbit will do very well using a litter box and normally will stop the grunting and lunging when you enter his pen, as long as he has a big enough living area.

Will my puppy calm down after he's neutered?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

How long are dogs in pain after neutering?

The process of neutering a dog usually only takes around six hours. Dogs will be given anesthesia that lasts for about 20 minutes during which a vet will perform the surgery.

How long should a dog rest after neutering?

Try to remember the last time you had a cut that was healing and how itchy it started to get around 5-8 days later. This is the MOST important time to keep that e-collar on! So, let's recap. After your dog or cat has had surgery (no matter how old or young they are) you MUST keep them restricted for fourteen days.

How long should a dog be swollen after neutering?

A small number of males will develop bleeding in their scrotal sacs. This discharge will sometimes fill the scrotum, make it appear swollen--it might even appear that the surgery was improperly performed. This source of swelling can take up to 10 days to subside; however, it will subside on its own.

How long will my dog be sore after being neutered?

Most average cats and dogs take fourteen days for their incisions to heal. Side note: that's about how long it takes for people to heal, too. It's good to remember that if a person had a surgery like your pet just had, they would be restricted from activity for about a month!

Do male cats calm down after being neutered?

Post-Neutering. Once a male cat is neutered, he can finally calm down and relax. Though in some instances tomcats repeat hormonal behaviors out of learned habit, those cases are rare. Neutered cats no longer have the urge to mate, and instead have the time to devote to you.

How long will my dog be in pain after neutering?

Most average cats and dogs take fourteen days for their incisions to heal. Side note: that's about how long it takes for people to heal, too. It's good to remember that if a person had a surgery like your pet just had, they would be restricted from activity for about a month!

How long should my dog wear the cone after neuter?

Try to remember the last time you had a cut that was healing and how itchy it started to get around 5-8 days later. This is the MOST important time to keep that e-collar on! So, let's recap. After your dog or cat has had surgery (no matter how old or young they are) you MUST keep them restricted for fourteen days.

How long after a season can a dog be neutered?

We recognise that some owners will want their dog to be spayed at 6 months, just before the first “season”, and we will continue to honour such requests. It is not recommended to spay female dogs whilst “in season” and for at least 12 weeks after they have been “in season”.

How long after neutering can you bond rabbits?

After neutering your bunnies it is important to wait 4-6 weeks before allowing full contact interaction. This will give them time to heal after their operations and for their hormones to settle and in the case of bucks, allow time for any remaining sperm to die off.

How long are male rabbits fertile after neutering?

Male rabbits aren't sterile immediately after castration (mature sperm may have already left the testicles, and can live a surprisingly long time!), so keep him away from unspayed adult females for at least six weeks after his operation.

How long after a male dog is neutered is he sterile?

Sperm will also no longer be produced, so your dog will not be able to father any unwanted litters, but be careful as dogs can remain fertile for up to 6 weeks after the operation! What is castration and why is it performed?

Does neutering calm dogs down?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

How long is recovery for dog neutering?

Most average cats and dogs take fourteen days for their incisions to heal. Side note: that's about how long it takes for people to heal, too. It's good to remember that if a person had a surgery like your pet just had, they would be restricted from activity for about a month!

How long after a dog is neutered will he stop marking?

Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

Is discharge normal after neutering?

You may still notice a blood tinged discharge from the vulva for a few days in females. As when any anesthesia is used, stomach upset can occur. A small amount of blood seepage is normal immediately after surgery. Should you notice any continued drainage or swelling, contact a veterinarian.

Does getting dogs neutered calm them down?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Is a dog in pain after neutering?

Truth: During a spay or neuter surgery, dogs and cats are fully anesthetized, so they feel no pain. Afterwards, most animals seem to experience some discomfort, but signs of discomfort disappear within a few days, and with pain management medication, pain may not be experienced at all.

Can neutering a dog calm him down?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Does neutering a dog calm him down?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Will neutering calm an aggressive dog?

Although neutered dogs will still lift their leg to urinate, castration reduces marking in 80% of dogs with a marked improvement in 40%. Aggression: Every aggressive dog should be castrated. Castration may also reduce or eliminate some forms of aggression (i.e., those that are influenced by male hormones).

Does neutering calm a dog down?

Dogs that are neutered will still usually lift their leg when they go, but it reduces their marking behavior, and in some cases even eliminates it. The instinct of aggression is also related to male hormones, so when a dog is neutered that trigger is removed.

Is bruising normal after neutering?

You may notice some bruising around the incision which may not appear until a few days after surgery. Bruising is due to seepage of blood under the skin.

Will neutering a dog calm him down?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

How do dogs change after neutering?

"Spaying and neutering makes pets better, more affectionate companions." "Your dog should be spayed or neutered because sex hormones lead to unnecessary stress and aggression among dogs." "Male dogs display hormonally influenced aggression toward each other. Neutering eliminates much of this behavior."

How Do Dogs Act after being neutered?

Picking Up Your Dog After Neutering. It's normal for dogs to lick the incision site after being neutered, but if he can't leave it alone, you may opt for a cone collar. You might notice a number of different symptoms or behaviors right after surgery, but in most cases, your pooch will act like himself.

Does neutering help calm dogs down?

Dogs that are neutered will still usually lift their leg when they go, but it reduces their marking behavior, and in some cases even eliminates it. The instinct of aggression is also related to male hormones, so when a dog is neutered that trigger is removed.

Does neutering calm a female dog down?

Aggression Females may be less aggressive toward both dogs and people after they're spayed. Unspayed females sometimes compete for the attention of a male dog by fighting. Spaying can reduce or eliminate this fighting. Spaying your dog can also eliminate the possibility of hormonally driven guarding behavior.

Does neutering your dog calm him down?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Is swelling normal after neutering a dog?

Among the various complications that may occur after neutering dogs, the presence of “swollen testicles” in dogs after neutering may cause dog owners to go into a panic. A swollen scrotum is mostly seen in dogs who are overly active and licking and scratching at the incision area.

Is a dog sterile immediately after neutering?

If it has been more than a month after neutering, your dog should be sterile and unable to impregnate a female. However, even if he has no sperm, a neutered male dog can still get an erection and theoretically tie with a female dog.

Does neutering a dog calm them down?

Dogs that are neutered will still usually lift their leg when they go, but it reduces their marking behavior, and in some cases even eliminates it. The instinct of aggression is also related to male hormones, so when a dog is neutered that trigger is removed.

Will neutering my dog calm him down?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Will neutering a dog calm her down?

Dogs that are neutered will still usually lift their leg when they go, but it reduces their marking behavior, and in some cases even eliminates it. The instinct of aggression is also related to male hormones, so when a dog is neutered that trigger is removed.

How do dogs feel after being neutered?

After two weeks, most dogs should be healed from being neutered and will look and behave like normal. However, absorbable stitches may take up to two months to fully absorb into a dog's body. In most cases, you don't notice any personality or temperament changes after neutering your dog.

How do dogs change after being neutered?

Pet owners frequently believe that their pet will “change” after their spaying or neutering surgery. Most pets do change after their surgery; however, they change for the better. What may change after a dog is spayed or neutered is problem aggression, hardheaded behavior and roaming behavior.

Why is my dog aggressive after neutering?

He had just purchased a male Boxer puppy, and the vet advised him to have the dog neutered as early as possible "in order to avoid any aggressive or excitement-based behavior problems." Two large sample studies have suggested that spaying and neutering may actually cause an increase in canine aggression.

How long does it take a dog to recover after neutering?

Don't let the dog run around and jump on and off things for up to 2 weeks after surgery, or as long as the vet advises. Ensure the dog is unable to lick their incision site by using a dog recovery cone (popularly known as the “cone of shame”) or other methods, as recommended by the vet.

How long should I keep the E collar on my dog after neutering?

Try to remember the last time you had a cut that was healing and how itchy it started to get around 5-8 days later. This is the MOST important time to keep that e-collar on! So, let's recap. After your dog or cat has had surgery (no matter how old or young they are) you MUST keep them restricted for fourteen days.

How long does it take for testosterone to leave a dog after neutering?

This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body. So, patience is key in these cases, because you may not see immediate improvement in their behavior.

How long should my dog wear a cone after being neutered?

Try to remember the last time you had a cut that was healing and how itchy it started to get around 5-8 days later. This is the MOST important time to keep that e-collar on! So, let's recap. After your dog or cat has had surgery (no matter how old or young they are) you MUST keep them restricted for fourteen days.

How long should a dog wear a cone after being neutered?

Try to remember the last time you had a cut that was healing and how itchy it started to get around 5-8 days later. This is the MOST important time to keep that e-collar on! So, let's recap. After your dog or cat has had surgery (no matter how old or young they are) you MUST keep them restricted for fourteen days.

How long does my dog need to wear a cone after neutering?

Try to remember the last time you had a cut that was healing and how itchy it started to get around 5-8 days later. This is the MOST important time to keep that e-collar on! So, let's recap. After your dog or cat has had surgery (no matter how old or young they are) you MUST keep them restricted for fourteen days.

How long does it take for a dog to heal after neutering?

Most average cats and dogs take fourteen days for their incisions to heal. Side note: that's about how long it takes for people to heal, too. It's good to remember that if a person had a surgery like your pet just had, they would be restricted from activity for about a month!

How long does a dog stay at the vet after neutering?

The process of neutering a dog usually only takes around six hours. Dogs will be given anesthesia that lasts for about 20 minutes during which a vet will perform the surgery. While your dog is anesthetized, your vet will closely monitor his heart and respiratory system to make sure he is stable during the procedure.

How long does it take for hormones to leave a dog after neutering?

Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

How long does my dog have to wear a cone after neuter?

Try to remember the last time you had a cut that was healing and how itchy it started to get around 5-8 days later. This is the MOST important time to keep that e-collar on! So, let's recap. After your dog or cat has had surgery (no matter how old or young they are) you MUST keep them restricted for fourteen days.

How long do dog calming treats last?

Answer: Results may be seen as early as 1-2 days. However, it may take up to 3-4 weeks of daily use to fully notice the benefits of Calm Treats. Answer: Every dog is different but generally the effects last about 8-10 hours.

How long is recovery for neutering a dog?

Don't let the dog run around and jump on and off things for up to 2 weeks after surgery, or as long as the vet advises.

How long is the recovery for neutering a dog?

At 10 to 14 days, any external sutures will be removed by your vet, and if your dog had absorbable sutures, the incision site will be looking less prominent (though it can take up to two months for them to be completely absorbed into the body).

How long is the recovery for a dog being neutered?

Most average cats and dogs take fourteen days for their incisions to heal. Side note: that's about how long it takes for people to heal, too. It's good to remember that if a person had a surgery like your pet just had, they would be restricted from activity for about a month!

Can dogs pee after neutering?

The most common reason your dog is not peeing after surgery, spaying, or neutering, is often due to a reduced intake of water and pain or tenderness in the groin area. Why Your Dog Won't Pee With a Cone On. Urinary Tract Issues and UTI Symptoms in Dogs.

Will neutering my puppy calm him down?

Long-term behavior changes are usually positive if the spay or neuter was performed at a young age. For example, male dogs may become less aggressive. This means that some dogs will “calm down” over the next few months, while others may take years to calm down.

Will neutering calm an aggressive cat?

Castration is unlikely to calm an overactive cat or decrease aggression toward people. "The only behaviors affected by castration are those under the influence of male hormones."

Will neutering my Chihuahua calm him down?

Dogs that are neutered will still usually lift their leg when they go, but it reduces their marking behavior, and in some cases even eliminates it. This doesn't mean that you can't still have an aggressive dog that has been neutered, because some dogs are simply aggressive by personality and nature.

Does neutering calm a puppy down?

Dogs that are neutered will still usually lift their leg when they go, but it reduces their marking behavior, and in some cases even eliminates it. The instinct of aggression is also related to male hormones, so when a dog is neutered that trigger is removed.

Will neutering a boxer calm him down?

Getting a Boxer Neutered. Intact male boxers, however, can experience behavioral and health problems as a result of sexual frustration and instincts. Neutering your boxer will address a host of issues as well as ensure that no unwanted pregnancies occur with females in the household or neighborhood.

Will neutering my lab calm him down?

Many people for example think that neutering will calm their male Labrador down. Some think it will stop him humping things. But in short, the evidence now point to behavioral problems being more common in neutered dogs, not the other way around.

Do dogs change after neutering?

Pet owners frequently believe that their pet will “change” after their spaying or neutering surgery. Most pets do change after their surgery; however, they change for the better. What may change after a dog is spayed or neutered is problem aggression, hardheaded behavior and roaming behavior.

Does neutering Jack Russell calm him down?

Neutering can reduce aggression problems. This is particularly noticeable in male Jack Russells. Neutering significantly lowers the hormones that cause aggression in dogs, so having your Jack Russell neutered can get rid of or reduce problems such as biting and protectiveness over food and toys.

Does neutering a rabbit calm them down?

Once a male rabbit is neutered, the hormones will die down over a couple of weeks and these behaviors usually go away. Your rabbit will do very well using a litter box and normally will stop the grunting and lunging when you enter his pen, as long as he has a big enough living area.

Will neutering my Yorkie calm him down?

Neutering can help to calm certain behaviors in high-energy Yorkies. Many intact dogs are sexually frustrated and become preoccupied with roaming or getting out to find a mate, which can lead to anxiety and unwanted, neurotic behaviors. By neutering your Yorkie, you will alleviate this stress, which will calm him down.

Can dog lick after neutering?

It's normal for dogs to lick the incision site after being neutered, but if he can't leave it alone, you may opt for a cone collar. Since some dogs are more sensitive than others to anesthesia, your pet may appear subdued and lethargic. If this is the case, take care in pampering him and letting him rest.

How will my puppy change after neutering?

Pet owners frequently believe that their pet will “change” after their spaying or neutering surgery. Most pets do change after their surgery; however, they change for the better. What may change after a dog is spayed or neutered is problem aggression, hardheaded behavior and roaming behavior.

How long do dogs poop after eating?

Every dog is different, and while some will poop right after eating, others may not go for about half an hour after consuming their meal. PetMD explains that healthy dogs usually defecate after eating their meals because their stomach "is wired to" the colon by nerves triggering the reflex to eliminate.

How long after eating Do dogs poop?

Every dog is different, and while some will poop right after eating, others may not go for about half an hour after consuming their meal. PetMD explains that healthy dogs usually defecate after eating their meals because their stomach "is wired to" the colon by nerves triggering the reflex to eliminate.

How long does it take a rabbit to heal after being neutered?

The surgery for neutering males is a very simple, non-invasive procedure, taking only a few minutes. However, it is vital the rabbit be kept away from a female for at least ten days until his healing is complete.

How do I keep my dog calm after being spayed?

To keep your dog calm after neutering, put it in a quiet room with few distractions to discourage it from moving around too much. In order to occupy its mind, provide it with a chew toy or food toy you can stuff treats into. You should also take your dog for short, regular walks to release pent-up energy.

How can I calm my dog down after surgery?

Here's a few tips to help keep your dog calm after surgery. Nose Games Which Hand. Place two closed fists in front of your dog, one of which has a treat inside. Which Cup. Place a treat under a cup and have your dog sniff out the correct one. Find the Treats. Have your dog stay as you hide treats throughout the house.

How do you calm a dog after a seizure?

Always remain calm – your dog's behavior often reflects your behavior. If your dog is anxious or fearful, sit and comfort it. You may find it helpful to give your dog a small dose of rescue remedy and/or a small amount of vanilla ice cream immediately following a seizure.

How do I keep my dog calm after surgery?

To keep your dog calm after neutering, put it in a quiet room with few distractions to discourage it from moving around too much. In order to occupy its mind, provide it with a chew toy or food toy you can stuff treats into. You should also take your dog for short, regular walks to release pent-up energy.