How long does it take for a dog to have puppies after her milk comes in?

How to Deliver Puppies

Best Answer

Just Before Labor Begins : Pregnancy in dogs last approximately 63 days (56-69 days).

Toy breeds often deliver their puppies a week or so earlier; while large breeds tend to deliver later.

Two weeks before your dog's due date, begin to take its temperature at noon.

How to Clean a Mother Dog After She Gives Birth

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Related Questions

How long does it take for a dog to come back in heat after having puppies?

The fact is, how long after pregnancy a dog has her next period, or goes into estrus or heat, varies widely. Most female dogs experience a first heat cycle at the age of 6 months. Unless spayed or pregnant, they'll go into heat every six months for the rest of their lives.

How long does it take for a dog to have puppies after they get milk?

Just Before Labor Begins : Pregnancy in dogs last approximately 63 days (56-69 days). Toy breeds often deliver their puppies a week or so earlier; while large breeds tend to deliver later. Two weeks before your dog's due date, begin to take its temperature at noon.

How long does it take for a dog's milk to come in?

It'll be up to two days before Momma starts making true milk. If everything's normal, the pups will begin gaining weight by five days old and double their birth weight between days seven and 10, but Momma won't hit her peak milk production until the puppies reach three weeks old.

How long are Dogs Pregnant?

How long does it take for milk to dry up after weaning puppies?

Answer: If it's three days and the mother dog hasn't been feeding (and the pups are in the process of weaning), the mother dog should start gradually producing less milk and may dry up within a week.

How long does it take for a dog to get pregnant after having puppies?

The fact is, how long after pregnancy a dog has her next period, or goes into estrus or heat, varies widely. Most female dogs experience a first heat cycle at the age of 6 months. Unless spayed or pregnant, they'll go into heat every six months for the rest of their lives.

How long does it take for a dog to have puppies after mating?

Pregnancy, also called the gestation period, normally ranges from 57-65 days with an average of 63 days. With a planned breeding, you should record the date of mating. If there are two matings, make a note of the exact dates and expect birth to occur between 63 and 65 days later.

How long does it take for a dog's milk to dry up after weaning?

Answer: If it's three days and the mother dog hasn't been feeding (and the pups are in the process of weaning), the mother dog should start gradually producing less milk and may dry up within a week.

How long does it take for a puppies teeth to come in?

A puppy's adult molars starts to grow in around four months old. Nearly all of the baby teeth will be out at this point. Puppies should see a veterinarian to determine how many more baby teeth are present. At six months old, a puppy should have nearly all of their adult teeth in place.

A Vet Discusses Dog Pregnancy

How long does it take for a dog to have an empty stomach after eating?

Your doctor should indicate when to give your animals medications with food. If nothing is stated, then it is probably safe to give on an empty stomach with water. This means one hour before eating or two hours after.

How long does it take for dogs milk to dry up after weaning?

Answer: If it's three days and the mother dog hasn't been feeding (and the pups are in the process of weaning), the mother dog should start gradually producing less milk and may dry up within a week.

How long does it take for puppy teeth to come in?

Adult dogs have 42 permanent teeth, and all of the teeth are usually in by the time the pup is eight months old. The good news is this is usually the point when teething stops. The bad news is that if you haven't been working with your pup, he or she may continue to chew on things just for the fun of it.

How long does it take for a dog to have puppies once in labor?

The first puppy should arrive no more than two hours after hard labor begins. She may deliver several and then rest for as much as four hours before delivering more. The process will continue as long as she has pups waiting to be born. Once the second stage, starts labor normally lasts 12 to 24 hours.

How long does it take for a dog's teeth to come in?

The time scale for dogs is just far quicker. Teething starts in earnest at around 16 weeks. That is when the puppy teeth are gradually pushed out by the permanent adult teeth. By the age of 7 to 8 months, the pup should have all his teeth.

Breastfeeding

How long does it take for chicken pox to come out after first spot?

After about 24 to 48 hours, the fluid in the blisters gets cloudy and the blisters begin to crust over. Chickenpox blisters show up in waves. So after some begin to crust over, a new group of spots might appear. It usually takes 10–14 days for all the blisters to be scabbed over and then you are no longer contagious.

How long does it take a dog to have puppies?

It is best to have a special bed set up for her to give birth from around two weeks before the due date. Although some dogs give birth earlier than 63 days, puppies that are born earlier than 58 days will unfortunately either be still-born or will die within the first couple of days.

How long does it take for a puppy to poop after eating?

Puppies usually go in the span of 15 minutes or less of mealtime. All puppies are totally different individuals, however, so there is no hard rule for this. Some puppies may have to go No. 2 a mere five minutes after eating, while it might take others half an hour or so.

How long does it take for milk to dry up after weaning baby?

Q: How long does it take for breast milk to dry up after breastfeeding for one year? A: Once a woman stops breastfeeding, it typically takes a few days to a week for her milk to completely dry up.

How long does it take a Rottweiler to have puppies?

It is best to have a special bed set up for her to give birth from around two weeks before the due date. Although some dogs give birth earlier than 63 days, puppies that are born earlier than 58 days will unfortunately either be still-born or will die within the first couple of days.

How long does it take to milk a goat?

Well, it usually takes me around2 to 3 minutes to milk my Nubian milk goat, not all that long, you should be able to do that pretty quick. Maybe you should give yourself around15 to 20 minutes to milk the goat, strain the milk and feed your calves, depending on how many calves you have

How long does it take for a dog to give birth after the first puppy?

The first puppy should arrive no more than two hours after hard labor begins. She may deliver several and then rest for as much as four hours before delivering more. The process will continue as long as she has pups waiting to be born. Once the second stage, starts labor normally lasts 12 to 24 hours.

How long does it take for a dog to die after eating a grape?

The most common early symptom of grape or raisin toxicity is vomiting, which is generally seen within 24 hours following ingestion. Lack of appetite, lethargy, and possibly diarrhea can be also seen within the next 12-24 hours.

How long does it take dog to poop after eating?

Every dog is different, and while some will poop right after eating, others may not go for about half an hour after consuming their meal. PetMD explains that healthy dogs usually defecate after eating their meals because their stomach "is wired to" the colon by nerves triggering the reflex to eliminate.

How long after milk comes in does a dog give birth?

Pregnant dogs usually begin to lactate just prior to giving birth - anywhere from up to two weeks before, to the day of birth. For around seven weeks, she will continue to produce milk for her offspring.

How long does it take dogs to poop after eating?

Every dog is different, and while some will poop right after eating, others may not go for about half an hour after consuming their meal. PetMD explains that healthy dogs usually defecate after eating their meals because their stomach "is wired to" the colon by nerves triggering the reflex to eliminate.

How long does it take for a dog to poop after eating?

Every dog is different, and while some will poop right after eating, others may not go for about half an hour after consuming their meal. PetMD explains that healthy dogs usually defecate after eating their meals because their stomach "is wired to" the colon by nerves triggering the reflex to eliminate.

How long does it take for a dog to get sick after eating chocolate?

Signs of chocolate poisoning usually appear within 6 to 12 hours after your dog has eaten it, may last up to 72 hours, and include the following: Vomiting. Diarrhea. Restlessness.

How long does it take for a puppy to grow?

Medium-large dog breeds (Collies, Labrador Retrievers, Boxers) are at full growth by about 18 months and at their full weight by about 2 years of age. Giant dog breeds (Great Danes, Mastiffs) may take up to three years to reach their full weight, though they should be fully grown into their paws by about 18 months.

How long does it take for a dog to die after eating grapes?

The most common early symptom of grape or raisin toxicity is vomiting, which is generally seen within 24 hours following ingestion. Lack of appetite, lethargy, and possibly diarrhea can be also seen within the next 12-24 hours.

How long does it take for a puppy to latch?

This instinct ensures that they remain warm and that they drink colostrum. Puppies who fail to nurse shortly after birth may need assistance nursing so that they receive the benefits of this early breast milk. Puppies should nurse approximately every two hours for their first two weeks of life.

How long does it take for a puppy to bond?

Aside from bonding in general, it often takes dogs between two days and two months to get used to the presence of their owners in general.

How long does it take for a puppy to settle?

There are some things we can do to help them settle and feel safe in those first few days. Keep in mind though, that it generally takes about three weeks for a dog or puppy to start to feel 'at home' and to show their true nature.

How long does it take for a puppy to poop?

Puppies usually go in the span of 15 minutes or less of mealtime. All puppies are totally different individuals, however, so there is no hard rule for this. Some puppies may have to go No. 2 a mere five minutes after eating, while it might take others half an hour or so.

How long does it take for a puppy to decompose?

It will possibly take from 6 months to 18 years for a dog body to completely become a skeleton. However, it depends on where the dog is buried and how it is buried. For example, if the dog was buried in a coffin, it will take a longer time for it to decompose.

How long does it take for a dog to have a puppy?

It is best to have a special bed set up for her to give birth from around two weeks before the due date. Although some dogs give birth earlier than 63 days, puppies that are born earlier than 58 days will unfortunately either be still-born or will die within the first couple of days.

How long does it take for a puppy to poop after they eat?

Puppies usually go in the span of 15 minutes or less of mealtime. All puppies are totally different individuals, however, so there is no hard rule for this. Some puppies may have to go No. 2 a mere five minutes after eating, while it might take others half an hour or so.

How long does it take for a puppy to bark?

Canine vocalizations usually begin around 2 to 3 weeks of age, following the period where a puppy's eyes and ears are opened. Your puppy's first vocalizations may be grunts and whines; around seven or eight weeks, these will develop into yips and barks, although some dogs wait until closer to 16 weeks to start barking.

How long does it take for a puppy to walk?

As soon as the puppies' eyes open, they rapidly begin to mature physically. By two weeks of age, they should be alert and trying to stand. By three weeks, they should be trying to climb out of their nest or whelping box. By four weeks, all the puppies should be able to walk, run, and play.

How long does it take a puppy to settle in?

There are some things we can do to help them settle and feel safe in those first few days. Keep in mind though, that it generally takes about three weeks for a dog or puppy to start to feel 'at home' and to show their true nature.

How long does it take for the first puppy to come out?

The first puppy should arrive no more than two hours after hard labor begins. She may deliver several and then rest for as much as four hours before delivering more. The process will continue as long as she has pups waiting to be born. Once the second stage, starts labor normally lasts 12 to 24 hours.

How long does it take for puppy teeth to come out?

Subsequently between 3 to 6 weeks of age, the puppy will get, premolars that appear behind the canines. Puppies should have three on the top and three on the bottom of each side. At approximately 8 weeks, the puppy's adult teeth start falling out as the adult teeth push the milk ones out of the way.

How long does it take for a dog's milk to dry up?

Answer: If it's three days and the mother dog hasn't been feeding (and the pups are in the process of weaning), the mother dog should start gradually producing less milk and may dry up within a week.

How long does it take a dog to have puppies once in labor?

You will see strong contractions, followed by a clear fluid from your dog's vulva – a puppy should follow within the next 20-30 minutes. Puppies are usually born within 20 minutes of each other, but it's quite normal for mum to have a rest during delivery, and may not strain at all for up to two hours between pups.

How long does it take for a dog to digest milk?

Whatever remains after the dog's small intestine has done its job, is then processed in a few hours by the large intestine, and moved through the colon. In all, the entire process, from the time a dog bites into his food to the time waste is produced, can take about 10 hours to a couple of days.

How long does it take for a mother dogs milk to dry up?

Answer: If it's three days and the mother dog hasn't been feeding (and the pups are in the process of weaning), the mother dog should start gradually producing less milk and may dry up within a week.

How long does it take for a nursing dogs milk to dry up?

Answer: If it's three days and the mother dog hasn't been feeding (and the pups are in the process of weaning), the mother dog should start gradually producing less milk and may dry up within a week.

How long does it take a puppy to poop after eating?

Puppies usually go in the span of 15 minutes or less of mealtime. All puppies are totally different individuals, however, so there is no hard rule for this. Some puppies may have to go No. 2 a mere five minutes after eating, while it might take others half an hour or so.

How long does it take for a Shih Tzu to poop after eating?

20 minutes after a meal. Every so-many hours. This is 2 hours for a 2-month old, 3 hours for a 3-month old, etc. Any time that your Shih Tzu makes a motion to pee or poo.

How long does it take Yorkies to have puppies?

Canines in general are pregnant for an average of 63 days. However, as few as 58 days and as long as 68 days of pregnancy is considered normal for a toy breed dog. If a Yorkie has not delivered by day 67, it will be time to call the veterinarian.

How long does it take breast milk to refill?

Many moms get the most milk first thing in the morning. Pump between breastfeeding, either 30-60 minutes after nursing or at least one hour before breastfeeding. This should leave plenty of milk for your baby at your next feeding. If your baby wants to breastfeed right after breast pumping, let them!

How long does it take for roundworms to die after treatment in dogs?

The dead and dying roundworms pass into the stool after administration of the anthelmintic or deworming medication. Since none of these treatments will kill the immature forms of the worm or the migrating larvae, at least two or three treatments are needed. Treatments are typically done at two to three week intervals.

How long does it take a dog to have pups?

It is best to have a special bed set up for her to give birth from around two weeks before the due date. Although some dogs give birth earlier than 63 days, puppies that are born earlier than 58 days will unfortunately either be still-born or will die within the first couple of days.

How long does it take for a dog to walk after a stroke?

“Dogs can recover from strokes. Some dogs worsen over the initial 24-72 hours and then we begin to see signs of recovery. In general we expect dogs that are improving in the first three to five days to have a good recovery within four to six weeks' time, some with residual deficits but still a good quality of life.”

How long does it take for a Boston Terrier to have puppies?

Plan For Your Dog's Pregnancy. On average, female dogs take about 62 days to gestate after being bred. Any time frame between 54-72 days is normal though. You have a long road ahead of you, so make sure you're ready for this exciting journey.

How long does it take for dogs to poop after eating?

Every dog is different, and while some will poop right after eating, others may not go for about half an hour after consuming their meal. PetMD explains that healthy dogs usually defecate after eating their meals because their stomach "is wired to" the colon by nerves triggering the reflex to eliminate.

How long does it take for a warble to come out?

The pupation period may be as long as 7 to 11 months or as short as 28 days, depending on the environmental temperature and botfly species. Adult Cuterebra flies will mate within a few days after emergence and they seldom live more than two weeks.

How long does it take for dog to poop after eating?

Every dog is different, and while some will poop right after eating, others may not go for about half an hour after consuming their meal. PetMD explains that healthy dogs usually defecate after eating their meals because their stomach "is wired to" the colon by nerves triggering the reflex to eliminate.

How long does it take for puppies to get rid of worms after deworming?

Because worms are so common in puppies, vets recommend de-worming them for the first time when they're 2 to 3 weeks old. Worms can pass from mother to baby before birth or soon after, through her milk. It will take more than one dose. The first round kills the worms that are there at the time.

How long does it take for a dog to have a reaction to chocolate?

Signs of chocolate poisoning usually appear within 6 to 12 hours after your dog has eaten it, may last up to 72 hours, and include the following: Vomiting. Diarrhea. Restlessness.

How long does it take for a puppy to settle in a new home?

There are some things we can do to help them settle and feel safe in those first few days. Keep in mind though, that it generally takes about three weeks for a dog or puppy to start to feel 'at home' and to show their true nature.

How long does it take for puppy to lose teeth?

Puppy dental care. Puppies have 28 temporary teeth (called puppy teeth or milk teeth) that start coming in at about four weeks of age. They generally fall out between 14 and 30 weeks, when they are replaced by 42 adult teeth.

How long does it take for new puppy to adjust?

Time to Adjust. You can gauge the time it might take for your dog to fully acclimate to his home in threes: three days, three weeks, three months (Drs.

How long does it take for my puppy to poop?

Puppies usually go in the span of 15 minutes or less of mealtime. All puppies are totally different individuals, however, so there is no hard rule for this. Some puppies may have to go No. 2 a mere five minutes after eating, while it might take others half an hour or so.

How long does it take for puppies to deworm?

That's followed by another deworming at 12 weeks. Continue to deworm the puppy every month until he reaches the age of six months. After that, your puppy may receive monthly heartworm medication, which is available only by prescription.

How long does it take for puppies eyes to open?

Why Does it Take So Long for a Puppy's Eyes to Open? Newborn puppies are born with their ears and their eyes sealed shut. Puppies lack two senses at birth: sight and hearing. It takes a minimum of 10 days to two weeks for their final two senses to develop.

How long does it take for puppies eyesight to develop?

Puppies' eyes will continue to develop over the next several weeks, reaching full vision around eight weeks of age. Puppies' ears begin to open soon after the eyes do, generally around 14-18 days old. Their hearing will continue to develop until the puppies are around eight weeks old.

How long does it take for puppies to bond?

Aside from bonding in general, it often takes dogs between two days and two months to get used to the presence of their owners in general.

How long does it take for puppies to walk?

As soon as the puppies' eyes open, they rapidly begin to mature physically. By two weeks of age, they should be alert and trying to stand. By three weeks, they should be trying to climb out of their nest or whelping box. By four weeks, all the puppies should be able to walk, run, and play.

How long does it take for a male dog to calm down after being neutered?

Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

How long does it take for dog milk to dry up?

Answer: If it's three days and the mother dog hasn't been feeding (and the pups are in the process of weaning), the mother dog should start gradually producing less milk and may dry up within a week.

How long does it take to cure mange in puppies?

The whole life-cycle from egg to adult is completed within 2-3 weeks. By the time a dog shows symptoms of sarcoptic mange, it may be infested with mites in all different stages of their life-cycle. Therefore, the treatment to cure dog scabies must be repeated for a few weeks.

How long does it take for a dog to heal after neutering?

Most average cats and dogs take fourteen days for their incisions to heal. Side note: that's about how long it takes for people to heal, too. It's good to remember that if a person had a surgery like your pet just had, they would be restricted from activity for about a month!

How long does it take for a dog to heal after Desexing?

Most average cats and dogs take fourteen days for their incisions to heal. Side note: that's about how long it takes for people to heal, too. It's good to remember that if a person had a surgery like your pet just had, they would be restricted from activity for about a month!

How long does it take for hormones to leave a dog after neutering?

Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

How long after a dog's milk comes in will she deliver?

How long after milk comes in, does the dog deliver the pups? The milk can come in as soon as a week or more before delivery though usually it is in the last week of pregnancy. A dog's gestational period (pregnancy) is approximately 63 days from breeding.

How long does it take for a dog to poop after he eats?

Expect your little one to urinate and defecate anywhere between 15 minutes and half an hour after eating, reports the Rock County Humane Society. However, some puppies may relieve themselves well before 15 minutes, and some make take longer than half an hour.

How long does it take for a dog to get stiff after death?

Rigor mortis, the stiffening of the joints, typically begins within 10 minutes to three hours after death and can last as long as 72 hours. Again, the temperature will affect this process. Ideally, the remains will be properly handled before the onset of rigor mortis.

How long does it take for puppy to learn sit?

Training a puppy to pee outside takes 4 to 6 months on average, but it can be a lot quicker if you are very consistent about taking your puppy outside every few hours. Some puppies can be potty trained in as little as two weeks.

How long does it take for puppies to nurse?

Puppies generally nurse at least every two hours in their first week of life. As they develop and grow, the intervals between feedings increase. At around four weeks of age, puppies can begin to transition from nursing to eating solid food.

How long does it take for puppies to be delivered?

The first puppy should arrive no more than two hours after hard labor begins. She may deliver several and then rest for as much as four hours before delivering more. The process will continue as long as she has pups waiting to be born. Once the second stage, starts labor normally lasts 12 to 24 hours.

How long does it take for puppies hair to grow?

Generally, new hair growth is visible within a week or two. However, depending on the dog breed, the anogen or growth stage may last from one month to one year.

How long does it take for puppies to see?

Most puppies begin to open their eyes at about two weeks of age, however even then the eyes are not fully developed and functioning perfectly.

How long does it take for puppies to hear?

Unlike their eyes, which are born functional but not fully developed, puppies are born deaf. They cannot hear until 3 weeks or so of age. During this initial 2 to 3 weeks, your practically blind and deaf pup must navigate the world using scent.

How long does it take for Slush Puppies to freeze?

Freezing into SLUSH takes about 20 minutes with refrigerated product.

How long does it take for NexGard to kick in?

NexGard kills fleas within 8 hours and ticks within 48 hours. After being given, its actions last for at least 5 weeks against fleas and up to one month against ticks.

How long does it take for gabapentin to kick in?

By altering the way nerves work, gabapentin may reduce your pain. You should notice that your pain starts to improve over one to two weeks after starting gabapentin, but it may take longer in some people. However, some feel benefit straight away.

How long does it take for drontal to kick in?

How Long Will Drontal Take to Work? Most of the time, the medication will start working immediately. Many owners said that their puppy or adult dog's stools were free from worms within 24 hours – however, it has been reported to work in as little as 8 hours!

How long does it take for melatonin to kick in?

When taken as an oral supplement, it reaches a maximum concentration in your blood after 30 minutes. Most people should take melatonin in the evening before going to bed, but—curiously—there are others who should actually take it in the morning. For trouble falling asleep: Take melatonin 30 minutes before bedtime.

How long does it take for lividity to set in?

Livor mortis starts in 20–30 minutes, but is usually not observable by the human eye until two hours after death. The size of the patches increases in the next three to six hours, with maximum lividity occurring between eight and twelve hours after death. The blood pools into the interstitial tissues of the body.

How long does it take for Keppra to kick in?

The tablets and liquid take the same amount of time to be absorbed. Taking levetiracetam with food may slow down the time it takes for the body to absorb the drug by about 1 hour. The highest blood levels are reached in 1 to 2 hours after taking a dose of this medicine.

How long does it take for rigor to set in?

At the time of death, a condition called "primary flaccidity" occurs. Following this, the muscles stiffen in rigor mortis. All muscles in the body are affected. Starting between two and six hours following death, rigor mortis begins with the eyelids, neck, and jaw.

How long does it take for Benadryl to kick in?

Benadryl is quickly absorbed after oral administration and peak effects are reached within one hour. The effects of diphenhydramine last from four to six hours. Benadryl in the injectable form has a rapid onset of action. When used as a night-time sleeping aid, the usual dosage of Benadryl is 50mg at bedtime.

How long does it take for a dog to get pregnant after mating?

Pregnancy, also called the gestation period, normally ranges from 57-65 days with an average of 63 days. With a planned breeding, you should record the date of mating. If there are two matings, make a note of the exact dates and expect birth to occur between 63 and 65 days later.

How long does it take for testosterone to leave a dog after neutering?

This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body. So, patience is key in these cases, because you may not see immediate improvement in their behavior.

How long does it take for a dog to calm down after being neutered?

Dogs that have been neutered will not be free of hormonal behavior issues right away. This is because in most cases, it can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even as long as six weeks, for all the hormones to leave your dog's body.

How long does it take for a dog to poop after they eat?

Every dog is different, and while some will poop right after eating, others may not go for about half an hour after consuming their meal. PetMD explains that healthy dogs usually defecate after eating their meals because their stomach "is wired to" the colon by nerves triggering the reflex to eliminate.

How long does it take for a dog to be pregnant after mating?

Pregnancy, also called the gestation period, normally ranges from 57-65 days with an average of 63 days. With a planned breeding, you should record the date of mating. If there are two matings, make a note of the exact dates and expect birth to occur between 63 and 65 days later.

How long does it take for a dog to die after being euthanized?

The euthanasia medication most vets use is pentobarbital, a seizure medication. In large doses, it quickly renders the pet unconscious. It shuts down her heart and brain functions usually within one or two minutes. It is usually given by an IV injection in one of her legs.

How long does it take for a dog to recover after Desexing?

Most average cats and dogs take fourteen days for their incisions to heal. Side note: that's about how long it takes for people to heal, too. It's good to remember that if a person had a surgery like your pet just had, they would be restricted from activity for about a month!

How long does it take for Trazodone to kick in?

It can take 1 to 2 weeks before trazodone starts to work, but may be 4 to 6 weeks before you feel the full benefit. Trazodone can make you feel sleepy. If you take it once a day, it's best to take it in the evening or before you go to bed.

How long does it take for Zofran to kick in?

Ondansetron comes as a tablet, a rapidly disintegrating (dissolving) tablet, and an oral solution (liquid) to take by mouth. The first dose of ondansetron is usually taken 30 minutes before the start of chemotherapy, 1 to 2 hours before the start of radiation therapy, or 1 hour before surgery.