Is a colonoscopy really necessary?

What is the best screening test for colorectal cancer? - Dr. John Kisiel

Best Answer

When done as recommended, alternatives to colonoscopies can be just as effective as a colonoscopy in detecting colon cancer.

However, if any abnormalities are found, people may require a colonoscopy anyway.

It is necessary for all people to understand the importance of getting a colon screening past the age 50.

The Importance of Colonoscopy

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Is pet insurance really necessary?

If you have a pet like Guinness with a costly condition or illness you want to treat, we found that pet insurance may pay out more than it costs you. In our exercise, a Healthy Paws plan was the only one that paid more than it cost. But if his owner continues to cover cancer treatments, all three plans may be worth it.

Is heartworm medicine really necessary?

In fact, if a dog has a mild heartworm infestation, a veterinarian might recommend treating it with a heartworm preventative over a course of several months. But there are many pet owners who do not use heartworm preventatives on their dogs.

Is puppy food really necessary?

Puppy food is formulated to give puppies everything they need to grow into healthy, happy adult dogs. Feeding a puppy a diet of adult dog food every day, however, is robbing them of important nutrients. You run the risk of delaying their development and causing permanent health concerns.

Why it's important to get a colonoscopy

Is crate training really necessary?

Crate training can be a necessary training tool, yet it need not be a lifestyle. A crate can also be very damaging to the psyche of a growing puppy or an adult dog if they haven't been properly trained with one. A crate is just a less harsh name for a cage.

Are carbs really necessary?

Carbohydrates (including fiber) don't necessarily make the cut as “essential” nutrients, but they are very important. Eliminating carbs completely from the diet is not only impossible, it's impractical. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains and dairy all contain carbs and are foundational to a healthful diet.

Is dog teeth cleaning really necessary?

Even with the best of care, most pets will need their teeth cleaned from time to time. Many pet owners ask about non-anesthetic dental cleanings. Here is the lowdown: Anesthesia is necessary in order to perform a deep cleaning and get full dental X-rays.

Are pet vaccines really necessary?

Most animals need only what are known as core vaccines: those that protect against the most common and most serious diseases. In dogs, the core vaccines are distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis and rabies. In cats, they are panleukopenia, calicivirus, rhinotracheitis (herpesvirus), and rabies as required by law.

Are employee benefits really necessary?

Good wages are important, but so are good benefits. Benefits aren't just desirable to employees. They can improve your business. Adding benefits can increase loyalty, focus and productivity, attendance, and recruiting.

Mayo Clinic Minute: An inside look at colonoscopy advances

Are puppy shots really necessary?

Most animals need only what are known as core vaccines: those that protect against the most common and most serious diseases. In dogs, the core vaccines are distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis and rabies. In cats, they are panleukopenia, calicivirus, rhinotracheitis (herpesvirus), and rabies as required by law.

Are dog boosters really necessary?

However, recent research indicates that not all vaccines require yearly boosters. There is no evidence that annual booster vaccination is anything but beneficial to the majority of dogs. Published research has shown conclusively that abstaining from some boosters can put your dog at risk.

Are root canals really necessary?

Why would I need an endodontic procedure? Endodontic treatment is necessary when the pulp, the soft tissue inside the root canal, becomes inflamed or infected. The inflammation or infection can have a variety of causes: deep decay repeated dental procedures on the tooth or a crack or chip in the tooth.

Is it really necessary to vaccinate dogs every year?

In most cases, your dog will need follow-up injections once a year, although there are some vaccines that are only required every three years.

Is it really necessary to neuter my dog?

If you are breeding or showing your dog, do not neuter him. If your dog will be an athlete or a hunting dog, you may also want to consider not neutering your dog. That's because cancers we once thought were preventable by neutering, such as prostate cancer, are now thought to be increased by neutering.

Prepare for a Colonoscopy

What vaccines for dogs are really necessary?

Most animals need only what are known as core vaccines: those that protect against the most common and most serious diseases. In dogs, the core vaccines are distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis and rabies.

Are dog booster shots really necessary?

Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing their initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often. Core dog vaccine. Caused by an airborne virus, distemper is a severe disease that, among other problems, may cause permanent brain damage.

Are colonoscopies worth it?

But at the end of the day, it is worth it. Colonoscopies are a great investment of your time. As an added bonus, a colonoscopy is unique as it is the only test that can be both a screening and a preventive exam, since precancerous polyps could be removed during the same procedure.

Has anyone died from a colonoscopy?

Yes, complications can occur because of colonoscopies. But the study cited by Goodwin clearly shows that they are rare. Out of 16,318 patients they found just 10 deaths within 30 days after the colonoscopy and, of those, they only could attribute one to the procedure.

Does colonoscopy hurt without sedation?

Colonoscopy without sedation. Patients were then given the option of having colonoscopy without premedication. After the procedure, as well as 2 to 5 days later, patients rated on an analog scale (0, no pain; 5, severe) the severity of pain and willingness to undergo colonoscopy in the future without sedation.

Is spaying a dog necessary?

Spaying helps prevent uterine infections and breast cancer, which is fatal in about 50 percent of dogs and 90 percent of cats. Spaying your pet before her first heat offers the best protection from these diseases. Neutering provides major health benefits for your male.

Is a belly button necessary?

Why Did I Once Need an Umbilical Cord? When a baby grows inside its mother, it can't eat food or breathe air. That's where the umbilical cord comes in. Not only does it carry nutrients, but it also takes away the waste that the baby doesn't need anymore.

What are the signs that you should have a colonoscopy?

Colorectal Cancer: Symptoms and Signs A change in bowel habits. Diarrhea, constipation, or feeling that the bowel does not empty completely. Bright red or very dark blood in the stool. Stools that look narrower or thinner than normal. Discomfort in the abdomen, including frequent gas pains, bloating, fullness, and cramps. Weight loss with no known explanation.

Is a heartworm test necessary?

Heartworm is a large internal parasite that is spread through the mosquito. Annual testing of dogs that are on heartworm preventative is not necessary, however. It is not harmful to the dog, only to your wallet, so unless you feel the need to test you should just keep your dog on the preventative.

Is worming a dog necessary?

All dogs will carry worms. When you use a worming product it does not eradicate all worms, it reduces the worm burden, preventing worms from taking over. Regular worming treatment is essential for your overall pet's health. Certain worms are capable of being transmitted from animals to humans.

Is docking a dog's tail necessary?

But the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) opposes docking and cropping. “The most common reason for cropping and docking is to give a dog a certain look. Docked tails can also develop a neuroma, or nerve tumor. This can cause pain and make your dog snappy if her tail is touched.

Is a crate necessary for a puppy?

Many people refuse to crate or kennel-train their dogs because they feel the confinement is cruel. However, a crate or kennel can give dogs a sense of security. Crate training done properly is also a highly effective management system that can be a lifesaver for dog owners. Many dogs take to a crate very easily.

Is Bordetella vaccine necessary?

The best way to determine when or if your dog needs the Bordetella vaccine is to consult your veterinarian. In general, healthy adult dogs that come into contact with large groups of other dogs should have a Bordetella vaccine annually, and boarding facilities may require a booster within the last six months.

Is salting eggplant necessary?

Most recipes for eggplant insist you salt it before cooking. After an extended series of experiments, I found you only need to salt eggplant if you're going to be frying it, and even then only sometimes. If you're cooking it in some other way — roasting, grilling, steaming — salting has no effect.

Can I drink coconut water before colonoscopy?

24 hours before your procedure: Refrigerate the lemonade/Gatorade/coconut water. Drink only clear liquids for breakfast, lunch and dinner (water, broth, apple juice, white grape juice, lemonade, coffee or tea). Do not drink any red liquids or artificial sweeteners.

Is a dog flu shot necessary?

Currently, there are no canine influenza vaccines approved for use in cats. Vaccination can reduce the risk of a dog contracting canine influenza.

Is it necessary to neuter a rabbit?

There are many benefits to spaying or neutering a rabbit. Altered rabbits are also easier to litter train and have less of an urge to spray. Spayed and neutered house rabbits are easier to bond because of their calmer demeanor.

Is it necessary to spay a dog?

Spaying helps prevent uterine infections and breast cancer, which is fatal in about 50 percent of dogs and 90 percent of cats. Spaying your pet before her first heat offers the best protection from these diseases. Neutering provides major health benefits for your male.

Is a heartworm test necessary every year?

The American Heartworm Society recommends monthly heartworm preventative all year around and testing once a year. It only picks up the presence of an adult female heartworm. This means it will not turn positive unless your dog has been infected for at least 6 months.

Is crate training a puppy necessary?

Leaving a puppy home alone in a crate is recommended by dog trainers and vets. Crate training a puppy can help with house training and preventing destructive behavior. Healthy dogs won't eliminate where they sleep. You can use this to potty train a puppy when you work.

Is cropping a dog's ears necessary?

However, there is no data supporting the idea that cropping a dog's ears improves its health. Some claims suggest that it can minimize ear infections and improve hearing. Many breed standards (set by the AKC and other pedigree organizations) have cosmetic requirements, including cropped ears for certain breeds.

Is a clicker necessary for dog training?

The clicker can be used to keep a dog in line. To end unwanted behavior, such as jumping up when greeting, the trainer finds a behavior to reward in place of jumping, such as a sit or a down, and uses the clicker to mark that good behavior, rather than to punish the bad behavior.

Is it necessary to neuter a dog?

Spaying or neutering can lead to a reduction in certain health risks for both female and male dogs. Neutering a male dog prevents testicular cancer and reduces the risk of other problems, such as prostate disease. A neutered male dog might also have less desire to roam. May help with certain behavior issues.

Is Puppy Shampoo necessary?

According to PetMD, you can use a regular dog shampoo on a puppy. You do have to stay away from medicated dog shampoo, such as a flea and tick shampoo, as that stuff is way too strong for a little one. If your puppy has skin issues, talk to your vet for shampoo recommendations. These can irritate sensitive skin.

Is Ear cropping necessary?

However, there is no data supporting the idea that cropping a dog's ears improves its health. Some claims suggest that it can minimize ear infections and improve hearing. Many breed standards (set by the AKC and other pedigree organizations) have cosmetic requirements, including cropped ears for certain breeds.

Is jaw surgery necessary?

While the patient's appearance may be dramatically enhanced as a result of the surgery, orthognathic surgery is performed to correct functional problems. Following are some of the conditions that may indicate the need for corrective jaw surgery: Chronic jaw or jaw joint (TMJ) pain and headaches.

Is pubic hair necessary?

Pubic hair does have a purpose, providing a cushion against friction that can cause skin abrasion and injury, protection from bacteria and other unwanted pathogens, and is the visible result of long-awaited adolescent hormones, certainly nothing to be ashamed of or embarrassed about.

Is heartworm test necessary?

Annual testing of dogs that are on heartworm preventative is not necessary, however. It is not harmful to the dog, only to your wallet, so unless you feel the need to test you should just keep your dog on the preventative.

Is crate training necessary?

Crate training can be a necessary training tool, yet it need not be a lifestyle. A crate can also be very damaging to the psyche of a growing puppy or an adult dog if they haven't been properly trained with one. A crate is just a less harsh name for a cage.

Is CoQ10 supplement necessary?

Generally safe. CoQ10 supplements might be beneficial for treating conditions such as congestive heart failure and Parkinson's disease. CoQ10 is considered safe, with few side effects. However, be sure to take this supplement under your doctor's supervision.

Is high chair necessary?

The core of the matter is while a traditional high chair may not be right for you, your baby does need a place to eat. High chairs can be a convenient way to provide that. Keep reading to find out what you should think about before deciding if a high chair will be necessary for your family, or a waste of money.

Is Baby Shampoo necessary?

Unlike adults, babies don't suffer from body odor, and generally they only need a bit of water to keep them clean and fresh. Until shampoo is used on a baby, their hair does not need it. Hair adjusts to being washed by shampoo, it strips away natural oils.

Is coronavirus vaccine necessary?

Recommended for the vaccination of healthy dogs as an aid in the prevention of disease caused by canine distemper virus, adenovirus type 1 (hepatitis), adenovirus type 2 (respiratory disease), canine parainfluenza virus, canine parvovirus, and coronavirus.

Is dog spaying necessary?

Your female pet will live a longer, healthier life. Spaying helps prevent uterine infections and breast cancer, which is fatal in about 50 percent of dogs and 90 percent of cats. Spaying your pet before her first heat offers the best protection from these diseases.

Is Goofy really a dog?

Goofy is a funny-animal cartoon character created in 1932 at Walt Disney Productions. Goofy is a tall, anthropomorphic dog with a Southern drawl, and typically wears a turtle neck and vest, with pants, shoes, white gloves, and a tall hat originally designed as a rumpled fedora.

Is tail docking necessary?

Tail docking is banned in many parts of the world, including Australia and the U.K. “The most common reason for cropping and docking is to give a dog a certain look. That means it poses unnecessary risks,” Patterson-Kane says. Docked tails can also develop a neuroma, or nerve tumor.

Why is grooming necessary?

Proper grooming and professional appearance are important to gain not just positive impression but also respect in the workplace. First impressions matter and the way you look and carry yourself create impact on people you get along with in the work setting.

Is root canal necessary?

Why would I need an endodontic procedure? Endodontic treatment is necessary when the pulp, the soft tissue inside the root canal, becomes inflamed or infected. The inflammation or infection can have a variety of causes: deep decay repeated dental procedures on the tooth or a crack or chip in the tooth.

Why is examination necessary?

Many students are studying because exams. Through exam, students can know their knowledge. It evaluates student's skills and enables them to overcome their nerves. And exams have the major role in providing necessary qualities in life such as hard work, patience, creativeness and leadership.

Is pizza really a pie?

Pizza is the Italian word for pie. So if you hear someone saying they are going out to get a cheese pie, or maybe even get a couple pies to go, it's not slang. It's the English translation for pizza. Most likely because a pizza is round like a pie and came to be served in wedges like a pie.

Is space really a vacuum?

Outer space has very low density and pressure, and is the closest physical approximation of a perfect vacuum. But no vacuum is truly perfect, not even in interstellar space, where there are still a few hydrogen atoms per cubic meter.

Is kennel cough vaccine necessary?

It's very common for kennels to require dogs be vaccinated against "kennel cough" before they are allowed in.

Is kennel cough vaccination necessary?

Kennel cough vaccines are typically targeted against Bordetella bronchiseptica +/- canine parainfluenza, two important causes of kennel cough, but not the only causes. 2) No vaccine is 100% effective. Vaccines help reduce the risk of illness, but they don't completely eliminate it.

Is senior dog food necessary?

A special diet may be advisable in cases of kidney or heart disease to help control the disease itself. Again, the type of senior dog food necessary will depend on your individual dog and your dog's health. In the case of heart disease, some veterinarians recommend diets lower in sodium.

Is annual heartworm test necessary?

Annual testing of dogs that are on heartworm preventative is not necessary, however. It is not harmful to the dog, only to your wallet, so unless you feel the need to test you should just keep your dog on the preventative.

Why is knowledge representation necessary?

The need for Knowledge Representation is when you need to represent knowledge and store it. Our brain has its own way of representing knowledge, and for every decision we make it uses our knowledge to make that decision. So knowledge Representation is like a standard for saving information/knowledge.

Is neutering necessary for dogs?

An average female dog can produce 160 puppies over the course of her lifetime. Male dogs that are neutered are less likely to develop prostate issues as well. Neutering your male dog or cat greatly reduces their tendency to mark your home with urine. Intact pets (not spayed or neutered) also tend to roam.

Is TPLO surgery necessary?

Also, Narda Robinson claims that it's not true that dogs will be as good as new after a TPLO surgery or other surgical approaches for cranial cruciate ligament. Post-surgery, dogs will be lame for the first two weeks. A second opinion is often helpful so to determine if surgery is really necessary.

Is dog grooming necessary?

It is not only a matter of their physical appearance but it is important to keep your pet groomed for its own hygiene. When your animal's hair gets matted and long it is harder to keep it clean and this is the main reason grooming is necessary. Studies show that dogs can improve your mood and health.

Is lepto vaccine necessary?

Vaccination for leptospirosis is an option to consider if your dog is at high risk of contracting the disease. The American Animal Hospital Association considers Leptospirosis a “non-core” vaccine for dogs. That is, they do not recommend it unless there is a good chance your dog will be exposed to Leptospirosis.

Why is friction necessary?

Why is friction a necessary evil ? Frictional force causes a lot of losses in general upkeep and wear and tear of machinery. But almost all crucial tasks cannot be carried out without the presence of friction. Basic activities like walking and writing on a surface are possible due to friction.

Is brushing teeth necessary?

The good news is that brushing appears to work. But it's important to know that it's brushing with fluoride toothpaste that matters, not the brushing alone. Doing that doesn't just prevent gingivitis and plaque formation; it also prevents cavities, which is the outcome that we care most about.

Is Parvo vaccine necessary?

Most animals need only what are known as core vaccines: those that protect against the most common and most serious diseases. In dogs, the core vaccines are distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis and rabies. In cats, they are panleukopenia, calicivirus, rhinotracheitis (herpesvirus), and rabies as required by law.

Is neutering necessary?

An average female dog can produce 160 puppies over the course of her lifetime. Male dogs that are neutered are less likely to develop prostate issues as well. Neutering your male dog or cat greatly reduces their tendency to mark your home with urine. Intact pets (not spayed or neutered) also tend to roam.

Is dog breeding necessary?

While dogs are able to - and should be permitted to - mate with each other, your doggo can definitely live without mating! In short, it will never harm your dog if he or she can't mate, and it's important to recognize that spayed and neutered dogs can live just as long as other pups who have not been fixed.

Is a tetanus shot necessary after a dog bite?

Some bites, especially from cats, can get infected by bacteria from the animal's mouth. Some animals — such as bats, raccoons, and foxes — can spread rabies. Kids whose tetanus shots are not up to date will need a shot (post-exposure tetanus prophylaxis) after an animal bite to prevent tetanus infection.

Is feline distemper vaccine necessary?

Some vaccines are recommended for all cats. They protect against: Rabies. Panleukopenia (also known as feline distemper)

Is taurine necessary for humans?

Taurine: a conditionally essential amino acid in humans? Specific groups of individuals are at risk for taurine deficiency and may benefit from supplementation, e.g. patients requiring long-term parenteral nutrition (including premature and newborn infants); those with chronic hepatic, heart or renal failure.

Is dog knee surgery necessary?

Most veterinary surgeons strongly recommend surgery to avoid chronic lameness and pain because, without it, the dog usually suffers with an arthritic knee for the rest of the dog's life. But there may be another solution for surgery-averse dogs.

Is deworming necessary for dogs?

Because worms are so common in puppies, vets recommend de-worming them for the first time when they're 2 to 3 weeks old. Rarely, your vet may want to give your puppy blood, because hookworms drain blood from the wall of the intestines, which can cause anemia. Treatment is much the same for adult dogs with worms.

Is rabies immune globulin necessary?

Rabies immune globulin (RabIg) provides immediate, short-term protection against the virus that causes rabies. RabIg contains large amounts of antibodies taken from donated human blood.

Is a crown necessary after a root canal?

In these cases, you may need the strength crowns provide. Premolars and molars that are at low risk of fracture may also be suitable for filling-only restorations after root canals. Your dentist can ultimately help you determine the best option for restoring a tooth after a root canal.

Is removing dew claws necessary?

Because front dewclaws serve an important purpose, they should not be removed unless there is a very good reason to do so. In rare cases, a dog's dewclaw may be severely injured or develop a disease (e.g., a cancerous tumor) and removal under those circumstances would certainly be in the dog's best interests.

Is puppy crate training necessary?

Crate training can be a necessary training tool, yet it need not be a lifestyle. A crate can also be very damaging to the psyche of a growing puppy or an adult dog if they haven't been properly trained with one. A crate is just a less harsh name for a cage.

Is the lepto vaccine necessary?

Currently available vaccines effectively prevent leptospirosis and protect dogs for at least 12 months. Annual vaccination is recommended for at-risk dogs. Reducing your dog's exposure to possible sources of the Leptospira bacteria can reduce its chances of infection.

Is dog obedience training necessary?

A basic obedience class is more than sit and stay. Manners are important, but a beginner dog obedience class can help your pup learn about interacting with other dogs and people in addition to the many lessons on good behavior.

Is canine influenza vaccine necessary?

Vaccination can reduce the risk of a dog contracting canine influenza. Vaccination may not all together prevent an infection, but it may reduce the severity and duration of clinical illness. The canine influenza vaccine is a "lifestyle" vaccine, and is not recommended for every dog.

Is revolution necessary for dogs?

Revolution® (Selamectin) is a safe and simple monthly topical medication used to protect your dog or cat from heartworms, fleas, and ear mites. Revolution® (Selamectin) is also used on dogs for the treatment or prevention of fleas, the American Dog Tick, ear mites, and canine sarcoptic mange.

Is umbilical hernia surgery necessary?

Repairing the hernia can relieve pain and discomfort and make the bulge go away. The hernia won't heal on its own. Your doctor may recommend surgery if: Your hernia is very large.

Is Canine Bordetella vaccine necessary?

Bordetella prevention. The bordetella vaccine is not considered a core vaccine (core vaccine = a vaccine vital to all dogs based on the risk of exposure, the severity of disease or transmissibility to humans), but is still recommended for puppies and annually for adult dogs.

Is dog flu shot necessary?

Currently, there are no canine influenza vaccines approved for use in cats. Vaccination can reduce the risk of a dog contracting canine influenza. Dog owners should consult with their veterinarian to determine their dog's risk of exposure to the canine influenza virus and if vaccination is appropriate for their dog.

Is it necessary to have a dogs teeth cleaned?

Brushing pet's teeth daily will remove plaque before it can mineralize into tartar. Long-term tartar buildup leads to gum disease and tooth loss. It's never too early to start preventative dental care for pets. Dry food is ineffective at keeping teeth clean and it is not ideal nutritionally anyway.

Is it necessary to get a tetanus shot?

It's usually OK to receive an extra booster of the tetanus vaccine. This is especially true if you're being treated for an acute injury, such as a deep cut or puncture wound. Vaccination is the best way to prevent tetanus — a serious disease caused by a bacterial toxin that affects the nervous system.

Is it really good or really well?

While you can say, "you dress very well" (where the verb is dress), you would say "your dress looks really good" (where the verb is looks). "Good" is an adjective. "Well" is normally used as an adverb, but can also be used as an adjective when referring to someone's state of health.

Is cherry eye surgery necessary?

To correct "cherry eye", surgical replacement of the gland is necessary. The gland of the third eyelid plays a vital role in maintaining normal tear production. We now know that dogs that have had the gland removed are predisposed to developing the "dry eye" condition.

Is heartworm blood test necessary?

Heartworm is a large internal parasite that is spread through the mosquito. Annual testing of dogs that are on heartworm preventative is not necessary, however. It is not harmful to the dog, only to your wallet, so unless you feel the need to test you should just keep your dog on the preventative.

Is NexGard necessary for dogs?

Some work against fleas, ticks and even heartworms. NexGard is given monthly and protects dogs against ticks and fleas.

Is Planet Fitness really $10 a month?

Since most Planet Fitness clubs are owned by franchisees, signup fees vary. They can be as low as $1 if a promotion is on, but may be as high as $49. The annual membership fee is $39 a year. If you choose a $10 membership, pay a $29 sign-up fee and a $39 annual fee, your first-year cost is $188 – just $15.66 per month.

Is it necessary to express a dog's glands?

Impacted anal glands can often be relieved by manually expressing, or squeezing out, the fluid they contain. This is a very smelly process, but if you're game you can have your vet or groomer teach you how to do it. Most people whose dogs need their anal glands expressed periodically prefer to pay to have it done.

Is it necessary to mate a male dog?

It is not at all necessary. You can have your dog / bitch neutered / spayed at an appropriate age as recommended by your vet. We bring home pet dog /bitch primarily for companionship. It keeps male dogs of some breeds from running away in search of a mate during the heat period.

Is it necessary to remove a dog's dew claws?

In many breeds — but certainly not all — the dewclaw has traditionally been removed in the first few days of a dog's life. In some breeds, the removal is thought to improve appearance for the show ring.

Is it necessary to trim a cat's claws?

Most cats do not need their claws trimmed, particularly if they are outdoor cats. However there are some instances, where trimming your cat's claws may be necessary.

Is it necessary to trim a cat's back claws?

It's common to only cut the front claws, but take a look at the rear claws just in case they've gotten too long, especially if their sharp tips hurt you when your cat leaps on or off your lap. Since most cats fuss more about having their rear claws clipped, start with the front claws.

What is really in a hot dog?

Watch the how hot dogs are made video. First, specially selected meat trimmings of beef and/or pork - just like the meat you buy in your grocer's case - are cut or ground into small pieces and placed in a mixer. When poultry hot dogs are made, poultry trimmings are used.

Is the kennel cough vaccine necessary?

The best way to determine when or if your dog needs the Bordetella vaccine is to consult your veterinarian. In general, healthy adult dogs that come into contact with large groups of other dogs should have a Bordetella vaccine annually, and boarding facilities may require a booster within the last six months.

Is heartworm medication necessary for indoor dogs?

Heartworm prevention is something many dog owners obtain from their vet on an annual basis. In fact, if a dog has a mild heartworm infestation, a veterinarian might recommend treating it with a heartworm preventative over a course of several months. Dogs are infected with heartworms by mosquitos.

Is distemper vaccine necessary for dogs?

Most animals need only what are known as core vaccines: those that protect against the most common and most serious diseases. In dogs, the core vaccines are distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis and rabies. In cats, they are panleukopenia, calicivirus, rhinotracheitis (herpesvirus), and rabies as required by law.