Should female dogs be spayed?

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Best Answer

Most veterinarians recommend spaying a female dog before her first heat cycle.

But before a dog is spayed or neutered, it's very important that the vet, whether at a private practice, a spay/neuter clinic or a shelter, give the animal a complete checkup to ensure he or she has no health issues, Brown points out.

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When Should female dogs be spayed?

Most female dogs can be spayed any time after eight weeks of age, and preferably before their first heat for the best health benefits. The first heat cycle occurs somewhere around six to seven months of age, depending on the breed.

Why female dogs should be spayed?

Over 25% of non-spayed female dogs will develop breast or mammary tumors! Spaying pets protects against them, depending on the timing. The risk of a dog having mammary tumors is 0.05% if a female is spayed before the first heat. In turn, pyometra can affect many organs, which can make a pet very sick or even kill her.

What age should a female dog be spayed?

Many recommend for female puppies to be spayed before their first heat, which can occur as early as 5 months of age.

Spaying a big dog: ovaro-hysterectomy

At what age should a female dog be spayed?

Many recommend for female puppies to be spayed before their first heat, which can occur as early as 5 months of age. However, there is increasing evidence that this is too young as the dogs have not been allowed to fully develop and grow.

Should a female dog have a litter before being spayed?

MYTH: It's better to have one litter before spaying a female pet. FACT: Every litter counts. In fact, the evidence shows that females spayed before their first heat are typically healthier. Many veterinarians now sterilize dogs and cats as young as eight weeks of age.

How old should a female dog be before spaying?

Most female dogs can be spayed any time after eight weeks of age, and preferably before their first heat for the best health benefits. The first heat cycle occurs somewhere around six to seven months of age, depending on the breed.

Should a female dog be spayed before her first heat?

For many years we have known that spaying a female dog or cat before the first heat cycle almost eliminates their life long risk of mammary tumors (breast cancer). In dogs 50% of tumors are malignant. Spaying after the first heat cycle but before the second also reduces the risk, but not by as much.

At what age should a female mastiff be spayed?

For large and giant breed dogs, it is now recommended to wait until they are fully mature which would be between twelve to eighteen months of age. This means most females would have one heat cycle before they are spayed.

Should you Spay or Neuter Your Dog?

Do female dogs change after being spayed?

Most pets do change after their surgery; however, they change for the better. Your pet will still be the same loving animal it once was with the same habits. What may change after a dog is spayed or neutered is problem aggression, hardheaded behavior and roaming behavior.

When should you spay a female dog?

For dogs: While the traditional age for neutering is six to nine months, puppies as young as eight weeks old can be neutered as long as they're healthy.

Why should you spay a female dog?

Spaying or neutering can lead to a reduction in certain health risks for both female and male dogs. Unspayed females can develop a painful and life-threatening infection of the uterus called pyometra. Neutering a male dog prevents testicular cancer and reduces the risk of other problems, such as prostate disease.

When should you spay your female dog?

Most female dogs can be spayed any time after eight weeks of age, and preferably before their first heat for the best health benefits. The first heat cycle occurs somewhere around six to seven months of age, depending on the breed.

Can a female dog be in heat after being spayed?

It is possible for a female dog or cat that has gone through spay surgery to show signs of heat—bleeding, attracting males, and behavioral changes—after the surgery. Most likely some ovarian tissue was left intact during surgery and that tissue releases hormones that can cause the animal to go into heat.

When to Spay a Female Dog: the true risks and benefits

Do female dogs need a cone after being spayed?

Don't let the dog run around and jump on and off things for up to 2 weeks after surgery, or as long as the vet advises. Ensure the dog is unable to lick their incision site by using a dog recovery cone (popularly known as the “cone of shame”) or other methods, as recommended by the vet.

Should cats be spayed?

Cats can go into heat very early. They can have a litter at six months of age, and they can have three litters a year. Also, if you've ever been around a cat in heat, you know it's miserable for people. They yowl loudly and continuously.

Can female dogs still bleed after being spayed?

It is not normal for a female dog to bleed after being spayed. A female dog that has been spayed should no longer experience heat. A dog bleeding from her vagina may indicate problems such as urine infections. The blood you may be seeing could be coming from her urinary tract rather than her spay incision.

Can a female dog still bleed after being spayed?

It is not normal for a female dog to bleed after being spayed. A female dog that has been spayed should no longer experience heat. A dog bleeding from her vagina may indicate problems such as urine infections. The blood you may be seeing could be coming from her urinary tract rather than her spay incision.

Do female dogs go into heat after being spayed?

It is possible for a female dog or cat that has gone through spay surgery to show signs of heat—bleeding, attracting males, and behavioral changes—after the surgery. Most likely some ovarian tissue was left intact during surgery and that tissue releases hormones that can cause the animal to go into heat.

Do female dogs still get their period after being spayed?

No, for the last time, NO, dogs do not have “periods.” Dogs do not menstruate; only human females do that. Female dogs go into estrus, or heat, and produce some blood and liquid, but it is not a “period.” Read the answer by Elizabeth Yuster about what to do if you see blood from a spayed female dog.

Will my female dog calm down after being spayed?

Spaying your dog will reduce or eliminate her drive to roam while in heat. Because spayed dogs don't experience these hormonal changes, a female dog's behavior may be more consistent after she's spayed. Aggression Females may be less aggressive toward both dogs and people after they're spayed.

Will my female dog change after being spayed?

Most pets do change after their surgery; however, they change for the better. Your pet will still be the same loving animal it once was with the same habits. What may change after a dog is spayed or neutered is problem aggression, hardheaded behavior and roaming behavior.

Does a female dog calm down after being spayed?

Spaying your dog will reduce or eliminate her drive to roam while in heat. Because spayed dogs don't experience these hormonal changes, a female dog's behavior may be more consistent after she's spayed. Aggression Females may be less aggressive toward both dogs and people after they're spayed.

Can a female dog mate after being spayed?

If your neighbor's intact male dog has a habit of regularly going after your female pooch for mating, you can curb Rover's advances by getting your female spayed so she no longer goes into heat. Spaying females generally reduces hormone-influenced actions of males greatly.

Can a female dog be spayed while pregnant?

There is an old belief that dogs cannot be spayed while they are pregnant. This is only a myth--many veterinarians will perform the procedure on a pregnant dog. The procedure will terminate the pregnancy, as it involves the complete removal of her ovaries and uterus, leaving nowhere for the pups to grow.

At what age should you spay a female dog?

Most female dogs can be spayed any time after eight weeks of age, and preferably before their first heat for the best health benefits. The first heat cycle occurs somewhere around six to seven months of age, depending on the breed.

When should you have your female dog spayed?

Most female dogs can be spayed any time after eight weeks of age, and preferably before their first heat for the best health benefits. The first heat cycle occurs somewhere around six to seven months of age, depending on the breed.

What age should a dog be spayed?

At what age should a dog be spayed or neutered? Though these procedures can be done on puppies as young as a few months old, dog owners should consult with their veterinarian to determine the best age to spay or neuter their pet.

What age should you spay a female husky?

Females may also have a higher incidence of urinary incontinence if spayed before their first heat cycle. So, at what age should you spay or neuter your pet? Well, for cats and small dogs, any time after four months of age is still fine. Medium breeds should wait until they are six to eight months old.

When should you get a female puppy spayed?

If you decide to spay your puppy, it should be before puberty at around six to nine months. Large and giant breeds mature later than smaller dogs, so the best time for them to be spayed is when they are a little older.

When should I get my female puppy spayed?

Most female dogs can be spayed any time after eight weeks of age, and preferably before their first heat for the best health benefits. The first heat cycle occurs somewhere around six to seven months of age, depending on the breed.

When Should female dogs be desexed?

It is generally recommended to desex your female dog at approximately 6 months of age, before the first season. Studies suggest that desexing female dogs before 3 months of age may increase the risk of urinary incontinence in these animals.

When should a great dane be spayed?

For large and giant breed dogs, it is now recommended to wait until they are fully mature which would be between twelve to eighteen months of age. This means most females would have one heat cycle before they are spayed.

When should a Yorkie puppy be spayed?

In general, Yorkies should be spayed or neutered by about 6 months of age. For female Yorkies , the best time to have your Yorkie spayed is before their first heat cycle. The actual age varies from Yorkie to Yorkie, but generally, female Yorkies reach maturity at 8 – 10 months.

When should a Golden Retriever be spayed?

Spaying: there is no medical indication to spay. Reason for spaying will be pregnancy and heat prevention; which is a good reason to spay! However, when spaying your Golden Retriever, spay at one year of age. Intact females: 3% Spaying before one year of age: 8-14% Spaying between one and 8 years of age: 8-14%

Do spayed female dogs have periods?

Spaying Surgery. If your female dog gets spayed, then she will no longer go into heat, or estrus. Without going into heat cycles twice each year, your dog won't undergo all of the hormonal behaviors and physical changes that are part of it.

Do female dogs calm down after spaying?

Spaying your dog will reduce or eliminate her drive to roam while in heat. Because spayed dogs don't experience these hormonal changes, a female dog's behavior may be more consistent after she's spayed. Aggression Females may be less aggressive toward both dogs and people after they're spayed.

Is spaying good for female dogs?

Spaying helps prevent uterine infections and breast cancer, which is fatal in about 50 percent of dogs and 90 percent of cats. Spaying your pet before her first heat offers the best protection from these diseases. Neutering provides major health benefits for your male.

What is a spayed female dog called?

Spay Surgery. Ovariohysterectomy is the medical term for spaying a female dog, cat or rabbit. It is commonly called a “Spay” and consists of the surgical removal of both the ovaries and uterus.

Is a spayed female dog called?

Ovariohysterectomy is the medical term for spaying a female dog, cat or rabbit. It is commonly called a “Spay” and consists of the surgical removal of both the ovaries and uterus.

Do female dogs still smell after spaying?

Have you by any chances also noticed any swelling or discharge during these times? Sometimes, when dogs are spayed, it can happen that the vet accidentally leaves some ovarian tissue behind. When this happens, dogs go still in heat when spayed and can even develop pyometra (it's called stump pyometra).

Do female dogs get periods after spayed?

Spaying Surgery. If your female dog gets spayed, then she will no longer go into heat, or estrus. Without going into heat cycles twice each year, your dog won't undergo all of the hormonal behaviors and physical changes that are part of it.

How Do They spay a female dog?

Spaying a dog refers to the removal of a female dog's reproductive organs, while neutering refers to the procedure that's done for males. When a female dog is spayed, the vet removes her ovaries and usually her uterus as well. Spaying renders a female dog no longer able to reproduce and eliminates her heat cycle.

Do spayed female dogs get periods?

Spaying Surgery. If your female dog gets spayed, then she will no longer go into heat, or estrus. Without going into heat cycles twice each year, your dog won't undergo all of the hormonal behaviors and physical changes that are part of it.

Will spaying calm a female dog?

According to Anasazi Animal Clinic, you may see a change in female dog aggression after spaying. After being spayed, female dogs may be less aggressive toward dogs and people. Since unspayed female dogs sometimes compete for a male dog's attention by fighting, spaying can be a practical way to eliminate this behavior.

How do you spay a female dog?

Spaying a dog refers to the removal of a female dog's reproductive organs, while neutering refers to the procedure that's done for males. When a female dog is spayed, the vet removes her ovaries and usually her uterus as well. Spaying renders a female dog no longer able to reproduce and eliminates her heat cycle.

Do spayed female dogs have discharge?

If your spayed female dog appears to go into heat (e.g., her vulva becomes swollen and a bloody discharge is present), it is possible that some ovarian tissue remained within her abdomen after her spay surgery.

At what age should a dog be spayed?

For dogs: While the traditional age for neutering is six to nine months, puppies as young as eight weeks old can be neutered as long as they're healthy.

Should a dog have a season before being spayed?

We recognise that some owners will want their dog to be spayed at 6 months, just before the first “season”, and we will continue to honour such requests. It is not recommended to spay female dogs whilst “in season” and for at least 12 weeks after they have been “in season”.

Are female dogs less aggressive after spaying?

Aggression Females may be less aggressive toward both dogs and people after they're spayed. Unspayed females sometimes compete for the attention of a male dog by fighting. Spaying can reduce or eliminate this fighting. Spaying your dog can also eliminate the possibility of hormonally driven guarding behavior.

Will a spayed female dog still mate?

Female dogs don't get neutered, they get spayed. The correct term is spayed, but I would believe they still can. Female dogs, unlike humans, only have sex when they are fertile. Once they've been spayed, they're not willing or able to have a male penetrate them, and without hormones, they don't miss it.

What age should a dog be spayed UK?

When should I get my dog neutered? Female dogs can be spayed from around six months old and there's no benefit to waiting until they've had their first season.

How long should a dog stay inactive after being spayed?

Instruct children that dogs need to remain calm during their recovery. You should restrict your dog's activity for a minimum of seven to 10 days after she gets spayed, or up to two weeks. The first three days are especially important, during which you should make sure that she leaves the wound alone so it can heal.

Should a dog have puppies before being spayed?

Your vet can consider your dog's individual needs and make a recommendation. Most female dogs can be spayed any time after eight weeks of age, and preferably before their first heat for the best health benefits. Your dog's size should not factor in to whether or not you get her spayed at all.

How long does it take for a female dog to recover from being spayed?

Most average cats and dogs take fourteen days for their incisions to heal. Side note: that's about how long it takes for people to heal, too. It's good to remember that if a person had a surgery like your pet just had, they would be restricted from activity for about a month!

Should you let a female dog go into heat before spaying?

For many years we have known that spaying a female dog or cat before the first heat cycle almost eliminates their life long risk of mammary tumors (breast cancer). In dogs 50% of tumors are malignant. Spaying after the first heat cycle but before the second also reduces the risk, but not by as much.

At what age should a Boston terrier be spayed?

As a responsible dog owner, one of the things you should do for your dog is have it spayed or neutered before it becomes sexually mature. For Boston Terriers, the recommended age to do this is usually around six months old.

When should I be concerned about a spay incision?

The incision should normally be clean and the edges should be touching each other. The skin should be a normal or slightly reddish-pink color. It is not unusual for the incision to become slightly redder during the first few days, as healing begins to take place.

How often should a female dog be bred?

How Often Should A Female Dog Be Bred? Female dogs go into heat or estrus for the first time just after six months of age. This is considered your dog's puberty or sexual maturity. Sometimes, depending on the breed of the dog, this can occur as early as four months of age.

How old should female dogs be to breed?

Healthy stud dogs may remain sexually active and fertile to old age. Adult males are able to mate at any time. Bitches have their first estrus (also know as season or heat) after six months of age, although it can occur as late as 18 months to two years of age.

At what age should a Golden Retriever be spayed?

But in dogs neutered or spayed before six months of age, the rate doubled to 10 percent in Labrador Retrievers, and in Goldens, it increased a startling four to five times (20 to 25 percent) that of intact dogs.

At what age should a puppy be spayed?

For dogs: While the traditional age for neutering is six to nine months, puppies as young as eight weeks old can be neutered as long as they're healthy.

What happens if you don't spay your female dog?

Spaying or neutering can lead to a reduction in certain health risks for both female and male dogs. Unspayed females can develop a painful and life-threatening infection of the uterus called pyometra. Neutering a male dog prevents testicular cancer and reduces the risk of other problems, such as prostate disease.

Can you spay a female dog if she is pregnant?

Truth: Many dogs and cats are spayed while pregnant to prevent the birth of puppies or kittens. A veterinarian, however, must consider the pregnant dog or cat, as well as the stage of her pregnancy, before deciding whether she can be safely spayed. Myth: Spay or neuter surgery is painful and can harm my dog or cat.

Why do spayed female dogs hump stuffed animals?

After they're neutered or spayed, many male and female dogs continue to mount and even masturbate because they have learned that the behavior feels good. Often, during courtship, females in heat mount and hump their male “suitors.”

How much does it cost to spay a female dog?

The cost of spaying, a more complicated surgery, usually ranges from about $50 to $175. Some clinics and animal hospitals can charge up to $200-$300 or more, depending on the weight of the dog. The cost of both neutering and spaying vary greatly by geographic region, and even by veterinarian.

Does getting a female dog spayed calm her down?

According to Anasazi Animal Clinic, you may see a change in female dog aggression after spaying. After being spayed, female dogs may be less aggressive toward dogs and people. Since unspayed female dogs sometimes compete for a male dog's attention by fighting, spaying can be a practical way to eliminate this behavior.

Can a spayed female dog still attract males?

Spayed females cease going into heat permanently, and therefore no longer radiate that scent that draws hormonal male dogs in from the other side of the neighborhood. Fixed female dogs, in short, no longer attract males.

What is the best age to spay a female dog?

The Best Age to Spay or Neuter your Pet. If you ask your veterinarian at what age it is best to spay or neuter your dog or cat, most will probably have an answer of between the ages of 6-9 months (or for simplicity, under 1 year of age), with an emphasis on spaying female pets before their first heat cycle.

What do you call a spayed female dog?

Spay Surgery. Ovariohysterectomy is the medical term for spaying a female dog, cat or rabbit. It is commonly called a “Spay” and consists of the surgical removal of both the ovaries and uterus.

Does spaying a female dog calm her down?

Spaying your dog will reduce or eliminate her drive to roam while in heat. Because spayed dogs don't experience these hormonal changes, a female dog's behavior may be more consistent after she's spayed. Aggression Females may be less aggressive toward both dogs and people after they're spayed.

Does spaying a female dog calm them down?

Spaying your dog will reduce or eliminate her drive to roam while in heat. Because spayed dogs don't experience these hormonal changes, a female dog's behavior may be more consistent after she's spayed. Aggression Females may be less aggressive toward both dogs and people after they're spayed.

Is it best to spay a female dog?

A: Medically, it's better to spay your dog before her first heat. People who wait to spay their dogs until after their second heat greatly increase the risk of mammary tumors in their pets. Once they've had several heats, intact female dogs have a one out of four chance of developing mammary tumors.

What is the right age to spay a female dog?

The Best Age to Spay or Neuter your Pet. If you ask your veterinarian at what age it is best to spay or neuter your dog or cat, most will probably have an answer of between the ages of 6-9 months (or for simplicity, under 1 year of age), with an emphasis on spaying female pets before their first heat cycle.

What is the cost to spay a female dog?

These routine surgeries typically cost up to $200, depending on the vet and the facility. However, more affordable options are available to pet owners through lower-cost spay/neuter programs and clinics.

Do female dogs have a period after they are spayed?

Spaying Surgery. If your female dog gets spayed, then she will no longer go into heat, or estrus. Without going into heat cycles twice each year, your dog won't undergo all of the hormonal behaviors and physical changes that are part of it.

Are male dogs still attracted to spayed females?

Male pooches, for the most part, are attracted exclusively to the unmistakable smell of the female dog's heat cycle. If a male dog still behaves in a hormonal way around your spayed female, it could indicate a lot of different things. He could be attracted to a nearby female dog that actually is in heat, for example.

Why does my spayed female dog smell fishy?

What Are Anal Glands? Dogs also “express” their anal sacs when they are scared, which is perfectly normal, if a bit odorous. Anal gland secretions have a distinct smell that many people describe as fishy. If your dog smells like fish, chances are there may be something going on with her anal glands.

Can female dogs become more aggressive after spaying?

Because spayed dogs don't experience these hormonal changes, a female dog's behavior may be more consistent after she's spayed. Aggression Females may be less aggressive toward both dogs and people after they're spayed. Unspayed females sometimes compete for the attention of a male dog by fighting.

What happens if I don't spay my female dog?

But that's not the only benefit of spaying. Here are a few more reasons to spay your dog: Spaying reduces risk of certain illnesses, such as pyometra (a common, life-threatening infection of the uterus) or mammary gland cancer. Spaying saves you from dealing with males who are wildly attracted to your dog in heat.

How much does it cost to get female dog spayed?

These routine surgeries typically cost up to $200, depending on the vet and the facility. However, more affordable options are available to pet owners through lower-cost spay/neuter programs and clinics.

Does spaying a female dog affect her growth?

Having your dog spayed or neutered early will not stunt your puppy's growth, but it might affect the joints of large breed dogs. Studies show that early spay/neuter does affect the growth plate, delaying its closure and causing dogs to grow taller than they should have.

Can a female dog still mate when spayed?

No, she won't come into heat (also called “season) since her ovaries are gone. Female dogs, unlike humans, only have sex when they are fertile. Once they've been spayed, they're not willing or able to have a male penetrate them, and without hormones, they don't miss it.

Do I have to spay my female dog?

Good reasons to spay your female dog. You can call it spaying or neutering or de-sexing. All three terms refer to a hysterectomy – removing the ovaries and uterus so your female no longer comes into heat and cannot have puppies. A dog who is NOT spayed is also called intact.

Is it necessary to spay a female dog?

Most female dogs can be spayed any time after eight weeks of age, and preferably before their first heat for the best health benefits. Many vets will wait until a dog is close to that age to spay because they are more likely to tolerate the necessary anesthesia.

Does a female dog get spayed or neutered?

Spaying a female dog also eliminates the messiness associated with the heat cycle. Neutering of male dogs and cats can prevent certain undesirable sexual behaviors, such as urine marking, humping, male aggression and the urge to roam.

What is the recovery time for spaying a female dog?

Spaying (and neutering) is key to controlling the pet population. Recovery from spaying surgery takes approximately 10 to 14 days. Many pet owners are unprepared for their dog's post-operative symptoms, and they're left wondering "Is this normal?"

Do female dogs get cancer if not spayed?

Spaying Female Dogs Lowers Breast Cancer Risk. If the spay happens between the third and fourth heat, female dogs have a 26% risk, compared to intact dogs. Clearly, spaying a female dog reduces her risk of mammary cancer. It also removes all risk for ovarian and uterine cancer.

Should you spay your dog?

A: Medically, it's better to spay your dog before her first heat. People who wait to spay their dogs until after their second heat greatly increase the risk of mammary tumors in their pets. Once they've had several heats, intact female dogs have a one out of four chance of developing mammary tumors.

Should I spay my dog?

A: Medically, it's better to spay your dog before her first heat. People who wait to spay their dogs until after their second heat greatly increase the risk of mammary tumors in their pets. Once they've had several heats, intact female dogs have a one out of four chance of developing mammary tumors.

Can a dog be spayed while pregnant?

There is an old belief that dogs cannot be spayed while they are pregnant. This is only a myth--many veterinarians will perform the procedure on a pregnant dog. The procedure will terminate the pregnancy, as it involves the complete removal of her ovaries and uterus, leaving nowhere for the pups to grow.

Do dogs menstruate after being spayed?

Spaying Surgery. If your female dog gets spayed, then she will no longer go into heat, or estrus. Spaying essentially cuts all of those things out. Spayed female dogs bleed normally when they have wounds and so forth -- they just won't bleed due to heat.

Can dogs still bleed after being spayed?

It is not normal for a female dog to bleed after being spayed. A female dog that has been spayed should no longer experience heat. A dog bleeding from her vagina may indicate problems such as urine infections. The blood you may be seeing could be coming from her urinary tract rather than her spay incision.

Do dogs calm down after being spayed?

Most pets do change after their surgery; however, they change for the better. Your pet will still be the same loving animal it once was with the same habits. What may change after a dog is spayed or neutered is problem aggression, hardheaded behavior and roaming behavior.

Do dogs stop growing after being spayed?

Does Spaying or Neutering Cause Stunting? Having your dog spayed or neutered early will not stunt your puppy's growth, but it might affect the joints of large breed dogs. Studies show that early spay/neuter does affect the growth plate, delaying its closure and causing dogs to grow taller than they should have.

Do dogs still mate after being spayed?

The take home message here is that your neutered dog can still have sex. If he wants. Most likely he won't want to. So the general rule for neutered males, is to keep them away from females in heat for 30 days.

Do dogs have periods after being spayed?

No, for the last time, NO, dogs do not have “periods.” Dogs do not menstruate; only human females do that. Female dogs go into estrus, or heat, and produce some blood and liquid, but it is not a “period.” Read the answer by Elizabeth Yuster about what to do if you see blood from a spayed female dog.

Can a dog in heat be spayed?

Good question to ask if its ok to spay her if she has just come into heat. Dogs can be spayed while in heat, but may be more prone to bleeding and some other surgical complications. Many veterinarians prefer to wait until the heat has ended to reduce the potential for complications.

Can female dogs be Alpha?

Dogs are animals, not human beings. They are pack animals by nature. Usually the pack will have an alpha male and an alpha female. All the other members of the pack form a hierarchy of dominance and submission where everyone has a place.

Will my dog be in pain after being spayed?

Yes. Your dog won't feel any pain during the surgery. Typically, dogs are given an injection which will provide pain management for eight to twelve hours after the surgery. And you may also be given medication that you can give at home.

Can female dogs be Alphas?

They are pack animals by nature. Usually the pack will have an alpha male and an alpha female. All the other members of the pack form a hierarchy of dominance and submission where everyone has a place. In your home, you and your family become your dog's pack, as do any other dogs you may have.