What are dog registration papers?

Registering Your ABKC Papers | American Bullies

Best Answer

A dog registered with the AKC means that they are purebred, and have papers through an organization called the American Kennel Club to prove that the ancestry has also been registered with the organization.

AKC Breeder E-Z Reg Tutorial

Previous QuestionHow much does CKC registration cost?
Next QuestionDo I qualify for an emotional support animal?

Related Questions

How long does it take to get AKC registration papers?

The application and fees are mailed or submitted online directly to the AKC. According to the AKC website, the process from the date of submission to the time the papers are received by the owner usually takes 18 working days. However, litter owners can pay an additional fee to expedite the registration process.

What are papers for dogs?

AKC PAPERS AND IDENTIFICATION: WHAT PUPPY BUYERS NEED TO KNOW. The American Kennel Club is a registry body, responsible for tracking the lineage of dogs of a variety of breeds. When you buy a dog represented as “AKC-registrable,” you will receive an AKC Dog Registration Application, properly filled out by the seller.

What are the different types of dog registration?

Dog registered with another organization ineligible for AKC registration such as: America's Pet Registry (APRI) Continental Kennel Club (CKC) Canine Kennel Club (CKC) United All Breed Registry. United Kennel Club (exceptions for Coonhounds & certain FSS breeds) North American Purebred Dog Registry.

How to Register a Dog with the AKC

What is dog registration?

An American Kennel Club (AKC) Registered Dog is a dog whose owner has submitted an application and received approval through a registration certificate from the American Kennel Club. According to the AKC, "A purebred dog is eligible for AKC registration if its litter has been registered.

What are pedigree papers?

Purchase A Pedigree. An AKC Pedigree is a printed or electronic document that displays the lineage of an AKC dog and important information about the ancestors in a dog's family tree.

What is full dog registration?

What is a Full AKC Registration? For the American Kennel Club, full registration is a registration certificate for owners who breed stock dogs and dogs that are actively participating in dog shows. Full registration is required only by the breeders.

What are AKC papers?

The AKC registers purebred dogs. When a litter of puppies is born, the breeder sends a form into the AKC to register the litter. If both parents are in the AKC database, the AKC assigns registration numbers and issues "blue slips" for the number of puppies that the breeder states are in the litter.

What is the difference between full registration and limited registration?

Puppies can be assigned full or limited registration by the breeder. Limited registration is for puppies that the breeder does not consider breeding quality; if they are bred, their puppies cannot be registered. The individual puppy is not registered unless the registration form is filled out and mailed to AKC.

KCI Registration Information - KCI Papers and Dog Microchip - Kennel Club of India - Bhola Shola

What are CKC papers for dogs?

Does Continental Kennel Club register mixed-breed dogs, and if so, why? Yes, while 98% of the registry is made up of purebred dog registrations, CKC does offer its registration services to owners of mixed-breed dogs. Owning a mixed-breed dog is very common today, and CKC wants to be helpful to those dog owners as well.

What is a dog registration?

An American Kennel Club (AKC) Registered Dog is a dog whose owner has submitted an application and received approval through a registration certificate from the American Kennel Club. When you purchase a dog said to be AKC-registrable, you should get an individual Dog Registration Application from the seller."

What is litter registration?

Register Your Litter. Register your litter using this application if the puppies were born to an AKC-registered dam that was mated to an AKC-registered sire of the same dog breed. You must register a litter before attempting to register individual puppies from that litter.

What is ACA registration?

The American Canine Association (ACA) is not affiliated with the American Kennel Club (AKC). The organization is a veterinary health registry that provides a variety of additional services to dog owners and breeders who choose to register their dogs.

What is kennel registration?

Kennel Club(KC) registration means that the breeder completes a KC registration form and receives from the KC an Owner Registration Certificate for a puppy. Each puppy registered costs a breeder £16. The main advantage of KC registration is identity and traceability of a puppy's ancestors and the breeder's details.

Dog Pedigree Papers: Explained

What does full registration mean for dogs?

Limited Registration means that the dog is registered but no litters produced by that dog are eligible for registration. A dog registered with an AKC shall be ineligible to be entered in a breed competition in a licensed or member dog show. It is eligible, however, to be entered in any other licensed or member event.

What are papers for a dog?

AKC PAPERS AND IDENTIFICATION: WHAT PUPPY BUYERS NEED TO KNOW. The American Kennel Club is a registry body, responsible for tracking the lineage of dogs of a variety of breeds. When you buy a dog represented as “AKC-registrable,” you will receive an AKC Dog Registration Application, properly filled out by the seller.

What are pedigree papers for dogs?

Your dog's pedigree. Purebred dog papers should also include a pedigree, which is a family tree for your dog. It shows his bloodline going back four or more generations with the registered names of all the dogs. It may also record titles the dogs have won and other information such as color and special honors.

What is the difference between limited registration and full registration?

Puppies can be assigned full or limited registration by the breeder. Limited registration is for puppies that the breeder does not consider breeding quality; if they are bred, their puppies cannot be registered. The individual puppy is not registered unless the registration form is filled out and mailed to AKC.

What are AKC papers for dogs?

AKC PAPERS AND IDENTIFICATION: WHAT PUPPY BUYERS NEED TO KNOW. The American Kennel Club is a registry body, responsible for tracking the lineage of dogs of a variety of breeds. When you buy a dog represented as “AKC-registrable,” you will receive an AKC Dog Registration Application, properly filled out by the seller.

What is AKC registration?

The AKC registers purebred dogs. When a litter of puppies is born, the breeder sends a form into the AKC to register the litter. If both parents are in the AKC database, the AKC assigns registration numbers and issues "blue slips" for the number of puppies that the breeder states are in the litter.

What is CKC registration?

The Canadian Kennel Club (or CKC) is the national kennel club of Canada. The Canadian Kennel Club maintains breed registries services for all purebred dogs it officially recognizes and provides governance for all CKC approved dog conformation shows, dog trials and canine events.

What does full registration mean?

Full AKC registration simply means that one of our French Bulldog pups (or dogs) is being sold with full breeding rights and that any puppies produced, when he/she is mated to another full AKC registered French Bulldog, are eligible for AKC registration, either full or limited, depending on the agreement between the

What is limited registration puppy?

Puppies can be assigned full or limited registration by the breeder. Limited registration is for puppies that the breeder does not consider breeding quality; if they are bred, their puppies cannot be registered. The individual puppy is not registered unless the registration form is filled out and mailed to AKC.

What does AKC registration mean?

The American Kennel Club (AKC) is a registry of purebred dog pedigrees in the United States.

What is ICA registration for dogs?

We do not buy Lancaster, PA pups. What is the difference between American Kennel Club (AKC) and other breed registries such as American Canine Association (ACA) and International Canine Association (ICA)? The American Kennel Club is a more recognized breed registry in the United States.

What are those paper fortune tellers called?

A fortune teller (also called a cootie catcher, chatterbox, salt cellar, whirlybird, or paku-paku) is a form of origami used in children's games.

Are paper bags compostable?

Plain, uncoated (no shine) paper bags and compostable bags are good ways to contain and carry food scraps to your food and yard waste cart. Compostable bags are made from plant-based materials that break down when composted. These bags are green or very pale green. They aren't plastic or black in color.

What does full AKC registration mean?

Limited Registration. Limited Registration means that the dog is registered but no litters produced by that dog are eligible for registration. A dog registered with an AKC shall be ineligible to be entered in a breed competition in a licensed or member dog show.

What is the purpose of AKC registration?

AKC uses DNA certification to ensure reliable registration records vital to the preservation and advancement of purebred dogs.

What dog papers mean?

What having papers means for most registries is that someone sent in money to get a piece of paper that says the dog is purebred.

How much is dog registration?

Registration fees Registration typeFeeAnimal not desexed kept by recognised breeder for breeding purposes$57Desexed animal owned by eligible pensioner**$24Desexed animal sold by eligible pound or shelter$28.50Working dog$07 weitere Zeilen

Are paper towels poisonous?

Paper towels have been found to contain formaldehyde. (6) Of course, with paper towel touching (especially when wiping our hands) exposure is pretty common. BPS. Created as an alternative to the toxic chemical BPA (bisphenol A), BPS (bisphenol S) has been found to likely have the same effect on people's health.

What is an AKC registration number?

The Labrador retriever is the most popular breed of dog in terms of AKC registrations. Search the web using the dog's AKC registration number. Often this will return results from dog shows or trials, health testing information or breeder websites. Register for a free account on the AKC website, www.akc.org.

What is the best pet microchip registration?

Best Microchip For Dogs Friendchip by Avid – 125 kHz. Schering-Plough by HomeAgain – 125 kHz and 134.2 kHz. 24PetWatch by Allflex – 125 kHz. AKC-CAR by Trovan – 128 kHz. ResQ by Bayer – 134.2 kHz.

Does dog registration prove ownership?

In determining proof of ownership, a judge will consider the following: Registration and license: The most likely document to be recognized by the court is the initial registration required for the majority of household pets. Veterinary records: The court may also consider veterinary medical records.

What is a papered dog?

Lets start by explaining what it means to have a purebred registered (papered) dog. These litters have to be registered (papered) within a kennel club, usually the Canadian Kennel Club or the American Kennel Club.

Is ESA registration legitimate?

ESA Registration sites are not recognized by the law and they will not allow you to travel or live with your dog. Only an ESA letter will qualify your dog as a legitimate Emotional Support Animal.

What is GOOSe paper?

GOOSe paper is paper that is headed for the recycle bin. It's Good On One Side paper. It can be used for drawing or painting.

What is the difference between limited and full AKC registration?

Puppies can be assigned full or limited registration by the breeder. Limited registration is for puppies that the breeder does not consider breeding quality; if they are bred, their puppies cannot be registered. The individual puppy is not registered unless the registration form is filled out and mailed to AKC.

What kind of paper are comp card printed on?

They are usually about 8.5” x 5.5” and should be printed on glossy paper. Paper Comp Card of ModelScouts.com Model Marta K.

Is ESA registration legit?

It is perfectly fine to make your pet a legit emotional support animal without visiting a doctor or therapist. You must, however, obtain a legitimate ESA from a licensed professional and not an online letter mill. This ensures that your letter is legal and will be accepted by landlords and airlines.

What is the difference between origami paper and regular paper?

What I mean is one (origami paper) is any paper suitable for origami. Traditionally, Japanese origami uses a range of sizes from just a few centimeters to a meter on an edge, depending on the complexity of the design being folded and the desired size of the finished fold. A common paper to use is washi.

How much does dog registration cost?

Registration fees Registration typeFeeAnimal not desexed kept by recognised breeder for breeding purposes$57Desexed animal owned by eligible pensioner**$24Desexed animal sold by eligible pound or shelter$28.50Working dog$07 autres lignes

Can I pay my dog registration online?

Your vet/authorised implanter will provide this number to the NSW Pet Registry. You can register your pet and pay the registration fee online, through your MyServiceNSW Account. Note: If your pet is an assistance animal, you need to register it through your local council.

What happens if dog eats paper towel?

The most severe complication of your dog eating paper towels is blockage of either his stomach or intestinal tract. This can lead to pain and even death, as a result of his inability to pass the paper towel.

How do you name a dog registration?

Choose the breed of your dog (names are breed specific), enter your last name, and what you would like to name your dog. The person who owns the dog at the time the application for registration is submitted to the AKC has the right to name it.

How long is KC registration?

Please remember to complete all sections of form and return it to the Kennel Club. Application processing may take up to 14 days and so we kindly urge breeders to complete the application as early as possible to ensure the relevant registration documents are available for the puppies' new owners at the time of sale.

What does papers on a dog mean?

What having papers means for most registries is that someone sent in money to get a piece of paper that says the dog is purebred. The US Kennel Club and Dog Registry of America, along with the Continental Kennel Club (not to be confused with the Canadian Kennel Club) are a couple of these worthless registries.

What if a dog eats paper?

If your dog has eaten paper towels, call your veterinarian immediately. Your vet may inform you to wait it out or bring the pooch in, but medical attention is imperative. If your dog continues to eat paper towels, despite your best efforts, visit your veterinarian to determine the root cause of the behavior.

What happens if a dog eats paper?

Some things they eat can be quite strange, such as paper. This atypical behavior in which dogs ingest non-food objects can affect the gastrointestinal system, leading to vomiting and diarrhea. Your dog may be eating other objects that are similar to paper, such as cardboard, or chewing on wood objects.

How much is registration for a dog?

The average price of an annual dog license is $10 to $20. Dog owners can expect to pay more to license a dog that has not been spayed or neutered. Some dog owners may be eligible for a discounted licensing fee: Service dogs and dogs trained to be guide or signal dogs are usually free to license.

How do I transfer my pet registration?

To transfer your pet's registration from another owner, please complete a transfer of animal registration form. Transfer from another owner the pet's microchip number. the pet's animal ID (find this on the pet's registration renewal notice) details of the previous owner. your details.

How much are Yorkie puppies without papers?

Cost Of Yorkies Without Papers And Registration. In the case where you do not insist to have a registered Yorkie with all the documentation, the cost of the pup will be significantly lower. The most reasonable range you should be targeting is about 600 USD up to 1 200 USD.

Are toilet paper rolls safe for rats?

Pet rats and mice need toys they can chew. Good chew toys for rats and mice include rawhide chews, Nylabones, Gumabones, wood (be sure it is safe, with no preservatives), and cardboard chew toys. Paper tubes from toilet paper or paper toweling, cardboard boxes, and egg cartons make very inexpensive chew toys.

How much are Yorkies worth without papers?

Cost Of Yorkies Without Papers And Registration. In the case where you do not insist to have a registered Yorkie with all the documentation, the cost of the pup will be significantly lower. The most reasonable range you should be targeting is about 600 USD up to 1 200 USD.

Does CKC offer limited registration?

The dam of a litter must ALWAYS be CKC registered. Question: Does CKC offer the option of limited registration to breeders? Answer: CKC does offer the ability to limit registration to members of our Preferred Breeder Program.

How much are Yorkies without papers?

A Yorkie with papers could cost between $1200 and $1500, with many breeders requesting a non-refundable deposit of $200 to $300 when applying. Without papers, your pup could cost somewhere between $300 and $800.

Are toilet paper rolls safe for mice?

Pet rats and mice need toys they can chew. Good chew toys for rats and mice include rawhide chews, Nylabones, Gumabones, wood (be sure it is safe, with no preservatives), and cardboard chew toys. Paper tubes from toilet paper or paper toweling, cardboard boxes, and egg cartons make very inexpensive chew toys.

Are toilet paper rolls safe for rabbits?

Yes! One of the safest toys that your active rabbit can have is an empty toilet paper roll. You can stuff the toilet paper roll with hay to make your bunny even happier. This will definitely keep your pet happy and busy for hours while eating and chewing on the cardboard tube.

What is the difference between limited AKC registration and full?

Puppies can be assigned full or limited registration by the breeder. Limited registration is for puppies that the breeder does not consider breeding quality; if they are bred, their puppies cannot be registered. The individual puppy is not registered unless the registration form is filled out and mailed to AKC.

What if my dog eats paper?

If you notice your pup eating napkins, paper towels or even cardboard boxes, it's time to see the vet. A condition known as pica causes some dogs to eat non-food items, like paper products. There may be either a medical or behavioral cause for this odd behavior.

What happens if dogs eat paper?

Some things they eat can be quite strange, such as paper. This atypical behavior in which dogs ingest non-food objects can affect the gastrointestinal system, leading to vomiting and diarrhea. Your dog may be eating other objects that are similar to paper, such as cardboard, or chewing on wood objects.

What is a paper poke?

poke. Naturally, a buyer cannot inspect the pig if it is covered by a poke—that is, a bag or sack. The word poke meaning "bag" is not confined to just the American South—in many parts of Scotland, poke bag is still used of a little paper bag for carrying purchases like candy.

What is in toilet paper?

Paper is sometimes created from recycled materials, but materials like virgin tree pulp is also used. The toilet paper we use today is usually a paper made from trees, but the paper from hemp plant is used too. When hemp plants are used, we get the paper from hemp's fiber and pulp.

What will dissolve toilet paper?

How to Dissolve Toilet Paper Clogged in Toilet Drain Clear out anything stored near the toilet, such as toilet paper holders, towels and rugs. Open up the toilet seat and prop it up against the tank. Insert a plunger into the toilet so that it covers the outlet in the bottom of the bowl. Flush the toilet to see if the paper has been dissolved.

What is the difference between Kennel Club and Kennel registration?

The breeder is the only person who is able to register a dog with the Kennel Club, and in order to complete registration they must select Kennel Club names for each puppy in the litter. Please be advised that the Kennel Club name does not need to be the same as the pet name of the dog.

Can I breed my dog with a limited registration?

There are far too many dogs in shelters! To make it perfectly clear without limited registration anyone can breed any purebred dog, have litters of puppies that can all be AKC registered and then all of those puppies can be bred etc.

Can you breed a dog with limited registration?

Puppies can be assigned full or limited registration by the breeder. Limited registration is for puppies that the breeder does not consider breeding quality; if they are bred, their puppies cannot be registered. Conformation shows, some for all breeds, others for a single breed.

Are you allowed to ask for service dog papers?

Some, but not all, are licensed or certified and have identification papers. If you are not certain that an animal is a service animal, you may ask the person who has the animal if it is a service animal required because of a disability.

How can I get papers on my dog without papers?

Option 1: The dog without official registration is purebred. Complete and submit the PAW Registration Application. To be eligible for registration with CKC, the applicant canine must be purebred and of proper breed type.

How do you name a dog for AKC registration?

Choose the breed of your dog (names are breed specific), enter your last name, and what you would like to name your dog. The person who owns the dog at the time the application for registration is submitted to the AKC has the right to name it.

How much does full AKC registration cost?

As for litter registration, the cost is $25 and an additional $2 for every puppy. Litter registration from artificial insemination will cost $30 plus $2 per puppy. Litter registration with a foreign sire or male parent of the dog will cost $25 plus $2 per puppy.

How much does AKC registration cost?

As for litter registration, the cost is $25 and an additional $2 for every puppy. Litter registration from artificial insemination will cost $30 plus $2 per puppy. Litter registration with a foreign sire or male parent of the dog will cost $25 plus $2 per puppy.

What happens if my puppy eats paper?

The most severe complication of your dog eating paper towels is blockage of either his stomach or intestinal tract. This can lead to pain and even death, as a result of his inability to pass the paper towel. Signs of blockage include weight loss, inability to eat, extreme sensitivity in the torso and bloating.

What is eating paper a sign of?

Xylophagia is a condition involving the consumption of paper and form of eating disorder known as pica. Pica is an unusual craving for ingestion of either edible or inedible substances. People who suffer from this eating disorder usually consume substances like paper, pencils, tree barks or other items made of wood.

What happens if you eat paper towel?

Paper is, largely, wood pulp, so eating a small amount of it wouldn't have any impact on your bodily system or health. At the end of the day, eating a small amount of paper would probably not be harmful, but a large quantity could cause some health issues.

Do dogs need papers?

Many purebred puppies are offered for sale without registration papers, or with registration papers but no pedigree. These sellers will tell you that you don't need papers/pedigree if you just want a pet. Papers and pedigrees, they might say, are only necessary if you want to show or breed your dog.

How much does CKC registration cost?

Answer: CKC will reissue puppy registration applications to breeders for a fee of $5.00 for one application or $1.00 per application for litters of 6 or more. If you have the breeder information, contact CKC and another puppy registration application can be reissued to the breeder for your dog.

What is special about origami paper?

washi = Japanese paper) is traditionally a fine handmade thin paper coveted by artists and craftspeople. Printed washi has a unique and occasionally transparent texture. Washi paper is not as commonly used as kami paper in origami.

What weight paper is best for Origami?

Origami paper weighs slightly less than copy paper, making it suitable for a wider range of models. Normal copy paper with weights of 70–90 g/m2 (19–24 lb) can be used for simple folds, such as the crane and waterbomb.

What is the size of origami paper?

Origami paper comes in several sizes, but standard sizes include 75 × 75 mm (about 3 × 3 inches), 6-inch squares, and 10-inch squares.

What is the most luxurious toilet paper?

Quilted Northern – Ultra Plush is the softest toilet paper of all those tested. The delicate silky touch may be suited to those who wipe with a lighter touch. Its softness makes it the best stand-in for facial tissue.

What paper is best for Origami?

Kami - The Best Paper for Beginners and Casual Folding. Kami is probably the most common and well-known kind of origami paper. It's usually white on the back with a solid colour or pattern on the front and a smooth texture.

Is Kennel Club registration proof of ownership?

Kennel Club registration does not equate to legal ownership. This application is to confirm the change in Kennel Club registered ownership. The registration certificate is a record which may be called upon by the Kennel Club to be produced in the event of a dispute or for any other verification purposes in the future.

Can AKC limited registration be changed?

Answer: Limited Registration can be changed to Full Registration only by the litter owner(s). The litter owner(s) will need to obtain the Application for Removal of Limited Registration of an AKC-Registered Dog (form AXLTDR).

Can you show a dog with limited registration?

Limited registration is for puppies that the breeder does not consider breeding quality; if they are bred, their puppies cannot be registered. Conformation shows, some for all breeds, others for a single breed.

What do I do if my dog ate paper?

It's best to have your dog evaluated by a vet, who can determine if the dog needs surgery. Items such as small pieces of crayon or paper can typically pass through a dog's digestive system without issue. If your dog eats a rough or sharp item, such as glass, you should get it veterinary care immediately.

What does it mean for a dog to be papered?

Lets start by explaining what it means to have a purebred registered (papered) dog. These litters have to be registered (papered) within a kennel club, usually the Canadian Kennel Club or the American Kennel Club.

Can dogs eat wrapping paper?

Wrapping paper Dogs, especially puppies, can and sometimes will eat anything.

Can dogs eat wax paper?

The wax paper is what I'm concerned with. You should probably watch him for the next ~3 days and make sure his appetite is normal, no vomiting or diarrhea, and his stomach isn't painful. If he starts showing these signs he might have an internal blockage that may need emergency surgery.

Does a dog need papers?

Many purebred puppies are offered for sale without registration papers, or with registration papers but no pedigree. These sellers will tell you that you don't need papers/pedigree if you just want a pet. Papers and pedigrees, they might say, are only necessary if you want to show or breed your dog.

What size paper is used for Origami?

Origami paper comes in several sizes, but standard sizes include 75 × 75 mm (about 3 × 3 inches), 6-inch squares, and 10-inch squares.

What if I lost my AKC papers?

The litter owner will need to submit a Duplicate Dog Registration Application or provide the following: A brief statement requesting a duplicate registration application. Litter number, breed and date of birth. Litter owner's name, address and signature. Sex of dog the duplicate application is for. $15.00 processing fee.

Can you show a dog with limited AKC registration?

Limited registration is for puppies that the breeder does not consider breeding quality; if they are bred, their puppies cannot be registered. The individual puppy is not registered unless the registration form is filled out and mailed to AKC. Conformation shows, some for all breeds, others for a single breed.

What does it mean if your dog has papers?

A dogs papers assert it is a purebred and from a registered breeder. When your dog has papers, it means the animal is a registered pure bred of that breed. The papers outline the animals lineage proving its breeding. Papers are a very detailed birth certificate for a dog or other animal.

What happens if a dog eats wax paper?

The wax paper is what I'm concerned with. You should probably watch him for the next ~3 days and make sure his appetite is normal, no vomiting or diarrhea, and his stomach isn't painful. If he starts showing these signs he might have an internal blockage that may need emergency surgery.

What do you do if your dog eats paper?

It's best to have your dog evaluated by a vet, who can determine if the dog needs surgery. Items such as small pieces of crayon or paper can typically pass through a dog's digestive system without issue. If your dog eats a rough or sharp item, such as glass, you should get it veterinary care immediately.

What does it mean when a dog is papered?

A dogs papers assert it is a purebred and from a registered breeder. It means your dog is a pure breed and his family tree is registered with DOG REGISTRY OF AMERICA (DRA) formerly the US Kennel Club. They control which dogs are allowed to compete in breed competitions and to a certain degree monitor inbreeding.

What if a dog eats a paper towel?

In some cases your dog may throw up the paper towels. If you notice vomiting and diarrhea after a paper towel snack, feed him canned pumpkin. Pumpkin can settle his stomach and help him pass the paper towels. Skip his usual meal, and replace it with an equal amount of canned pumpkin mixed with cooked white rice.

Can you breed a dog with limited AKC registration?

Limited registration is for puppies that the breeder does not consider breeding quality; if they are bred, their puppies cannot be registered. The individual puppy is not registered unless the registration form is filled out and mailed to AKC. Conformation shows, some for all breeds, others for a single breed.

How much are German shepherd puppies worth without papers?

A German Shepherd puppy bought from a respected breeder will usually cost between $300 and $900 (or more), depending on whether she is a normal German Shepherd, show-dog or a working dog. Adult German Shepherds who are proven show dogs or work dogs cost $6,000 to $7,000 or more.