What does drug dependence mean?

Dependence/Tolerance

Best Answer

Substance dependence, also known as drug dependence, is an adaptive state that develops from repeated drug administration, and which results in withdrawal upon cessation of drug use.

Compulsive and repetitive use may result in tolerance to the effect of the drug and withdrawal symptoms when use is reduced or stopped.

Drug Addiction- Basic Introduction under general pharmacology

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What does code dependency mean?

Co-Dependency. Co-dependency is a learned behavior that can be passed down from one generation to another. It is also known as “relationship addiction” because people with codependency often form or maintain relationships that are one-sided, emotionally destructive and/or abusive.

What does it mean if a drug dog barks?

(An alert is a signal, such as barking or sitting, that dogs are trained to display when they detect the target scent.) The dogs had been trained to use one of two signals to indicate to their handlers that they had detected something. Some would bark, others would sit.

What is dependency in Maven?

Maven is a project build management software, it means it lets you define your project dependencies, features, and behaviors. To do this, Maven downloads plugins and dependencies for various online repositories. People who want to share their libraries, develop using Maven and upload the binaries in a repository.

Drug Tolerance and Dependence- General Pharmacology

What do big pupils mean drugs?

Drugs that Cause Dilated Pupils. There are many drugs that can work on the brain's neurotransmitters and affect the dilation of the pupils. These include SSRI antidepressants, amphetamines, MDMA, psilocybin, LSD, ecstasy, cocaine and mescaline.

What is alcohol dependence syndrome?

Alcohol dependence. Specialty. Psychiatry. Alcohol dependence is a previous (DSM-IV and ICD-10) psychiatric diagnosis in which an individual is physically or psychologically dependent upon alcohol (also known formally as ethanol).

What is dependency in OOP?

Dependency. A dependency is a relationship between two or more objects in which an object depends on the other object or objects for its implementation. If one of these objects change, the other object(s) can be impacted. The dependency relationship between two or more objects is depicted in UML using dashed arrows.

What is dependence in psychology?

Psychological dependence is a state that involves emotional–motivational withdrawal symptoms, e.g. anxiety and anhedonia, upon cessation of drug use or certain behaviours. It develops through frequent exposure to a psychoactive substance or behaviour, though behavioural dependence is less talked about.

On what factors friction depends?

The friction force depends on two factors: a) The materials that are in contact. The two materials and the nature of their surfaces. b) The force pushing the two surfaces together. Pushing the surfaces together causes the more of the asperities to come together and increases the surface area in contact with each other.

Psychosocial consequences of drug abuse & dependence by Ms.Sandeepa Kaur

What is dependency in Java?

A Java class has a dependency on another class, if it uses an instance of this class. We call this a _class dependency. For example, a class which accesses a logger service has a dependency on this service class. Ideally Java classes should be as independent as possible from other Java classes.

What is Maven dependency in Java?

Maven is a build automation tool used primarily for Java projects. Maven dynamically downloads Java libraries and Maven plug-ins from one or more repositories such as the Maven 2 Central Repository, and stores them in a local cache.

What drugs can drug dogs not smell?

Drug dogs, also known as narcotic dogs, or drug detection dogs, are used by some organizations to aid in the detection of certain types of drugs and drug paraphernalia. So What Drugs Can They Smell? Marijuana. Cocaine. Methamphetamine. Heroin. Opiates. Ecstasy. LSD.

Does CBRE drug test?

Drug screening and background checks are required to work for CBRE.

What drugs can drug dogs smell?

So What Drugs Can They Smell? Marijuana. Cocaine. Methamphetamine. Heroin. Opiates. Ecstasy. LSD.

What is the difference between addiction and dependence? - Najmeh Sadoughi, MD | UCLA Pain Center

Do depends cause UTI?

Sitting In A Wet And Soiled Diaper Can Also Cause Urinary Tract Infections. Any elderly person wearing a diaper is particularly susceptible to urinary tract infections (UTIs) because their diapers hold feces and urine close to their urethras, spreading bacteria into their urinary systems.

Does Petco do drug tests?

Does Petco do pre-employment drug testing? Generally they do not perform one when hiring. If management suspects an issue or if there is an incident or injury managers can, and will, request a drug screening immediately.

What drugs cause Anisocoria?

Some Common Causes of Anisocoria CauseSuggestive FindingsDrugs (eg, scopolamine patch; cocaine, pilocarpine, animal flea collars or sprays, organophosphates, or aerosolized ipratropium if they contact the eye; cycloplegic, mydriatic, clonidine, or apraclonidine eye drops)History of use or exposure8 autres lignes

What do drug dogs do when they smell drugs?

A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. The sense most used by detection dogs is smell.

What is k9 drug?

Pill with imprint K 9 is Blue, Round and has been identified as Oxycodone Hydrochloride 30 mg. It is supplied by KVK Tech Inc.. Oxycodone is used in the treatment of chronic pain; pain and belongs to the drug class narcotic analgesics.

What are veterinary drugs?

An animal drug (also veterinary drug) refers to a drug intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in animals.

What are anorectic drugs?

An anorectic or anorexic is a drug which reduces appetite, resulting in lower food consumption, leading to weight loss. By contrast, an appetite stimulant is referred to as orexigenic.

Does PetSmart drug test 2018?

Starting September 17th 2018 petsmart will no longer conduct pre employment drug test for stores and home office.

What drugs interact with pineapple?

Sedatives -- Some experts believe bromelain may increase the effect of drugs that have a sedating effect, including: Anticonvulsants such as phenytoin (Dilantin) and valproic acid (Depakote) Barbiturates. Benzodiazepines such as alprazolam (Xanax) and diazepam (Valium)

What drug smells like puke?

Meth often has no smell, but it sometimes has a faint chemical odor. The aroma of meth may resemble nail polish remover, cat urine, rotten eggs or burning plastic.

What is an anorectic drug?

An anorectic or anorexic is a drug which reduces appetite, resulting in lower food consumption, leading to weight loss. By contrast, an appetite stimulant is referred to as orexigenic.

What are greenies drug?

Greenie (drug), a psychostimulant drug of the phenethylamine class. A common or derogatory term for an environmentalist, a person who supports the goals of the environmental movement.

What drugs can do?

Drugs that are psychoactive, such as cannabis, alcohol, ecstasy and heroin, have the ability to affect your mood. They can arouse certain emotions or dampen down others. This may be why you use them. The changes in your mood or behaviour caused by drugs are the result of changes to your brain.

What are truffles drug?

Magic truffles are the sclerotia of Psilocybin mushrooms that are not technically "mushrooms". They are masses of mycelium that contain the hallucinogenic chemicals psilocybin and psilocin. In October 2007, the prohibition of hallucinogenic or "magic mushrooms" was announced by the Dutch authorities.

What temperature does urine need to be for drug test?

The normal temperature of human urine ranges from 94°F to 96°F (about 35°C). The temperature of a drug test sample should be read during the first 4 minutes after it was received, as the sample temperature may change depending on the ambient environment. Acceptable temperature range is from 90°F to 100°F (32°C - 38°C).

What drugs interact with glucosamine?

Possible interactions include: Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others). Taking glucosamine sulfate and acetaminophen together might reduce the effectiveness of both the supplement and medication. Warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven).

What are anti diuretic drugs?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. An antidiuretic is a substance that helps to control fluid balance in an animal's body by reducing urination, opposing diuresis. Its effects are opposite that of a diuretic. The major endogenous antidiuretics are antidiuretic hormone (ADH; also called vasopressin) and oxytocin.

What drugs interact with sucralfate?

Sucralfate may reduce the absorption of: Cimetidine (Tagamet) Digoxin (Lanoxin) Ketoconazole (Nizoral) Levothyroxine (Synthroid) Phenytoin (Dilantin) Quinidine (Quinidex, Quinaglute) Ranitidine (Zantac) Tetracycline.

What drugs cause small pupils?

One of the most likely reasons someone might have pinpoint pupils is the use of narcotic pain medications and other drugs in the opioid family, such as: codeine. fentanyl. hydrocodone. oxycodone. morphine. methadone. heroin.

How many dependents can I have to join the Navy?

FAMILY. You can enlist or join the Navy if you are a single parent; but note, the Navy will normally not allow you to enlist or join if you have more than two dependents under the age of 18.

What drug smells like skunk?

These strains, which are called by names like "Skunk Bud" or "Super Skunk," are not necessarily more potent, Vandrey said. There are too many varieties to support a universal claim. Still, "skunky-smelling marijuana is among the more popular brands," he said.

What drugs cause lip smacking?

Some of the non-neuroleptic drugs that may also cause tardive dyskinesia are: Asendin (Amoxapine) Cocaine and other street drugs. Elavil (Amitriptyline) Lithium. Nardil (Phenelzine) Prozac (Fluoxetine) Reglan (Metoclopramide) Sinequan (Doxepin)

What is the strongest drug?

Hydromorphone and oxymorphone are among the strongest opioids. They are several times stronger than morphine and, as with other opiates and opioids, they have a high potential for abuse. Hydromorphone is available as the brand name prescription drug Dilaudid.

What drugs cause Fanconi syndrome?

Drugs that induce mitochondrial dysfunction have the potential to cause Fanconi syndrome. 9,10. The most common drugs are outdated tetracycline antibiotics, chemotherapy agents, antiviral drugs, aminoglycosides, and anticonvulsants. These medications may induce Fanconi syndrome by a variety of different mechanisms.

What are whippets like drug?

Whippits, Whippets and Whip-Its Are the Same Drug. Whippits is the street name for a nitrous oxide charger. The name is likely related to the charger's intended purpose — to refill whipped cream dispensers.

What illnesses can drugs cause?

These health effects may occur after just one use. Longer-term effects can include heart or lung disease, cancer, mental illness, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and others. Long-term drug use can also lead to addiction. Drug addiction is a brain disorder.

What is a greenie drug?

Greenie (drug), a psychostimulant drug of the phenethylamine class. A common or derogatory term for an environmentalist, a person who supports the goals of the environmental movement.

What drugs increase ejection fraction?

Treatments for heart failure ACE inhibitors or ARBs, plus beta blockers. These drugs reduce stress hormones that can cause further weakening of the heart muscle and disease progression. Diuretics. Hydralazine-nitrate. Eplerenone or spironolactone. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD ).

What drugs cause tardive dyskinesia?

Other drugs that can cause TD include: Metoclopramide (treats stomach problem called gastroparesis) Antidepressant drugs such as amitriptyline, fluoxetine, phenelzine, sertraline, trazodone. Antiparkinson drugs such as levodopa.

What drugs cause large pupils?

Drugs and medications that can cause dilated pupils are: Methamphetamines and other amphetamines. Antihistamines (Including cold and allergy medications) Atropine. Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed) Cocaine. Marijuana. LSD. Heroin withdrawal.

Where does the drug mushrooms come from?

Origin. Both psilocybin and psilocin can be produced synthetically, but this form of the drug is not often found. Users purchase hallucinogenic mushrooms and by-products from smartshops and on the Internet, or pick them wild. The cubensis varieties are cultivated specifically (mostly in the Netherlands).

Does Petco drug test in Massachusetts?

Petco Drug Test Policy 2018. Petco's drug test policy isn't particularly strict. However, the company does maintain a drug free environment.

How does a drug dog alert?

The canine should be trained to give an alert or a particular response when they come into contact with a scent cone of the particular substance they are trained to detect. A passive alert will entail the dog sitting, lying down, or some other non-active signal to the handler to alert him to the presence of narcotics.

Does Pee expire for a drug test?

Like most other products, yes, synthetic urine does have a limited shelf life. They usually last anywhere from a few months to three years or so, but it depends on the product, the manufacturer, the formulation, and the storage conditions. No matter what, you should never use expired pee for a drug test!

What drugs cause teeth grinding?

Cocaine and crack cocaine cause dry mouth, which further increases the risk of tooth decay. Cocaine can cause tooth wear by tooth grinding (bruxism) ecstasy – also called love drug, E and eckies. Side effects of ecstasy include tooth grinding, jaw clenching and dry mouth.

What drugs interact with turmeric?

Blood-thinners include warfarin (Coumadin), clopidogrel (Plavix), and aspirin, among others. Drugs that reduce stomach acid: Turmeric may interfere with the action of these drugs, increasing the production of stomach acid: Cimetidine (Tagamet) Famotidine (Pepcid)

What Drugs Can dogs smell?

Drug dogs, also known as narcotic dogs, or drug detection dogs, are used by some organizations to aid in the detection of certain types of drugs and drug paraphernalia. So What Drugs Can They Smell? Marijuana. Cocaine. Methamphetamine. Heroin. Opiates. Ecstasy. LSD.

Does Amtrak have drug sniffing dogs?

I assumed Amtrak dogs just sniffed for explosives, since TSA doesn't notice or doesn't care much about personal use amounts of weed. Amtrak doesn't screen people so this is how they combat drug trafficking on their trains. You can tell where I'm going with this. It was a drug dog, and it alerted my bag.

How much does a drug dog cost?

A dog is possibly the most important purchase for a K-9 unit. A single-purpose dog can cost $2,500-$4,000, without training, or very little. If you purchase a dog from a private vendor, they can be more expensive. A dog trained for dual purpose-for both patrol and narcotics, for example-can cost $8,000-$10,000.

Can you claim dependents on 2018 taxes?

If you have a family, you need to know how the IRS defines “dependents” for income tax purposes. For tax years prior to 2018, every qualified dependent you claim, you reduce your taxable income by the exemption amount, equal to $4,050 in 2017. This can add up to substantial savings on your tax bill.

Does PetSmart do random drug tests?

The Third Circumstance is a random drug test during the course of your employment. PetSmart may choose to drug test employees during random times of the year or based on suspicion. The contract signed during the hiring process allows PetSmart to conduct tests for any reason, at any time.

What drug is similar to meloxicam?

Meloxicam and Celebrex are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) used to treat pain from arthritis. Meloxicam is a generic version of Mobic while Celebrex is the brand name for celecoxib.

What happens if you do drugs?

This results in the “high” you feel when you take these drugs. Other drugs, such as cocaine or methamphetamine, can cause the nerve cells to release abnormally large amounts of natural neurotransmitters, or prevent the normal recycling of these brain chemicals, which is needed to shut off the signal between neurons.

What does Chicago mean?

Word History: The name Chicago is first recorded in 1688 in a French document, where it appears as Chigagou, an Algonquian word meaning “onion field.” In explanation of this name, the document states that wild onion or garlic grew profusely in the area.

What does Excommunicado mean?

excommunication. The noun excommunication is a formal way of describing what happens when someone gets kicked out of his or her church, for good. The Latin root is excommunicare, meaning "put out of the community," which is just what happens when a person is excommunicated.

What does Yeontan mean?

Yeontan (Korean: 연탄, yeontan) is the name for large coal briquettes used in South Korea for cooking and home heating. The standard yeontan has 22 holes drilled into its top to facilitate steady, efficient burning, and a household typically used one to three briquettes per day in the winter.

What does Astrophile mean?

astrophile. a person strongly attracted to knowledge about the stars. — astrophilic, adj.

What does B * * * * mean?

B is an affectionate term for a loved one. It is often times used to address a homie, ya girl, or ya moms.

What does Xenoblast mean?

Definition of xenoblast. : a crystal in metamorphic rock that is not bounded by its own faces but has its outlines impressed upon it by neighboring crystals —contrasted with idioblast.

What does CKC mean?

The Canadian Kennel Club (or CKC) is the national kennel club of Canada. The Canadian Kennel Club maintains breed registries services for all purebred dogs it officially recognizes and provides governance for all CKC approved dog conformation shows, dog trials and canine events.

What does OC mean?

The acronym OC can stand for all kinds of things: Orange County (California), original character, OxyContin, of course, offensive coordinator, officer commanding, and original content you name it, OC stands for it.

What does Halakhah mean?

Halakha (/hɑːˈlɔːxə/; Hebrew: הֲלָכָה, Sephardic: [halaˈχa]; also transliterated as halacha, halakhah, halachah, or halocho) (Ashkenazic: [haˈloχo]) is the collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the written and Oral Torah.

What does Nico mean?

Origin of the name Nico: Short form of Nikodemos, a Greek compound name composed of the elements nikē (victory) and dēmos (people, population): hence, "victory of the people."

What does Tucson mean?

The Spanish name of the city, Tucsón [tukˈson], is derived from the O'odham Cuk Ṣon [tʃʊk ʂɔːn], meaning "(at the) base of the black [hill]", a reference to a basalt-covered hill now known as Sentinel Peak, also known as "A" Mountain. Tucson is sometimes referred to as "The Old Pueblo".

What does meditatively mean?

The adjective meditative is good for describing something that's reflective or deeply thoughtful. The root of meditative is the Latin word meditat, or "contemplated," which in turn comes from a Proto-Indo-European root that means "to measure, consider, or advise."

What does Compups mean?

(Entry 1 of 2) 1 : a young dog also : one of the young of various animals (such as a seal or rat) 2 : offset sense 2a. pup.

What does Zoomies mean?

They call it FRAPs (Frenetic Random Activity Periods). Or maybe it was a FRAP before it was a zoomie, but never the less, Zoomies is a more descriptive term. “Frenetic” is a good word, though. Frenetic means: “fast and energetic in a rather wild and uncontrolled way”.

What does Butkus mean?

Butkus is the masculine form of a Lithuanian family name. Its feminine forms are: Butkienė or Butkuvienė (married woman or widow) and Butkutė (unmarried woman). The surname may refer to: Carl Butkus (1922–1978), a Lithuanian-American football player.

What does Midwest mean?

Indianapolis. Detroit. Milwaukee. The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2"). It occupies the northern central part of the United States.

What does Playalinda mean?

Playalinda Beach (Playa Linda - Spanish for "beautiful beach") is a beach located on Florida's east coast in Canaveral National Seashore.

What does Multnomah mean?

Multnomah may refer to: The Multnomah people, a Chinookan people who lived in the area of modern Portland, Oregon, United States. Multnomah, the middle Chinookan dialect of the Multnomah people Places, vessels, and institutions whose name is derived from the name of the tribe.

What does androgyny mean?

Androgyny is the combination of masculine and feminine characteristics into an ambiguous form. When androgyny refers to mixed biological sex characteristics in humans, it often refers to intersex people. As a gender identity, androgynous individuals may refer to themselves as genderqueer, nonbinary, or gender neutral.

What does Yappie mean?

Noun. yappie (plural yappies) (slang) A young affluent parent. (slang) A young Asian professional.

What does Sam mean?

Related names. Lemuel, Sam, Sammy, Samantha, Sameth, Samberg, Séamus, Shmuel. Samuel (sometimes spelled Samual) is a male given name and a surname of Hebrew origin meaning either "name of God" or "God heard" (שם האלוהים Shem HaElohim) (שמע אלוהים Sh'ma Elohim).

What does sentience mean?

Sentience is the capacity to feel, perceive or experience subjectively. In modern Western philosophy, sentience is the ability to experience sensations (known in philosophy of mind as "qualia"). In Eastern philosophy, sentience is a metaphysical quality of all things that require respect and care.

What does dorkie mean?

noun. Slang. a silly, out-of-touch person who tends to look odd or behave ridiculously around others; a social misfit: If you make me wear that, I'll look like a total dork!

What does Bungo mean?

Definition of bungo. : a large canoe or dugout of the southwestern U.S. and parts of Central and South America.

What does Broadway mean?

Broadway theatre, commonly known as Broadway, refers to the theatrical performances presented in the 41 professional theatres, each with 500 or more seats located in the Theater District and Lincoln Center along Broadway, in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. The majority of Broadway shows are musicals.

What does € mean?

The euro sign (€) is the currency sign used for the euro, the official currency of the European Union (EU) and some non-EU countries (Kosovo and Montenegro). The design was presented to the public by the European Commission on 12 December 1996.

What does dog mean?

Verb. (third-person singular simple present dogs it, present participle dogging it, simple past and past participle dogged it) (idiomatic) To underperform; to lag behind; to fail to exert effort.

What does 👐 emoji mean?

👐 Open Hands. Two open hands, representing openness. Sometimes used as a hug, or as a display of jazz hands. Open Hands was approved as part of Unicode 6.0 in 2010 under the name “Open Hands Sign” and added to Emoji 1.0 in 2015.

What does Ferrell mean?

Ferrell is a surname of Irish origin which comes from the Irish Ó Fearghail. Although there is some speculation of the exact definition, the original Irish Gaelic spelling is Ó Fearghail, and is most commonly believed to mean "Man of Valor."

What does 2d10 mean?

For example, 1d6×5 or 5×d6 means "roll one 6-sided die, and multiply the result by 5." 3d6×10+3 means "roll three 6-sided dice, add them together, multiply the result by 10, and then add 3."

What does hemostatic mean?

Hemostasis or haemostasis is a process which causes bleeding to stop, meaning to keep blood within a damaged blood vessel (the opposite of hemostasis is hemorrhage). It is the first stage of wound healing. This involves coagulation, blood changing from a liquid to a gel.

What does Asthenopia mean?

Eye strain, also known as asthenopia (from Greek asthen-opia, ἀσθεν-ωπία, "weak-eye-condition"), is an eye condition that manifests through nonspecific symptoms such as fatigue, pain in or around the eyes, blurred vision, headache, and occasional double vision.

What does Cynophilist mean?

Definition of cynophilist. : a dog fancier : one that is favorably disposed toward dogs.

What does Thalassophile mean?

Thalassophile is the term for that personality. Print Details: 5 x 7 or 8 x 10 size prints are on high quality Epson Matte with archival ink. Watermark will not appear on your print.

What does sinophile mean?

A Sinophile or a Chinophile is a person who demonstrates a strong interest and love for Chinese culture or its people.

What does megaloblastic mean?

Megaloblastic anemia is an anemia (of macrocytic classification) that results from inhibition of DNA synthesis during red blood cell production. The defect in red cell DNA synthesis is most often due to hypovitaminosis, specifically vitamin B12 deficiency or folate deficiency.

What does Freya mean?

Origin of the name Freya: Feminine form of Frey (lord, he who is foremost), Freya has the definition "lady, mistress, noblewoman." In Norse mythology, Freya was the goddess of fertility. A daughter of Njord and a sister of Frey, Freya was the most beautiful of the goddesses.

What does Doug mean?

Linguistically, Douglas is derived from the Gaelic elements: dubh, meaning "dark, black"; and glas, meaning "stream" (also a derivative of glas, meaning "green"). The surname Douglas is a habitational name, which could be derived from any of the many places so-named.

What does Manz mean?

MANZ AcronymDefinitionMANZManzanar National Historic Site (US National Park Service)MANZMotel Association of New Zealand (Wellington, New Zealand)MANZMontessori Association of New ZealandMANZMontreal, Australia and New Zealand (shipping line)

What does Pucci mean?

"fare pucci pucci" with someone means to flirt or to be tender with someone

What does Pikachu mean?

According to series producer Satoshi Tajiri, the idea of the name came from a mouselike animal called pika and then derived from a combination of two Japanese sounds: pika, a sound an electric spark makes, and chu, a sound a mouse makes.

What does Wilk mean?

Wilk is a surname of English and Polish-language origin. In Poland, the surname means wolf and is pronounced [ˈvilk]. It has 35,000 bearers in Poland and ranks about 60th on the list of the most popular Polish surnames (fifth in Podkarpackie Voivodeship).

What does Emancipet mean?

Emancipet is a nonprofit on a mission to make high-quality spay/neuter and veterinary care affordable and accessible to all pet owners. Since 1999, Emancipet has spayed or neutered nearly 325,000 dogs and cats and in 2018 we cared for more than 100,000 pets.

What does Pisces mean?

Pisces (♓️) (/ˈpaɪsiːz/; Ancient Greek: Ἰχθύες Ikhthyes) is the twelfth astrological sign in the Zodiac. Under the tropical zodiac, the sun transits this area between February 19 and March 20. In Sidereal astrology, the Sun currently transits the constellation of Pisces from approximately March 12 to April 18.