What is a live attenuated vaccine?

MNEMONIC FOR REMEMBERING LIVE ATTENUATED VACCINES

Best Answer

An attenuated vaccine is a vaccine created by reducing the virulence of a pathogen, but still keeping it viable (or "live").

Attenuation takes an infectious agent and alters it so that it becomes harmless or less virulent.

These vaccines contrast to those produced by "killing" the virus (inactivated vaccine).

Vaccination

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Related Questions

Is the pneumonia vaccine a live vaccine?

Pneumococcal vaccine. Pneumococcal vaccines are vaccines against the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. Their use can prevent some cases of pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis.

Is Bordetella a live vaccine?

If yes, it's a tougher call. The main vaccine that causes concern is intranasal or oral administration of modified live Bordetella bronchiseptica, a bacterium that is one of the component causes of “kennel cough” (or more appropriately canine infectious disease respiratory complex (CIRDC)).

Is Gardasil a live vaccine?

The FDA approved Gardasil 9 for women and men aged 27 to 45. In a large, longitudinal study of women in this age group (n=3200), the vaccine was found to be 88% effective against persistent HPV infections that cause certain types genital warts and cancers.

Types of Vaccination, Toxoid Sabin MMR DPT Conjugated Killed Attenuated vaccine salk rabies

Is Dtap a live vaccine?

DTaP (also DTPa and TDaP) is a combined vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, in which the pertussis component is acellular. This is in contrast to whole-cell, inactivated DTP (aka DTwP). The acellular vaccine uses selected antigens of the pertussis pathogen to induce immunity.

Is Mmrv a live vaccine?

MMRV vaccine. The MMRV vaccine combines the attenuated virus MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine with the addition of chickenpox vaccine or varicella vaccine (V stands for varicella). The MMRV vaccine is typically given to children between 1 and 2 years of age. Several companies supply MMRV vaccines.

Is DTaP a live vaccine?

DTaP (also DTPa and TDaP) is a combined vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, in which the pertussis component is acellular. This is in contrast to whole-cell, inactivated DTP (aka DTwP). The acellular vaccine uses selected antigens of the pertussis pathogen to induce immunity.

Is tetanus a live vaccine?

Tetanus vaccine. Tetanus vaccine, also known as tetanus toxoid (TT), is an inactive vaccine used to prevent tetanus. During childhood five doses are recommended, with a sixth given during adolescence. Additional doses every 10 years are recommended.

Is MMR a live vaccine?

The MMR vaccine is a mixture of live weakened viruses of the three diseases. The MMR vaccine was developed by Maurice Hilleman. It was licensed for use by Merck in 1971. Stand alone measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines had been previously licensed in 1963, 1967, and 1969 respectively.

Vaccines part 3 - live attenuated vaccines

Is influenza A live vaccine?

Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is a type of influenza vaccine in the form of a nasal spray that is recommended for the prevention of influenza.

Is rabies a live vaccine?

The human diploid cell rabies vaccine (H.D.C.V.) was started in 1967. Human diploid cell rabies vaccines are inactivated vaccines made using the attenuated Pitman-Moore L503 strain of the virus. Human diploid cell rabies vaccines have been given to more than 1.5 million people as of 2006.

Is varicella a live vaccine?

Regarding herpes zoster, the US Centers for Disease Control stated in 2014: "Chickenpox vaccines contain weakened live VZV, which may cause latent (dormant) infection. The vaccine-strain VZV can reactivate later in life and cause shingles.

Is a tetanus shot a live vaccine?

Tetanus vaccine, also known as tetanus toxoid (TT), is an inactive vaccine used to prevent tetanus. During childhood five doses are recommended, with a sixth given during adolescence. Additional doses every 10 years are recommended. After three doses almost everyone is initially immune.

Is a vaccine a live virus?

An attenuated vaccine is a vaccine created by reducing the virulence of a pathogen, but still keeping it viable (or "live"). Attenuation takes an infectious agent and alters it so that it becomes harmless or less virulent. These vaccines contrast to those produced by "killing" the virus (inactivated vaccine).

Live, Attenuated Influenza Vaccine (LAIV)

Is the whooping cough vaccine a live vaccine?

Pertussis vaccine is a vaccine that protects against whooping cough (pertussis).

Is MMR live vaccine?

Being recently immunized does not increase the risk of passing measles, mumps, or rubella on to others. Vaccination does not increase the risk of autism. The MMR vaccine is a mixture of live weakened viruses of the three diseases. The MMR vaccine was developed by Maurice Hilleman.

Is the MMR vaccine a live virus?

The MMR vaccine is a mixture of live weakened viruses of the three diseases. The MMR vaccine was developed by Maurice Hilleman. It was licensed for use by Merck in 1971. Stand alone measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines had been previously licensed in 1963, 1967, and 1969 respectively.

Is kennel cough a live vaccine?

Kennel Cough is an airbourne virus and unfortunately dogs who are vaccinated can still pick up Kennel Cough as the vaccination does not cover all strains of the virus. The Kennel Cough vaccination lasts 1 year and it is a live vaccine that is sprayed up the dogs nose.

Is hepatitis A vaccine live or inactive?

Most hepatitis A vaccines contain inactivated virus while a few contain weakened virus.

Is the parvo vaccine a live virus?

Canine Parvovirus (CPV) Vaccine: Modified live vaccines are available for dogs. Killed vaccines are no longer available because of poor efficacy.

Is the flu a live vaccine?

Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is a type of influenza vaccine in the form of a nasal spray that is recommended for the prevention of influenza.

Is the tetanus vaccine live?

Tetanus vaccine, also known as tetanus toxoid (TT), is an inactive vaccine used to prevent tetanus. During childhood five doses are recommended, with a sixth given during adolescence. Additional doses every 10 years are recommended. After three doses almost everyone is initially immune.

Is the MMR vaccine live?

The MMR vaccine is a mixture of live weakened viruses of the three diseases. The MMR vaccine was developed by Maurice Hilleman. It was licensed for use by Merck in 1971. Stand alone measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines had been previously licensed in 1963, 1967, and 1969 respectively.

Is the varicella vaccine live?

The Varicella zoster vaccine is made from the Oka/Merck strain of live attenuated varicella virus.

Is Q fever vaccine live?

​Q fever is an infection spread to humans from animals, mainly cattle, sheep and goats. It can cause a severe flu-like illness and long-term health problems. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent infection and is recommended for those who work, live in or visit high risk environments.

Is the kennel cough vaccine a live virus?

The main vaccine that causes concern is intranasal or oral administration of modified live Bordetella bronchiseptica, a bacterium that is one of the component causes of “kennel cough” (or more appropriately canine infectious disease respiratory complex (CIRDC)). This bacterium causes occasional infections in people.

Is the 6 in 1 a live vaccine?

The 6-in-1 vaccine works well. It produces very good immunity to diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, Hib, polio and hepatitis B infections.

Are vaccines live?

Although most attenuated vaccines are viral, some are bacterial in nature. Examples include the viral diseases yellow fever, measles, mumps, and rubella, and the bacterial disease typhoid.

Are vaccines live viruses?

An attenuated vaccine is a vaccine created by reducing the virulence of a pathogen, but still keeping it viable (or "live"). Attenuation takes an infectious agent and alters it so that it becomes harmless or less virulent. These vaccines contrast to those produced by "killing" the virus (inactivated vaccine).

Do live vaccines shed?

Viral shedding is part of the mechanism of virus transmission. Shedding is impossible with killed vaccines or those made using only isolated proteins (most vaccines fall into one of these two classes), but a small number of vaccines contain live attenuated virus which can theoretically infect others.

Are dog vaccines live viruses?

Most of the diseases we vaccinate pets against using a modified live vaccine are not caused by bacteria or viruses that can infect people, even at “full strength”. So, those vaccines are no concern at all.

Do all live vaccines shed?

Viral shedding is part of the mechanism of virus transmission. Shedding is impossible with killed vaccines or those made using only isolated proteins (most vaccines fall into one of these two classes), but a small number of vaccines contain live attenuated virus which can theoretically infect others.

Do vaccinated dogs live longer?

More recently, however, several published studies have shown that immunity provided by some vaccines lasts for much longer than one year and in some cases for a lifetime. In dogs, the core vaccines are distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis and rabies.

Do vaccines have live viruses?

Vaccine production has several stages. First, the antigen itself is generated. Viruses are grown either on primary cells such as chicken eggs (e.g., for influenza) or on continuous cell lines such as cultured human cells (e.g., for hepatitis A). Bacteria are grown in bioreactors (e.g., Haemophilus influenzae type b).

Are all vaccines live viruses?

Although most attenuated vaccines are viral, some are bacterial in nature. Examples include the viral diseases yellow fever, measles, mumps, and rubella, and the bacterial disease typhoid.

Do dogs live longer without vaccines?

Vaccinations have saved many pets' lives over the years, but they aren't without risk. Now, with new research showing that immunity may last longer than once thought, veterinary experts say it's safer to decrease the frequency of most shots that typically have been given every year.

Are there live viruses in vaccines?

Viral: measles vaccine, mumps vaccine, rubella vaccine, live attenuated influenza vaccine (the seasonal flu nasal spray and the 2009 H1N1 flu nasal spray), chicken pox vaccine, smallpox vaccine, oral polio vaccine (Sabin), rotavirus vaccine, and yellow fever vaccine.

What is the minimum interval between two doses of live vaccine?

It does apply to the 4-week minimum interval between doses of the same live vaccine, such as the 4 weeks between MMR 1 and MMR 2. It is always best to follow the recommended schedule as closely as possible. Vaccine administration at the recommended ages and intervals provides optimal protection.

What age is a puppy fully vaccinated?

Your puppy receives his first vaccination series at the age of 6 weeks. Typically, every three weeks, or when he turns 9 weeks, 12 weeks, 15 weeks and 18 weeks old, you'll bring him in for booster shots. That means he's fully vaccinated by the age of 4.5 months.

What is a puppy first vaccination?

Vaccinating your puppy is one of the most important things you should do in your first few weeks as a dog owner. Regular vaccinations help puppies grow into dogs who remain free of infectious diseases, and also prevents them from passing nasty diseases on to other animals in the local area.

What is in a measles vaccine?

Measles is seldom given as an individual vaccine and is often given in combination with rubella, mumps, or varicella.

What is a 6 in 1 vaccine?

The 6-in-1 vaccine used in the UK is sometimes referred to as DTaP/Hib/HepB/IPV, which stands for 'Diphtheria, Tetanus, acellular Pertussis, Hib, Hepatitis B and Inactivated Polio Vaccine'. The 6-in-1 vaccine includes the acellular pertussis vaccine (the 'aP' in 'DTaP').

What is shedding after a vaccine?

Vaccine shedding. The only vaccine to have caused any significant number of infections is the oral polio vaccine (OPV) in the 1950s, and this vaccine is no longer used. The route of infection was through contact with faeces, and some vaccines, like the viruses they prevent, are shed in stool for up to 28 days.

What is pcv1 vaccine?

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is a pneumococcal vaccine and a conjugate vaccine used to protect infants, young children, and adults against disease caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus).

What is FELV vaccine?

Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is second only to trauma as the leading cause of death in cats, killing 85% of persistently infected felines within three years of diagnosis. The virus commonly causes anemia or lymphoma, but because it suppresses the immune system, it can also predispose cats to deadly infections.

What is dapp vaccine?

DAPP vaccine — DAPP stands for Distemper, Adenovirus, Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus. DHPP vaccine — Otherwise known as the puppy vaccine, DHPP stands for Distemper, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus. Distemper virus — Attacks the lungs and affects the function of the brain and spinal cord; disease can be fatal.

What is dog rabies vaccine?

Conventionally, 2 sequential doses of an inactivated vaccine, administered 2 to 4 wk apart, are required to immunize (e.g., leptospirosis, Lyme disease, canine influenza virus). Rabies virus vaccine is an exception. Like other inactivated vaccines, the initial dose of a rabies vaccine serves as the “priming” dose.

What is typhoid vaccine called?

Typhoid vaccines are vaccines that prevent typhoid fever. Several types are widely available: typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV), Ty21a (a live vaccine given by mouth) and Vi capsular polysaccharide vaccine (ViPS) (an injectable subunit vaccine).

What is dog 5in1 vaccine?

Often called a 5-way vaccine, a combination vaccine usually includes adenovirus cough and hepatitis, distemper, parainfluenza and parvovirus. Some combination vaccines may also include leptospirosis (7-way vaccines) and/or coronavirus.

What is Canine Coronavirus vaccine?

Recommended for the vaccination of healthy dogs as an aid in the prevention of disease caused by canine distemper virus, adenovirus type 1 (hepatitis), adenovirus type 2 (respiratory disease), canine parainfluenza virus, canine parvovirus, and coronavirus. McCaw D, Hoskins J. Canine viral enteritis.

What is dog DHP vaccine?

The components of Nobivac DHP have been shown to protect against canine distemper virus, canine parvovirus and canine adenovirus for at least three years. The onset of immunity is one week after administration for canine distemper virus, canine parvovirus and canine adenovirus.

What is a good age for a dog to live?

The aging profile of dogs varies according to their adult size (often determined by their breed): smaller dogs often live over 15–16 years, medium and large size dogs typically 10 to 13 years, and some giant dog breeds such as mastiffs, often only 7 to 8 years.

What is in a 7 in 1 dog vaccine?

The 5-in-1 vaccines protect against distemper, hepatitis, bordetella (kennel cough), parainfluenza and parvovirus, while 7-in-1 vaccines protect against two additional illnesses: leptospirosis (lepto) and coronavirus. Over the last decade, many veterinarians have begun moving away from using the 7-in-1 vaccine.

What is in a 9 way dog vaccine?

Distemper, Adenovirus Type 1, Adenovirus Type 2, Parainfluenza, Parvovirus, Leptospira canicola, Leptospira grippotyphosa, Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae, Leptospira Pomona. This shot vaccine is for use in healthy dogs 6 weeks of age or older. Inject 1 mL SQ, repeat at 2-4 week intervals until at least 16 weeks of age.

What is the earliest you can vaccinate a puppy?

In general, puppies and kittens receive their core vaccines starting around 6-8 weeks of age and are boostered every 2-4 weeks until around 16-20 weeks of age. The earliest age a dog or cat can receive its first rabies vaccination is 12 weeks.

What is the vaccination schedule for a dog?

These will include the core vaccines, which are administered in a series of three: at 6-, 12-, and 16 weeks old. The core vaccines include the DHLPP (distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvo, and parainfluenza). (Some clinics include the cost of the rabies vaccination.)

Is Bordetella a core vaccine?

For Dogs: Vaccines for canine parvovirus, distemper, canine hepatitis and rabies are considered core vaccines. Non-core vaccines are given depending on the dog's exposure risk. These include vaccines against Bordetella bronchiseptica, Borrelia burgdorferi and Leptospira bacteria.

Is there a rabies vaccine?

Rabies vaccine. Rabies vaccine is a vaccine used to prevent rabies. There are a number of vaccines available that are both safe and effective. They can be used to prevent rabies before and for a period of time after exposure to the virus such as by a dog or bat bite.

Is rabies a life vaccine?

Rabies vaccine is a vaccine used to prevent rabies. There are a number of vaccines available that are both safe and effective. They can be used to prevent rabies before and for a period of time after exposure to the virus such as by a dog or bat bite. The immunity that develops is long lasting after a full course.

Where is a vaccine injected?

The importance of injecting vaccines into muscle. Most vaccines should be given via the intramuscular route into the deltoid or the anterolateral aspect of the thigh. This optimises the immunogenicity of the vaccine and minimises adverse reactions at the injection site.

What happens if a dog is vaccinated twice?

I've seen this in the past before where the dog was accidentally vaccinated twice at once or re-vaccinated too early. In most cases, there are no major side effects, but I would just keep a close eye on your dog for the entire day. If an allergic reaction is going to occur, it should occur within 24 hours.

What is the purpose of an adjuvant in a vaccine?

The word "adjuvant" comes from the Latin word adiuvare, meaning to help or aid. "An immunologic adjuvant is defined as any substance that acts to accelerate, prolong, or enhance antigen-specific immune responses when used in combination with specific vaccine antigens."

At what age is a puppy fully vaccinated?

Your puppy receives his first vaccination series at the age of 6 weeks. Typically, every three weeks, or when he turns 9 weeks, 12 weeks, 15 weeks and 18 weeks old, you'll bring him in for booster shots. That means he's fully vaccinated by the age of 4.5 months.

At what age is a child fully vaccinated?

Babies 6 months and older should receive flu vaccination every flu season. By following the recommended schedule and fully immunizing your child by 2 years of age, your child should be protected against 14 vaccine preventable diseases.

What is a 5 in 1 dog vaccine?

Often called a 5-way vaccine, a combination vaccine usually includes adenovirus cough and hepatitis, distemper, parainfluenza and parvovirus. Some combination vaccines may also include leptospirosis (7-way vaccines) and/or coronavirus.

What happens if a dog is not vaccinated?

Having your dog vaccinated can help prevent them from the following diseases: Canine distemper – this fatal disease attacks a dog's nervous system and can lead to severe damage, including paralysis. However, outbreaks can still occur in areas where vaccination rates are low, so ensure your dog gets their vaccines!

Why is vaccination called vaccination?

The immunization was called vaccination because it was derived from a virus affecting cows (Latin: vacca 'cow').

What is dog rabies vaccine called?

In many locations the rabies vaccine is accompanied by a single combined vaccine shot which protects against: CDV (canine distemper), CAV-2 (canine hepatitis virus or adenovirus-2) and. CPV-2 (canine parvovirus).

What is the lepto vaccine for dogs?

Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria spread through soil, water, and the urine of infected animals, and if not caught early it can be deadly. There is a vaccine available for the most common subtypes of the bacteria that infect dogs, but it's not always a recommended part of the routine vaccination protocol.

What zodiac sign is not a living creature?

Originally Answered: Libra is the only zodiac symbol that is not represented by a living creature. Why? As per Indian astrology system, the 4 signs Gemini , Virgo , Libra , Aquarius are human signs.

What is the best color carpet for a living room?

There are a few basic steps to follow to find your perfect carpet color. Purple is a mix of red and blue. Black is a formal color that suggests power, mystery, and evil. White is purity. Beige and Gray are neutral colors. The current trend for carpet colors is bold.

What is the longest a human can live?

The longest living person whose dates of birth and death were verified according to the modern norms of Guinness World Records and the Gerontology Research Group was Jeanne Calment (1875–1997), a French woman who reportedly lived to 122.

What is the oldest a lab has lived?

A dog believed to be the oldest in the world has died, aged 29 years. Bella, a Labrador cross, was bought by David Richardson from the RSPCA, 26 years ago when she was three years old. She had lived with Mr Richardson, 76, and his partner Daisy, 81, since 1982 in Clay Cross, Derbyshire.

What is the longest a cat has ever lived?

The oldest cat in history was a feline called Creme Puff who was born on 3 August 1967 and lived until 6 August 2005 - an amazing 38 years and 3 days. Creme Puff lived with her owner, Jake Perry, in Austin, Texas, USA. But the crown is now in Bournemouth with Poppy.

What is OPV vaccine for babies?

The inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) is usually given at ages 2 months, 4 months, 6–18 months, and 4–6 years. Sometimes IPV is given in a combination vaccine along with other vaccines. In this case, a child might receive a fifth dose of IPV. This is safe.

What is anti rabies vaccine for dogs?

In many locations the rabies vaccine is accompanied by a single combined vaccine shot which protects against: CDV (canine distemper), CAV-2 (canine hepatitis virus or adenovirus-2) and. CPV-2 (canine parvovirus).

What is the vaccine for cat bite?

A tetanus booster is given to the person if it has been more than five years since their last tetanus shot. If a cat has bitten someone, and there is no evidence that the cat has been vaccinated against rabies, the person will be treated for rabies infection.

What happens if dog is not vaccinated?

Having your dog vaccinated can help prevent them from the following diseases: Canine distemper – this fatal disease attacks a dog's nervous system and can lead to severe damage, including paralysis. However, outbreaks can still occur in areas where vaccination rates are low, so ensure your dog gets their vaccines!

What is the measles vaccine called?

Maurice Hilleman at Merck & Co., a pioneer in the development of vaccinations, developed the MMR vaccine in 1971, which treats measles, mumps and rubella in a single shot followed by a booster. One form is called "Attenuvax".

What is the vaccine schedule for puppies?

Vaccination schedule. Puppies receive most of their vaccinations every two to four weeks until they are at least 14 weeks old. Some vaccinations are given as a combination, such as the DHLPPC, which helps protect against distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parainfluenza, parvo and corona.

What age is best to vaccinate puppies?

Most veterinarians recommend that puppies are vaccinated for distemper, parvovirus, and adenovirus (hepatitis) a number of times, starting when they are about four to six weeks old, and again every three or four weeks, with their last “puppy vaccination” given after they are about 16 to 20 weeks old.

What is the distemper vaccine for dogs?

A vaccine recommended for use in healthy dogs as an aid in the prevention of disease caused by canine distemper virus, adenovirus type 1 (hepatitis) and adenovirus type 2 (respiratory disease), canine parainfluenza virus, and canine parvovirus.

What is the c5 vaccination for dogs?

C3 vaccination: Protects against parvovirus, distemper and hepatitis. CC vaccination: Protects against the components of canine cough (Bordetella bronchiseptica and Parainfluenza virus). C5 vaccination: Is a combination of C3 + CC and is the minimum requirement for most boarding kennels.

What age is kennel cough vaccine given?

Puppies can receive the injectable vaccine starting at 6 to 8 weeks of age, followed by a booster between 10 and 12 weeks of age. For adult dogs or puppies older than 16 weeks, the intranasal vaccine can be given once, and the injectable vaccine should be given twice, two to four weeks apart.

What is the vaccination schedule for puppies?

Puppy Vaccination Schedule Puppy's AgeRecommended Vaccinations6 — 8 weeksDistemper, measles, parainfluenza10 — 12 weeksDHPP (vaccines for distemper, adenovirus [hepatitis], parainfluenza, and parvovirus)12 — 24 weeksRabies14 — 16 weeksDHPP3 autres lignes • 12 mars 2019

What is 6 way dog vaccine?

Spectra 6 vaccine is a combination of immunogenic, attenuated strains of Canine Distemper, Canine Adenovirus Type 2 (CAV-2), Canine Parainfluenza, and Canine Parvovirus Type 2b, propagated in cell line tissue cultures. The diluent contains killed antigens for Canine Coronavirus Vaccine.

What is Hib vaccine used for?

The Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine, often called Hib vaccine, is a vaccine used to prevent Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) infection. In countries that include it as a routine vaccine, rates of severe Hib infections have decreased more than 90%.

What type of vaccine is Dtap?

DTaP (also DTPa and TDaP) is a combined vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, in which the pertussis component is acellular. This is in contrast to whole-cell, inactivated DTP (aka DTwP). The acellular vaccine uses selected antigens of the pertussis pathogen to induce immunity.

What is the 5 in 1 vaccine?

This vaccine usually protects against a slightly different set of diseases to the 5-in-1 vaccine used in the UK: diphtheria, whooping cough (pertussis), tetanus, hepatitis B and Hib disease (Haemophilus influenzae type b). The polio vaccine is then usually given separately as a live oral vaccine.

What is the 3rd puppy vaccine?

At 12 weeks of age, your puppy will have the third round of hepatitis, distemper, parvovirus, coronavirus and parainfluenza. At around 14 to 16 weeks, your puppy should receive a vaccine for rabies.

What is the oldest a dog has lived?

The current world record holder for world's oldest dog is Bluey, an Australian Cattle Dog who, coincidentally, lived in Victoria, Australia, just like Maggie. Bluey lived from 1910 to 1939 and died at the age of 29 years and five months. He also lived on a farm.

What is a living wage in Nashville TN?

Living Wage Calculation for Davidson County, Tennessee Hourly Wages1 Adult2 Adults (1 Working) 3 ChildrenLiving Wage$11.73$27.44Poverty Wage$5.84$14.14Minimum Wage$7.25$7.25

What is the average age for a dog to live?

The aging profile of dogs varies according to their adult size (often determined by their breed): smaller dogs often live over 15–16 years, medium and large size dogs typically 10 to 13 years, and some giant dog breeds such as mastiffs, often only 7 to 8 years.

What is the average age a horse lives?

Depending on breed, management and environment, the modern domestic horse has a life expectancy of 25 to 30 years. Uncommonly, a few animals live into their 40s and, occasionally, beyond. The oldest verifiable record was "Old Billy", a 19th-century horse that lived to the age of 62.

What is the best flooring for a living room?

Best Flooring for Living Rooms (by popularity) Hardwood: 72.84% Carpet: 10.19% Ceramic Tile: 3.30% Concrete: 3.29% Porcelain Tile: 3.11% Travertine: 1.27% Marble: 1.42% Vinyl: .76%

What is a good dog for apartment living?

Chihuahua. Known for its small size, the Chihuahua makes a great apartment dog. They require minimum exercise and love being close to their owners.

What is a good rule to live by?

10 Rules to Live By for Those Who Want to Live a Positive Life. Take every waking hour as it comes and do what you are supposed to do and complete what you're supposed to complete. Stop overanalyzing or trying to predict and plan things too far. The only constant in life is change.

Where is a dog live?

Dogs live in most countries around the world. Dogs can either live in the wild or as pets. The country with the highest pet dog population is the United States of America, which is home to 61,080,000 pet dogs.Dogs are one of the first animals that humans tamed, and are commonly known as 'man's best friend'.

What vaccinations does a puppy need UK?

Puppy and dog vaccinations Vaccinations protect pets from diseases that remain a high risk and can kill. Puppies will need to be vaccinated against the killer infections from six to nine weeks of age. They will then be protected against parvovirus, distemper, leptospirosis and adenovirus 1 and 2.

What happens if a puppy isn't vaccinated?

Unvaccinated puppies. Puppies that are not protected by vaccination are at greater risk of contracting a serious disease. And because not every dog will get sick when exposed to a disease. Some will simply develop immunity without showing any clinical signs of infection.

What vaccines are required for a dog?

The core vaccines include the DHLPP (distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvo, and parainfluenza). Your pup will also need a rabies vaccination, which is usually around $15—20. (Some clinics include the cost of the rabies vaccination.)