What is ambiguous grammar explain with example?

TOC Lecture 36: Definition of Ambiguous Grammar, Solved Examples in hindi

Best Answer

In computer science, an ambiguous grammar is a context-free grammar for which there exists a string that can have more than one leftmost derivation or parse tree, while an unambiguous grammar is a context-free grammar for which every valid string has a unique leftmost derivation or parse tree.

Ambiguous Grammar to Unambiguous conversion

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What is Artificial Intelligence explain with example?

A neural network is an example of machine learning. TechTerms has the following definition of the term: “Artificial Intelligence, or AI, is the ability of a computer to act like a human being. It has several applications, including software simulations and robotics.”

What is inheritance explain with example?

Inheritance is a mechanism in which one class acquires the property of another class. For example, a child inherits the traits of his/her parents. With inheritance, we can reuse the fields and methods of the existing class. Hence, inheritance facilitates Reusability and is an important concept of OOPs.

What is ER diagram explain with example?

ER Diagram: Entity. An Entity can be any object, place, person or class. In ER Diagram, an entity is represented using rectangles. Consider an example of an Organisation- Employee, Manager, Department, Product and many more can be taken as entities in an Organisation.

Compiler Design Lecture 3 -- Ambiguous grammars and making them unambiguous

What is BFS and DFS explain with example?

DFS and BFS are common methods of graph traversal, which is the process of visiting every vertex of a graph. Stacks and queues are two additional concepts used in the DFS and BFS algorithms. Examples of the DFS and BFS algorithms are given next. Example using the graph to the right.

What is streamlined shape explain with four examples?

Answer: A special shape of the bodies which reduces the fluid friction is called as the streamlined shape. Example: Aquatic animals like fish, crocodile and sharks and the vehicles like cars, flights, ships ect. Streamlined shapes help reduce the amount of air drag when an object is moving.

What is an example of had grammar?

Here the auxiliary verb have forms the present perfect tense with the past participle finished. Have had and had had I have a sister. She has a car. He has a nice job. I have breakfast at 8.30. I have a shower before I go to bed. I have a nap in the afternoon.

What is an example of ambiguous sentence?

However, sometimes ambiguity is used deliberately to add humor to a text. Examples of Ambiguity: The word "grave" has an ambiguous meaning: Ask for me tomorrow and you shall find me a grave man. Sentence like- I saw a man on a hill with a telescope.

What are the factors affecting friction explain with examples?

The factors which affect friction are: The weight of the objective. That is the normal reaction which the surface applies on the object. For example it is always difficult to push a heavier object than a lighter one.

Ambiguous Grammar

What is association with example?

An example of an association. An example of a relationship is a one-to-many association between departments and employees.

What is a metaphor with examples?

Here's a metaphor example: "The curtain of night fell upon us." In this metaphor, the evening did not develop into a velvet curtain. Rather, simple words are being used to paint a colorful picture.

What is ambiguous grief?

Ambiguous loss is a loss that occurs without closure or understanding. This kind of loss leaves a person searching for answers, and thus complicates and delays the process of grieving, and often results in unresolved grief.

What is ambiguity poetry?

A word, statement, or situation with two or more possible meanings is said to be ambiguous. As poet and critic William Empson wrote in his influential book Seven Types of Ambiguity (1930), “The machinations of ambiguity are among the very roots of poetry.”

What is ambiguity math?

An expression is said to be ambiguous (or poorly defined) if its definition does not assign it a unique interpretation or value. An expression which is not ambiguous is said to be well-defined. SEE ALSO: Ill-Defined, Well-Defined. CITE THIS AS: Weisstein, Eric W. "

Ambiguity in Grammar and its removal Trick..

What is ambiguity English?

Ambiguity means that what a thing is, is not clear. Literally, the word refers to a choice between two different things. In the proper sense it should mean “two different meanings” because “ambi” comes from the Greek word for “two”.

What is fluid friction explain?

Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other. Fluid friction describes the friction between layers of a viscous fluid that are moving relative to each other.

What is Association in OOP with example?

An association is a “using” relationship between two or more objects in which the objects have their own lifetime and there is no owner. As an example, imagine the relationship between a doctor and a patient.

What is composition in Java with example?

Composition is the design technique to implement has-a relationship in classes. We can use java inheritance or Object composition for code reuse. Java composition is achieved by using instance variables that refers to other objects. For example, a Person has a Job Let's see this with a simple code.

What is entity relationship model with example?

Entity Relationship Modeling (ER Modeling) is a graphical approach to database design. It uses Entity/Relationship to represent real world objects. An Entity is a thing or object in real world that is distinguishable from surrounding environment. For example each employee of an organization is a separate entity.

What is a pronoun with example?

A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun in a sentence. Pronouns are used to avoid repeating the same nouns over and over again. For example, "Jeremy ran so fast, you'd think his life was on the line." Common pronouns include I, me, mine, she, he, it, we, and us.

What is aggregation in Java with example?

Aggregation Example in Java. For example consider two classes Student class and Address class. Every student has an address so the relationship between student and address is a Has-A relationship. Its a typical example of Aggregation in Java.

What is Association in Java with example?

Associations can be described as a "has-a" relationship because the typical implementation in Java is through the use of an instance field. The relationship can be bi-directional with each class holding a reference to the other. Aggregation and composition are types of association relationships.

What is ambiguity in Java?

The ambiguities are those issues that are not defined clearly in the Java language specification. The different results produced by different compilers on several example programs support our observations. KEY WORDS: Java; language design; language. definition; object-oriented programming; 1.

What is nitrogen cycle explain?

The nitrogen cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which nitrogen is converted into multiple chemical forms as it circulates among atmosphere, terrestrial, and marine ecosystems. The conversion of nitrogen can be carried out through both biological and physical processes.

What is a colon in grammar?

The colon ( : ) is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line. A colon precedes an explanation or an enumeration, or list.

What is final keyword in Java with example?

final keyword in java. First of all, final is a non-access modifier applicable only to a variable, a method or a class.Following are different contexts where final is used. Final variables. When a variable is declared with final keyword, its value can't be modified, essentially, a constant.

What is frames in artificial intelligence with example?

A frame is an artificial intelligence data structure used to divide knowledge into substructures by representing "stereotyped situations." Frames are the primary data structure used in artificial intelligence frame language. Frames are also an extensive part of knowledge representation and reasoning schemes.

What is Group By clause in SQL with example?

The GROUP BY Statement in SQL is used to arrange identical data into groups with the help of some functions. i.e if a particular column has same values in different rows then it will arrange these rows in a group. GROUP BY clause is used with the SELECT statement.

How is language ambiguous?

The lexical ambiguity of a word or phrase pertains to its having more than one meaning in the language to which the word belongs. "Meaning" here refers to whatever should be captured by a good dictionary. The context in which an ambiguous word is used often makes it evident which of the meanings is intended.

What are domestic animals with examples?

Domestic animals include cattle, sheep, goats, reindeers, camels, llamas, buffalo, yaks, bantengs, gayals, horses, pigs, dogs, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, guinea fowls, pigeons, bees, and Asiatic silkworms.

What is a knowledge based system explain?

A knowledge-based system (KBS) is a computer program that reasons and uses a knowledge base to solve complex problems. The one common theme that unites all knowledge based systems is an attempt to represent knowledge explicitly and a reasoning system that allows it to derive new knowledge.

What is frictional force example?

Frictional Force refers to the force generated by two surfaces that contacts and slide against each other. The angle and position of the object affect the amount of frictional force. If an object is placed flat against an object, then the frictional force will be equal to the weight of the object.

What is agility and example?

An example of someone who possesses mental agility is someone who can easily complete mental math problems. Agility is defined as the ability to move nimbly with speed and ease.

What does structural ambiguity mean?

Syntactic ambiguity, also called structural ambiguity, amphiboly or amphibology, is a situation where a sentence may be interpreted in more than one way due to ambiguous sentence structure.

What does morally ambiguous mean?

5 Classic Examples of Moral Ambiguity in Literature. The term moral ambiguity means a situation that lacks clarity regarding the "correctness or wrongness" of a plot/person making the intentions of the author unclear. Thus, a morally ambiguous character cannot be aptly described as good or evil.

When a sentence is ambiguous?

A locally ambiguous sentence is a sentence that contains an ambiguous phrase but has only one interpretation. The ambiguity in a locally ambiguous sentence briefly persists and is resolved, i.e., disambiguated, by the end of the utterance.

What is SQL query example?

An SQL SELECT statement retrieves records from a database table according to clauses (for example, FROM and WHERE ) that specify criteria. The syntax is: SELECT column1, column2 FROM table1, table2 WHERE column2='value';

What is past perfect example?

For example: subject + had + past participle = past perfect tense. Some examples of the past perfect tense can be seen in the following sentences: Had met: She had met him before the party. Had left: The plane had left by the time I got to the airport.

What is deep learning examples?

Definition. Deep learning is a class of machine learning algorithms that: use multiple layers to progressively extract higher level features from raw input. For example, in image processing, lower layers may identify edges, while higher layer may identify human-meaningful items such as digits/letters or faces.

What is aggregation example?

Aggregation. Aggregation is a way of composing different abstractions together in defining a class. For example, a car class can be defined to contain other classes such as engine class, seat class, wheels class etc. Other examples of aggregation are: A window class containing menu class, check-box class etc.

What does it mean when a person is ambiguous?

Something ambiguous is unclear or vague, like the end of a short story that leaves you scratching your head. But if you're ambivalent about something, you can take it or leave it. When choosing between ambiguous and ambivalent, consider whether you are describing something that is unclear or vague: that's ambiguous.

What is Habitat give example?

Habitat examples include lakes, streams, forests, deserts, grasslands, or even a drop of water.

What is a idiom example?

An idiom is a phrase or expression whose meaning can't be understood from the ordinary meanings of the words in it. For example, “Get off my back!” is an idiom meaning “Stop bothering me!” The idiom “You hit the nail on the head” means “You're exactly right.” Here are some other idioms you might use in your writing.

Can could grammar?

English Grammar - Modal Verbs. Both Can and Could are Modal Verbs. In general Could is considered more polite (or formal) that Can.

Would you mind grammar?

You can use the phrases "Would you mind" and "Do you mind" + -ing form to ask someone politely to do things. Hiwever, the phrase "Would you mind" is more polite and common (Cambridge).

What is Doab give example?

An example of doab can be the ganga -yamuna doab or the land in the ganga Yamuna basin area. Likewise, punjab is the land of five waters, i.e., five rivers. or tract of land lying between two converging, or confluent, rivers.

What is proverb meaning and example?

Definition of Proverb. A proverb is a brief, simple, and popular saying, or a phrase that gives advice and effectively embodies a commonplace truth based on practical experience or common sense. Some poems contain multiple proverbs, like Paul Muldoon's poem Symposium.

What have I gotten myself into grammar?

5 Answers. In general, "have got" is the present perfect form of "to get" in UK English, while "have gotten" is the US English version. However, even in US English, "have got" is used in certain instances, namely to mean present tense have (in the sense of possession, or to mean must): I have got a lot of friends.

What are the 4 kinds of sentences with examples?

Here, we will discuss four main types of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory; each has its own functions and patterns. And don't be afraid of their fancy names; their meanings are simple and easy to understand.

What is metaphor and example?

Metaphor Examples. Simply put, a metaphor is a figure of speech containing an implied comparison. With metaphors, words or phrases that are ordinarily applied to one thing are applied to something you wouldn't necessarily pair it with. Here's a metaphor example: "The curtain of night fell upon us."

What is BCG matrix example?

A perfect example to demonstrate BCG matrix could be the BCG matrix of Pepsico. Cash Cows – With a market share of 58.8% in the US, Frito Lay is the biggest cash cow for Pepsico. Stars – Even though Pepsi's share in the market has been reduced to 8.4%, it's still the star for Pepsico because of its brand equity.

What are the types of pronouns with examples?

There are several different kinds of pronouns, including: Personal pronouns (e.g., he, they) Demonstrative pronouns (e.g., this, these) Interrogative pronouns (e.g., which, who) Indefinite pronouns (e.g., none, several) Possessive pronouns (e.g., his, your) Reciprocal pronouns (e.g., each other, one another)

What is atmospheric refraction explain twinkling of stars?

Twinkling. In simple terms, twinkling of stars is caused by the passing of light through different layers of a turbulent atmosphere. Most scintillation effects are caused by anomalous atmospheric refraction caused by small-scale fluctuations in air density usually related to temperature gradients.

What is an example of holistic?

The definition of holistic is relating to the idea that things should be studied as a whole and not just as a sum of their parts. An example of holistic is health care that focuses on the health of the entire body and mind and not just parts of the body.

What is a proverb and examples?

Some examples of English proverbs include: Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. It's no use locking the stable door after the horse has bolted. Laugh and the world laughs with you, weep and you weep alone.

What is a pronoun and give examples?

A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun in a sentence. Pronouns are used to avoid repeating the same nouns over and over again. For example, "Jeremy ran so fast, you'd think his life was on the line." Common pronouns include I, me, mine, she, he, it, we, and us.

What is an example of fluid friction?

Air resistance is an example of fluid friction caused by the particles that make up air. It causes a falling object to slow down. FLUID friction is usually LESS than sliding friction. Lubricants change sliding friction to fluid friction.

What is an example of red algae?

Corallinales Florideophyceae Porphyridium Rhodophyceae Compsopogonophyceae

What is a tenses and give examples?

Tense is the form of a verb that takes to show the time it happened. There are three main tenses: Present tense: things that are true when the words are spoken or written. Example: She goes to school. Example: She is going to school.

What is knowledge management system example?

An example of a knowledge management system is Tableau's knowledge base. It includes a search feature so users can get answers to specific solutions as well as top articles and product-specific navigation. But it also includes articles that address common customer support issues.

What are pet peeves examples?

50 Common Pet Peeves Slow walkers. The word “moist.” When a computer or phone won't load a page fast enough. People who talk loudly on the phone. Noisy eaters. People who talk while their mouth is full. Couples who sit next to each other (instead of across from each other) in a booth. Having to repeat yourself multiple times.

What are examples of disrespect?

Disrespect is defined as rudeness or a lack of courtesy. An example of disrespect is not saying "Thank you" to someone who helps you.

What are pronouns examples?

Definition. A pronoun (I, me, he, she, herself, you, it, that, they, each, few, many, who, whoever, whose, someone, everybody, etc.) is a word that takes the place of a noun. In the sentence Joe saw Jill, and he waved at her, the pronouns he and her take the place of Joe and Jill, respectively.

What is an example of harmful friction?

-you can reduce friction to make surfaces that rub against each other smoother. Example- if a bench has rough wood it is painful for you to slide across it. -without friction the tires could not push against the ground to move the car forward and the brakes could not stop the car.

What is an example of static friction?

If you try to push your couch across the room, the first push is the hardest part. Maybe people assume that's nothing more than psychological, but there really is a physics reason for it. The reason is static friction. Friction, in general, is a force that makes it harder for two objects to slide alongside one another.

What is an example of disrespect?

Disrespect is defined as rudeness or a lack of courtesy. An example of disrespect is not saying "Thank you" to someone who helps you.

What is your greatest accomplishment examples?

If you're having trouble choosing just one example for your greatest accomplishment, keep the following things in mind: Seems obvious, but stick to work examples. Choose something recent, if you can. Don't lie or embellish too much, but think about which of your examples makes the best story.

What is an example of classical conditioning?

During the acquisition phase of classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with an unconditioned stimulus. For example, imagine that you are conditioning a dog to salivate in response to the sound of a bell. You repeatedly pair the presentation of food with the sound of the bell.

What is an example of sloth?

As an example, sloth is about a person not helping those in need, even though they would be able to. Sloth is one of the seven capital sins, which are also called seven deadly sins. For Protestants, Diligence (or hard work) is one of the ways to please God.

What is an example of assessment tool?

Examples of 21st century assessment for learning tools, which include both diagnostic tests and formative assessments, are eportfolios, teacher observations, class discussions, and works in progress with comments, think-pair-share, journals, observation checklists, concept maps, and rubrics.

What is an example of emphasis?

The definition of emphasis is special attention put on something to give it importance. An example of emphasis is bolding the font of a particular word in a document to bring attention to it. An example of emphasis is a woman wearing a low cut shirt in order to bring attention to her cleavage.

What is an example of procedural knowledge?

A well-known example is the procedural reasoning system, which might, in the case of a mobile robot that navigates in a building, contain procedures such as "navigate to a room" or "plan a path".

What are weaknesses examples?

Some examples of weaknesses include: Disorganized. Self-Critical/Sensitive. Perfectionism (Note: this can be a strength in many roles, so be sure you have an example of how perfectionism can be a problem to demonstrate that you've thought deeply about this trait) Shy/Not adept at public speaking.

What are the early signs of grammar in infant speech?

What are the early signs of grammar in infant speech? Gestures, facial expressions, and nuances of tone, loudness, and cadence accompanied by words are precursors to early grammar.

What's a plural example?

A plural noun is a word that indicates that there is more than one person, animal place, thing, or idea. When you talk about more than one of anything, you're using plural nouns. When you write about more than one of anything, you usually use the same word, simply adding an s, es, or ies to the end.

What are some examples of classical conditioning?

Classical Conditioning in Humans. The influence of classical conditioning can be seen in responses such as phobias, disgust, nausea, anger, and sexual arousal. A familiar example is conditioned nausea, in which the sight or smell of a particular food causes nausea because it caused stomach upset in the past.

What are examples of rolling friction?

Any ball or wheel has rolling friction when rolled on a surface. Some examples of items that have rolling friction are: Truck tires. Ball bearings.

What are domestic animals and give examples?

Domestic animals include cattle, sheep, goats, reindeers, camels, llamas, buffalo, yaks, bantengs, gayals, horses, pigs, dogs, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, guinea fowls, pigeons, bees, and Asiatic silkworms.

What are examples of habitats?

The terrestrial vegetation type may be forest, steppe, grassland, semi-arid or desert. Fresh water habitats include marshes, streams, rivers, lakes, and ponds, and marine habitats include salt marshes, the coast, the intertidal zone, estuaries, reefs, bays, the open sea, the sea bed, deep water and submarine vents.

What are your strengths examples?

Some examples of strengths you might mention include: Enthusiasm. Trustworthiness. Creativity. Discipline. Patience. Respectfulness. Determination. Dedication.

What is an example of an assessment tool?

Examples of 21st century assessment for learning tools, which include both diagnostic tests and formative assessments, are eportfolios, teacher observations, class discussions, and works in progress with comments, think-pair-share, journals, observation checklists, concept maps, and rubrics.

How is Lennie going to explain to George what happened to the puppy?

In Chapter 5, Lennie accidently kills his puppy by being too rough with it. He is upset at the puppy for dying. He does not take responsibility for being too rough with the puppy and begins to worry about George's reaction. He fears that George will not allow him to tend rabbits and contemplates hiding the dead puppy.

How do you explain bloating?

Abdominal bloating is when the abdomen feels full and tight. It commonly occurs due to a buildup of gas somewhere in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Long-term solutions for bloating Increase fiber gradually. Replace sodas with water. Avoid chewing gum. Get more active every day. Eat at regular intervals. Try probiotics.

How do you explain happiness?

Happiness is when your life fulfills your needs. In other words, happiness comes when you feel satisfied and fulfilled. Happiness is a feeling of contentment, that life is just as it should be. Perfect happiness, enlightenment, comes when you have all of your needs satisfied.

What is an example of raining cats and dogs?

It's Raining Cats and Dogs means: A heavy downpour, rain coming down very quickly and hard. Example of use: “There's no way they'll be playing at the park, it's raining cats and dogs out there!”

What is an example of a cash cow?

Cash Cow Example. Cash cows have a large share of the market and require little investment. For example, the iPhone is Apple's (AAPL) cash cow. Its return on assets is far greater than its market growth rate; as a result, Apple can invest the excess cash generated by the iPhone into other projects or products.

What is an example of a labor union?

Labor unions represent workers in both the public and private sector. The unions agree to engage employers in collective bargaining in return for union dues withheld from payroll. The International Brotherhood of Teamsters and United Steel Workers are two prominent labor unions in the United States.

What is an example of a open ended question?

An open-ended question is a question that cannot be answered with a "yes" or "no" response, or with a static response. Examples of open-ended questions: Tell me about your relationship with your supervisor.

What are your weaknesses examples?

Some examples of weaknesses include: Disorganized. Self-Critical/Sensitive. Perfectionism (Note: this can be a strength in many roles, so be sure you have an example of how perfectionism can be a problem to demonstrate that you've thought deeply about this trait) Shy/Not adept at public speaking.

What are your weaknesses example?

You might mention a hard skill as your weakness. Hard skills are job-specific abilities that are easily quantifiable. Some examples of hard skills you might mention when answering an interview question about your weaknesses are: Advanced mathematics.

What are natural resources examples?

A natural resource is what people can use which comes from the natural environment. Examples of natural resources are air, water, wood, oil, wind energy, natural gas, iron, and coal.

What are examples of feelings?

Robert Plutchik's theory Fear → feeling of being afraid, frightened, scared. Anger → feeling angry. Sadness → feeling sad. Joy → feeling happy. Disgust → feeling something is wrong or nasty. Surprise → being unprepared for something. Trust → a positive emotion; admiration is stronger; acceptance is weaker.

What are some examples of exotic pets?

Some examples of these are monkeys, lions, tigers, some species of snakes, Komodo dragons, and many other animals. Exotic pets only exist in the United States.

What are examples of exotic animals?

Some examples of these are monkeys, lions, tigers, some species of snakes, Komodo dragons, and many other animals. Exotic pets only exist in the United States.

What are examples of unfair labor practices?

What Are Some Examples of Unfair Labor Practices? Interfering or dominating labor union organization or formation. Discriminating against employees engaged in union (“concerted”) activities. Taking action against an employee for filing charges related to unfair labor practices (i.e. engaging in “retaliatory discharge”)

What are 5 examples of friction?

Specific examples of sliding friction include: Rubbing both hands together to create heat. A sled sliding across snow or ice. Skis sliding against snow. A person sliding down a slide is an example of sliding friction. A coaster sliding against a table. A washing machine pushed along a floor.

What are examples of animal abuse?

Examples of neglect are starvation, dehydration, parasite infestations, allowing a collar to grow into an animal's skin, inadequate shelter in extreme weather conditions, and failure to seek veterinary care when an animal needs medical attention.

What are 5 examples of ecosystem services?

There, ecosystem services are grouped into four broad categories: provisioning, such as the production of food and water; regulating, such as the control of climate and disease; supporting, such as nutrient cycles and oxygen production; and cultural, such as spiritual and recreational benefits.

What are the examples of knowledge?

An example of knowledge is learning the alphabet. An example of knowledge is having the ability to find a location. knowledge acquaintance or familiarity (with a fact, place, etc.) awareness. understanding.

What are some examples of motivation?

Here are some of the most common examples of motivation in life driven by pleasure: Survival needs (food, shelter, clothing) Accomplishment (school, career, sports, etc.) Fun (partying, dancing, playing, beach, etc.)

Which is an example of kinetic friction?

Kinetic friction is the friction that acts on moving objects and slows them down. Anything that generates friction because of movement - usually sliding - is kinetic friction. A braking car's tires and the road is a good example.