What is gel biology?

Agarose gel electrophoresis

Best Answer

Gel electrophoresis is a method for separation and analysis of macromolecules (DNA, RNA and proteins) and their fragments, based on their size and charge.

Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, DNA Sequencing, PCR, Excerpt 1 | MIT 7.01SC Fundamentals of Biology

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What is RBC known biologically?

Red blood cells, also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering

What is selfing in biology?

Selfing or self-fertilization is the union of male and female gametes and/or nuclei from same haploid, diploid, or polyploid organism. It is an extreme degree of inbreeding. Selfing is widespread – from unicellular organisms to the most complex hermaphroditic plants and animals (especially invertebrates).

What is Placentation in biology?

In biology, placentation refers to the formation, type and structure, or arrangement of the placenta. The function of placentation is to transfer nutrients, respiratory gases, and water from maternal tissue to a growing embryo, and in some instances to remove waste from the embryo.

GEL ELECTROPHORESIS( BIOLOGY) FOR CLASS XII

What is atavism in biology?

In biology, an atavism is a modification of a biological structure whereby an ancestral trait reappears after having been lost through evolutionary change in previous generations. The word atavism is derived from the Latin atavus—a great-great-great-grandfather or, more generally, an ancestor.

What is gel formation?

Gelation (gel transition) is the formation of a gel from a system with branched polymers. The onset of gelation, or gel point, is accompanied by a sudden increase in viscosity. This "infinite" sized polymer is called the gel or network, which does not dissolve in the solvent, but can swell in it.

What is gel polish?

Gel polishes are used for the increasingly popular gel polish manicures. These manicures are gentle to the natural nail and the polish stays intact on the nail for at least a couple of weeks with high shine and no cracking, peeling or chipping. These long, bonded chains make the gel hard and chemically resistant.

What is Pyoben gel?

Pyoben Gel is an antimicrobial, keratolytic and follicular flushing gel specifically formulated for the topical treatment of deep cutaneous infection.

What is CTO gel?

The main color correction gels are CTB (color temperature blue) and CTO (color temperature orange). A CTB gel converts tungsten light to 'daylight' color. A CTO gel performs the reverse. Note that different manufacturers' gels yield slightly different colors. Gels that add a green cast are called plus green.

Gel electrophoresis | Chemical processes | MCAT | Khan Academy

Is Cecily dog's biological daughter?

Cecily is Beth's second child and first daughter, fathered by Keith A. Barmore whom she married on August 26, 1991. Fifteen years later, she became the fifth wife of Dog, the bounty hunter, the man who adopted her daughter and fathered her other two children, Bonnie Jo and Garry.

What is gap analysis in conservation biology?

Gap analysis is a tool used in wildlife conservation to identify gaps in conservation lands (e.g., protected areas and nature reserves) or other wildlands where significant plant and animal species and their habitat or important ecological features occur.

What is a gel frame?

A color scroller, color changer, or "scroller" is a lighting accessory used to change color gels on stage lighting instruments without the need of a person to be in the vicinity of the light. It is attached in the gel frame holder on the outside of a lighting instrument, immediately in front of lens assembly.

What is a tradeoff in biology?

A trade-off (or tradeoff) is a situational decision that involves diminishing or losing one quality, quantity or property of a set or design in return for gains in other aspects. In biology, the concepts of tradeoffs and constraints are often closely related.

What is the gel stuff in diapers?

These crystals go by several names including hydrogel, sodium polyacrylate, polyacrylate absorbents, or in Pamper's FAQ as Absorbent Gel Material (AGM) and can absorb a significant amount of liquid given their smaller size.

Gel Electrophoresis

What is agarose gel made of?

Agarose is a polysaccharide, generally extracted from certain red seaweed. It is a linear polymer made up of the repeating unit of agarobiose, which is a disaccharide made up of D-galactose and 3,6-anhydro-L-galactopyranose.

What is a gel in Theatre?

A color gel or color filter (British spelling: colour gel or colour filter), also known as lighting gel or simply gel, is a transparent colored material that is used in theater, event production, photography, videography and cinematography to color light and for color correction.

What is the difference between gel and regular nail polish?

Think of gel polish as liquid acrylics. "The chemical compositions for gel polish and regular nail polish vary with each brand, but the major difference is that gel polish will only dry under direct UV or LED light contact, while regular nail polish can air dry," explains celebrity nail artist Yoko Sakakura.

What is the function of TAE buffer in gel electrophoresis?

TAE buffer is a buffer solution containing a mixture of Tris base, acetic acid and EDTA. In molecular biology it is used in agarose electrophoresis typically for the separation of nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA.

Is the gel in diapers toxic?

In Huggies® diapers, super-absorbent material is mixed with the diaper padding, turning liquid into a gel to help prevent leakage. You may occasionally see small beads of gel on the diaper or on your baby, but the gel is nontoxic and not harmful.

Which is better pepper spray or gel?

Pepper gel has a sticky viscosity that allows it to travel further than pepper spray droplets. Most pepper gels have an effective range of up to 18 feet, compared to 12 feet for a standard pepper spray. The potential for cross-contamination is one of the biggest differences between pepper spray and pepper gel.

Is gel mattress better than memory foam?

The difference between memory foam and gel foam comes down to the materials. Memory foam is made from a material called viscoelastic. A gel foam mattress is also made from viscoelastic, but it has been infused with gel. Gel foam was introduced in mattresses to offer cooler sleep and assist with pressure relief.

Why is my dog pooping clear gel?

It's coated in mucus. Weird but true: Dogs lower intestinal tract glands produce a clear, jelly-like slime to lubricate the colon and help stool pass more easily. And sometimes, that slime can coat your dog's poop or accumulate at the end. But if the mucus becomes a regular thing, call the vet.

Is Aloe Vera Gel toxic to dogs?

Safe Use of Aloe Vera for Your Dog. Aloe vera has a multitude of benefits for humans. However, dogs should never ingest any part of the aloe vera plant. It is mildly toxic for domestic animals, and will cause vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, depression, and urinary changes.

Is pepper spray or gel better?

Pepper gel has a sticky viscosity that allows it to travel further than pepper spray droplets. Most pepper gels have an effective range of up to 18 feet, compared to 12 feet for a standard pepper spray. The potential for cross-contamination is one of the biggest differences between pepper spray and pepper gel.

Is the gel in nappies toxic?

Occasionally, you may see small beads of gel from the nappy on your baby's skin or bedding, but the gel is non-toxic and will not harm the baby.

What are lighting gels made of?

Modern gels are thin sheets of polycarbonate, polyester or other heat-resistant plastics, placed in front of a lighting fixture in the path of the beam. Gels have a limited life, especially in saturated colors (lower light transmission) and shorter wavelength (blues).

How can I find my biological mother?

How to Find Your Birth Parents: 5 Steps You Can Take Discuss your birth family search with your parents (if living) to collect any information they have regarding your adoption. Check to see if your state has an adoption reunion registry. Request your adoption records. Contact the person who arranged your adoption, if possible.

Is the gel in diapers toxic to dogs?

The gel itself is non-toxic silica however it is also indigestible and if she ate enough of it that could cause a gastrointestinal blockage, especially if she also ingested any other parts of the diaper.

Does puppy teething gel work?

For puppies from 4 weeks. Teething Gel contains chamomile, peppermint and clove oils, which when combined, will help to soothe your puppies sore gums during teething. Teething Gel contains no added sugar and no artificial colours, avours or sweeteners, yet it is tasty enough that your puppy will find it irresistible.

Can gel nails be filed?

Can You File Gel Nails? Since gel nails adhere directly onto your natural nails, anything you to do the gel will impact your nails underneath. If you're not a trained professional but wanting to file your gel, you run the risk of doing so incorrectly and seriously damaging your natural nails in the process.

Can gel nails be long?

Your gel nail extensions can last up to three weeks, according to Aprés' website, but Goldstein says it should last you as long as a gel manicure would, depending on your natural nail growth.

Does gel memory foam work?

However, many memory foam users complain the material retains an above-average amount of body heat, which causes the foam to sleep excessively warm or hot. By comparison, other mattress mattress materials sleep cooler. Gel memory foam layers are infused with tiny gel particles or beads.

Is a gel a liquid or a solid?

A gel is a solid jelly-like soft material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough. In this way gels are a dispersion of molecules of a liquid within a solid in which liquid particles are dispersed in the solid medium .

Is aloe vera gel safe for a dog's skin?

Aloe vera is best used in topical applications for skin conditions. Most aloe products, like aloe vera gel, do not contain this latex. Avoid applying any portion of the aloe vera plant directly to your dog's skin. If your dog's skin needs soothing, purchase some pet-safe aloe gel or spray.

How can I find my biological father for free?

Click on any of their names to pull their background reports. Try searching your mom's name. Your dad might show up under the possible relatives section of her report. Try searching your siblings and yourself. You could find find your father through people related to you and your family. Try searching old phone numbers.

Do cool gel mattress toppers work?

It may warm more slowly than the foam, which conducts heat easily, but not slowly enough to stay cool for the length of a night's sleep. The most effective gel cooled mattresses are ones that feature a gel layer on top of the memory foam, laid down like a buffer between you and the foam.

Can you give puppies baby teething gel?

Teething Remedies for Puppies. You can take steps to alleviate his pain and reduce the risk of your puppy chewing up valuable items while he's teething. Provide your puppy with acceptable items on which to chew. While the new teeth are putting pressure on a puppy's gums, chewing is a natural reaction.

Can dogs have Zyrtec liquid gels?

Zyrtec Dosage for Dogs. Generally, a typical dose of Zyrtec is determined based on the dog's size. Your veterinarian will likely prescribe Zyrtec to be given once a day, orally. However, this is a general rule of thumb and not an exact science.

How long do gel manicures last?

How long does it last? In general, both the gel and Shellac manicures claim to last up to two weeks — and they do! With regular polish, the top coat begins to dull after a few days, but with gel and Shellac, they look as shiny on day 14 as they did on day 1.

Does hair gel keep lice away?

Q: Is it true hair gel or hair spray can prevent you from getting head lice? Daily hair gel or hair spray is not a very practical solution though. Remember, lice are not dangerous. They do not transmit any diseases to humans (unlike ticks, or mosquitos).

Can I give my puppy teething gel?

By soothing sore, irritated gums, VetIQ's Teething Gel helps reduce the amount of chewing a puppy may need to do to ease the pain during teething. VetIQ's Teething Gel contains no added sugar, no artificial colours, flavours or artificial sweeteners, yet it is tasty enough that your puppy will find it irresistible.

Does gel nail polish ruin your nails?

Gel manicures can weaken your nails. Whether or not you opt for a gel or traditional polish formula, the truth is that regular manis of any kind can weaken your natural nails. "The manicure process can lead to dehydration and thinning of the nail plate," says Dr. Adigun.

Can dogs lick aloe vera gel?

Using aloe externally is fine, but it's toxic to dogs if ingested. The gel from the aloe plant is used for everything from sunburns to colon cleansing to stopping hair loss. It's a versatile natural healing agent. But just because it's organic doesn't mean it's automatically safe for canine treatment.

Does aloe vera gel kill scabies?

Aloe vera gel has a soothing, healing effect on sunburned skin. It can also alleviate itching and kill scabies. A 2009 study found that aloe vera gel was as successful as benzyl benzoate (a common prescription treatment) in treating scabies.

How do you fix blotchy gel stain?

If the surface is very blotchy, you'll have to remove the stain by stripping, sanding, or both, and start over. This time, apply a washcoat of shellac and then the stain. If the blotching isn't too severe, try using a glaze to soften the contrast between the deeply colored and lighter areas.

How do you add biological father to birth certificate?

Add biological father's details to a birth certificate Complete the amendment application form Add Biological Father to Birth Record. If you apply in person at Births, Deaths and Marriages present your original identity documents. Supply DNA evidence to support your application if:

Which biogas is obtained from biological wastes such as animal manure?

These plants can be fed with energy crops such as maize silage or biodegradable wastes including sewage sludge and food waste. During the process, the micro-organisms transform biomass waste into biogas (mainly methane and carbon dioxide) and digestate.

Can I use aloe vera gel on my dog's skin?

Aloe Vera gel can be applied directly to the itching skin surface. The itchy skin area of your dog should be washed properly with lukewarm water. Aloe Vera is not only used for the treatment of itchy skin but also for many skin problems like eczema, skin allergy, hot spots and skin rashes.

Do I have to wipe off gel stain?

As long as the gel is still wet you can remove the product. If the gel is dry and needs to be removed, it can be sanded back off after it has been dry. Wipe on with a T-shirt in a circular motion, which will work stain into the grain, and follow by wiping out in the direction of the grain.

Can I bathe my dog with t/gel shampoo?

T-Gel shampoo should not be used on your dog or any animal for that matter. It is a strongly medicated shampoo and can dry out your pet's skin to the point that the dog will need to be seen by your veterinarian for treatment.

Can you cut your nails with gel polish?

When you cut a gel manicure, you remove the seal and make it easy for water to get in between the gel and the nail, and then the gel could lift off and your manicure will be totally ruined. So that kind of sucks. If your nails are just feeling too long, avoid cutting them and file them instead.

How do you give a dog a gel capsule?

Press the gel capsule into the center of one. Alternatively, prepare six small bites of soft cheese and press the capsule into one. Feed three without the capsule to your dog quickly, then give her the one containing the capsule, then follow it with the last two plain bites to mask any taste from the capsule.

How do you clean a gel lint roller?

Use these super sticky rollers to easily remove hair and dust, and then just wash them clean. These rollers are 100% reusable and will last for years. Stop wasting money on disposable lint removal products. Get our washable lint roller set and just rinse them clean with warm water and reuse them over and over.

Can I give my dog aloe vera gel?

Aloe vera juice and gel is used on dogs externally if they are suffering from any common skin irritations. Another great way to give them aloe vera juice is to squeeze the juice from an aloe vera plant and pop it in the freezer.

How long does gel nail polish stay on?

How long does it last? In general, both the gel and Shellac manicures claim to last up to two weeks — and they do! With regular polish, the top coat begins to dull after a few days, but with gel and Shellac, they look as shiny on day 14 as they did on day 1.

Can I give my dog liquid gel Benadryl?

Benadryl is available as an oral medication, a topical solution, and injectable (from a veterinarian). The standard dosage for oral Benadryl for dogs is 1 mg per pound of body weight two times per day. The most common form is liquid, but 25 mg tablets (the dose for a dog that weighs 25 pounds) are also available.

Can you use baby teething gel on puppies?

By soothing sore, irritated gums, VetIQ's Teething Gel helps reduce the amount of chewing a puppy may need to do to ease the pain during teething. VetIQ's Teething Gel contains no added sugar, no artificial colours, flavours or artificial sweeteners, yet it is tasty enough that your puppy will find it irresistible.

Do you have to wipe gel stain off?

As long as the gel is still wet you can remove the product. If the gel is dry and needs to be removed, it can be sanded back off after it has been dry. Wipe on with a T-shirt in a circular motion, which will work stain into the grain, and follow by wiping out in the direction of the grain.

Can I give my 3 month old teething gel?

If your baby is around 6 months of age and is keeping you up at night, they are probably experiencing teething pain. Gently rub or massage the baby's gums with your finger. Give the child a firm rubber teething ring chilled in the refrigerator. Offer a cold washcloth.

What is pet What are its uses?

About PET. It is typically called "polyester" when used for fibers or fabrics, and "PET" or "PET Resin" when used for bottles, jars, containers and packaging applications. PET is the world's packaging choice for many foods and beverages because it is hygienic, strong, lightweight, shatterproof, and retains freshness.

What is the past of is?

Dear M. Anonymous, The past tense of “is” is “was” (singular) and “were” (plural); these are forms of the verb “to be.” “To be” is an irregular verb. Its past participle is “been,” which is used with an auxiliary verb (e.g., “I have been there”; “have” is the auxiliary verb, and “been” is the past participle).

What is streamlining how is it useful?

As we know fluids also exert pressure called drag.To reduce this friction or pressure exerted by fluids objects are given some suitable shape. Hence , streamlining is useful to reduce the friction or pressure exerted by fluids.

What is xinput1_3 DLL is missing?

For instance, a faulty application, xinput1_3.dll has been deleted or misplaced, corrupted by malicious software present on your PC or a damaged Windows registry. The most commonly occurring error messages are: The program can't start because xinput1_3.dll is missing from your computer.

What is Boston is famous for?

Boston is best known for its famous baked beans, Fenway Park, The Boston Marathon, and of course for the bar from Cheers, but dig a little deeper below the surface and you'll find a surprising wealth of things that make Boston one of the best cities in America—and the world.

What is lethargy dog?

Things that can make your dog lethargic and weak can range from infection and disease to pain and medication. And because weakness and lethargy can indicate anything from a chronic condition to a life-threatening illness, you should always talk to your vet when you notice either symptom.

What is raw kibble?

Raw Coated Baked Kibble. Each high-protein, grain-free offering starts with responsibly sourced animal proteins (cage-free poultry, grass-fed beef, and wild-caught fish). Next, we gently bake our kibble resulting in a less processed, more nutritional kibble.

What is La Canicula?

Canicula is the Latin term for Sirius, the dog star. Elsewhere in the United States, this period is known as the "dog days." But for many in South Texas and northern Mexico, it's "la canicula."

What is sundown syndrome?

Sundowning, or sundown syndrome, is a neurological phenomenon associated with increased confusion and restlessness in patients with delirium or some form of dementia. Sundowning seems to occur more frequently during the middle stages of Alzheimer's disease and mixed dementia.

What is tooth resorption?

Root resorption is the progressive loss of dentine and cementum by the action of osteoclasts. This is a physiological process in the exfoliation of the primary dentition, caused by osteoclast differentiation due to pressure exerted by the erupting permanent tooth.

What is puppy imprinting?

Like children, puppies have a small window of time during brain development when they are most impressionable. This is called the imprinting, or critical learning period. For puppies, the imprinting period is during the first 16 weeks of life. Puppies learn more during this time than they can learn in a life time.

What is Petillant naturel?

Another name for this technique of winemaking is méthode ancestrale, and it's used to describe a wine that's bottled before primary fermentation is completed, without adding any secondary yeasts or sugars. The retail versions of this type of wine are prosecco and moscato, while the restaurant version is pét nat.

What is HGE?

Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE) is a disease of dogs characterized by sudden vomiting and bloody diarrhea. The symptoms are usually severe, and HGE can be fatal if not treated. HGE is most common in young adult dogs of any breed, but especially small dogs such as the Toy Poodle and Miniature Schnauzer.

What is dog pruritus?

Pruritus due to skin disease is one of the most common reasons dog owners seek veterinary care. Flea allergy dermatitis, seasonal allergies or atopy, food allergies, contact dermatitis and sarcoptic mange are some of the most common causes of pruritus in dogs.

What is Kussmaul breathing?

Kussmaul breathing is a deep and labored breathing pattern often associated with severe metabolic acidosis, particularly diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) but also kidney failure. It is this latter type of breathing pattern that is referred to as Kussmaul breathing.

What is puppy litter?

A litter is the live birth of multiple offspring at one time in animals from the same mother and usually from one set of parents, particularly from three to eight offspring. The word is most often used for the offspring of mammals, but can be used for any animal that gives birth to multiple young.

What animal is entei?

They're known as the Legendary Beasts trio. They look both canine and feline though. Raikou looks like a tiger, Entei looks like a lion, and Suicune looks like a leopard/cheetah creature.

What exactly is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin (₿) is a cryptocurrency, a form of electronic cash. It is a decentralized digital currency without a central bank or single administrator that can be sent from user to user on the peer-to-peer bitcoin network without the need for intermediaries. Bitcoins are created as a reward for a process known as mining.

What is a Dendrophile?

Dendrophile. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Dendrophile may refer to: A person who loves trees, as in Dendrophilia (paraphilia)

What is a Nemophilist?

nemophilist. Noun. (plural nemophilists) (rare) One who is fond of forests or forest scenery; a haunter of the woods.

What is a Synophile?

cynophile. Noun. (plural cynophiles) A person who loves canines; a dog lover.

What is labored breathing?

Labored respiration or labored breathing is an abnormal respiration characterized by evidence of increased effort to breathe, including the use of accessory muscles of respiration, stridor, grunting, or nasal flaring.

What is ataxic breathing?

Ataxic respiration is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by complete irregularity of breathing, with irregular pauses and increasing periods of apnea. As the breathing pattern deteriorates, it merges with agonal respirations.

What is Merle color?

Merle is a pattern in a dog's coat. Merle comes in different colors and patterns. The merle gene creates mottled patches of color in a solid or piebald coat, blue or odd-colored eyes, and can affect skin pigment as well.

What is bred back?

Breeding back is a form of artificial selection by the deliberate selective breeding of domestic animals, in an attempt to achieve an animal breed with a phenotype that resembles a wild type ancestor, usually one that has gone extinct.

What is adsorption process?

Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface. This process creates a film of the adsorbate on the surface of the adsorbent. Adsorption is a surface phenomenon, while absorption involves the whole volume of the material.

What is canine influenza?

Canine influenza (dog flu) is influenza occurring in canine animals. Canine influenza is caused by varieties of influenzavirus A, such as equine influenza virus H3N8, which in 2004 was discovered to cause disease in dogs. It is a disease with a high morbidity (incidence of symptoms) but a low incidence of death.

What is AIHA dog?

In dogs with AIHA, red blood cells are still being manufactured in the bone marrow, but once released into the circulation, they have a shorter-than-normal life span. "Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is an immune system disease in which the body attacks and destroys its own red blood cells."

What is entropion surgery?

Entropion (en-TROH-pee-on) is a condition in which your eyelid turns inward so that your eyelashes and skin rub against the eye surface. Artificial tears and lubricating ointments can help relieve symptoms of entropion. But usually surgery is needed to fully correct the condition.

What is a MLEM?

An Imgur blog post from 2015 makes a clear separation between “mlem” and another tongue-centric word, “blep.” “Mlem” is a conscious act of licking, while a “blep” — a tongue protruding from an animal's mouth — just kind of happens.

What is a Pupper?

A pupper is a smol doggo. But a big ol pupper is a doggo. A woofer is a big ol doggo. And a smol woofer is, you guessed it, a doggo. A yapper is a smol pupper, and a big ol woofer is a floofer.

What is Lar par?

Laryngeal paralysis is a condition that severely affects a pet's breathing. In the veterinary world, we tend to call it “Lar Par." The larynx is the medical name for the voice box. Taking a deep breath becomes impossible, and the pet basically suffocates.

What is theobromine?

Theobromine. Theobromine, formerly known as xantheose, is a bitter alkaloid of the cacao plant, with the chemical formula C7H8N4O2. It is found in chocolate, as well as in a number of other foods, including the leaves of the tea plant, and the kola nut. Theobromine is an isomer of theophylline, as well as paraxanthine.

What is healthy poop?

Poop, also known as stool or feces, is a normal part of the digestive process. Poop consists of waste products that are being eliminated from the body. It may include undigested food particles, bacteria, salts, and other substances. A person should pass a normal, healthy poop easily and with minimal strain.

What is meat digest?

Meat is made up of protein and some fats which are easily digested and generally leave the stomach within 2-3 hours. Meat is fully digested within 4-6 hours compared to the dietary fiber found in fruits, vegetables and whole grains, which take more than two days.

What is a Poppie?

A poppy is a flowering plant in the subfamily Papaveroideae of the family Papaveraceae. Poppies are herbaceous plants, often grown for their colourful flowers.

What is Fibrocartilaginous?

Fibrocartilage is the tough, very strong tissue found predominantly in the intervertebral disks and at the insertions of ligaments and tendons; it is similar to other fibrous tissues but contains cartilage ground substance and chondrocytes.

What is dog hemolysis?

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is an immune system disease in which the body attacks and destroys its own red blood cells. In dogs with AIHA, red blood cells are still being manufactured in the bone marrow, but once released into the circulation, they have a shorter-than-normal life span.

What is Pet CPR?

Pet CPR. Pets are part of the family, and just like learning First Aid and Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) skills for adults and children allows you to care for your family, learning important first aid for your cats and dogs can help you best care for them.

What is Megacolon toxic?

Micrograph of pseudomembranous colitis, a cause of toxic megacolon. H&E stain. Toxic megacolon is an acute form of colonic distension. It is characterized by a very dilated colon (megacolon), accompanied by abdominal distension (bloating), and sometimes fever, abdominal pain, or shock.

What is dog Pododermatitis?

Pododermatitis is inflammation that can be caused by many disorders including infections, allergies, hormonal disorders, immune-mediated diseases, tumors or cancers, and environmental contaminants.

What is wind fetch?

The fetch, also called the fetch length, is the length of water over which a given wind has blown. Fetch is used in geography and meteorology and its effects are usually associated with sea state and when it reaches shore it is the main factor that creates storm surge which leads to coastal erosion and flooding.