What is influenza caused by?

Infectious Diseases A-Z: Avian influenza (bird flu)

Best Answer

Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.

Symptoms can be mild to severe.

Usually, the virus is spread through the air from coughs or sneezes.

Know the common symptoms of flu

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What causes influenza A?

The flu is caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and lungs. These viruses spread when people with flu cough, sneeze or talk, sending droplets with the virus into the air and potentially into the mouths or noses of people who are nearby.

What is Myiasis caused by?

Myiasis is an infestation of the skin by developing larvae (maggots) of a variety of fly species (myia is Greek for fly) within the arthropod order Diptera. Worldwide, the most common flies that cause the human infestation are Dermatobia hominis (human botfly) and Cordylobia anthropophaga (tumbu fly).

What is leishmaniasis caused by?

Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by parasites of the Leishmania type. It is spread by the bite of certain types of sandflies. The disease can present in three main ways: cutaneous, mucocutaneous, or visceral leishmaniasis.

Infectious Diseases: Common cold or the flu?

What is hydrocephalus caused by?

Hydrocephalus is caused by an imbalance between how much cerebrospinal fluid is produced and how much is absorbed into the bloodstream. Cerebrospinal fluid is produced by tissues lining the ventricles of the brain.

What is canine influenza?

Canine influenza (dog flu) is influenza occurring in canine animals. Canine influenza is caused by varieties of influenzavirus A, such as equine influenza virus H3N8, which in 2004 was discovered to cause disease in dogs. It is a disease with a high morbidity (incidence of symptoms) but a low incidence of death.

What disease is caused by Ascaris lumbricoides?

Ascariasis is a disease caused by the parasitic roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides. Infections have no symptoms in more than 85% of cases, especially if the number of worms is small. Symptoms increase with the number of worms present and may include shortness of breath and fever in the beginning of the disease.

What disease is caused by Clostridium?

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium that is related to the bacteria that cause tetanus and botulism.

What disease is caused by Trichuris Trichiura?

Trichuriasis, also known as whipworm infection, is an infection by the parasitic worm Trichuris trichiura (whipworm). If infection is only with a few worms, there are often no symptoms. In those who are infected with many worms, there may be abdominal pain, tiredness and diarrhea. The diarrhea sometimes contains blood.

2018 Protect Yourself from the Flu

What is cherry eye caused by?

The precise cause of cherry eye is unknown. However, because it appears more often in certain breeds, it is thought to have a genetic component involving weak connective tissue around the third eyelid.

What infection is caused by animal virus?

The viruses that infect other vertebrates are related to those of humans and most families of viruses that cause human diseases are represented. They are important pathogens of livestock and cause diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease and bluetongue.

What disease is caused by Leishmania donovani?

Leishmania donovani is a species of intracellular parasites belonging to the genus Leishmania, a group of haemoflagellate kinetoplastids that cause the disease leishmaniasis. It is a human blood parasite responsible for visceral leishmaniasis or kala-azar, the most severe form of leishmaniasis.

Is hemophilia caused by inbreeding?

Hemophilia is caused by a mutation—likely spontaneous in Victoria's case—on the X chromosome and can be passed along the maternal line of families. It is also recessive and is more commonly exhibited in males, causing it to go undetected in many carriers, who may pass it on to future generations.

Is vitiligo caused by stress?

Others thought nerves might be involved because emotional stress can affect the severity of vitiligo, but this occurs in other autoimmune diseases as well, and there's no evidence that this is from nerves, but instead it's probably related to hormonal changes that occur during emotional stress.

What is the flu?

Is Parvo caused by cats?

Feline panleukopenia (FP) is a highly contagious viral disease of cats caused by the feline parvovirus. Kittens are most severely affected by the virus. The feline parvovirus infects and kills cells that are rapidly growing and dividing, such as those in the bone marrow, intestines, and the developing fetus.

Is alopecia caused by stress?

Alopecia areata. A variety of factors are thought to cause alopecia areata (al-o-PEE-she-uh ar-e-A-tuh), possibly including severe stress. With alopecia areata, the body's immune system attacks the hair follicles — causing hair loss.

Is pancreatitis caused by stress?

Acute pancreatitis: the stress factor. Etiologies of pancreatitis vary, with gallstones accounting for the majority of all cases, followed by alcohol. Other causes of pancreatitis include trauma, ischemia, mechanical obstruction, infections, autoimmune, hereditary, and drugs.

Is canine influenza contagious?

Dogs infected with CIV are most contagious during the two- to four- day virus incubation period, when they shed the virus in their nasal secretions but do not show signs of illness. The virus is highly contagious and almost all dogs exposed to CIV will become infected.

Is canine influenza serious?

The severity of illness associated with canine flu in dogs can range from no signs to severe illness resulting in pneumonia and sometimes death. Most dogs recover within 2 to 3 weeks. However, some dogs may develop secondary bacterial infections which may lead to more severe illness and pneumonia.

Is canine influenza fatal?

Virtually all dogs exposed to the virus become infected, and nearly 80% show clinical signs of disease, though most exhibit the mild form described above. A: Fatal cases of pneumonia resulting from infection with canine influenza virus have been reported in dogs, but the fatality rate is low (less than 10%).

Is influenza A Dangerous?

It's quite different from the common cold, which is less severe. Colds can be caused by any one of around 200 viruses. Influenza is also caused by a virus but it's not normally dangerous if you're healthy. Sometimes, however, different strains of influenza can cause serious illness in some people.

Is influenza A live vaccine?

Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is a type of influenza vaccine in the form of a nasal spray that is recommended for the prevention of influenza.

What is a reverse sneeze in dogs caused by?

Reverse sneezing is a fairly common respiratory event in dogs, but is rarely seen in cats. Small and brachycephalic breeds are more prone to the condition than other dogs. Reverse sneezing is caused by a spasm of the throat and soft palate that is triggered by an irritant.

Is puppy breath caused by worms?

Also known as 'puppy breath', it is a very significant sign that indicates the presence of intestinal worms. The parasitic infection may cause many dental problems in the puppies. Another common symptom is bloating and distended stomach. Hookworms feed on the puppy's blood, rendering him severely anemic.

What birth defects are caused by radiation?

About 10% of birth defects are caused by environmental factors such as infection, radiation, and drugs. These environmental factors can cause death, severe birth defects, or might have no effect at all on the developing baby depending on when during pregnancy the exposure occurs.

What health problems are caused by mold?

Health problems associated with high levels of airborne mold spores include allergic reactions, asthma episodes, irritations of the eye, nose and throat, sinus congestion, and other respiratory problems, although it should be noted that mold spores won't actually cause asthma, just irritate existing conditions.

What helps diarrhea caused by antibiotics?

Lifestyle and home remedies Drink enough fluids. To counter a mild loss of fluids from diarrhea, drink more water. Choose soft, easy-to-digest foods. These include applesauce, bananas and rice. Consider taking probiotics. Ask about anti-diarrheal medications.

What deformities are caused by inbreeding?

When deleterious recessive alleles are unmasked due to the increased homozygosity generated by inbreeding, this can cause inbreeding depression. There may also be other deleterious effects besides those caused by recessive diseases.

What birth defects are caused by smoking?

Tobacco. Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of health problems for developing babies, including preterm birth, low birth weight, and birth defects of the mouth and lip. Smoking during and after pregnancy also increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Is Pityriasis rosea caused by stress?

It maybe that a rash is the result of a factor other than stress, such as: Pityriasis rosea: This is a common skin condition typified by a large rash often surrounded by smaller bumps or rashes. Rosacea: Rashes due to rosacea often (but not always) appear on the face and may persist for weeks or months.

What diseases were caused by Chernobyl?

There were no other demonstrated increases in the rates of solid cancers, leukemia and non-cancerous diseases from the radiation exposure. In the three most-affected countries – Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine – radiation doses to the general public were relatively low.

What are the diseases caused by worms?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the following parasitic infections are common in the U.S.: neurocysticercosis. Chagas disease. toxocariasis. toxoplasmosis. trichomoniasis, or trich.

What diseases are caused by human feces?

Diseases Vibrio cholerae (cholera) Clostridium difficile (pseudomembranous enterocolitis) Shigella (shigellosis / bacillary dysentery) Salmonella typhii (typhoid fever) Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Escherichia coli. Campylobacter.

Is scabies caused by being dirty?

Being dirty does not cause scabies. No, but it is common for several members of a family to have it at the same time. Itching is the main symptom of scabies, usually starting about a month after the mites were picked up.

Is ringworm caused by being dirty?

Ringworm is an infection on the surface of the skin that is caused by a fungus. It is usually passed by direct skin contact with another person who has ringworm or by touching a contaminated surface such as dirty clothing or towels. You may also be able to get the infection from household pets or contaminated soil.

Is canine influenza vaccine necessary?

Vaccination can reduce the risk of a dog contracting canine influenza. Vaccination may not all together prevent an infection, but it may reduce the severity and duration of clinical illness. The canine influenza vaccine is a "lifestyle" vaccine, and is not recommended for every dog.

Is influenza a notifiable disease?

Influenza viral infection is a notifiable infectious disease in Western Australia. Notifications should be made using the communicable disease notification form for metropolitan residents (PDF 214KB) or regional residents (PDF 213KB).

What is the difference between influenza A and B?

While the symptoms of influenza B mirrors those of A, the main difference between the two strains is who it can affect. This allows strains of A to be spread more rapidly than B, while also meaning strains of B cannot cause pandemics with symptoms likely less severe. Flu shots protect against both strains of influenza.

Is Haemophilus influenzae Gram positive or negative?

Haemophilus influenzae (formerly called Pfeiffer's bacillus or Bacillus influenzae) is a Gram-negative, coccobacillary, facultatively anaerobic pathogenic bacterium belonging to the Pasteurellaceae family. H. influenzae was first described in 1892 by Richard Pfeiffer during an influenza pandemic.

Are styes caused by stress?

A stye usually stems from a bacterial infection that causes a blocked eyelid oil gland or clogged eyelash follicle. Stress and hormonal changes also can bring on a stye. Skin cancer also can cause styes and chalazia, though this is rare.

Are ulcers caused by stress?

Most ulcers are caused by an infection by Helicobacter pylori bacteria (H. pylori), and can be treated in about two weeks with antibiotics, according to the CDC. It is a myth that peptic ulcers are caused by stress and spicy food. But these factors make someone who already has ulcers feel even worse.

Is influenza A contagious to dogs?

Transmission and prevention of canine influenza. Dogs infected with CIV are most contagious during the two- to four- day virus incubation period, when they shed the virus in their nasal secretions but do not show signs of illness. The virus is highly contagious and almost all dogs exposed to CIV will become infected.

Is influenza A virus or bacteria?

Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. Complications of influenza may include viral pneumonia, secondary bacterial pneumonia, sinus infections, and worsening of previous health problems such as asthma or heart failure.

Is Parainfluenza the same as canine influenza?

Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) is a highly contagious respiratory virus and is one of the most common pathogens of infectious tracheobronchitis, also known as canine cough. Although the respiratory signs may resemble those of canine influenza, they are unrelated viruses and require different vaccines for protection.

Is the canine influenza vaccine necessary?

Currently, there are no canine influenza vaccines approved for use in cats. Vaccination can reduce the risk of a dog contracting canine influenza. Vaccination may not all together prevent an infection, but it may reduce the severity and duration of clinical illness.

How much is the canine influenza vaccine?

The vaccine is administered twice for a total cost of $20-$30. Canine Influenza: This vaccine protects against the canine flu virus.

How long is influenza A contagious?

A person can expect to be able to spread the flu one day before their symptoms begin and then for up to seven days after becoming ill. The influenza virus, or flu, is a highly contagious respiratory virus that can infect people of all age groups.

What are the diseases caused by lack of minerals?

These deficiencies can result in many disorders including anemia and goitre. Examples of mineral deficiency include, zinc deficiency, iron deficiency, and magnesium deficiency.

What diseases are caused by lack of protein?

Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition, caused by a deficiency in dietary protein. The extreme lack of protein causes an osmotic imbalance in the gastro-intestinal system causing swelling of the gut diagnosed as an edema or retention of water.

What kind of worms are caused by fleas?

There are different kinds of tapeworms, but the most common one is caused by swallowing a tiny infected flea. Fleas can carry the tapeworm's larvae or babies. If your dog swallows it -- maybe while grooming himself -- an adult tapeworm can grow inside your dog's intestines.

How do dogs get influenza?

Canine influenza virus can be spread via direct contact with respiratory secretions from infected dogs (via barking, coughing or sneezing), and by contact with contaminated inanimate objects.

Can corneal ulcers be caused by stress?

These attacks are triggered by stress, an impaired immune system, or exposure to sunlight. Also, the virus that causes chicken pox and shingles (the varicella virus) can cause corneal ulcers. Fungal infections. Also, a corneal injury that results in plant material getting into the eye can lead to fungal keratitis.

Can vertigo be caused by stress?

Stroke, heart arrhythmias, blood pressure disorders, migraine and prescription and non-prescription drugs can cause vertigo. Depression and anxiety can also trigger this unpleasant sensation. In conclusion, stress can trigger vertigo and may prompt relapses of the symptom in chronic sufferers.

Can eye styes be caused by stress?

A stye usually stems from a bacterial infection that causes a blocked eyelid oil gland or clogged eyelash follicle. Stress and hormonal changes also can bring on a stye. Blepharitis, which is a condition that causes the eyelids to become inflamed, often is linked to styes and chalazia. So is rosacea, a skin condition.

Can Bppv be caused by stress?

Because it has been shown that emotional stress is related to the onset or worsening of other inner ear dysfunctions such as Ménière's disease and sudden hearing loss, this study investigated the hypothesis that life events, mood and psychological attitudes may have a causal relationship with BPPV.

Can glaucoma be caused by stress?

The literature suggests that stress may play a part in the precipitation of acute closed-angle glaucoma because intraocular pressure (IOP) can be affected by the emotional state of the patient. There is some evidence that glaucoma induction is associated with psychophysiological stress.

Can nosebleeds be caused by anxiety?

Nosebleeds Nosebleeds may also be caused by anxiety. In some cases anxiety can cause temporary spikes in blood pressure, and those spikes may damage blood vessels and lead to bleeding. Those with severe anxiety or stress may get nosebleeds often.

Are styes caused by being run down?

I eat a well-balanced diet and don't feel stressed. A stye is a bacterial infection causing a small abscess at the edge of the eyelid. A stye might look large, but usually only a single sebaceous gland draining into one of the eyelash follicles is affected.

Can Cushings be caused by stress?

It sounds contradictory: Cushing's disease is caused by high levels of cortisol (the stress hormone) in the blood, but high levels of stress do not directly cause Cushing's disease. With Cushing's, it's only a disease if the elevated cortisol is caused by a pituitary gland tumor or an adrenal gland tumor.

Are styes caused by a vitamin deficiency?

Styes are experienced by people of all ages. Styes can be triggered by poor nutrition, sleep deprivation, lack of hygiene, lack of water, and rubbing of the eyes. Styes often result from a Staphylococcal infection in the eye, and can be secondary to blepharitis or a deficiency in immunoglobulin.

Can nosebleeds be caused by stress?

Headaches, sometimes triggered by stress, can result in or be accompanied by a nosebleed. If you tend to pick your nose or blow your nose frequently when you feel stressed or anxious, that could also trigger a nosebleed. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, has been suggested as a trigger for nosebleeds.

Are eye styes caused by stress?

A stye usually stems from a bacterial infection that causes a blocked eyelid oil gland or clogged eyelash follicle. Stress and hormonal changes also can bring on a stye. Skin cancer also can cause styes and chalazia, though this is rare.

Are styes caused by lack of sleep?

Cause. Styes are most commonly caused by the blocking of an oil gland at the base of the eyelash. Styes are experienced by people of all ages. Styes can be triggered by poor nutrition, sleep deprivation, lack of hygiene, lack of water, and rubbing of the eyes.

Can angular cheilitis be caused by stress?

There are many possible causes for angular cheilitis and often these causes are associated with what is going on around the mouth or inside the mouth. Stress can have an effect on your immune system which can for some people lead to angular cheilitis.

Can hemorrhoids be caused by stress?

A: There is no evidence that stress is a trigger for hemorrhoids. However, the symptoms of hemorrhoids can be a cause of stress for some people.

Can cherry eye be caused by trauma?

What Causes Cherry Eye in Dogs? Trauma to the head or eye can cause prolapsed third eyelid glands. Most times, however, the problem occurs without trauma, and it's likely that it has to do with the eye conformation of the dog.

How many accidents are caused by animals?

Each year, about 200 people die in animal-related crashes out of the nearly 44,000 traffic fatalities nationwide. There were 247,000 crashes involving animals in 2000, the latest federal highway data available. The CDC doesn't know if the number of car-animal accidents are on the rise.

Can seizures be caused by stress?

Stress and anxiety are well-established triggers for seizures among people with epilepsy, and studies have shown that reducing stress may lower seizure risk for those with the condition. However, because scientists have been unclear about how stress causes seizures, such a treatment has proven difficult to find.

Do dogs need influenza vaccine?

Recommended for the vaccination of healthy dogs as an aid in the control of disease associated with canine influenza virus H3N8 infection. The first licensed vaccine to protect against canine influenza, recommended for puppies and dogs in the following lifestyle situations: Puppy classes.

Can canine influenza infect humans?

In general, canine influenza viruses are thought to pose a low threat to people. To date, there is no evidence of spread of canine influenza viruses from dogs to people and there has not been a single reported case of human infection with a canine influenza virus in the U.S. or worldwide.

Can influenza affect the brain?

Flu may impact brain health. Summary: Although influenza is considered to be a respiratory disease, it has been associated with neurological symptoms in some cases. However, the long-term effects of flu on the brain have not been studied.

Can granuloma annulare be caused by stress?

GA has been associated with the development of other medical conditions including autoimmune thyroiditis, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and cancer. Chronic stress may be another trigger. However, researchers do not understand why GA only develops in a few people who are exposed to any of these triggers.

Can Meniere's disease be caused by stress?

Stress as a trigger of attacks in Menière's disease. Earlier studies have shown increased incidence of stress on the same day as vertigo attacks, but it has not been determined whether stress occurring on the day of the vertiginous episode came before or after the onset of the vertigo.

Can reverse sneezing be caused by allergies?

The exact cause of a reverse sneeze is unknown. Any irritation to the nose, sinuses, or back of the throat can trigger an episode of reverse sneezing. Irritants can include nasal mites, secretions, foreign bodies such as seeds, pollens, or grasses, allergies, smoke, odors, masses or an elongated soft palate.

Can neuralgia be caused by stress?

Facial pain: trigeminal neuralgia. This facial pain typically does not follow anatomical boundaries or its explainable by present day neurophysiological understanding. The pain is often constant with no remission and is aggravated by stress. Treatment is difficult and often directed to the psychiatric cause.

Can tachycardia be caused by anxiety?

Many physical symptoms of anxiety can cause further anxiety as mimic serious health problems. One of the most common is tachycardia, also known as "rapid heartbeat." But often it's anxiety that causes the symptoms, and in most cases that tachycardia is completely harmless.

What is order by and group by in SQL?

The GROUP BY Statement in SQL is used to arrange identical data into groups with the help of some functions. i.e if a particular column has same values in different rows then it will arrange these rows in a group. In the query, GROUP BY clause is placed before ORDER BY clause if used any.

Can humans get canine influenza?

Canine influenza (also known as dog flu) is a contagious respiratory disease in dogs caused by specific Type A influenza viruses known to infect dogs. These are called “canine influenza viruses.” No human infections with canine influenza have ever been reported.

Does influenza B have neuraminidase?

Viral neuraminidase is a type of neuraminidase found on the surface of influenza viruses that enables the virus to be released from the host cell. Neuraminidases are enzymes that cleave sialic acid groups from glycoproteins and are required for influenza virus replication.

What is difference between order by and group by clause?

ORDER BY alters the order in which items are returned. GROUP BY will aggregate records by the specified columns which allows you to perform aggregation functions on non-grouped columns (such as SUM, COUNT, AVG, etc). ORDER BY: sort the data in ascending or descending order.

Why is Haemophilus influenzae grown on chocolate agar?

It is a variant of the blood agar plate, containing red blood cells that have been lysed by slowly heating to 80°C. Chocolate agar is used for growing fastidious respiratory bacteria, such as Haemophilus influenzae and Neisseria meningitidis. The agar is named for its color and contains no chocolate products.

Should I get the canine influenza vaccine?

Currently, there are no canine influenza vaccines approved for use in cats. Vaccination can reduce the risk of a dog contracting canine influenza. Dog owners should consult with their veterinarian to determine their dog's risk of exposure to the canine influenza virus and if vaccination is appropriate for their dog.

How long will influenza A last?

As harsh as the flu can be, the good news is that most people feel much better within one to two weeks. Most healthy adults become contagious the day before symptoms develop (which makes it trickier to prevent from spreading). They remain infectious for up to five to seven days after symptoms appear.

Does my dog need canine influenza vaccine?

Recommended for the vaccination of healthy dogs as an aid in the control of disease associated with canine influenza virus H3N8 infection. The first licensed vaccine to protect against canine influenza, recommended for puppies and dogs in the following lifestyle situations: Puppy classes.

Does my dog need the influenza vaccine?

Recommended for the vaccination of healthy dogs as an aid in the control of disease associated with canine influenza virus H3N8 infection. The first licensed vaccine to protect against canine influenza, recommended for puppies and dogs in the following lifestyle situations: Puppy classes.

What dog food is recommended by vets?

The Top Ten of Vet Recommended Dog Food Brands Hill's Science Diet. Topping my list of vet recommended dog food brands is Hill's Science Diet. Royal Canin. Purina ProPlan. Orijen. Wellness Natural Food for Dogs. Castor & Pollux. Iams/Eukanuba. Nutro Ultra.

What is not covered by pet insurance?

Coverage includes emergencies, hereditary or congenital conditions1, cancer, and chronic conditions. No pet insurance company covers pre-existing conditions, and most plans do not cover wellness visits like annual exams or teeth cleaning.

What is order by clause in SQL?

Advertisements. The SQL ORDER BY clause is used to sort the data in ascending or descending order, based on one or more columns. Some databases sort the query results in an ascending order by default.

What is group by rollup in SQL?

The ROLLUP is an extension of the GROUP BY clause. The ROLLUP option allows you to include extra rows that represent the subtotals, which are commonly referred to as super-aggregate rows, along with the grand total row. By using the ROLLUP option, you can use a single query to generate multiple grouping sets.

How do you test for canine influenza?

Appropriate Samples for Detection At present the most reliable way to diagnose canine influenza virus infections is by serological tests. At present , the most reliable way to directly detect the virus is through a PCR test on either swabs (nasal swabs preferred) or respiratory tissue.

How long does influenza A last?

Symptoms usually appear from one to four days after exposure to the virus, and they last five to seven days. For people who've had a flu shot, the symptoms may last a shorter amount of time, or be less severe. For other people, the symptoms may last longer.

What purpose is served by manure?

Manure is organic matter used as fertilizer in agriculture. Manures improve the fertility of the adding organic matter and lots of nutrients, such as nitrogen that is trapped by bacteria in the soil. Higher organisms then feed on the fungi and bacteria in a chain of life.

What is by product in dog food?

Poultry by-product meal (PBM) is a high-protein commodity used as a major component in some pet foods. It is made from grinding clean, rendered parts of poultry carcasses and can contain bones, offal and undeveloped eggs, but only contains feathers that are unavoidable in the processing of the poultry parts.

What dog is most used by police?

Best police dog breeds German shepherd. No surprise here, the German Shepherd is a breed known to be associated with being on the line of duty. Beagle. Belgian Malinois. Bloodhound. Rottweilers. Labrador.

What is meant by 1a in train?

On a train in India, what does SL, 1A, 2A, 3A, 2S, CC mean? It has either 72 seats (in normal trains) or 78 seats (Duronto trains) with 6 seats on one side and 2 seats on opposite side. This is a budget friendly coach for the major category of passengers. The berths are on 3 tier basis on top of other.

What is normal pulse by age?

For adults 18 and older, a normal resting heart rate is between 60 and 100 beats per minute (bpm), depending on the person's physical condition and age. For children ages 6 to 15, the normal resting heart rate is between 70 and 100 bpm, according to the AHA.

What is covered by personal accident insurance?

Generally, personal accident insurance policies cover as standard: death. permanent total disablement; and. loss of, or loss of use of, a specified body part (such as a limb).

What is meant by lung compliance?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Lung compliance, or pulmonary compliance, is a measure of the lung's ability to stretch and expand (distensibility of elastic tissue). In clinical practice it is separated into two different measurements, static compliance and dynamic compliance.

What is meant by stochastic process?

A stochastic or random process can be defined as a collection of random variables that is indexed by some mathematical set, meaning that each random variable of the stochastic process is uniquely associated with an element in the set.

What is meant by harmonic distortion?

The total harmonic distortion (THD) is a measurement of the harmonic distortion present in a signal and is defined as the ratio of the sum of the powers of all harmonic components to the power of the fundamental frequency. Distortion factor, a closely related term, is sometimes used as a synonym.

What is meant by the term Doab?

Doab (from Persian dō, "two" + āb, "water" or "river") is a term used in the Indian subcontinent for the "tongue," or water-rich tract of land lying between two converging, or confluent, rivers. It is similar to an interfluve. In the Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, R. S.