What is the maximum size of prostate?

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Best Answer

RESULTS: The analysis is based on 1,763 participants.

In these men aged 50-80 years, mean total prostate volume continuously increased from 24 to 38 cc and mean PSA concentration from 1.1 to 2.5 ng/ml.

Prostate Size and Cancer

Previous QuestionCan a raw food diet make my dog sick?
Next QuestionWhat is wrong with my dog if he is pooping blood?

Related Questions

What is normal prostate size?

The normal prostate gland has measures 3 × 3 × 5 cm approximately or a volume of 25 ml.

What is the maximum age of dog?

The aging profile of dogs varies according to their adult size (often determined by their breed): smaller dogs often live over 15–16 years, medium and large size dogs typically 10 to 13 years, and some giant dog breeds such as mastiffs, often only 7 to 8 years.

What is the maximum lifespan of a dog?

The aging profile of dogs varies according to their adult size (often determined by their breed): smaller dogs often live over 15–16 years, medium and large size dogs typically 10 to 13 years, and some giant dog breeds such as mastiffs, often only 7 to 8 years.

When its not Cancer: The Enlarged Prostate

What is the maximum speed of a falling object?

Near the surface of the Earth, an object in free fall in a vacuum will accelerate at approximately 9.8 m/s2, independent of its mass. With air resistance acting on an object that has been dropped, the object will eventually reach a terminal velocity, which is around 53 m/s (195 km/h or 122 mph) for a human skydiver.

What is the maximum slope of a ramp?

The least possible slope shall be used for any ramp. The maximum slope of a ramp in new construction shall be 1:12. The maximum rise for any run shall be 30 in (760 mm).

What is the maximum amount of Zyrtec per day?

The recommended initial dose of ZYRTEC is 5 mg or 10 mg per day in adults and children 12 years and older, depending on symptom severity. Most patients in clinical trials started at 10 mg. ZYRTEC is given as a single daily dose. The time of administration may be varied to suit individual patient needs.

What is the maximum amount of nitrates allowed in water?

EPA has set an enforceable standard called a maximum contaminant level (MCL) in water for nitrates at 10 parts per million (ppm) (10 mg/L) and for nitrites at 1 ppm (1 mg/L) [EPA 2002; EPA 2012].

What is the maximum amount of zinc per day?

Only a small intake of zinc is necessary to reap the benefits. Currently, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for zinc in the United States is 8 milligrams (mg) a day for women and 11 mg a day for men.

Dr. Saurabh Bhargava talks about Prostate Enlargement

What is the maximum height of a boundary wall?

Also the point to be noted here is as per NBC one can build a boundary wall or compound wall of minimum 1.5 m height to a maximum of 2.4 m height with permission from the local municipality. The height is measured from the centerline of the front street of the building.

What is the maximum amount of dogs you can own?

In American, for example, if you live in a rural area, the amount of dogs you can own is not restricted. However, if you live in a city, there is a general rule of two to three dogs allowed per household. The reason for these laws in urban areas, is to control nuisances that can be caused in smaller and closer spaces.

What is the maximum height of a front garden fence?

The general recommended legal height of the fence is 6'6” or two meters. However, you can build or create your fence up to any height more than 2 meters, upon being granted planning permission by the relevant UK authorities at your local land registry offices.

What is the size of origami paper?

Origami paper comes in several sizes, but standard sizes include 75 × 75 mm (about 3 × 3 inches), 6-inch squares, and 10-inch squares.

What is the first sign of prostate cancer?

Early prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms. More advanced prostate cancers sometimes cause symptoms, such as: Problems urinating, including a slow or weak urinary stream or the need to urinate more often, especially at night. Blood in the urine or semen.

Enlarged Prostate a Big Problem

What's the main cause of prostate cancer?

Men with inherited mutations in these genes have a condition known as Lynch syndrome (also known as hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, or HNPCC), and are at increased risk of colorectal, prostate, and some other cancers. HOXB13: This gene is important in the development of the prostate gland.

What is the main cause of prostate enlargement?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.

What is the main cause of prostate problems?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.

What is the maximum enchantment level?

In order to receive higher level enchantments in the enchanting menu, you must place bookshelves around the table. The highest level enchantment is level 30 (introduced in Minecraft 1.3), is only possible with 15 bookshelves placed one block away from the table in a 1 high, 5 by 5 square, with an opening for a door.

What is the main cause of prostate cancer?

Inherited mutations in this gene might let abnormal cells live longer than they should, which can lead to an increased risk of prostate cancer. BRCA1 and BRCA2: These tumor suppressor genes normally help repair mistakes in a cell's DNA (or cause the cell to die if the mistake can't be fixed).

What is the maximum age for adoption?

Age limits. If you want to adopt a child, you must normally be at least 21. If you are part of a couple and one of you is the parent of the child who is to be adopted, the parent must be at least 18, and the step-parent, who will be the adopter, must be at least 21. There is no legal upper age limit.

What is the success rate of prostate surgery?

Pokala found that a complex surgical procedure improves survival rates for men with prostate cancer after radiation therapy has failed. Approximately 14 percent of men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point in their lifetimes, according to the National Institutes of Health.

What is the most aggressive form of prostate cancer?

Patients with the most aggressive form of prostate cancer who have surgery - radical prostatectomy - were found to have a 10-year cancer-specific survival rate of 92%, which is high, and a 77% overall survival rate, according to researchers from the Fox Chase Cancer Center and the Mayo Clinic, USA.

What's the maximum amount of puppies a dog can have?

Size of the breed is correlated with litter size. Miniature and small breeds average three to four puppies in each litter, with a maximum litter size of about 5-8. Large and giant breeds average 7 puppies per litter but can have a maximum litter size of about 15.

What is the average size of a lipoma?

They usually occur just under the skin, but occasionally may be deeper. Most are less than 5 cm in size. Common locations include upper back, shoulders, and abdomen. A few people have a number of lipomas.

What is the average size of a Bullmastiff?

Männlich: 50 – 59 kg Erwachsener Weiblich: 45 – 54 kg Erwachsener

What is the average size of a Labrador litter?

Labrador Retriever hideTraitsFemale55–70 lb (25–32 kg)ColourBlack, chocolate, or yellow (ranges from pale yellow (nearly white) to fox red)Litter size5–10 puppies (avg: 7.6)Life span12–13 years1 autre ligne

What is the average size of an American Pitbull Terrier?

Männlich: 16 – 30 kg Erwachsener Weiblich: 14 – 27 kg Erwachsener

What is the average size of an English mastiff?

Männlich: 68 – 110 kg Erwachsener Weiblich: 54 – 91 kg Erwachsener

What is the maximum number of dogs that a team can run with?

Each team is composed of twelve to sixteen dogs, and no more may be added during the race. At least five dogs must be on the towline when crossing the finish line in Nome.

What is the maximum number of litters a dog should have?

Licensed breeders must: Not mate a bitch less than 12 months old. Not whelp more than four litters from a bitch. Not whelp two litters within a 12 month period from the same bitch.

What are the different sizes of Yorkies?

Ideally its maximum size is 7 pounds (3.2 kg). A popular companion dog, the Yorkshire Terrier has also been part of the development of other breeds, such as the Australian Silky Terrier. It has a grey, black and tan coat, and the breed's nickname is Yorkie.

What is the average size of an American bulldog?

Männlich: 30 – 58 kg Erwachsener Weiblich: 27 – 41 kg Erwachsener

What is the average size of a dog park?

Size: The recommended minimum size for dog parks varies considerably among cities, but is generally between ½ acre and one acre. Buffer from Residential: A few cities provide definitive distances from residences, varying from 50 feet to 200 feet.

What is the size of North Korea's military?

What are North Korea's conventional military capabilities? North Korea ranks fourth among the world's largest militaries with more than 1.1 million personnel in the country's armed forces, accounting for nearly 5 percent of its total population.

What is the average size of a Rottweiler litter?

Size. Technically a "medium / large" breed, according to the FCI standard the Rottweiler stands 61–69 cm (24–27 in) at the withers for males, 56–63 cm (22–25 in) for females, and the weight must be between 50 and 60 kg (110 and 132 lbs) for males and 35 and 48 kg (77 and 105 lbs) for females.

What is the average size of a toy Yorkie?

Yorkies as toy breeds within the official Toy standard, or as Mini's or Teacups are different in their size. They also differ in their expected lifespan, and often their health. Toy Yorkies: Toy Yorkies weigh 4-7 pounds (1.8-3.2 kilograms) and measure 8-9 inches (22-22 centimeters) to their shoulder.

What is the average size of a zebra?

Grevyzebra: 2,7 m Bergzebra: 2,4 m

What is the average size of a dog kennel?

Large kennels range around 42 inches in length. They can accommodate dogs weighing 70-90 pounds. These are particularly suited for average sized adult Border Collies and Labradors for example.

What is the size of Watch Dogs PC?

What is the size of the Watch Dogs game in a PC? The exact installation size after installation is 18207 MB, which is around 18 GB.

What is the size of a mini Labradoodle?

Based on the typical sizes of the Miniature Poodle and Labrador, a Mini Labradoodle full grown will typically be 14 to 16 inches tall at the shoulder. But they may reach up to 24 inches tall if they inherit their Labrador parent's size. They commonly mature to 15 to 25 pounds.

What is the effective size of a population?

More generally, an effective population size may be defined as the number of individuals in an idealised population that has a value of any given population genetic quantity that is equal to the value of that quantity in the population of interest.

What is the average size of a Pomsky?

A female Siberian Husky is approximately 20-22 inches tall. A male Pomeranian is usually going to fall in the 7-12 inches tall range. As such, Pomskies will generally grow to be anywhere from 10-15 inches in height. Remember that this is an average approximation.

What is the average size of a Cairn terrier?

Mâle: 25–33 cm Femelle: 23–30 cm

What is the average size of a dog house?

tall, the total dog house height should be between 27.5 and 33 in. tall. The width and length of a dog house should be about 25 percent larger than your dog's nose-to-flank length.

What is the average lifespan of a medium sized dog?

In general, small dogs enjoy longer lives than do their larger counterparts. A recent analysis of veterinary records revealed that dogs under 20 pounds had an average lifespan of 11 years while those over 90 pounds typically lived for only 8 years. Medium and large dogs fell in the middle at around 11 years.

What is the average size of a Shih Tzu?

Männlich: 4 – 7,2 kg Erwachsener Weiblich: 4 – 7,2 kg Erwachsener

What are the early signs of prostate cancer?

Prostate Cancer: Symptoms and Signs Frequent urination. Weak or interrupted urine flow or the need to strain to empty the bladder. The urge to urinate frequently at night. Blood in the urine. Blood in the seminal fluid. New onset of erectile dysfunction. Pain or burning during urination, which is much less common.

What is the maximum amount of litters a dog can have?

Licensed breeders must: Not mate a bitch less than 12 months old. Not whelp more than four litters from a bitch. Not whelp two litters within a 12 month period from the same bitch.

What are the symptoms of prostate problems in dogs?

When the cysts become large, they can put pressure on the urethra or displace the rectum and colon. As a result, your dog may display symptoms such as lethargy, loss of appetite, constipation, painful urination, blood in the urine, abdominal pain or enlargement, stiff walking, and rectal pain.

What size of ovarian cyst is dangerous?

Most ovarian cysts are small and harmless. They occur most frequently during the reproductive years, but they can appear at any age. There are often no signs or symptoms, but ovarian cysts can sometimes cause pain and bleeding. If the cyst is over 5 centimeters in diameter, it may need to be surgically removed.

What are the first signs of prostate problems?

Symptoms of enlarged prostate can include: A weak or slow urinary stream. A feeling of incomplete bladder emptying. Difficulty starting urination. Frequent urination. Urgency to urinate. Getting up frequently at night to urinate. A urinary stream that starts and stops. Straining to urinate.

What is the maximum number of puppies a dog can have?

Miniature and small breeds average three to four puppies in each litter, with a maximum litter size of about 5-8. Large and giant breeds average 7 puppies per litter but can have a maximum litter size of about 15.

What foods harm the prostate?

Red meat and processed meat. A diet high in meat, particularly if it's cooked well-done, may be associated with an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. Dairy. Consuming large amounts of dairy products may increase your risk of developing prostate cancer. Alcohol. Saturated fats.

What is the maximum number of Sims in a household Sims 4?

The Sims 4 Mod: More Than 8 Sims in Your Household. TwistedMexican has just released the “Increase your Household Size” mod. This mod will allow you to increase the size of your household and surpass the 8 Sim maximum in place by the game.

What is the maximum height of a fence without planning permission?

Planning permission is not required provided that: 1. The wall or fence is not more than 2 metres in height anywhere on your property except where it adjoins a road or footpath. In this case the height is restricted to 1 metre.

What are the warning signs of prostate problems?

Remember that the following can be signs of a prostate problem: Frequent urge to urinate. Need to get up many times during the night to urinate. Blood in urine or semen. Painful or burning urination. Not being able to urinate. Painful ejaculation.

What are the signs of prostate cancer in dogs?

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer (Adenocarcinoma) in Dogs Difficulty urinating (stranguria) Blood in the urine (hematuria) Frequent attempts to urinate. Difficulty defecating. Lameness in the hind legs. Abnormal posture (especially while urinating) Abnormal gait with short steps. Pain.

What is the maximum time limit for tetanus injection?

Additional doses every 10 years are recommended. After three doses almost everyone is initially immune. In those who are not up to date on their tetanus immunization a booster should be given within 48 hours of an injury.

What is the maximum age you can adopt a child?

In general, a child must be between the ages of birth to 18 years and be legally free to be adopted.

What is the maximum age to adopt a child?

In general, a child must be between the ages of birth to 18 years and be legally free to be adopted.

What are the 5 early warning signs of prostate cancer?

Early warning signs of prostate cancer Burning or pain during urination. Difficulty urinating, or trouble starting and stopping while urinating. More frequent urges to urinate at night. Loss of bladder control. Decreased flow or velocity of urine stream. Blood in urine (hematuria) Blood in semen.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer in dogs?

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer (Adenocarcinoma) in Dogs Difficulty urinating (stranguria) Blood in the urine (hematuria) Frequent attempts to urinate. Difficulty defecating. Lameness in the hind legs. Abnormal posture (especially while urinating) Abnormal gait with short steps. Pain.

What are the signs of advanced prostate cancer?

The Top 7 Signs of Advanced Prostate Cancer Bladder and urinary troubles. A prostate tumor that has grown significantly in size may start to press on your bladder and urethra. Losing bowel control. Soreness in the groin. Leg swelling or weakness. Hip or back pain. Coughing or feeling out of breath. Unexplained weight loss.

What is the maximum income to qualify for food stamps?

If your household only consists of one person, then the gross monthly income to be eligible for SNAP is $1,287 (net $990). For two people, gross is $1,726 (net $1,335).

What is the maximum income to qualify for CHIP?

To qualify, a child must be: Age 18 or younger*. *Children up to age 20 can qualify for Medicaid in some cases. May Qualify For CHIP. Family Members (Adults plus children)Monthly Family IncomeYearly Family Income7$6,535$78,4118$7,275$87,2956 autres lignes

What percentage of prostate cancers are aggressive?

Cases of aggressive prostate cancer appear to be on the rise, researchers reported Tuesday. The good news is it's still rare for prostate cancer to spread. Just 3 percent of cases have already started spreading when men are diagnosed and prostate cancer overall has not become more common, the team found.

What are the symptoms of the last stages of prostate cancer?

Signs and symptoms of stage 4 prostate cancer may include: Painful urination. Decreased force in the stream of urine. Blood in the semen. Bone pain. Swelling in the legs. Fatigue.

What is the largest dog crate size?

At the largest end of the kennel size range are extra-large and jumbo-size kennels. Extra-large kennels are around 48 inches long and can fit dogs that weigh between 90 and 110 pounds, such as Alaskan malamutes, German shepherds, and bloodhounds.

What is the smartest medium sized dog?

These are the smartest dog breeds, according to Coren: 1 Border Collie. Getty Images. 2 Poodle. Getty Images. 3 German Shepherd. Getty Images. 4 Golden Retriever. Getty Images. 5 Doberman Pinscher. Getty Images. 6 Shetland Sheepdog. Getty Images. 7 Labrador Retriever. Getty Images. 8 Papillon. Getty Images.

What is the largest size dog kennel?

At the largest end of the kennel size range are extra-large and jumbo-size kennels. Extra-large kennels are around 48 inches long and can fit dogs that weigh between 90 and 110 pounds, such as Alaskan malamutes, German shepherds, and bloodhounds.

What is the average lawn size?

The national average lawn size is about one-fifth of an acre for the 85 million households with a private lawn.

What is the average house size?

The average size of new homes built in the United States grew 62 percent from 1,660 square feet in 1973 to 2,687 square feet in 2015, an increase of 1,027 square feet, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

What is the best medium sized dog?

10 medium-sized dog breeds that are great for families Collie. Dalmatian. Poodle. Siberian Husky. Australian Shepherd. Samoyed. Whippet. Labrador Retriever.

What is the right size dog crate?

XXL crates suit giant breeds that weigh from 90 lbs up to 150 lbs, from 46 to 68 inches from nose to base of tail and up to 44 inches from floor to top of head when sitting. Extra, extra large dog crate (kennel) around 48 inches is best for dogs between 90 to 100 pounds.

What is the smallest size poodle?

The tiny toy poodle is the smallest of the three AKC-recognized size variants, and weighs less than 10 pounds (usually between 6 and 9 pounds). They usually stand about 8 to 10 inches high at the shoulder, making them perfectly pint-sized.

What is the best home remedy for enlarged prostate?

A few studies indicate that consuming between 100 and 200 mg of pygeum extract daily or splitting this into two 50 mg doses twice daily may help reduce BPH symptoms. Saw palmetto is one the most studied and popular herbal supplements used to treat BPH.

What are signs of prostate problems?

Symptoms of Prostate Problems Frequent urge to urinate. Need to get up many times during the night to urinate. Blood in urine or semen. Pain or burning urination. Painful ejaculation. Frequent pain or stiffness in lower back, hips, pelvic or rectal area, or upper thighs. Dribbling of urine.

What is maximum benefit pet insurance?

What is a maximum benefit policy? A maximum benefit policy is one of the four main categories of pet insurance. Maximum benefit options allow an owner to claim year after year, up to a specified limit. This means that, unlike with a time-limited policy, you can claim for the same condition more than once.

What determines the size of a puppy litter?

Miniature and small breeds average three to four puppies in each litter, with a maximum litter size of about 5-8. Large and giant breeds average 7 puppies per litter but can have a maximum litter size of about 15.

Is paw size an indicator of dog size?

Though paw size can suggest whether you will have a large or tiny best friend one day, it is not by any means a foolproof indicator of adult size. Some larger dogs, such as collies, do have smaller feet than other dogs their size.

Is Lecithin good for the prostate?

We recommend that men avoid supplements with lecithin or phosphatidylcholine. Greater egg consumption has been linked to increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer. Choline is an essential micronutrient found in most foods, but is particularly concentrated in egg yolks.

Is pomegranate juice good for the prostate?

Pom Wonderful, a large company that makes pomegranate juice and other products from pomegranates, would like you to believe that the juice can prevent or treat a number of health problems, including prostate cancer and erectile dysfunction. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men, other than skin cancer.

What is the best thing to drink for your prostate?

Salmon: Salmon is rich in healthy fats that contain omega-3 fatty acids, which help prevent and reduce inflammation within the body. Other cold-water fish, such as sardines and trout, are also rich in these types of fats. Tomatoes: Tomatoes are packed with lycopene, an antioxidant that may benefit prostate gland cells.

What is the best treatment for prostate cancer?

Brachytherapy may be used with other treatments, such as external-beam radiation therapy and/or ADT. ASCO recommends the following brachytherapy options: Men with low-risk prostate cancer who need or choose an active treatment may consider low-dose-rate brachytherapy.

What's the maximum income to qualify for food stamps?

Maximum Allowable Household Monthly Income Limits and Maximum Monthly Food Stamp Benefits Number of Household* MembersMaximum Amount of Gross Income** for All Household MembersMaximum Food Stamp Benefits1$1,307$1922$1,760$3523$2,213$5044$2,665$64017 weitere Zeilen

What are the dog sizes?

Size Chart Based on Breed Suggested SizeDog BreedsLarge (L)Smaller Bulldog; Cocker Spaniel; Corgi; French Bulldog; Golden Retriever;Extra Large (XL)Airedale Terrier; American Foxhound; Australian Shepherd; Bassett Hound; Boxer; Doberman Pinscher; Greyhound; Labrador Retriever; Pitbull; Siberian Husky4 autres lignes

What is the average size of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?

Männlich: 5,9 – 8,2 kg Erwachsener Weiblich: 5,9 – 8,2 kg Erwachsener

Is it painful to die of prostate cancer?

Many people worry about being in pain when they are dying. Some people do get pain if their prostate cancer presses on their nerves or makes their bones weak. But not everyone dying from prostate cancer has pain. You should tell your doctor or nurse if you're in pain or if your pain gets worse.

Is not the size of the dog in the fight meaning?

Mark Twain Quotes. It's not the size of the dog in the fight, it's the size of the fight in the dog. Mark Twain.

What is the average litter size for Yorkies?

Yorkshire terrier litters generally range from two to five puppies, with an average of 3.3, according to a study cited by the AKC. That figure is based averaging the size of more than 53,000 Yorkie litters. Another toy dog breed, the Chihuahua has the same litter range and average.

What is the average litter size for a Miniature Schnauzer?

Miniature Schnauzer hideTraitsCoatSoft and wiry when hand stripped, soft and curly when unclippedColorBlack, pepper and salt, black and silver, liver colored or whiteLitter size3 to 8 pupsLife span12 to 14 years4 weitere Zeilen

What is the average litter size for a miniature dachshund?

Dachshunds are divided into three different types that so differ in characteristics.Dachshund puppies are just of a hands length.Litter size for a dog also depends upon the time she was bred.A standard Dachshund's average litter size is considered about 4-8 puppies whereas Miniature Dachshund have litter size of about

Is drinking a lot of water good for your prostate?

If you have BPH or prostatitis, make an effort to reduce your caffeine intake by cutting back on coffee, soda or energy drinks. Another important drink for you prostate is water. Stay hydrated, and do not try to drink less to reduce your urine.

What causes enlarged prostate?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.

Is enlarged prostate normal?

An enlarged prostate means the gland has grown bigger. Prostate enlargement happens to almost all men as they get older. An enlarged prostate is often called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is not cancer, and it does not raise your risk for prostate cancer.

What is the average litter size for a pitbull?

Litter Size. A typical pit bull litter can range anywhere from five to 10 puppies.

What is the best medium sized dog for an apartment?

Best Dog Breeds for Apartments! Yorkshire terrier. Great Dane. Chihuahua. Greyhounds. Mastiff. Beagle. Basset Hound. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

What is the right size kennel for a dog?

Choose Appropriate Kennels for Medium and Large Dogs. Medium-size kennels are around 36 inches long and can accommodate dogs in the 40- to 70-pound range.

What is the average litter size for Labradoodles?

The three sizes are Standard, Medium, and Miniature. The Standard Labradoodle should be 22 to 24 inches in height for a male and 21 to 23 inches in height for a female, while both can range in weight from 50 to 65 pounds.

What size is small dog?

Size Chart Based on Breed Suggested SizeDog BreedsExtra Small (XS)Chihuahua; Teacup BreedsSmall (S)Boston Terrier; Brussels Griffon; Chihuahua; Maltese; Miniature Dachshund; Miniature Pinscher; Papillion; Pomeranian; Toy Poodle; Yorkshire Terrier4 weitere Zeilen

What is the average litter size for boxers?

The average size litter for boxer dogs is five to seven puppies.