What is the meaning of shaking chills?

Chills (Medical Symptom)

Best Answer

Chills are feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering.

They may arise with or without fever.

Without fever, chills typically arise after exposure to a cold environment.

With prolonged or constant exposure to cold, serious injuries related to hypothermia (a lowered core body temperature) can result.

What is SHIVERING? What does SHIVERING mean? SHIVERING meaning, definition & explanation

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Related Questions

What is shaking chill?

The term “chills” refers to a feeling of being cold without an apparent cause. You get this feeling when your muscles repeatedly expand and contract and the vessels in your skin constrict. Chills can occur with a fever and cause shivering or shaking. Your body chills can be constant.

What does two shakes of a lamb's tail mean?

In two shakes of a lamb's tail. To do something in two shakes of a lamb's tail means you did it very fast. There are two idiomatic sayings that are related to this term. One may be as old or older than the current idiom, in two shakes of a dead lamb's tail.

What does shaking legs mean?

Leg shaking is a ubiquitous social trait. People joke about it, saying that it is obnoxious how others shake their legs. It is an annoying trait or habit to some and they would rather make them stop.

Why Do We Shiver?

What does shake the dust from your feet mean?

In Biblical times, when leaving Gentile cities, pious Jews often shook the dust from their feet to show their separation from Gentile practices. If the disciples shook the dust of a Jewish town from their feet, it would show their separation from Jews who rejected their Messiah.

What causes involuntary shaking of the head?

Essential tremor is a neurological (nervous system) disorder which causes involuntary shaking or trembling of particular parts of the body, usually the head and hands. Sometimes the voice is affected, making it sound shaky.

Why do I keep getting the chills?

Chills are brought on by your muscles expanding and contracting; it's your body's attempt to burn energy to keep you warm. But the chills aren't always accompanied by a fever. According to Dr. Carrington, the most common causes of chills with no fever are: Anemia: a common blood disorder.

What do chills indicate?

Chills are caused by rapid muscle contraction and relaxation. They are the body's way of producing heat when it feels cold. Chills often predict the coming of a fever or an increase in the body's core temperature. Chills are an important symptom with certain diseases such as malaria.

What is the meaning of wildlife sanctuaries?

A wildlife refuge, also known as a wildlife sanctuary, is a naturally occurring sanctuary, such as an island, that provides protection for wildlife species from hunting, predation, competition or poaching; it is a protected area, a geographic territory within which wildlife is protected.

What causes the chills ? | Good Health for All

What is the mean of Punjab?

Punjab thus means "The Land of Five Waters", referring to the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas. All are tributaries of the Indus River, the Sutlej being the largest.

What is the real meaning of Babe?

Definition of babe. 1a : infant, baby. b slang : girl, woman. c slang : a person and especially a young woman who is sexually attractive.

What is the meaning of Daniel?

Daniel is a masculine given name and a surname of Hebrew origin. It means, "God is my judge", and derives from two early biblical figures, primary among them Daniel from the Book of Daniel (see also "God is my strength" cf. Gabriel). It is a common given name for males, and is also used as a surname.

What is the meaning of vocal music?

Vocal music is a type of music performed by one or more singers, either with instrumental accompaniment, or without instrumental accompaniment (a cappella), in which singing provides the main focus of the piece. Music without any non-vocal instrumental accompaniment is referred to as a cappella.

What is the meaning of under dog?

An underdog is a person or group in a competition, usually in sports and creative works, who is popularly expected to lose. The party, team, or individual expected to win is called the favorite or top dog. In the case where an underdog wins, the outcome is an upset.

Tremor Disorder or Parkinson's?

What is the meaning of 3am?

In folklore, the witching hour or devil's hour is a time of night associated with supernatural events. Creatures such as witches, demons and ghosts are thought to appear and to be at their most powerful. Black magic is thought to be most effective at this time.

What is the meaning of teeth chattering?

1 : to utter rapid short sounds suggestive of language but inarticulate and indistinct squirrels chattered angrily. 2 : to talk idly, incessantly, or fast. 3a : to click repeatedly or uncontrollably teeth chattering with cold. b : to vibrate rapidly in cutting a chattering tool.

What is the meaning of lovely?

adjective. If you describe someone or something as lovely, you mean that they are very beautiful and therefore pleasing to look at or listen to.

What is the meaning of could better?

(Things) could be better. and (I) could be better.; (Things) might be better. a response to a greeting meaning "My state is not as good as it might be." (Not necessarily a direct answer.)

What is the meaning of food intoxication?

Food infection is when the food contains bacteria or other microbes which infect the body after it is eaten. Food intoxication is when the food contains toxins, including bacterially produced exotoxins, which can happen even when the microbe that produced the toxin is no longer present or able to cause infection.

What is the meaning of Theobroma?

The generic name is derived from the Greek words θεός (theos), meaning "god," and βρῶμα (broma), meaning "food". It translates to "food of the gods." Theobroma cacao, the best known species of the genus, is used for making chocolate.

What is the meaning of someone else?

"someone else" means "as somebody different from ourselves; resembling someone or something else." "someone" is a pronoun that means "an unknown or unspecified person" "else" is an adverb that means "different, instead"

What is the meaning of Excommunicado?

Excommunication is really a kind of banishment, a punishment that's handed out by a church when one of its members breaks some important church rule. The Latin root is excommunicare, meaning "put out of the community," which is just what happens when a person is excommunicated.

What is the meaning of Eid Mubarak?

Eid Mubarak or (Arabic: عيد مبارك‎) is an Arabic term that means “happy holiday”. Internationally Muslims use it as a greeting for use on the festivals of Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr. Eid means "celebration", and Mubarak means "blessings".

What is the literal meaning of watchdog?

of, relating to, or characteristic of a watchdog. organized or functioning as a watchful guardian, especially against illegal or unethical conduct: a watchdog group in the legislature.

What is the meaning of Yippy?

Definition of yippee. —used to express exuberant delight or triumph.

What is the meaning of organic fertilizer?

Organic fertilizers are fertilizers derived from animal matter, animal excreta (manure), human excreta, and vegetable matter (e.g. compost and crop residues). Naturally occurring organic fertilizers include animal wastes from meat processing, peat, manure, slurry, and guano.

What is the meaning of pet boarding?

Home dog boarding is when your dog goes to stay in someone else's home where your dog lives as part of the family with their own bed, food, toys and enjoys all the comforts of a home while away. There are no kennels and no cages involved.

What is the meaning of dog digging?

Digging. Dogs dig in the ground for many reasons: to escape, to track animals, to make a cool spot to lie, or to hide something important to them. However, some dogs "dig" inside as well. This dog behavior happens most often at night and during nap times, and it is completely normal.

What is the meaning of watch dog?

organized or functioning as a watchful guardian, especially against illegal or unethical conduct: a watchdog group in the legislature.

What is the spiritual meaning of dog?

Dogs are symbols of protective powers and loyalty, so the Cheyenne tribe had a group of warriors called dog-soldiers who were in charge of protecting and guarding the village. They were essentially watchdogs of the tribe and territory. Dogs were also seen as guardians of ancient secrets, treasure, and knowledge.

What is the meaning of washing dishes?

Dishwashing or dish washing, also known as washing up, is the process of cleaning cooking utensils, dishes, cutlery and other items to prevent foodborne illness.

What is the mean of elf?

Definition of elf. (Entry 1 of 2) 1 : a small often mischievous fairy. 2 : a small lively creature also : a usually lively mischievous or malicious person. ELF.

What is the meaning of emphasized text?

In typography, emphasis is the strengthening of words in a text with a font in a different style from the rest of the text, to highlight them. It is the equivalent of prosodic stress in speech.

What is the meaning of female dog?

The definition of a bitch is a female dog. An example of bitch is a dog that gives birth to puppies. Bitch is defined as a slang word for a mean or aggressive woman. An example of bitch is a woman who slaps another woman for no reason. Bitch means something that is a unpleasant or difficult to do.

What is the meaning of organic manure?

Organic fertilizers are fertilizers derived from animal matter, animal excreta (manure), human excreta, and vegetable matter (e.g. compost and crop residues). Naturally occurring organic fertilizers include animal wastes from meat processing, peat, manure, slurry, and guano.

What is shaking a symptom of?

When hands are shaking or trembling, this is typically a tremor of the hands. Neurological problems can cause tremors, but they can also be caused by metabolic problems and toxins (such as alcohol) that affect the brain and nervous system. Shaking hands and tremor can also be a side effect of different medications.

What is head shaking a symptom of?

Essential tremor is a neurological (nervous system) disorder which causes involuntary shaking or trembling of particular parts of the body, usually the head and hands. Sometimes the voice is affected, making it sound shaky.

What is the meaning of Pink Floyd?

Barrett created the name on the spur of the moment when he discovered that another band, also called the Tea Set, were to perform at one of their gigs. The name is derived from the given names of two blues musicians whose Piedmont blues records Barrett had in his collection, Pink Anderson and Floyd Council.

What is the full meaning of fan?

FAN » Followers After NothingFunnyFAN is a goofy abbreviation which stands for Followers After Nothing. FAN » Federal stock numberGovernment. FAN may be used in military operations which means Federal stock number.

What is the meaning of Polyphagia?

Polyphagia or hyperphagia is excessive hunger or increased appetite. It is a medical sign meaning excessive hunger and abnormally large intake of solids by mouth.

What is the real meaning of dork?

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. A dork is actually the penis, usually used in reference to whales. ( i.e. The dork of the blue whale is the largest of all mammals'.) True fact.

What is the spiritual meaning of Raven?

The raven totem signifies mystery and divination, and the attraction to the magical or mystical ways. When it comes to spirituality, the meaning of the raven signifies that there are magical forces being presented to you.

What is the meaning of Xenial?

Adjective. (comparative more xenial, superlative most xenial) Hospitable, especially to visiting strangers or foreigners. Of the relation between a host and guest; friendly.

What is the meaning of bacterial strain?

A strain is a genetic variant or subtype of a microorganism, that is to say a virus or bacterium or fungus. For example, a "flu strain" is a certain biological form of the influenza or "flu" virus. Strains are therefore an absolutely essential part of bacterial identification.

What is the meaning of allergic rhinitis?

Allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, is a type of inflammation in the nose which occurs when the immune system overreacts to allergens in the air. Signs and symptoms include a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, red, itchy, and watery eyes, and swelling around the eyes.

What is the meaning of rabid dog?

An acute, infectious, usually fatal viral disease of the central nervous system that is transmitted by the bite of infected animals and occurs in many mammals, including dogs, cats, raccoons, and bats. [Latin rabiēs, rage, from rabere, to rave.] ra′bi·et′ic (-ĕt′ĭk) adj.

What is the meaning of everyone else?

You use else after words such as 'anywhere', 'someone', and 'what', to refer in a vague way to another person, place, or thing. You use else after words such as 'everyone', 'everything', and 'everywhere' to refer in a vague way to all the other people, things, or places except the one you are talking about.

What is the spiritual meaning of dogs?

The meaning of the dog also speaks about patience, reliability, and obedience. It focuses on protection, guardianship, and service. The dog spirit animal is a noble animal. It's selfless, and never asks for praise or expects anything in return.

What is the meaning of last day?

last day. last day - Dictionary definition and meaning for word last day. (noun) (New Testament) day at the end of time following Armageddon when God will decree the fates of all individual humans according to the good and evil of their earthly lives.

What is the true meaning of family?

The True Meaning of Family. I've learned over the years that what defines family is not solely blood relation. Family consists of the people who support and love you, and the people you can confide in and trust. Classmates, houseparents, staff and alumni make up my MHS family.

What is the mean of best?

adj.Superlative of good. 1. Surpassing all others in excellence, achievement, or quality; most excellent: the best performer; the best grade of ore. 2. Most satisfactory, suitable, or useful; most desirable: the best solution; the best time for planting.

What is the meaning of watch dogs?

a person or group of persons that acts as a protector or guardian against inefficiency, illegal practices, etc. (as modifier )a watchdog committee.

What is the meaning of loveleen?

Loveleen is a Punjabi name for girls meaning Beloved. Read below for Loveleen's celebrity and ruler associations, and numerological meanings. If Loveleen is the one, congratulations!

What is the meaning of colon cancer?

Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine). A cancer is the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

What is the spiritual meaning of Jasmine?

The jasmine flower is associated with love. Jasmine also symbolizes beauty and sensuality. In some cultures, Jasmine represents appreciation and good luck. When used in religious ceremonies jasmine represents purity. Jasmine's meanings varies depending on the culture and setting.

What is the meaning of cat person?

March 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) The terms "dog people" and "cat people" refer to a person's domesticated animal preference. Some people base a significant portion of their identity around their affinity for either cats or dogs, describing themselves as a "cat person" or a "dog person".

What is the meaning of Matthew 6?

Matthew 6 is the sixth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. This chapter contains the middle portion of the Sermon on the Mount. It includes the Lord's Prayer. The first part, in Matthew 6:1-18, deals with the outward and inward expression of piety, referring to almsgiving, private prayer and fasting.

What is the meaning of shaved head?

Head shaving is the practice of shaving the hair from a person's head. At different times and places people have shaved all or part of their heads for very diverse reasons including practicality, convenience, low maintenance, fashion, style, religion, culture, and aesthetics.

What is the meaning of knowledge acquisition?

Knowledge acquisition is the process of extracting, structuring and organizing knowledge from one source, usually human experts, so it can be used in software such as an ES. This is often the major obstacle in building an ES.

What is the meaning of oestrus cycle?

The oestrous cycle (U.S: estrous cycle) is the reproductive system in most mammals. Reproductive hormones cause the cycles to start after puberty in sexually mature females. They are interrupted by non-breeding phases or by pregnancies. Usually estrous cycles continue until death.

What is the meaning of dog person?

Cat people and dog people. A 2010 study at the University of Texas found that those who identified as "dog people" tended to be more social and outgoing, whereas "cat people" tended to be more neurotic and "open", meaning creative, philosophical, or nontraditional.

What does it mean when a dog is shaking?

Pets may shiver or shake for many reasons—pain, fear, anxiety, nerves, or simply being too cold. There is even an endocrine disorder called Addison's disease which can cause excessive shivering as well. We often see dogs shiver and shake during thunderstorms or July 4th fireworks.

Are chills a sign of infection?

Chills are feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. They may arise with or without fever. Without fever, chills typically arise after exposure to a cold environment. Fever and chills are common symptoms of influenza infection (the flu).

What does it mean when your dog is shaking?

When to See a Vet. Dogs shake and tremble for all kinds of reasons -- excitement, pain, old age, even nausea. Shivering and trembling may be symptoms of something serious -- like poisoning, kidney disease, or injury. Then talk to your vet right away.

When a dog is shaking What does it mean?

Pets may shiver or shake for many reasons—pain, fear, anxiety, nerves, or simply being too cold. There is even an endocrine disorder called Addison's disease which can cause excessive shivering as well. We often see dogs shiver and shake during thunderstorms or July 4th fireworks.

What is head shaking a sign of?

Essential Tremor is a nerve disorder characterized by uncontrollable shaking, or "tremors," in different parts and on different sides of the body. Areas affected often include the hands, arms, head, larynx (voice box), tongue, and chin. It is only when the tremors become severe that they actually cause disability.

What does it mean when my dog is shaking?

Pets may shiver or shake for many reasons—pain, fear, anxiety, nerves, or simply being too cold. There is even an endocrine disorder called Addison's disease which can cause excessive shivering as well. We often see dogs shiver and shake during thunderstorms or July 4th fireworks.

What does it mean if a dog is shaking?

Pets may shiver or shake for many reasons—pain, fear, anxiety, nerves, or simply being too cold. There is even an endocrine disorder called Addison's disease which can cause excessive shivering as well. We often see dogs shiver and shake during thunderstorms or July 4th fireworks.

What does it mean when dogs shake?

Pets may shiver or shake for many reasons—pain, fear, anxiety, nerves, or simply being too cold. There is even an endocrine disorder called Addison's disease which can cause excessive shivering as well. We often see dogs shiver and shake during thunderstorms or July 4th fireworks.

What does it mean if my puppy is shaking?

A few of the more common causes of shaking, shivering, trembling, or tremors in dogs include: Distemper. Caused by a virus, canine distemper most often occurs in puppies and adolescent dogs that haven't been fully vaccinated. It's a common cause of tremors in dogs.

What does it mean if your dog is shaking?

Pets may shiver or shake for many reasons—pain, fear, anxiety, nerves, or simply being too cold. There is even an endocrine disorder called Addison's disease which can cause excessive shivering as well. We often see dogs shiver and shake during thunderstorms or July 4th fireworks.

What does it mean if a puppy is shaking?

Pets may shiver or shake for many reasons—pain, fear, anxiety, nerves, or simply being too cold. There is even an endocrine disorder called Addison's disease which can cause excessive shivering as well. We often see dogs shiver and shake during thunderstorms or July 4th fireworks.

What does it mean when dog is shaking?

Pets may shiver or shake for many reasons—pain, fear, anxiety, nerves, or simply being too cold. There is even an endocrine disorder called Addison's disease which can cause excessive shivering as well. We often see dogs shiver and shake during thunderstorms or July 4th fireworks.

Are chills a sign of cancer?

Specific cancer symptoms. Hematologic: Common hematologic cancer symptoms include flu-like symptoms, fever, chills, joint/bone pain, anemia, night sweats, lymph node swelling, itching, persistent cough, shortness of breath, abdominal discomfort, headaches, easy bruising or bleeding, and/or frequent infections.

Can chills be a sign of cancer?

Hematologic: Common hematologic cancer symptoms include flu-like symptoms, fever, chills, joint/bone pain, anemia, night sweats, lymph node swelling, itching, persistent cough, shortness of breath, abdominal discomfort, headaches, easy bruising or bleeding, and/or frequent infections.

What is the meaning of breed of dog?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Breed type in the parlance of dog fanciers refers to the qualities that define a dog breed and separate it from all other dog breeds. Breed type is outlined in the written standard for each breed, and breed type is the basis of judging in conformation dog shows.

What is the meaning of the name Parker?

Parker is a rather uncommon English language masculine given name of Old English origin, meaning "park keeper", hence also an Old English occupational surname. Parker was more common in the 19th century as a personal name than it is now. The name has variants.

What is the meaning of dog attack in the dream?

Aggressive dogs appear in dreams and can mean different things. To dream of an angry dog that wants to attack you implies that you're having a conflict with someone in waking life. Or that you're having some inner conflict. This dream might also denote a disloyal person or someone who's untrustworthy.

What is the meaning of the song White Rabbit?

For Slick, "White Rabbit" "is about following your curiosity. The White Rabbit is your curiosity". For her and others in the 1960s, drugs were a part of mind expansion and social experimentation. With its enigmatic lyrics, "White Rabbit" became one of the first songs to sneak drug references past censors on the radio.

What is the meaning of urinating in the dream?

To dream that you are urinating symbolizes a cleansing and a release of negative or repressed emotions. Depending on your dream context, urination is symbolic of having or lacking basic control of your life. To dream that someone is urinating on you means that you are feeling the emotional burden of this person.

What is the meaning of the year 2018?

Chinese New Year 2018 Animal: Year of the Dog Zodiac Sign, Meaning Explained. The dog's most defining characteristic is loyalty. People who were born in a Year of the Dog supposedly never abandon their family, friends or work.

What is the biblical meaning of the name Harper?

The meaning of the name “Harper” is: “Harp Player; Harpist or minstrel”. Additional information: Harper is a unisex name of English origin, meaning 'Harp Player,' and is the name of famous American author Harper Lee who wrote To Kill a Mockingbird. The name has seen a climb in usage as a girl's name.

What is the meaning of screwed the pooch?

The phrase screw the pooch, meaning to mess up, commit a grievous error, was made famous in Tom Wolfe's book The Right Stuff. The phrase is a euphemism from US military slang. The original expression was fuck the dog and meant to waste time, to loaf on the job.

Whats the meaning of wuu2?

So now you know - WUU2 means "What are You Up To?" - don't thank us. YW! What does WUU2 mean? WUU2 is an acronym, abbreviation or slang word that is explained above where the WUU2 definition is given.

What is the meaning of truth is stranger than fiction?

Truth is stranger than fiction. Sometimes what actually happens is more bizarre than anything that could have been imagined.

What the year of the pig means?

Experts say pigs “represent wealth and treasure” because of how important they are to agriculture. According to the South China Morning Post, people born in the Year of the Pig are considered realistic, pragmatic and decisive. Other pig years include 1223, 1935, 1947, 1959, 1971, 1983, 1995 and 2007.

Is Rose wine served chilled?

Rosé should be chilled, of course, but it's a wine for drinking outdoors, on a sizzling hot day. It's the most seasonal of all wines, the seasons being late Spring through early Fall. Here's something else you should know. You might think, as I once did, that a proper rosé is a blend of white and red grapes.

What does it mean when you have chills and no fever?

Chills (also known as rigors), are caused by your body's attempt to burn energy and increase your body temperature. This happens usually when your body is trying to fight off an infection. The most common causes of chills in the setting of infection are Influenza, Pneumonia, Kidney infections etc.

What is the meaning of letting the cat out of the bag?

Letting the cat out of the bag or out of the box is a colloquialism meaning to reveal facts previously hidden. The facts were usually hidden from a specific target audience or theatrical audience. Examples include: revealing a conspiracy (friendly or not) to its target.

What is the meaning of dog whistle politics?

Dog-whistle politics is political messaging employing coded language that appears to mean one thing to the general population but has an additional, different, or more specific resonance for a targeted subgroup.

What is the symbolic meaning of a dog?

Dogs were depicted to symbolize guidance, protection, loyalty, fidelity, faithfulness, alertness, and love. As dogs became more domesticated, they were shown as companion animals, often painted sitting on a lady's lap.

What is the meaning of doggy dog world?

The meaning of the real idiom is "it's ruthlessly competitive out there so you've got to fight to get yours.” Doggy dog is an example of an eggcorn in linguistics ("a misheard word or phrase"). The original saying (dog-eat-dog) is misheard or spoken so quickly, it sounds like something else.

What is the meaning of Matthew 6 33?

In the Authorized King James Version of the Bible the text reads: But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these. things shall be added unto you. his righteousness; and all these.

What is the meaning of dogs playing poker?

It's not commonly known, but Dogs Playing Poker by Cassius Marcellus Coolidge refers to not just one painting, but 18 of them! With their expressive faces, smoker pipes, and whiskey glasses, Coolidge's poker dogs have become iconic.

What is the meaning of dog biting in dream?

Dreaming that a dog bites on the hand symbolizes disloyalty. To dream that someone is bitten by a dog indicates a betrayal. You feel that you have been wronged by this person. To see a happily barking dog in your dream symbolizes pleasures and social activity. You are being accepted into some circle.

What is the meaning of hypoallergenic dog breeds?

Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds. While no dog is 100% hypoallergenic, there are a variety of breeds that do well with allergy sufferers. These dogs have a predictable, non-shedding coat which produces less dander. Dander, which is attached to pet hair, is what causes most pet allergies in humans.

What is the spiritual meaning of a snake?

The meaning of the snake is also about transformation. It signifies rebirth and transmutation. The snake symbolism is also about healing, just like the robin symbolism. You need healing from all the venom that has accumulated in your system, like anger and resentment. The snake totem also symbolizes protection.

What is the meaning of Matthew 6 7?

Matthew 6:7 is the seventh verse of the sixth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount. This verse continues the discussion on the proper procedure for praying. But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that they.

What is the meaning of Baa Baa Black Sheep?

"Baa, Baa, Black Sheep" is an English nursery rhyme, the earliest surviving version of which dates from 1731. The words have not changed very much in two-and-a-half centuries. It is sung to a variant of the 1761 French melody Ah!

What is the spiritual meaning of a wolf?

In the Lakota language, the word for wolf, sunkmanitu, means “divine dog.” Wolf is a symbol of guardianship, ritual, loyalty, and spirit. Wolf has the ability to make quick and firm emotional attachments, and often need to trust their own instincts.

What is the meaning of distortion in music?

Distortion (music) Distortion and overdrive are forms of audio signal processing used to alter the sound of amplified electric musical instruments, usually by increasing their gain, producing a "fuzzy", "growling", or "gritty" tone.