What is theobromine?
Extracting Theobromine from Cocoa
Theobromine, formerly known as xantheose, is a bitter alkaloid of the cacao plant, with the chemical formula C7H8N4O2.
It is found in chocolate, as well as in a number of other foods, including the leaves of the tea plant, and the kola nut.
Theobromine is an isomer of theophylline, as well as paraxanthine.
Health benefits of chocolate
Do you let your dog sleep in your bed with you at night? Research has shown that slightly less than one-half of all pet owners share their bed or bedroom with their pet. Even so, you have likely been told by at least one well-meaning person that your dog should sleep on the floor, in his crate, or in his own bed.
Occasionally, worms may be seen in the stool of infected pets. In the stool, adult roundworms and hookworms will appear as small to large, off-white to tan, spaghetti shaped parasites. Tapeworms will appear as small, off-white to tan segments in stool or clinging to hair around the genital area.
In dogs, the first stage is 12-30 hours before labor. Momma dog's rectal temperature will drop to a low of 98 to 99 degrees. Don't leave mom alone during this time (aside from the puppy pooping issue); sometimes first time moms don't know to free the pup from the amniotic sac and it could suffocate.
Health benefits of Chocolate
Fruit. Steer clear of: Cherries are toxic to cats and dogs, and grapes and raisins can cause kidney damage. Citrus fruits like lemons, limes, and grapefruit as well as persimmons can cause an upset stomach. All the following fruits are safe for your dog or cat to eat.
It is important to get the size of your dog's crate right. Your dog should be able to turn around easily and sit up without hitting her head on the top. She should also be able to stretch out her legs when lying on her side. Dogs need leg room, too!
The presence of mucus is actually very normal. It's common to see a little bit of a slimy, jelly-like substance in your dog's stool. Glands in the intestinal tract naturally produce mucus to help keep the colon lubricated and moist to help the stools pass along.
In the same way that chocolate is toxic to cats and dogs, some fruits and vegetables are too. Onions, garlic, wild mushrooms, avocado, and rhubarb are all poisonous to pets, and corn is also a common allergen. You should also avoid feeding grapes and raisins to your pet, as they can cause kidney damage.
Most people with minor rectal bleeding do not have colon cancer or another serious condition. Painless rectal bleeding with a bowel movement is a common symptom of hemorrhoids. Bright red blood typically coats the stool or blood may drip into the toilet or stain toilet paper.
What is Theobromine? (Theobromine or Caffeine) - Supplements Simplified (Ingredient Index)
Canine parvo and distemper are both viral diseases that can affect our doggy family members. While they share a viral cause, and immunity is often administered in the same vaccine, they are very different diseases. Dogs that are infected have severe and often bloody diarrhea and vomiting.
All dogs three months or older must be licensed by January 1 of each year. Violators can be cited with a maximum fine of $300 per violation plus court costs. An annual license is $8.50 and a lifetime license is $51.50. If the animal is spayed or neutered, the annual fee is $6.50 and lifetime is $31.50.
The dogs can be vectors of this sickness and they may pass it to the humans by interaction with their feces or through an open wound. The rats' bites can lead to the diseases like the rat bite fever. The rat urine can spread the leptospirosis and this can lead to kidney and liver damage.
Giving Birth. Your dog's water breaks in the second phase of labor, when she actually delivers her puppies. Usually the water breaks and the puppy appears after mama pushes a few more times, so it's fast. Sometimes the amniotic sac doesn't break open during the birth process.
Puppy milk replacer. Milk formula for puppies is the best alternative to mother's milk and should always be chosen over any other kind of dairy or non-dairy milk.
Chocolate: Benefits vs. Dangers | Is Theobromine Safe? - Thomas DeLauer
A lot of dogs pull forward on leash, but some dogs and many puppies pull *backward* or refuse to walk. Don't bring out a treat to lure your dog forward, as that rewards your dog's stopping behavior. Just wait. When your dog does move, click and toss a treat in the direction you want to walk.
Do dogs understand when their owners are sad? Plenty of pet owners are comforted by a pair of puppy-dog eyes or a swipe of the tongue when their dog catches them crying. Now, new research suggests that dogs really do respond uniquely to tears. But whether pets have empathy for human pain is less clear.
Since parvovirus B19 only infects humans, a person cannot get the virus from a dog or cat. Also, dogs and cats cannot get parvovirus B19 from an infected person. Pet dogs and cats can get infected with other parvoviruses that do not infect humans. Pets can be vaccinated to protect them from parvovirus infection.
Puppy deaths occur, and sometimes the dam is the apparent cause of these deaths. On rare occasions, mother dogs will even eat her puppies. Although it is easy to be angry at the mother dog or to be disturbed or disgusted by her actions, there are many reasons that she might harm or kill her puppies.
GPS Dog Tracker. These pet tracker devices are commonly attached to pet collars for dogs and cats to provide real time round the clock tracking, so you can monitor the movements of your pets. With the new trackers, you can point the exact location, making it easier to locate them if they become lost or stolen.
Q. Are there risks or side effects of vaccination? A. Some dogs have mild symptoms of coughing, sneezing or discharge from the eyes or nose for a few days following the vaccine. Occasionally they persist for longer. Other side effects are likely to be extremely rare.
If there is bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract then this may cause tarry black stool known as melena. This may cause blood in your dog's poop. Or, your dog may have contracted an infection, is suffering from allergies, or has parasites invading his body.
Dogs get pregnant while bleeding.) Some dogs cycle every six months; more primitive breeds, such as Basenjis or Tibetan Mastiffs, come into heat only once a year.
Just like humans, dogs can contract urinary tract infections. Cranberry is a natural cleanser for dogs with urinary problems, but should be consumed in the form of a healthy dog treat, food or supplement containing cranberry, or in the form of cranberry juice meant for human consumption.
Often called clingy, velcro dogs have a desire to be close to their owners. Companionship. Perhaps the most obvious reason, some dogs simply prefer the companionship of their human owners. Over the process of domestication, natural selection has shaped dogs to become companions for humans.
Gently press down on your dog's rib cage. For an ideal BCS, you should feel a thin layer of fat covering the ribs, allowing you to feel and see the ribs without much trouble. If you feel a thick layer of fat and have to press down hard to feel the ribs, then your dog is likely overweight or obese.
Bananas are high in potassium, vitamin B6, and vitamin C. In fact, sometimes veterinarians recommend this fruit as a healthy alternative to fatty, salty treats. However, like with any food item, you should only feed your dog bananas in moderation, especially since they contain a lot of sugar.
Puppies under six months of age shouldn't stay in a crate for more than three or four hours at a time. They can't control their bladders and bowels for that long. The same goes for adult dogs being housetrained. Physically, an older dog can hold it, but they don't know they're supposed to.
Clinical symptoms of ear mites in dogs vary from one pet to another, and may include: Profuse scratching and rubbing of the ears and head. Excessive head shaking. A dark brown or black waxy secretion from the ears accompanied by a foul odor.
They may not speak, but our patients with cancer can still tell us they're in pain. To adequately manage cancer pain in dogs and cats, it must be recognized early, and patients should be frequently assessed for pain by both the attending clinician and the pet owner.
How often do puppies poop and pee? The short answer is 3-5 times a day. It's not an exact science, but luckily there's a guideline you can follow until you learn your dog's habits, and I'll explain to you how things usually work.
Can You Count A Dog's Nipples To Predict Litter Size? Dog Nipples Do Not Predict Litter Size. Telling a dog's litter size by the number of nipples she has is an old belief. Early Palpation. Around 28 days, a veterinarian use a technique called palpation — basically gently feeling your doggy's pregnant belly with one or both hands. Ultrasound. X-Rays.
Police departments and their canine partners want to make the public aware how important bulletproof vests are. Not only for police officers but also for their dogs. There are several K-9 dogs that are wearing these vests to demonstrate their versatility and life-saving capabilities.
Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE) is a disease of dogs characterized by sudden vomiting and bloody diarrhea. The symptoms are usually severe, and HGE can be fatal if not treated. HGE is most common in young adult dogs of any breed, but especially small dogs such as the Toy Poodle and Miniature Schnauzer.
Probably not - Husky and Malamutes are not used as police dogs as purebred, so i dont think, that they will be used as police dogs as mixed breed. It is, because Malinois or GSD (most common police dogs) are very eager to please people and thanks to that, they can have difficult and complex training.
Pets may shiver or shake for many reasons—pain, fear, anxiety, nerves, or simply being too cold. There is even an endocrine disorder called Addison's disease which can cause excessive shivering as well. We often see dogs shiver and shake during thunderstorms or July 4th fireworks.
Puppies less than two weeks of age should be fed every 3-4 hours. Puppies two to four weeks of age do well with feedings every 6-8 hours. Weaning, as described below, should begin at three to four weeks of age.
Hydrogen peroxide can kill forms of bacteria that can cause ear infections, which will leave your dog earache free. Other veterinarians are not so keen on the idea of using hydrogen peroxide to clean dog ears or to treat ear infections.
Usually, you need not worry about seeing a small amount of mucus in your pet's stool. Dog stool normally contains some mucus -- a slime-like substance made by the intestines to keep the lining of the colon lubricated and moist. Intestinal parasites (e.g., giardia) Bacterial overgrowth (e.g., Salmonella)
It could indicate a liver issue or biliary disease, or it could just mean that your dog's food moved too quickly through the GI tract to pick up the bile. Bile is what changes poop to the normal brown color we expect. If your dog has orange diarrhea, contact your vet.
Ear mites spread rapidly, and can be transmitted from even brief physical contact with other animals. In pets, ear mites most commonly affect cats, ferrets, and to a lesser extent dogs. Humans can rarely be infected with ear mites. Infected animals have a large amount of crumbly dark brown material in their ears.
When your puppy is comfortable being handled, you are ready to begin brushing and combing. Puppies should be introduced to professional grooming when they are about 10 to 12-weeks-old or have had their second round of vaccines. Most dogs will require grooming every four to eight weeks.
If your dog is vomiting up blood, it likely means he is bleeding internally. Vomit that is high in mucous and blood usually means that the dog's stomach or upper intestines are inflamed, ulcerated, or bleeding. Bile is often present as well when the source of the irritation is in the upper intestine (duodenum).
Honey is safe for dogs to eat in small quantities. Sugars can also cause tooth decay, so it might be a good idea to brush your dog's teeth if you do feed him honey. Raw honey should not be fed to puppies or dogs with compromised immune systems, as it may contain the presence of botulism spores.
Spaying and neutering is not cruel. In the same way that humans are anesthetized during surgery, cats and dogs are too, so that they don't feel the pain. It is much more cruel to allow litters of puppies and kittens to be created when there are not enough homes for them all.
If your dog's crate is too big, he may feel that he can eliminate at one end and still keep his living area clean. The ideal size is just big enough for your dog to stand up, turn around, and lie down in comfortably, and just long enough so that his nose and rear end don't touch each end of the crate.
So your 2 month old furbaby can hold it for about 2-3 hours max! Step 1: Buy a Crate. Step 2: Introduce the Puppy to the Crate. Step 3: Keep the Gate Open. Step 4: Crate Placement. Step 5: Designate a Potty Spot. Step 6: Praise and Treat Don't Craze and Beat. Step 7: Prevent Daytime Accidents. Step 8: Sleep is Overrated.
Actually losing the teeth themselves doesn't necessarily hurt the puppy; however, the process when the new tooth is being pushed through their gums is not plesant. No, they lose their baby teeth just like humans do.
Your dog or cat must be registered on the NSW Pet Registry by the time they're 6 months old. Your vet/authorised implanter will provide this number to the NSW Pet Registry. You can register your pet and pay the registration fee online, through your MyServiceNSW Account.
How often do puppies poop and pee? The short answer is 3-5 times a day. It's not an exact science, but luckily there's a guideline you can follow until you learn your dog's habits, and I'll explain to you how things usually work.
Giving your puppy too many baths can strip his skin and natural oils in the coat. Therefore, bathe your puppy only when he needs it. It is safe to bathe your puppy once they are 6 weeks old. You can bathe your puppy in a tub or sink.
If food is present in vomit, it is partially digested and a yellow fluid, bile may be present. Regurgitation is fairly passive. The food brought up by regurgitation is usually undigested, may have a tubular shape, and is often covered with a slimy mucus. The pet will often try to eat the regurgitated material.
Licensing is meant to facilitate reuniting you with your dog if he or she gets lost. If your dog is microchipped, you can apply for a lifetime license. This means you pay the county one time (currently $31.45 for a neutered or spayed dog vs. $6.45 annually), and your dog is licensed for his or her life.
If you've witnessed your dog hacking up mucus or foamy liquids, your pet may be coughing, not vomiting. The cause: This symptom could signal a problem with your dog's esophagus, respiratory system, sinuses, or heart. To learn more, read about gastritis in dogs and coughing in dogs.
Brachytherapy may be used with other treatments, such as external-beam radiation therapy and/or ADT. ASCO recommends the following brachytherapy options: Men with low-risk prostate cancer who need or choose an active treatment may consider low-dose-rate brachytherapy.
Dogs (and cats) metabolize theobromine much slower than humans. But if a person ate a lot of chocolate at one time, they could also develop chocolate toxicity. Chocolate liquor is not sweet. Unsweetened baking chocolate is pretty much all chocolate liquor containing about 50% cocoa butter.
A simple way to get rid of dog ear mites is to use mineral oil to smother and kill the mites. If your dog has mites, simply use an eyedropper to put 2 to 3 drops of mineral oil in each ear. Also wipe the inside of each ear flap with a cotton ball soaked with mineral oil.
Limited Registration means that the dog is registered but no litters produced by that dog are eligible for registration. A dog registered with an AKC shall be ineligible to be entered in a breed competition in a licensed or member dog show. It is eligible, however, to be entered in any other licensed or member event.
Many puppies bark at night because they feel scared or lonely in their crate. By training your puppy to stop barking during the night, you can get a good night's sleep and stop the worry.
The main type of surgery for prostate cancer is a radical prostatectomy. In this operation, the surgeon removes the entire prostate gland plus some of the tissue around it, including the seminal vesicles. A radical prostatectomy can be done in different ways.
Dogs eat their own vomit because to them it's seen as a food source. When pups are being weaned mother dogs will regurgitate food for their young to help them adjust to eating solid foods. And gross as it may be to us vomit still smells like food, at least to your dog.
To license your dog, you must have proof – usually from a veterinarian – that your dog is current with its rabies vaccination. Dogs must be at least three months old before they can receive that vaccination. County Animal Services shelters provide low-cost license, microchip and rabies vaccination services every day.
Kennel cough is a highly infectious respiratory disease in dogs. The evidence of transmission of B. bronchiseptica from pets to people is relatively weak and circumstantial – it is not clear whether the human Bordetella infections in these cases were truly due to contact with a pet.
When you need to update any information on the chip, you have to call this same number, give them the ID, and then tell them what's changed. That's it. If you'd prefer not to make the update by phone, you can also do so online with many microchip manufacturers, such as Avid, Microchip I.D. Solutions, and 911 Pet Chip.
Fruit. Steer clear of: Cherries are toxic to cats and dogs, and grapes and raisins can cause kidney damage. Citrus fruits like lemons, limes, and grapefruit as well as persimmons can cause an upset stomach. However, be sure to wash all fruits and remove rinds, inedible skins, seeds, and pits before feeding to pets.
In general, small dogs under 15 pounds should receive 5-to 10 mg a day; medium and large dogs between 15 and 50 pounds should receive 20 mg per day, and dogs which weigh over 50 pounds should be given up to 30 mg a day.
One is by directly eating improperly placed rat baits. Dogs are more susceptible to rat baits since they will eat a larger amount of the poison baits. If you suspect poisoning, get veterinarian help immediately! 2nd method of exposure is when your pet eats a dead mouse or rat that has been killed by poisoned bait.
Symptoms of Dog Flu Coughing (both moist and dry) Sneezing. Nasal discharge. Purulent nasal discharge. Runny eyes. Fever. Lethargy. Difficulty breathing.
Puppies bite-and thank goodness they do. It is the puppy that does not mouth and bite as a youngster whose adult bites are more likely to cause serious damage. The puppy's penchant for biting results in numerous play-bites. Although his needle-sharp teeth make them painful, his weak jaws seldom cause serious harm.
Prostate Supplements, Diets & Methods to Shrink Enlarged Prostate Gland Eat the right foods. Choose plant protein over animal protein. Exercise regularly. Lose weight. Manage hormones. Take supplements. Manage stress.
Ways to abort canine pregnancy. Hormone drugs are one of the most common ways to terminate a dog's pregnancy. These can be implemented, but only until up to 45 days of gestation. They need to be prescribed by a veterinarian and be from a reputable source.
A pulmonary embolism may dissolve on its own; it is seldom fatal when diagnosed and treated properly. However, if left untreated, it can be serious, leading to other medical complications, including death.
Canine distemper is a very contagious and deadly disease caused by a virus. Dogs and ferrets as well as certain species of wildlife, such as raccoons, wolves, foxes, and skunks, are at risk. Although there is no cure for distemper, the most important fact to remember is that it is preventable through vaccination.
Salmonella is a common bacteria, but doesn't often cause disease in healthy dogs. According to the CDC, “Dogs and cats that become ill from Salmonella infection generally will have diarrhea that may contain blood or mucus. Affected animals may seem more tired than usual, and may have a fever or vomit.”
In the United States, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has shown in recent studies that about 5 million Americans qualify to use homeless shelters.
Nutrition Adult Dog Food Review. Judging by its ingredients alone, Royal Canin Breed Health Nutrition Adult dog food looks like a below-average dry product. The dashboard displays a dry matter protein reading of 29%, a fat level of 13% and estimated carbohydrates of about 51%. Near-average protein.
Cheese. A great treat for a dog as long as she isn't lactose intolerant, which a small percentage are. Make sure to monitor your dog's reaction. Opt for low or reduced fat varieties and don't overfeed, as many cheeses can be high in fat.
While now more than 100 varieties of rice are grown in the world, in the US 20 varieties of rice are commercially produced, primarily in the states of Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and California. Primary classification of rice grown are the long, medium or short grain type.
Ear infections are the most common cause of foul smelling ears in canines. Ear mites and other parasites can cause parasitic infections which will produce a foul smell.
And grass-eating doesn't usually lead to throwing up -- less than 25% of dogs that eat grass vomit regularly after grazing. Other suggested reasons why your dog might be eating grass include improving digestion, treating intestinal worms, or fulfilling some unmet nutritional need, including the need for fiber.
There are no laws in Pennsylvania that require a cat be licensed like a dog; however, any cat who enters a human-inhabited dwelling and ALL dogs three months and older are required by law to have a rabies vaccination. Also, this would be a good time to remind cat owners that the rabies laws include all indoor cats.
You'll need: A special treat for “dessert,” like a cube of freeze-dried liver or jerky. Your dog's kibble. Canned dog food. Sticky sealer (a blob of peanut butter, processed cheese or cream cheese)
Signs Your Dog Loves You Licking. Cuddling and leaning. Sleeping in your bed or in your bedroom. Staying close to your scent. Following you around or checking in on you. Eye contact. Raised eyebrows. Tilting head.
Raw dog food diets are controversial. But the popularity of the diets -- which emphasize raw meat, bones, fruits, and vegetables -- is rising. Billinghurst suggested that adult dogs would thrive on an evolutionary diet based on what canines ate before they became domesticated: Raw, meaty bones and vegetable scraps.
HGE is a life-threatening condition. Untreated, it can quickly lead to hypoglycemia, which is low blood sugar, or hypovolemic shock, which occurs when a dog's blood or fluid levels drop dramatically. You should contact your vet straight away if your dog or puppy is showing signs of the disease as it can be fatal.
Chocolate contains magnesium, which can help alleviate cramps and increase energy. It also contains endorphins, or “happy hormones,” which can help improve your mood. Finally, dark chocolate is high in antioxidants called flavonoids, which may have a positive impact on your health.
Eggs can even help settle a dog's upset stomach. But not every egg “presentation” is ideal for dogs. It's best to serve eggs plain, or added to y our favorite treat recipe. Be cautious of dishes like scrambled eggs, require butter or oil and these unnecessary fats undermine the health benefits.
Are Mastiffs Aggressive? A typical Mastiff's temperament, by nature, is one of gentle demeanor. However, as with any breed, the Mastiff can become aggressive for varying reasons. A certain percentage of dogs may be genetically unstable and inherit aggressive tendencies.
Generally seniors will lose or gain a little bit of weight as they age, but weight loss is a significant symptom for many serious diseases that affect older dogs. Because diabetic dogs cannot properly absorb sugar, your dog may be suffering from malnutrition, even if they're eating heartily.
An enlarged prostate means the gland has grown bigger. Prostate enlargement happens to almost all men as they get older. An enlarged prostate is often called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is not cancer, and it does not raise your risk for prostate cancer.
Intestinal Parasites in Dogs. Parasites are a common and important cause of disease in dogs. Parasites are usually transmitted when an animal inadvertently ingests parasite eggs or spores in contaminated soil, water, feces or food. In the case of tapeworms, they can also be transmitted when a dog eats an infected flea.
No dose titration schedule was necessary, and at 2-year follow-up the most common side effects remained dizziness and abnormal ejaculation, with dizziness occurring at the same rate in the placebo-treated patients.
When very young, puppies may even need to get up for a toilet break. You can expect your puppy to sleep for about six to ten hours a night. Daytime sleeping habits: Puppies sleep a lot during the day, just like babies. They are likely to sleep after a period of activity and then wake up refreshed, ready to play again.
How is dehydration in dogs treated? Ensure your dog has plenty of access to fresh, clean water. Check the bowl every few hours. Clean your dog's water bowl daily to prevent bacteria. Take bottles of water with you on a walk or when travelling. Avoid exercising your dog in hot weather. Never leave your dog in a car.
Dog Flu: Keep Your Pet Safe. You've heard of flu outbreaks making people sick, but they can happen to dogs, too. Our doggie friends can catch "canine influenza," which not only makes them feel bad, but can be dangerous to them. Scientists discovered one strain of this flu, called the H3N8 virus, more than 40 years ago.
Without access to your home, dogs can overheat or even freeze to death. If your dog must be kept outside for a long period of time, invest in a kennel to give him shelter from weather conditions.
Generally speaking, any peanut butter that doesn't contain xylitol (or chocolate) should be fine for a dog. It can be a good source of protein and healthy fat for your dog — in moderation, of course. However, some peanut butters are healthier than others. Xylitol is technically an "all natural" sweetener!
Royal Canin has not improved much though. It's expensive and not worth what pet owners are paying for it when much better pet foods are available. "Poultry by-product meal (PBM) is a high-protein commodity used as a major component in some pet foods.
Monitoring Your Dog's Weight. You must weigh your dog frequently, especially when first starting a weight-loss program. Aim for weight loss of 3 to 5 percent of body weight per month, or one percent per week. A 50-pound dog should lose about half a pound per week, or 2 pounds per month.
The symptoms of pneumonia can develop suddenly over 24 to 48 hours, or they may come on more slowly over several days. Common symptoms of pneumonia include: a cough – which may be dry, or produce thick yellow, green, brown or blood-stained mucus (phlegm) chest pain – which gets worse when breathing or coughing.