What is thoracic cavity?

Anatomy Thorax Overview - Ribs, Sternal angle, Pleura and Pneumothorax

Best Answer

The thoracic cavity (or chest cavity) is the chamber of the body of vertebrates that is protected by the thoracic wall (rib cage and associated skin, muscle, and fascia).

The central compartment of the thoracic cavity is the mediastinum.

Anatomy of the Thoracic Cavity & Diaphragm

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How is the thoracic cavity divided?

This method divides the cavity into nine regions. The thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic cavity by the diaphragm. The thoracic cavity is further separated into the pleural cavity which contains the lungs and the superior mediastinum which includes the pericardial (heart) cavity.

What is thoracic breathing?

Shallow breathing, or chest breathing is the drawing of minimal breath into the lungs, usually by drawing air into the chest area using the intercostal muscles rather than throughout the lungs via the diaphragm. Shallow breathing can result in or be symptomatic of rapid breathing and hyperventilation.

What is the spinal cavity?

The spinal canal (or vertebral canal or spinal cavity) is the space in the vertebral column formed by the vertebrae through which the spinal cord passes. It is a process of the dorsal body cavity. This canal is enclosed within the vertebral foramen of the vertebrae.

Human Lungs - Thoracic Cavity and It's Constituents

Whats in the pelvic cavity?

The pelvic cavity is a body cavity that is bounded by the bones of the pelvis. Its oblique roof is the pelvic inlet (the superior opening of the pelvis). Its lower boundary is the pelvic floor. The pelvic cavity primarily contains reproductive organs, the urinary bladder, the pelvic colon, and the rectum.

What are the body cavities?

A body cavity is any fluid-filled space in a multicellular organism other than those of vessels (such as blood vessels and lymph vessels). The human body cavity normally refers to the ventral body cavity, because it is by far the largest.

What organs are in the spinal cavity?

The cavities include: Dorsal body cavity. cranial cavity, enclosed by the skull and contains the brain. spinal canal, enclosed by the spine and contains the spinal cord. Ventral body cavity. thoracic cavity, enclosed by the ribcage and contains the lungs and heart. abdominopelvic cavity.

What cavities are separated by the diaphragm?

The thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic cavity by the diaphragm. The thoracic cavity is further separated into the pleural cavity which contains the lungs and the superior mediastinum which includes the pericardial (heart) cavity. The organs within the ventral body cavity are called the viscera.

What organs does the abdominal cavity contain?

Organs of the abdominal cavity include the stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, small intestine, kidneys, large intestine, and adrenal glands.

Thoracic Cavity: Lungs, Mediastinum & Cardiac Valves – Respiratory Medicine | Lecturio

What if my dog has a cavity?

General anesthesia is necessary so that your vet can check for pockets around your dog's teeth, remove calculus and tartar above and below the gum line, and take out dead tissue. Exams and cleanings done without X-rays and anesthesia are of very little use. Daily tooth brushing.

What organs are in the pelvic cavity?

The pelvic cavity is a body cavity that is bounded by the bones of the pelvis. Its oblique roof is the pelvic inlet (the superior opening of the pelvis). Its lower boundary is the pelvic floor. The pelvic cavity primarily contains reproductive organs, the urinary bladder, the pelvic colon, and the rectum.

Is the uterus in the abdominal cavity?

The abdominopelvic cavity is a body cavity that consists of the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity. It contains the stomach, liver, pancreas, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys, and most of the small and large intestines.

Does xylitol prevent cavities?

Xylitol inhibits the growth of the bacteria that cause cavities. It does this because these bacteria (Streptococcus mutans) cannot utilize xylitol to grow. Over time with xylitol use, the quality of the bacteria in the mouth changes and fewer and fewer decay-causing bacteria survive on tooth surfaces.

Does xylitol cause cavities?

Xylitol inhibits the growth of the bacteria that cause cavities. It does this because these bacteria (Streptococcus mutans) cannot utilize xylitol to grow. Over time with xylitol use, the quality of the bacteria in the mouth changes and fewer and fewer decay-causing bacteria survive on tooth surfaces.

Intro Anatomy 2- Thoracic Cavity

Can xylitol heal cavities?

Since xylitol slows demineralization and enables some rebuilding of the enamel, it assists in the prevention of new cavities from forming and over time can reverse tooth decay that already occurred. Studies have shown that using xylitol five times per day is very effective at preventing caries.

Do other animals get cavities?

Dental caries, also known as tooth decay, is uncommon among companion animals. The bacteria Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguis cause dental caries by metabolising sugars.

Can coconut oil heal cavities?

Advocates of oil pulling claim that by swishing coconut, sesame, or sunflower oil around in the mouth for 10-20 minutes each day, you can remove plaque and prevent, or even cure, caries (commonly called cavities).

Do they fill cavities in dogs?

The good news is that true cavities (or caries as dentists and veterinary dentist call them) are rare in dogs. Dogs typically don't get cavities for several reasons: Canine oral bacteria are different from ours. They tend not to cause acid build up that harms teeth.

Are the kidneys in the pelvic cavity?

The abdominopelvic cavity is a body cavity that consists of the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity. It contains the stomach, liver, pancreas, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys, and most of the small and large intestines. It also contains the urinary bladder and internal reproductive organs.

How do I know if my dog has a cavity?

However, once an oral health problem is advanced, you may see certain symptoms, including: Red or bleeding gums. Blood on a chew toy. Vocalizing when they yawn or eat. Loose teeth. Bad breath. Lumps or bumps in the mouth. Ropey or bloody saliva. Head shyness (your pet not wanting you to touch their head)

Which organs are found in the chest cavity?

The thorax includes the thoracic cavity and the thoracic wall. It contains organs including the heart, lungs, and thymus gland, as well as muscles and various other internal structures. Many diseases may affect the chest, and one of the most common symptoms is chest pain.

What path do olfactory nerves travel from the nasal cavity to the brain?

The olfactory nerve is sensory in nature and originates on the olfactory mucosa in the upper part of the nasal cavity. From the olfactory mucosa, the nerve (actually many small nerve fascicles) travels up through the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone to reach the surface of the brain.

What is pet What are its uses?

About PET. It is typically called "polyester" when used for fibers or fabrics, and "PET" or "PET Resin" when used for bottles, jars, containers and packaging applications. PET is the world's packaging choice for many foods and beverages because it is hygienic, strong, lightweight, shatterproof, and retains freshness.

What is the past of is?

Dear M. Anonymous, The past tense of “is” is “was” (singular) and “were” (plural); these are forms of the verb “to be.” “To be” is an irregular verb. Its past participle is “been,” which is used with an auxiliary verb (e.g., “I have been there”; “have” is the auxiliary verb, and “been” is the past participle).

What is streamlining how is it useful?

As we know fluids also exert pressure called drag.To reduce this friction or pressure exerted by fluids objects are given some suitable shape. Hence , streamlining is useful to reduce the friction or pressure exerted by fluids.

What is Boston is famous for?

Boston is best known for its famous baked beans, Fenway Park, The Boston Marathon, and of course for the bar from Cheers, but dig a little deeper below the surface and you'll find a surprising wealth of things that make Boston one of the best cities in America—and the world.

What is xinput1_3 DLL is missing?

For instance, a faulty application, xinput1_3.dll has been deleted or misplaced, corrupted by malicious software present on your PC or a damaged Windows registry. The most commonly occurring error messages are: The program can't start because xinput1_3.dll is missing from your computer.

What is my birthday?

The study found that the most popular birth months for people born between those dates were July, August, and September. The most popular birthday? September 16. The least common birthdays — if you don't count leap day, February 29 — are on December 25 (Christmas) and January 1 (New Year's Day).

What is dental fluorosis?

Dental fluorosis is a common disorder, characterized by hypomineralization of tooth enamel caused by ingestion of excessive fluoride during enamel formation. In the "mild" form of the disease, these mottled patches can involve up to half of the surface area of the teeth.

What is BrewDog worth?

BrewDog is now valued at £1.8bn - how much would the Dragon's investment be worth today? Since 2009, BrewDog has gone from strength to strength, producing and shipping more and more amazing craft beer to 60 countries around the world, growing our community of Equity Punks to 80,000, and now being valued at £1.8billion.

What is Pyro derma?

Pyoderma gangrenosum is a condition that causes tissue to become necrotic, causing deep ulcers that usually occur on the legs. When they occur, they can lead to chronic wounds. Ulcers usually initially look like small bug bites or papules, and they progress to larger ulcers.

What is human euthanasia?

Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide refer to deliberate action taken with the intention of ending a life, in order to relieve persistent suffering. In most countries, euthanasia is against the law and it may carry a jail sentence. In the United States, the law varies between states.

What is Ophthalmia Neonatorum?

Neonatal conjunctivitis, also known as ophthalmia neonatorum, is a form of conjunctivitis and a type of neonatal infection contracted by newborns during delivery. The baby's eyes are contaminated during passage through the birth canal from a mother infected with either Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis.

What color is vanilla?

The color vanilla is a rich tint of off-white as well as a medium pale tint of yellow.

What is AIHA dog?

In dogs with AIHA, red blood cells are still being manufactured in the bone marrow, but once released into the circulation, they have a shorter-than-normal life span. "Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is an immune system disease in which the body attacks and destroys its own red blood cells."

What is entropion surgery?

Entropion (en-TROH-pee-on) is a condition in which your eyelid turns inward so that your eyelashes and skin rub against the eye surface. Artificial tears and lubricating ointments can help relieve symptoms of entropion. But usually surgery is needed to fully correct the condition.

What is a MLEM?

An Imgur blog post from 2015 makes a clear separation between “mlem” and another tongue-centric word, “blep.” “Mlem” is a conscious act of licking, while a “blep” — a tongue protruding from an animal's mouth — just kind of happens.

What is a Pupper?

A pupper is a smol doggo. But a big ol pupper is a doggo. A woofer is a big ol doggo. And a smol woofer is, you guessed it, a doggo. A yapper is a smol pupper, and a big ol woofer is a floofer.

What is Lar par?

Laryngeal paralysis is a condition that severely affects a pet's breathing. In the veterinary world, we tend to call it “Lar Par." The larynx is the medical name for the voice box. Taking a deep breath becomes impossible, and the pet basically suffocates.

What is sundown syndrome?

Sundowning, or sundown syndrome, is a neurological phenomenon associated with increased confusion and restlessness in patients with delirium or some form of dementia. Sundowning seems to occur more frequently during the middle stages of Alzheimer's disease and mixed dementia.

What is tooth resorption?

Root resorption is the progressive loss of dentine and cementum by the action of osteoclasts. This is a physiological process in the exfoliation of the primary dentition, caused by osteoclast differentiation due to pressure exerted by the erupting permanent tooth.

What is puppy imprinting?

Like children, puppies have a small window of time during brain development when they are most impressionable. This is called the imprinting, or critical learning period. For puppies, the imprinting period is during the first 16 weeks of life. Puppies learn more during this time than they can learn in a life time.

What is Petillant naturel?

Another name for this technique of winemaking is méthode ancestrale, and it's used to describe a wine that's bottled before primary fermentation is completed, without adding any secondary yeasts or sugars. The retail versions of this type of wine are prosecco and moscato, while the restaurant version is pét nat.

What is HGE?

Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE) is a disease of dogs characterized by sudden vomiting and bloody diarrhea. The symptoms are usually severe, and HGE can be fatal if not treated. HGE is most common in young adult dogs of any breed, but especially small dogs such as the Toy Poodle and Miniature Schnauzer.

What is dog pruritus?

Pruritus due to skin disease is one of the most common reasons dog owners seek veterinary care. Flea allergy dermatitis, seasonal allergies or atopy, food allergies, contact dermatitis and sarcoptic mange are some of the most common causes of pruritus in dogs.

What is Kussmaul breathing?

Kussmaul breathing is a deep and labored breathing pattern often associated with severe metabolic acidosis, particularly diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) but also kidney failure. It is this latter type of breathing pattern that is referred to as Kussmaul breathing.

What is wind fetch?

The fetch, also called the fetch length, is the length of water over which a given wind has blown. Fetch is used in geography and meteorology and its effects are usually associated with sea state and when it reaches shore it is the main factor that creates storm surge which leads to coastal erosion and flooding.

What is hookworm disease?

Hookworm infection is an infection by a type of intestinal parasite known as a hookworm. Initially, itching and a rash may occur at the site of infection. Two common hookworm infections in humans are ancylostomiasis and necatoriasis, caused by the species Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus respectively.

What is IVG?

IVG may refer to: Illinois Veteran Grant. IVG Immobilien. Berane Airport, IATA code IVG (as the city was formerly known as Ivangrad) Abortion, in languages such as French, Italian, and Portuguese where "voluntary interruption of pregnancy" translates with this abbreviation.

What is Horton's syndrome?

Bing-Horton Syndrome (Cluster Headache; Horton Disease Type II; Paroxysmal Nocturnal Cephalalgia; Erythromelalgia of the Head; Sphenopalatine Neuralgia): Characterized by cluster headache consisting of recurrent brief attacks of sudden, severe, unilateral periorbital pain.

What is canine influenza?

Canine influenza (dog flu) is influenza occurring in canine animals. Canine influenza is caused by varieties of influenzavirus A, such as equine influenza virus H3N8, which in 2004 was discovered to cause disease in dogs. It is a disease with a high morbidity (incidence of symptoms) but a low incidence of death.

What is theobromine?

Theobromine. Theobromine, formerly known as xantheose, is a bitter alkaloid of the cacao plant, with the chemical formula C7H8N4O2. It is found in chocolate, as well as in a number of other foods, including the leaves of the tea plant, and the kola nut. Theobromine is an isomer of theophylline, as well as paraxanthine.

What is lethargy dog?

Things that can make your dog lethargic and weak can range from infection and disease to pain and medication. And because weakness and lethargy can indicate anything from a chronic condition to a life-threatening illness, you should always talk to your vet when you notice either symptom.

What is raw kibble?

Raw Coated Baked Kibble. Each high-protein, grain-free offering starts with responsibly sourced animal proteins (cage-free poultry, grass-fed beef, and wild-caught fish). Next, we gently bake our kibble resulting in a less processed, more nutritional kibble.

What is healthy poop?

Poop, also known as stool or feces, is a normal part of the digestive process. Poop consists of waste products that are being eliminated from the body. It may include undigested food particles, bacteria, salts, and other substances. A person should pass a normal, healthy poop easily and with minimal strain.

What is La Canicula?

Canicula is the Latin term for Sirius, the dog star. Elsewhere in the United States, this period is known as the "dog days." But for many in South Texas and northern Mexico, it's "la canicula."

What is Merle color?

Merle is a pattern in a dog's coat. Merle comes in different colors and patterns. The merle gene creates mottled patches of color in a solid or piebald coat, blue or odd-colored eyes, and can affect skin pigment as well.

What is bred back?

Breeding back is a form of artificial selection by the deliberate selective breeding of domestic animals, in an attempt to achieve an animal breed with a phenotype that resembles a wild type ancestor, usually one that has gone extinct.

What is adsorption process?

Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface. This process creates a film of the adsorbate on the surface of the adsorbent. Adsorption is a surface phenomenon, while absorption involves the whole volume of the material.

What is puppy litter?

A litter is the live birth of multiple offspring at one time in animals from the same mother and usually from one set of parents, particularly from three to eight offspring. The word is most often used for the offspring of mammals, but can be used for any animal that gives birth to multiple young.

What animal is entei?

They're known as the Legendary Beasts trio. They look both canine and feline though. Raikou looks like a tiger, Entei looks like a lion, and Suicune looks like a leopard/cheetah creature.

What exactly is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin (₿) is a cryptocurrency, a form of electronic cash. It is a decentralized digital currency without a central bank or single administrator that can be sent from user to user on the peer-to-peer bitcoin network without the need for intermediaries. Bitcoins are created as a reward for a process known as mining.

What is a Dendrophile?

Dendrophile. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Dendrophile may refer to: A person who loves trees, as in Dendrophilia (paraphilia)

What is a Nemophilist?

nemophilist. Noun. (plural nemophilists) (rare) One who is fond of forests or forest scenery; a haunter of the woods.

What is a Synophile?

cynophile. Noun. (plural cynophiles) A person who loves canines; a dog lover.

What is labored breathing?

Labored respiration or labored breathing is an abnormal respiration characterized by evidence of increased effort to breathe, including the use of accessory muscles of respiration, stridor, grunting, or nasal flaring.

What is ataxic breathing?

Ataxic respiration is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by complete irregularity of breathing, with irregular pauses and increasing periods of apnea. As the breathing pattern deteriorates, it merges with agonal respirations.

What is meat digest?

Meat is made up of protein and some fats which are easily digested and generally leave the stomach within 2-3 hours. Meat is fully digested within 4-6 hours compared to the dietary fiber found in fruits, vegetables and whole grains, which take more than two days.

What is a Poppie?

A poppy is a flowering plant in the subfamily Papaveroideae of the family Papaveraceae. Poppies are herbaceous plants, often grown for their colourful flowers.

What is Fibrocartilaginous?

Fibrocartilage is the tough, very strong tissue found predominantly in the intervertebral disks and at the insertions of ligaments and tendons; it is similar to other fibrous tissues but contains cartilage ground substance and chondrocytes.

What is dog hemolysis?

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is an immune system disease in which the body attacks and destroys its own red blood cells. In dogs with AIHA, red blood cells are still being manufactured in the bone marrow, but once released into the circulation, they have a shorter-than-normal life span.

What is Pet CPR?

Pet CPR. Pets are part of the family, and just like learning First Aid and Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) skills for adults and children allows you to care for your family, learning important first aid for your cats and dogs can help you best care for them.

What is Megacolon toxic?

Micrograph of pseudomembranous colitis, a cause of toxic megacolon. H&E stain. Toxic megacolon is an acute form of colonic distension. It is characterized by a very dilated colon (megacolon), accompanied by abdominal distension (bloating), and sometimes fever, abdominal pain, or shock.

What is dog Pododermatitis?

Pododermatitis is inflammation that can be caused by many disorders including infections, allergies, hormonal disorders, immune-mediated diseases, tumors or cancers, and environmental contaminants.

What is Dange?

Dange may refer to: They are Rajput Kshatriya clan belonging to central India People: Shripad Amrit Dange (1899–1991), founding member of the Communist Party of India (CPI), stalwart of Indian trade union movement.

What is a Mastador?

Mastador - Protective and Outgoing. Home » Dog Breeds » Mastador. The Mastador is a giant mixed breed being a cross between the Labrador Retriever and the Mastiff. She is a talented dog who participates in activities that include search and rescue, jogging, agility, drugs detection, tracking, guarding and hunting.

What is bile poop?

Bilirubin is a byproduct of your red blood cells. It's produced in the liver and then moves to the gallbladder, where it mixes with bile. From there, most of the bilirubin passes into your intestines where it's broken down by bacteria and discarded in your feces or urine.

What is dicamba drift?

In case of (dicamba) drift. Pesticide drift is a severely underreported problem in rural, agricultural communities. As a result, farmers in Southern and Midwestern states are reporting extensive and debilitating crop damage from dicamba traveling from where it's applied to nearby fields.

What is Quellin?

quellin® soft chews are a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) created using our patented soft chew technology. quellin® is indicated for the relief of pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis and for the control of post-operative pain associated with soft tissue and orthopedic surgeries in dogs.

What is k9 prism?

K9 is a Chinese Optical Borosilicate Crown Glass. It has low inclusions and bubbles. It is used for lenses and prisms for lasers and optics. It has good physical properties and can be polished like leaded glass.

What is FELV vaccine?

Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is second only to trauma as the leading cause of death in cats, killing 85% of persistently infected felines within three years of diagnosis. The virus commonly causes anemia or lymphoma, but because it suppresses the immune system, it can also predispose cats to deadly infections.

What is Brucella serology?

Serology. Related Pages. In addition to bacterial isolation, serological tests can be performed. CDC utilizes a test called the Brucella microagglutination test (BMAT), a modified version of the serum (tube) agglutination test (SAT), that can detect antibodies to Brucella species – abortus, melitensis or suis.

What is animal hospital?

"veterinary hospital" means any building or portion of a building which is regularly used for the treatment of animals by a veterinary practitioner.

What Couch is best?

What's the Best Sofa Under $1,000? Ikea Ektorp Sofa. West Elm Monroe Mid-Century Sofa. Modway Engage Right Arm Loveseat. West Elm Haven Sofa. Urban Outfitters Greta Recycled Leather XL Sleeper Sofa. Article Mirage Sofa. CB2 Ronan Grey Sofa. Urban Outfitters Peyton Sofa. “This sofa is a great option when you are limited on space.

What is a Hematocolpos?

Hematocolpos is a medical condition in which the vagina fills with menstrual blood. It is often caused by the combination of menstruation with an imperforate hymen. It is sometimes seen in Robinow syndrome, uterus didelphys, or other vaginal anomalies.

What is a Hydrosalpinx?

A hydrosalpinx is a condition that occurs when the fallopian tube is blocked and fills with serous or clear fluid near the ovary (distal to the uterus). The blocked tube may become substantially distended giving the tube a characteristic sausage-like or retort-like shape.

What is workflow orchestration?

Workflow orchestration processes aren't simple workflow automations completing individual tasks. Instead, they're complex series of workflow processes that depend on one another to enhance a production ecosystem. Two common types of workflow orchestration in IT are: cloud orchestration and service orchestration.

What is potted head?

In England and Wales, head cheese is referred to as brawn or (in Yorkshire and Norfolk) pork cheese. In Scotland, it is known as potted heid (potted head of beef, pork, or sheep); the similar potted haugh or hough is made from the shank of the animal.

What is Dalmatian food?

The traditional Dalmatian cuisine coincides with modern nutritional trends which prefer lightweight thermal processing of food and plenty of fresh fish, olive oil and vegetables. You will often find shellfish and seafood which is prepared like fish, either grilled or cooked in a brodetto or a shellfish stew.

What is Cbcc ka?

CBCC-KA. Certified Behavior Consultant Canine-Knowledge Assessed (CBCC-KA) is our advanced certification for dog trainers who offer canine behavior modification.

What is blue brindle?

Blue is a popular color for fans of the brindle Pitbull dog. The blue brindle Pitbull, also known as the blue nose brindle Pitbull, has soft blue/grey coloring in its coat markings. It is possible for a blue brindle to have blue eyes, but darker eye color like brown is generally more common in Pitbulls.

What is public discrimination?

Public accommodations, in US law, are generally defined as facilities, both public and private, used by the public. Under US federal law, public accommodations must be accessible to the disabled and may not discriminate on the basis of "race, color, religion, or national origin."

What is human pannus?

Pannus is an abnormal layer of fibrovascular tissue or granulation tissue. Common sites for pannus formation include over the cornea, over a joint surface (as seen in rheumatoid arthritis), or on a prosthetic heart valve.

What is Mue dog?

GME (granulomatous meningoencephalitis) or MUE (meningoencephalitis of unknown etiology) is an inflammatory condition of the meninges and brain that affects dogs. The abnormal accumulation of white blood cells causes damage to the CNS tissue and a variety of subsequent clinical signs.

What is Instagram filter?

When Instagram influencers edit their Instagram photos, they put a filter on top of another filter, and then spice it up with yet another filter — this is how it works. To find out, keep reading this post, which will look at the hottest Instagram filters based on a database of 790,000 Instagram users.

What is dog leasing?

Pet leasing is the practice of leasing a pet, usually a dog, to a customer on a contract basis. The revenue model for pet leasing is the same as car leasing. The borrower enters a contract, typically for two years, and agrees to monthly payments.

What is education enrichment?

It could be small groups of students being tutored because they need special education for developmental difficulties. It could also be small groups of students provided learning activities about and beyond their current grade level. At my school we have enrichment classes that are educational (kids are learning).

What is lubricating liquid?

(lo͞o′brĭ-kənt) 1. A substance, such as grease or oil, that reduces friction when applied as a surface coating to moving parts. 2. A slippery liquid, gel, or oil that is used to reduce friction on or soreness of body tissue.

What is streamlined shape?

A streamlined body is a shape that lowers the friction drag between a fluid, like air and water, and an object moving through that fluid. Drag is a force that slows down motion; friction drag is a special kind of drag.

What is gel biology?

Gel electrophoresis is a method for separation and analysis of macromolecules (DNA, RNA and proteins) and their fragments, based on their size and charge.

What is jerky cure?

The authors analyzed ground beef jerky made with a commercial beef jerky spice mixture with and without a curing mix containing salt and sodium nitrite. Half of the ground beef was inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 before making it into jerky strips and dehydrating it.